ver. 2.0.15.06.29
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #1411 - δύναμις

Transliteration:
dýnamis
Phonetics:
doo'-nam-is  
Word Origin:
from (1410)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Feminine
TDNT:
2:284,186
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. strength power, ability
    1. inherent power, power residing in a thing by virtue of its nature, or which a person or thing exerts and puts forth
    2. power for performing miracles
    3. moral power and excellence of soul
    4. the power and influence which belong to riches and wealth
    5. power and resources arising from numbers
    6. power consisting in or resting upon armies, forces, hosts
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 202 ‑ אוֹן (one);   410 ‑ אֵל (ale);   582 ‑ אֱנוֹשׁ (en‑oshe');   1004 ‑ בַּיִת (bah'‑yith);   1363 ‑ גֹּבַהּ (go'‑bah);   1368 ‑ גִּבֹּר (ghib‑bore', ghib‑bore');   1369 ‑ גְּבֻרָה (gheb‑oo‑raw');   1952 ‑ הוֹן (hone);   1995 ‑ הָמֹן (haw‑mone', haw‑mone');   2392 ‑ חֹזֶק (kho'‑zek);   2428 ‑ חַיִל (khah'‑yil);   2428 ‑ חַיִל (khah'‑yil);   2502 ‑ חָלַץ (khaw‑lats');   3027 ‑ יָד (yawd);   3519 ‑ כָּבֹד (kaw‑bode', kaw‑bode');   3581 ‑ כּוֹחַ (ko'‑akh, ko'‑akh);   3966 ‑ מְאֹד (meh‑ode');   4264 ‑ מַחֲנֶה (makh‑an‑eh');   4421 ‑ מִלְחָמָה (mil‑khaw‑maw');   4979 ‑ מַתָּנָה (mat‑taw‑naw');   5650 ‑ עֶבֶד (eh'‑bed);   5797 ‑ עוֹז (oze, oze);   5971 ‑ עַם (am);   6310 ‑ פֶּה (peh);   6381 ‑ פָּלָא (paw‑law');   6635 ‑ צְבָאָה (tsaw‑baw', tseb‑aw‑aw');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

δύνᾰμις [ ], ,

gen. εως, Ion. ιος, Ion. dat. δυνάμι: (δύναμαι):

I

1. power, might, in Hom., esp. of bodily strength, εἴ μοι δ. γε παρείη Od. 2.62, cf. Il. 8.294; οἵη ἐμὴ δ. καὶ χεῖρες Od. 20.237; ἡ δ. τῶν νέων Antipho 4.3.2, etc.: generally, strength, power, ability to do anything, πὰρ δύναμιν beyond one's strength, Il. 13.787; in Prose, παρὰ δ. τολμηταί Th. 1.70, etc.; ὑπὲρ δ. D. 18.193; opp. κατὰ δ. as far as lies in one, Hdt. 3.142, etc. (κὰδ δ. Hes. Op. 336); εἰς δύναμιν Cratin. 172, Pl. R. 458e, etc.; πρὸς τὴν δ. Id. Phdr. 231a.

2. outward power, influence, authority, A. Pers. 174 (anap.), Ag. 779 (lyr.); καταπαύσαντα τὴν Κύρου δ. Hdt. 1.90; δυνάμει προὔχοντες Th. 7.21, etc.; ἐν δ. εἶναι, γενέσθαι, X. HG 4.4.5, D. 13.29.

3. force for war, forces, δ. ἀνδρῶν Hdt. 5.100, cf. Pl. Mx. 240d, Plb. 1.41.2, LXX Genesis 21:22, OGI 139.8 (ii B. C.); μετὰ δυνάμεων ἱκανῶν Wilcken Chr. 10 (ii B. C.), etc.; δ. καὶ πεζὴ καὶ ἱππικὴ καὶ ναυτική X. An. 1.3.12; πέντε δυνάμεσι πεφρουρημένον, of the five projecting rows of sarissae in the phalanx, Ascl. Tact. 5.2,al.

4. a power, quantity, χρημάτων δ. Hdt. 7.9. ά.

5. means, κατὰ δύναμιν Arist. EE 1243b12; opp. παρὰ δ., 2 Corinthians 8:3; κατὰ δ. τῶν ὑπαρχόντων BGU 1051.17 (Aug.).

