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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #1492 - εἴδω

Word Origin:
a root word
Parts of Speech:
5:116, 673
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to see
    1. to perceive with the eyes
    2. to perceive by any of the senses
    3. to perceive, notice, discern, discover
    4. to see
      1. i.e. to turn the eyes, the mind, the attention to anything
      2. to pay attention, observe
      3. to see about something
        1. i.e. to ascertain what must be done about it
      4. to inspect, examine
      5. to look at, behold
    5. to experience any state or condition
    6. to see i.e. have an interview with, to visit
  2. to know
    1. to know of anything
    2. to know, i.e. get knowledge of, understand, perceive
      1. of any fact
      2. the force and meaning of something which has definite meaning
      3. to know how, to be skilled in
    3. to have regard for one, cherish, pay attention to (1 Thessalonians 5:12)
For Synonyms see entry 5825
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3045 ‑ יָדַע (yaw‑dah');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


I no Act. pres. in use, ὁράω being used: Med., v.infr. A. 11: aor. 2 εἶδον always in sense of see (so in pres. and aor. 1 Med., to be seen, i.e. seem): but pf. οἶδα, in pres. sense, know. (With -ϝιδον, cf. (ϝ) είδομαι, (ϝ) εῖδος, Lat. videre; with (ϝ) οῖδα, cf. Skt. véda, Goth. wait, O E. wát 'know'.) aor. 2 εἶδον (late εἶδα Orph. A. 118), serving as aor. to ὁράω, ἴδον, iter. ἴδεσκε Il. 3.217, late Aeol. εὔιδον Epigr.Gr. 990.11 (Balbilla); imper. ἴδε (in Att. written as Adv. ἰδέ, behold ! Hdn.Gr.2.23), ἴδετε; subj. ἴδω, ἴδωμι Il. 18.63; opt. ἴδοιμι; inf. ἰδεῖν, ἰδέειν; part. ἰδών: hence, fut. ἰδησῶ Theoc. 3.37: Med., aor. 2 εἰδόμην, ἰδόμην, in same sense, poet., Ion., and later Prose (c. gen., Arat. 430) (so in compds., even in Att. Prose, v. ἐπ-, προ-, ὑπ-ειδόμην); imper. ἰδοῦ (freq. written as Adv. ἰδού, = ἰδέ); subj. ἴδωμαι; opt. ἰδοίμην; inf. ἰδέσθαι; part. ἰδόμενος Hdt. 1.88, al.:

1 see, perceive, behold, ὀφθαλμοῖσι or ἐν ὀφθαλμοῖσι ἰδέσθαι see before the eyes, Il. 1.587, etc.; ἰδεῖν ἐν ὄμμασιν E. Or. 1020; ἄγε, πειρήσομαι ἠδὲ ἴδωμαι well, I will try and see, Od. 6.126, cf. 21.159; mark, observe, Il. 4.476, Od. 4.412, etc.: folld. by relat. clause, ἴδωμ' ὅτιν' ἔργα τέτυκται Il. 22.450; ἀλλ' ἄγε θᾶσσον ἰδώμεθα ὅττι τάδ' ἐστίν Od. 10.44: freq. in inf. after Subst. or Adj., θαῦμα ἰδέσθαι a marvel to behold, Il. 5.725; οἰκτραῖσιν ἰδεῖν A. Pr. 240; ἐλεινὸς ἰδεῖν Pl. R. 620a. see a person, i.e. meet him, speak with him, Th. 4.125, X. An. 2.4.15, etc. see, i.e. experience, νόστιμον ἦμαρ ἰδέσθαι Od. 3.233, etc.; δούλειον ἦμαρ ἰδεῖν E. Hec. 56; ἀέλιον ἕτερον ἰδεῖν S. Tr. 835; τὴν δίκην ἰδεῖν Id. Ant. 1270 (lyr.); ἀλόχου κουριδίης.. οὔ τι χάριν ἴδε he saw (i.e. enjoyed) not the favour of his wedded wife, Il. 11.243.

