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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #1401 - δοῦλος

Transliteration:
doûlos
Phonetics:
doo'-los  
Word Origin:
from (1210)
Parts of Speech:
Noun
TDNT:
2:261,182
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a slave, bondman, man of servile condition
    1. a slave
    2. metaph., one who gives himself up to another's will those whose service is used by Christ in extending and advancing his cause among men
    3. devoted to another to the disregard of one's own interests
  2. a servant, attendant
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

δοῦλος

(A), Cret. δῶλος Leg.Gort. 1.1, al., ὁ: —

1. prop. born bondman or slave, opp. one made a slave, τὰ ἀνδράποδα πάντα καὶ δοῦλα καὶ ἐλεύθερα Th. 8.28, cf. E. IA 330: then, generally, bondman, slave, opp. δεσπότης (q. v.): not in Hom., who twice has fem. δούλη, ἡ, bondwoman, Il. 3.409, Od. 4.12, cf. A. Ag. 1326, X. Cyr. 5.1.4, Pl. R. 395e, etc.: freq. of Persians and other nations subject to a despot, Hdt., etc.; οὔ τινος δοῦλοι κέκληνται, of the Greeks, A. Pers. 242: metaph., χρημάτων δ. slaves to money, E. Hec. 865; so γνάθου δ. Id. Fr. 282.5; τῶν αἰεὶ ἀτόπων Th. 3.38; λιχνειῶν, λαγνειῶν, X. Oec. 1.22, cf. Mem. 1.3.11. II Adj. (not in A.), δοῦλος, η, ον, slavish, servile, subject, δ. πόλις S. OC 917, X. Mem. 4.2.29; γνώμαισι δούλαις S. Tr. 53; δ. ἔχειν βίον ib. 302; σῶμα δ., opp. νοῦς ἐλεύθερος, Id. Fr. 940; τοὺς τρόπους δούλους παρασχεῖν E. Supp. 877; δ. θάνατος, ζυγόν, πούς, Id. Or. 1170, Tr. 678, 507; δ. καὶ τυραννουμένη πόλις Pl. R. 577d; δ. ἡδοναί, = δουλοπρεπεῖς, ib. 587c, etc.: Comp. δουλότερος more enslaved, Αἴγυπτον δ. ποιεῖν Hdt. 7.7.

2. τὸ δ., = οἱ δοῦλοι, E. Ion 983, etc.; also, slavery, a slavish life, ib. 556 (troch.).

3. ancillary, δ. ἐπιστῆμαι Arist. Metaph. 996b11.

δοῦλος

(B) · ἡ οἰκία ἢ τὴν ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτὸ συνέλευσιν τῶν γυναικῶν, Hsch.; cf. δωλοδομεῖς, δωλέννετος.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 δοῦλος, δούλη, δοῦλον (derived by most from δέω, to tie, bind; by some from ΔΑΛΩ, to ensnare, capture ((?) others besides; cf. Vanicek, p. 322)); serving, subject to: παρεστήσατε τά μέλη ὑμῶν δοῦλα τῇ ἀκαθαρσία, Romans 6:19. Then substantively, δούλη, a female slave, bondmaid, handmaid: τοῦ Θεοῦ, τοῦ κυρίου, one who worships God and submits to him, Acts 2:18 (from Joel 2:29 (Joel 3:2>)); Luke 1:38,48. δοῦλος, the Sept. for עֶבֶד;

1. a slave, bondman, man of servile condition;

a. properly: opposed to ἐλεύθερος, 1 Corinthians 7:21; 1 Corinthians 12:13; Galatians 3:28; Ephesians 6:8; Colossians 3:11; Revelation 6:15; Revelation 13:16; Revelation 19:18; opposed to κύριος, δεσπότης, οἰκοδεσπότης, Matthew 10:24; Matthew 13:27; Luke 12:46; John 15:15 Ephesians 6:5; Colossians 3:22; Colossians 4:1; 1 Timothy 6:1; Titus 2:9, and very often.