II

1.power, faculty, capacity, αἱ ἀμφὶ τὸ σῶμα δ. Hp. VM 14; αἱ τοῦ σώματος δυνάμεις Pl. Tht. 185e; ἡ τῆς ὄψεως δ. Id. R. 532a; ἡ τῶν λεγόντων δ. D. 22.11: c. gen. rei, capacity for, τῶν ἔργων Arist. Pol. 1309a35; τοῦ λέγειν Id. Rh. 1362b22; τοῦ λόγου, τῶν λόγων, Men. 578, Alex. 94; δ. στρατηγική Plb. 1.84.6; δ. ἐν πραγματείᾳ Id. 2.56.5; δ. συνθετική D.H. Comp. 2: abs., any natural capacity or faculty, that may be improved and may be used for good or ill, Arist. Top. 126a37, cf. MM 1183b28.

2. elementary force, such as heat, cold, etc., Hp. VM 16, Arist. PA 646a14; ἡ τοῦ θερμοῦ δ. ib. 650a5; θερμαντικὴ δ. Epicur. Fr. 60, cf. Polystr. p.23 W. property, quality, ἰδίην δύναμιν καὶ φύσιν ἔχειν Hp. VM 13, cf. Nat.Hom. 5, Vict. 1.10; esp. of the natural properties of plants, etc., αἱ δ. τῶν φυομένων, τῶν σπερμάτων, X. Cyr. 8.8.14, Thphr. HP 8.11.1; productive power, τῆς γῆς Id. Oec. 16.4; μετάλλων Id. Vect. 4.1: generally, function, faculty, δύναμις φυσική, ζωική, ψυχική, Gal. 10.635; περὶ φυσικῶν δ., title of work by Galen. in pl., agencies, ὑπάρχειν ἐν τῇ φύσει τὰς τοιαύτας δυνάμεις (sc. the gods) Polystr.p.10 W. function, meaning, of part in whole, Id. p.17 W. in Music, function, value, of a note in the scale, δ. ἐστι τάξις φθόγγου ἐν συστήματι Cleonid. Harm. 14, cf. Aristox. Harm. p.69M.; μέση κατὰ δύναμιν, opp. κατὰ θέσιν, Ptol. Harm. 2.5.

3. faculty, art, or craft, Pl. R. 532d, Arist. Metaph. 1018a30, EN 1094a10, Arr. Epict. 1.1.1; δ. σκεπτική the doctrine of the Sceptics, S.E. M. 7.1.

4. a medicine, Timostr. 7, etc.; δ. ἁπλαῖ Hp. Decent. 9, Aret. CD 1.4, etc.; δ. πολυφάρμακοι Plu. 2.403c, Gal. 13.365: in pl., collection of formulae or prescriptions, Orib. 10.33. action of medicines, περὶ τῆς ἁπλῶν φαρμάκων δ., title of work by Galen; also, potency, δυνάμει θερμά, ψυχρά, Id. 1.672, al.

5. magically potent substance or object, PMag.Leid.V. 8.12: in pl., magical powers, Hld. 4.7.

III

1. force or meaning of a word, Lys. 10.7, Pl. Cra. 394b, Diog.Oen. 12, Phld. Sign. 31, etc. phonetic value of sounds or letters, Plb. 10.47.8, D.H. Comp. 12, Luc. Jud.Voc. 5, etc.

2. worth or value of money, Th. 6.46, 2.97, Plu. Lyc. 9, Sol. 15. capability of existing or acting, potentiality, opp. actuality (ἐνέργεια), Arist. Metaph. 1047b31, 1051a5, etc.: hence δυνάμει as Adv., virtually, ὕστερον ὂν τῇ τάξει, πρότερον τῇ δυνάμει.. ἐστί D. 3.15; opp. ἐνεργείᾳ, Arist. APo. 86a28, al.; opp. ἐντελεχείᾳ, Id. Ph. 193b8, al. Math., power, κατὰ μεταφορὰν ἡ ἐν γεωμετρίᾳ λέγεται δ. Id. Metaph. 1019b33; usu.