2. look, ἰδεῖν ἐς.. look at or towards, 2.271, etc.; ἰδεῖν ἐπί.. 23.143; πρός.. Od. 12.244; εἰς ὦπα ἰδέσθαι look him in the face, Il. 9.373, etc.; κατ' ἐνῶπα ἰδών 15.320; ἄντα, ἐσάντα, or ἄντην ἰδεῖν, 13.184, 17.334, Od. 5.78, etc.: qualified by Adv. or Adj., ὑπόδρα ἰδών looking askance, Il. 1.148, al.; ἀχρεῖον ἰδών looking helpless, 2.269; κέρδος ἰδεῖν look to gain, A. Eu. 541 (lyr.).

3. see mentally, perceive, ἰδέσθαι ἐν φρεσίν ' to see in his mind's eye', Il. 21.61, cf. 4.249; ἰδεῖν τῇ διανοίᾳ Pl. R. 511a. examine, investigate, Id. Phd. 70e, Tht. 192e; consider, ἴδωμεν τί λέγομεν Id. Grg. 455a.

II Med., pres. εἴδομαι, ἐείδεται Theoc. 25.58, part. ἐειδόμενος Pi. N.. 10.15: aor. εἰσάμην, part. ἐεισάμενος Il. 2.22, al.:

1. only and Lyr., to be seen, appear, εἴδεται ἄστρα they are visible, appear, 8.559; εἰ. ἦμαρ ὑπὸ Τρώεσσι δαμῆναι 13.98; εἴσατο δέ σφι δεξιός 24.319; ὅπη τὸ Ταρτάρειον εἴδεται βάθρον Epigr.Gr. 1034.19 (Callipolis), cf. Od. 5.283; perh. also οὔ πῃ χροὸς εἴσατο none of the skin was visible, Il. 13.191.

2. c. inf., appear or seem to be, τὸ δέ τοι κὴρ εἴδεται εἶναι 1.228; τοῦτό τί μοι κάλλιστον ἐνὶ φρεσὶν εἴδεται εἶναι Od. 9.11, etc.: with inf. omitted, οἱ τό γε κέρδιον εἴσατο θυμῷ 19.283, etc.; οὐ μέν μοι κακὸς εἴδεται Il. 14.472, cf. Theoc. 25.58; also, look like or make a show of.., εἴσατ' ἴμεν ἐς Λῆμνον he made a show of going to Lemnos, Od. 8.283; εἴσατο δ' ὡς ὅτε ῥινόν it had the look as of a shield, 5.281.