b. metaphorically, α. one who gives himself up wholly to another's will, 1 Corinthians 7:23; or dominion, τῆς ἁμαρτίας, John 8:34; Romans 6:17,20; τῆς φθορᾶς, 2 Peter 2:19, (τῶν ἡδονῶν, Athen. 12, p. 531c.; τῶν χρημάτων, Plutarch, Pelop c. 3; τοῦ πίνειν, Aelian v. h. 2,41). β. the δοῦλοι Χριστοῦ, τοῦ Χριστοῦ, Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, are those whose service is used by Christ in extending and advancing his cause among men: used of apostles, Romans 1:1; Galatians 1:10; Philippians 1:1; 2 Timothy 2:24; Titus 1:1; James 1:1; 2 Peter 1:1; of other preachers and teachers of the gospel, Colossians 4:12; 2 Timothy 2:24; Jude 1:1; of the true worshippers of Christ (who is κύριος πάντων, Acts 10:36), Ephesians 6:6. The δοῦλοι τοῦ Θεοῦ, יְהוָה עַבְדֵי, are those whose agency God employs in executing his purposes: used of apostles, Acts 4:29; Acts 16:17; of Moses ( Joshua 1:1), Revelation 15:3; of prophets ( Jeremiah 7:25; Jeremiah 25:4), Revelation 1:1; Revelation 10:7; Revelation 11:18; of all who obey God's commands, his true worshippers, Luke 2:29; Revelation 2:20; Revelation 7:3; Revelation 19:2,5; Revelation 22:3,6; ( Psalm 33:23 (Psalm 34:23>); Psalm 68:37 (Psalm 69:37>); Psalm 88:4,21 (Psalm 89:4,21>)). γ. δοῦλος τίνος, devoted to another to the disregard of one's own interests: Matthew 20:27; Mark 10:44; strenuously laboring for another's salvation, 2 Corinthians 4:5.

2. a servant, attendant, (of a king): Matthew 18:23,26ff. (Synonym: see διάκονος.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In Wilcken Ostr. i. p. 681 ff. there is a valuable account of the occupations which in the Graeco-Roman world were monopolized by slave labour. Among those that were not, the following classes, which are represented in the NT, are mentioned—ἁλιεύς, ἀμπελουργός, γεωργός, γραμματεύς, διδάσκαλος, ἔμπορος, ἐργάτης, ἰατρός, ναύκληρος, ποιμήν, τέκτων, τραπεζίτην, χαλκεύς. For the Pauline δοῦλος Χριστοῦ it is sufficient to refer to Deissmann’s well-known discussion (LAE, p. 323 ff.), in which the phrase is set in the light of old Greek custom, and especially of the right of manumission as evidenced by the Delphic inscriptions.

A further contrast is drawn later (p. 381) with the familiar title a ";slave of the Emperor,"; as in the Phrygian inscription, BCH xxviii. (1904) p. 195, Ἀγαθόποδι δούλῳ τοῦ κυρίου αὐτοκράτορος. Reference may also be made to Thackeray Gr. i. p. 8, where the growing tendency in the LXX renderings to emphasize the distance between God and man is shown by θεράπων giving place to οἰκέτης, this to παῖς, and this again to δοῦλος. The phrase of Matthew 25:30 is found in P Par 68B. .54 (Imperial) ἀχρείους δούλους. (See under ἀχρεῖος, where however Mt l.c. is accidentally overlooked). On Δοῦλα as a proper name, see Proleg. p. 48 n.1.

The adj. δουλικός, which is not found in the NT, is very common—BGU IV. 1058.12 (B.C. 13) δουλικὸν παιδίον, ib. I. 193.12 (A.D. 136) δουλικὸν ἔγγονον, P Tebt II. 407.5 (? A.D. 199) δουλικὰ σώμ [ατ ]α, etc. Δοῦλος, fem. δούλα, remains in MGr.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (127)NAS (141)HCS (124)
Matthew30
Mark5
Luke26
John9
Acts3
Romans5
1 Corinthians4
2 Corinthians1
Galatians4
Ephesians3
Philippians2
Colossians4
1 Timothy1
2 Timothy1
Titus2
Philemon1
James1
1 Peter1
2 Peter2
Jude1
Revelation13
Matthew30
Mark5
Luke27
John9
Acts3
Romans5
1 Corinthians4
2 Corinthians1
Galatians4
Ephesians3
Philippians2
Colossians4
1 Timothy1
2 Timothy1
Titus2
Philemon1
James1
1 Peter1
2 Peter2
Jude1
Revelation13
Matthew30
Mark5
Luke26
John11
Acts3
Romans5
1 Corinthians5
2 Corinthians1
Galatians4
Ephesians3
Philippians2
Colossians4
1 Timothy1
2 Timothy1
Titus2
Philemon2
James1
1 Peter1
2 Peter2
Jude1
Revelation14
List of Word Forms
δουλα δοῦλα Δουλε δουλέ δούλε Δοῦλε δουλοι δούλοι δούλοί δοῦλοι δοῦλοί δουλοις δουλοίς δούλοις δουλον δουλόν δούλον δούλόν δοῦλον δοῦλόν δουλος δουλός δούλος δούλός δοῦλος δοῦλός δουλου δούλου δουλους δουλούς δούλους δουλω δούλω δούλῳ δουλων δούλων doula doûla Doule Doûle doulo doulō douloi doúloi doúlōi doûloi doûloí doulois doúlois doulon doulōn doúlon doúlōn doûlon doûlón doulos doûlos doûlós doulou doúlou doulous doúlous
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