1.second power, square, κατὰ δύναμιν in square, Pl. Ti. 54b, cf. Theol.Ar. 11, etc.: chiefly in dat., [ εὐθεῖα] δυνάμει ἴση a line the square on which is equal to an area, BA ἐλάσσων ἐστὶν ἢ διπλασίων δυνάμει τῆς AK the square on BA is less than double of the square on AK, Archim. Sph.Cyl. 2.9: εὐθεῖαι δ. σύμμετροι commensurable in square, Euc. 10 Def. 2; ἡ δυνάμει δεκάς the series 12 + 22... + 102, Theol.Ar. 64. square number, Pl. Ti. 32a. square of an unknown quantity (x2), Dioph. Def. 2, al.

2. square root of a number which is not a perfect square, surd, opp. μῆκος, Pl. Tht. 147d.

3. product of two numbers, ἡ ἀμφοῖν (sc. τριάδος καὶ δυάδος) δ. ἑξάς Ph. 1.3, cf. Iamb. in Nic. p.108 P.; δυνάμει in product, Hero Metr. 1.15, Theol.Ar. 33. concrete, powers, esp. of divine beings, αἱ δ. τῶν οὐρανῶν LXX Isaiah 34:4, cf. 1 Peter 3:22, al., Ph. 1.587, Corp.Herm. 1.26, Porph. Abst. 2.34: sg., Acts 8:10, PMag.Par. 1.1275; πολυώνυμος δ., of God, Secund. Sent. 3. manifestation of divine power, miracle, Matthew 11:21, al., Buresch Aus Lydien 113, etc.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 δύναμις, δυνάμεως, ; (from Homer down); the Sept. for חַיִל, גְּבוּרָה, עֹז, כֹּחַ, צָבָא (an army, a host); strength, ability, power;

a. universally, "inherent power, power residing in a thing by virtue of its nature, or which a person or thing exerts and puts forth": Luke 1:17; Acts 4:7; 1 Corinthians 4:20; 2 Corinthians 4:7; 2 Corinthians 12:9 ( δύναμις ἐν ἀσθένεια τελεῖται ( R G τελειοῦται)); 2 Corinthians 13:4>; 1 Thessalonians 1:5; Hebrews 7:16; Hebrews 11:34; Revelation 1:16; Revelation 17:13; ἰδίᾳ δυνάμει, Acts 3:12; μεγάλη δυνάμει, Acts 4:33; ἑκάστῳ κατά τήν ἰδίαν δύναμιν, Matthew 25:15; ὑπέρ δύναμιν, beyond our power, 2 Corinthians 1:8; ἐν δυνάμει namely, ὤν, endued with power, Luke 4:36; 1 Corinthians 15:43; so in the phrase ἔρχεσθαι ἐν δυνάμει, Mark 9:1; powerfully, Colossians 1:29; 2 Thessalonians 1:11; contextually, equivalent to evidently, Romans 1:4; ἐν δυνάμει σημείων καί τεράτων, through the power which I exerted upon their souls by performing miracles, Romans 15:19; δύναμις εἰς τί, Hebrews 11:11; δύναμις ἐπί τά δαιμόνια καί νόσους θεραπεύειν, Luke 9:1; δύναμις τῆς ἁμαρτίας νόμος, sin exercises its power (upon the soul) through the law, i. e. through the abuse of the law, 1 Corinthians 15:56; τῆς ἀναστάσεως τοῦ Χριστοῦ, the power which the resurrection of Christ has, for instructing, reforming, elevating, tranquilizing, the soul, Philippians 3:10; τῆς εὐσεβείας, inhering in godliness and operating upon souls, 2 Timothy 3:5; δυνάμεις μέλλοντος αἰῶνος (see αἰών, 3), Hebrews 6:5; τό πνεῦμα τῆς δυνάμεως (see πνεῦμα, 5), 1 Peter 4:14 Lachmann; 2 Timothy 1:7; δύναμις is used of the power of angels: Ephesians 1:21 (cf. Meyer at the passage]) 2 Peter 2:11; of the power of the devil and evil spirits, 1 Corinthians 15:24; τοῦ ἐχθροῦ, i. e. of the devil, Luke 10:19; τοῦ δράκοντος, Revelation 13:2; angels, as excelling in power, are called δυνάμεις (cf. ( Philo de mutat. nora. § 8 δυνάμεις ἀσωματοι) Meyer as above; Lightfoot on Colossians 1:16; see ἄγγελος): Romans 8:38; 1 Peter 3:22. δύναμις τοῦ Θεοῦ, universally, the power of God: Matthew 22:29; Mark 12:24; Luke 22:69; Acts 8:10; Romans 1:20; Romans 9:17; 1 Corinthians 6:14; δύναμις ὑψίστου, Luke 1:35; δύναμις, especially in doxologies, the kingly power of God, Matthew 6:13 Rec.; Revelation 4:11; Revelation 7:12; Revelation 11:17; Revelation 12:10; Revelation 15:8; Revelation 19:1; and the abstract for the concrete (as הַגְּבוּרָה in Jewish writings; cf. Buxtorf Lex. talm. Colossians 385 (p. 201f, Fischer edition)) equivalent to δυνατός, Matthew 26:64; Mark 14:62; δύναμις τοῦ Θεοῦ is used of the divine power considered as acting upon the minds of men, 1 Corinthians 2:5; 2 Corinthians 6:7; Ephesians 3:7,20; ( 2 Timothy 1:8; 1 Peter 1:5); εἰς τινα, 2 Corinthians 13:4 (but WH in brackets); Ephesians 1:19; ἐνδύεσθαι δύναμιν ἐξ ὕψους, Luke 24:49; by metonymy, things or persons in which God's saving power shows its efficacy are called δυνάμεις Θεοῦ: thus, Χριστός, 1 Corinthians 1:24; λόγος τοῦ σταυροῦ, 1 Corinthians 1:18; τό εὐαγγέλιον, with the addition εἰς σωτηρίαν παντί, etc. Romans 1:16 (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 36,3b.). δύναμις is ascribed to Christ, now in one sense and now in another: a power to heal disease proceeds from him, Mark 5:30; Luke 5:17; Luke 6:19; Luke 8:46 the kingly power of the Messiah is his, Matthew 24:30; ( Mark 13:26); Luke 21:27; 2 Peter 1:16; Revelation 5:12; ἄγγελοι τῆς δυνάμεως αὐτοῦ (see ἄγγελος, 2), ministering to his power, 2 Thessalonians 1:7 ( Winer's Grammar, § 34,3b. note); metaphysical (or essential) power, viz. that which belongs to him as θεῖος λόγος, in the expression τό ῤῆμα τῆς δυνάμεως αὐτοῦ, the word uttered by his power, equivalent to his most powerful will and energy, Hebrews 1:3; moral power, operating on the soul, 2 Corinthians 12:9 R G; and called θεία αὐτοῦ δύναμις in 2 Peter 1:3; δύναμις τοῦ κυρίου, the power of Christ invisibly present and operative in Christian church formally assembled, 1 Corinthians 5:4. δύναμις τοῦ ἁγίου πνεύματος: Acts 1:8 ( Winer's Grammar, 125 (119)); πνεῦμα ἅγιον καί δύναμις, Acts 10:38; ἀπόδειξις πνεύματος καί δυνάμεως (see ἀπόδειξις, b.), 1 Corinthians 2:4; ἐν τῇ δυνάμει τοῦ πνεύματος, under or full of the power of the Holy Spirit, Luke 4:14; ἐν δυνάμει πνεύματος ἁγίου, by the power and influence of the Holy Spirit, Romans 15:13; by the power which, under the influence of the Holy Spirit, I exerted upon their souls, Romans 15:19.

b. specifically, the power of performing miracles: Acts 6:8; πᾶσα δύναμις, every kind of power of working miracles (with the addition of καί σημείοις καί τέρασι), 2 Thessalonians 2:9; plural: ( Matthew 13:54; Matthew 14:2; Mark 6:14); 1 Corinthians 12:28; Galatians 3:5; ἐνεργήματα δυνάμεων, 1 Corinthians 12:10; by metonymy, of the cause for the effect, a mighty work (cf. Winer s Grammar, 32; Trench, § xci.): δύναμιν ποιεῖν, Mark 6:5; Mark 9:39; so in the plural, Mark 6:2 Luke 19:37; joined with σημεῖα, Acts 8:13; with σημεῖα καί τέρατα, Acts 2:22; 2 Corinthians 12:12; Hebrews 2:4 (?); ποιεῖν δυνάμεις, Matthew 7:22; (Matthew 13:58>); Acts 19:11; γίνονται δυνάμεις, Matthew 11:20f, 23; Luke 10:13.

c. moral power and excellence of soul: 1 Corinthians 4:19; 2 Corinthians 4:7; Ephesians 3:16; Colossians 1:11.

d. the power and influence which belong to riches; (pecuniary ability), wealth: τοῦ στρήνους, 'riches ministering to luxury' (Grotius), Revelation 18:3; κατά δύναμιν καί ὑπέρ (others, δύναμιν, according to their means, yea, beyond their means, 2 Corinthians 8:3; (in this sense, for חַיִל, the Sept. Deuteronomy 8:17; Ruth 4:11; not infrequent Greek writings, as Xenophon, Cyril 8,4, 34; an. 7,7, 21 (36)).

e. power and resources arising from numbers: Revelation 3:8.

f. power consisting in or resting upon armies, forces, hosts, ( Song of Solomon , both in singular and in plural, often in Greek writings from Herodotus, Thucydides, Xenophon, on; in the Sept. and in Apocrypha); hence, δυνάμεις τοῦ οὐρανοῦ, the host of heaven, Hebraistically the stars: Matthew 24:29; Luke 21:26; and δυνάμεις ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς, Mark 13:25; equivalent to הַשָּׁמַיִם צְבָא, 2 Kings 17:16; 2 Kings 23:4; Isaiah 34:4; Jeremiah 8:2; Daniel 8:10, etc. (cf. σαβαώθ).

g. Like the Latin vis and potestas, equivalent to the ( force i. e.) meaning of a word or expression: 1 Corinthians 14:11; ( Plato, Crat., p. 394h.; Polybius 20,9, 11; Dionysius Halicarnassus 1,68; Dio Cuss. 55,3; others). [ SYNONYMS: βία, δύναμις, ἐνέργεια, ἐξουσία, ἰσχύς, κράτος βία, force, effective, often oppressive power, exhibiting itself in single deeds of violence; δύναμις, power, natural ability, general and inherent; ἐνέργεια, working, power in exercise, operative power; ἐξουσία, primarily liberty of action; then, authority — either as delegated power, or as unrestrained, arbitrary power; ἰσχύς, strength, power (especially physical) as an endowment κράτος, might, relative and manifested power — in the N. T. chiefly of God; τῷ κράτει τῆς ἰσχύος, Ephesians 6:10, τήν ἐνέργειαν τῆς δυναμμεως, Ephesians 3:7, τήν ἐνέργειαν τοῦ κράτους τῆς ἰσχύος, Ephesians 1:19. Cf. Schmidt, chapter 148; Lightfoot on Colossians 1:16; Meyer on Ephesians 1:19.]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Matthew13
Mark10
Luke15
Acts10
Romans7
1 Corinthians15
2 Corinthians7
Galatians1
Ephesians5
Philippians1
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians1
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2 Timothy3
Hebrews6
1 Peter2
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Matthew13
Mark10
Luke15
Acts10
Romans7
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Galatians1
Ephesians5
Philippians1
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Matthew12
Mark10
Luke15
Acts10
Romans8
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Philippians1
Colossians2
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List of Word Forms
δυναμει δυνάμει δυναμεις δυνάμεις δύναμεις δυναμεσι δυνάμεσι δυναμεσιν δυνάμεσιν δυναμεων δυνάμεων δυναμεως δυνάμεως δυνάμεώς δύναμεως δυναμιν δύναμιν δύναμίν δυναμις δύναμις δύναμίς dunamei dunameis dunameon dunameōn dunameos dunameōs dunamesi dunamesin dunamin dunamis dynamei dynámei dynameis dynámeis dynameon dynameōn dynámeon dynámeōn dynameos dynameōs dynámeos dynámeōs dynamesi dynámesi dynamesin dynámesin dynamin dýnamin dýnamín dynamis dýnamis
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