3. strictly middle, c. dat., εἴσατο φθογγὴν Πολίτῃ she made herself like Polites in voice, Il. 2.791, cf. 20.81; αὐδὴν εἰσάμενός τινι Rhian. 50: esp. in part., like, εἰδομένη κήρυκι Il. 2.280, etc.; τῷ δ' ὄψιν ἐειδόμενος Pi. N. 10.15; εἰδόμενος τοκεῦσιν A. Ag. 771 (lyr.); φάσμα εἰδόμενόν τινι Hdt. 6.69. pf., οἶδα I see with the mind's eye, i.e. I know, used as pres.: plpf. ᾔδεα (v. infr.), I knew, used as impf.: pf. οἶδα, Aeol. ὄϊδα Alc. 145; 2 sg. οἶδας once in Hom., Od. 1.337, cf. h.Merc. 456, Thgn. 491, Hippon. 89, Hp. Acut. 67, E. Alc. 780, Philem. 44.3 codd.; οἶσθα elsewh. in Hom., Att., etc.; in Com. also sts. οἶσθας Cratin. 105, Alex. 15.11, Men. 348.5, cf. Herod. 2.55; pl., ἴσμεν, , Aeol., and Dor. ἴδμεν, also Ion., Hdt. 1.6, al.; ἴστε, ἴσασι [ῐς - Od. 2.211, al., but ῑς - ib. 283, al.]; οἴδαμεν Hdt. 2.17, οἴδατε AP 12.81 (Mel.), οἴδᾱσι Hdt. 2.43, X. Oec. 20.14 codd.; dual, οἴδατον Socr. 22.1: imper. ἴσθι, ἴστω, Boeot. ἴττω, late ἰδέτω Phalar. 122 codd.: from 3 pl. ἴσασι (ἴσαντι Epich. 53) were formed Dor. 1 sg. ἴσᾱμι Epich. 254, Pi. P. 4.248; 3 sg. ἴσατι IG 14.644.4 (Bruttii); 1 pl. ἴσᾰμεν Pi. N. 7.14, ἴσαμες prob. in Dialex. 6.12; Cret. 3 pl. subj. ἴθθαντι GDI 5024; inf. ϝισάμην Kohler-Ziebarth Stadtrecht von Gortyn 34 No.3.19; part. ἴσας A.D. Adv. 175.19, dat. sg. ἴσαντι Pi. P. 3.29, Cret. pl. ἴθθαντες GDI 5024: subj. εἰδῶ (εἰδέω, ἰδέω, Il. 14.235, Od. 16.236), Ion. 3 pl. εἰδέωσι SIG 45.21 (Halic., V B.C.); also εἴδω Od. 1.174, al. (cf. Hdn. Gr. 2.131), εἴδομεν Il. 1.363, εἴδετε Od. 9.17: opt. εἰδείην, 1 pl. εἰδεῖμεν Pl. La. 190b, R. 582a: inf. εἰδέναι, ἴδμεναι, ἴδμεν, also ἰδέμεν Pi. N. 7.25: part. εἰδώς, εἰδυῖα, also ἰδυῖα, Elean ϝειζώς Schwyzer 409: plpf. ᾔδεα Il. 14.71, Hdt. 2.150, contr. ᾔδη S. Ant. 18, Ar. Av. 511, Pl. Smp. 119a, ᾔδησθα Od. 19.93, Eup. 416, etc. (but ᾔδεισθα freq. in codd., Ar. Ec. 551, E. Cyc. 108, Pl. Men. 80d, al.), ᾔδεε (ν) Il. 17.402, al., ᾔδη 1.70, al. (also later Att., acc. to Aristarch. ap. Choerob. in Theod. 2.86), Att. contr. ᾔδει (ν) E. Ion 1187, Ar. V. 558, etc.; Ephesians 2:1-22; Ephesians 3:1-21 sg. ἠείδης, ἠείδη (v.l. - εις, - ει), Il. 22.280, Od. 9.206; Att. also 1 sg. ᾔδειν D. 37.24, 2 sg. ᾔδεις Ar. Th. 554, etc.; pl., ᾔδειμεν Aeschin. 3.82, Arist. APo. 87b40, ᾔδεμεν Men. 14D. (to be read in S. OT 1232), ᾔδειτε D. 55.9, etc. (ᾔδετε prob. in E. Ba. 1345), Ion. ᾐδέατε Hdt. 9.58 (συν-), ᾔδεισαν LXX Genesis 42:23, Str. 15.3.23, ᾔδεσαν Hdt. 7.175, Thgn. 54, etc.; late ᾔδειν, ἠείδειν, A.R. 2.65, 4.1700, also ᾖσμεν, ᾖστε, ᾖσαν, Ar. Fr. 149.4 (prob.), S. Fr. 340, E. Cyc. 231, etc.; Ephesians 3:1-21 pl. ἴσαν Il. 18.405, Od. 4.772: fut., in this sense, εἴσομαι Il. 1.548, Hp. VM 20, Ar. Ach. 332, etc.; also εἰδήσω Od. 7.327, Hdt. 7.234, Isoc. 1.44, Aen.Tact. 31.5, Arist. Top. 108a28, Herod. 5.78, Apollon.Perg. Con. 1 Praef., etc.; inf. εἰδησέμεν Od. 6.257. The aor. and pf. are usu. supplied by γιγνώσκω; aor. 1 inf. εἰδῆσαι is found in Hp. Acut.(Sp.)22, Epid. 6.8.25 (ἐξ -), Arist. EN 1156b27, Thphr. Char. Prooem. 4; imper. εἴδησον PCair.Zen. 36.2 (iii B.C.); 3 pl. subj. εἰδήσωσιν Herzog Koische Forschungen No. 190 (ii/i B.C.):

1. know, have knowledge of, be acquainted with, Hom., etc.: c. acc. rei, ὃς ᾔδη τά τ' ἐόντα τά τ' ἐσσόμενα πρό τ' ἐόντα Il. 1.70; νοήματα, μήδεα οἶδε, Od. 2.122, Il. 18.363, etc.: less freq. c. acc. pers., τούτους μὲν δὴ οἶδα Od. 4.551, cf. Pl. R. 365e, D. 54.34, etc.; πρῶτος ὧν ἡμεῖς ἴδμεν the first we know of, Hdt. 1.6, etc.; παλαίτατος ὧν ἀκοῇ ἴσμεν Th. 1.4: strengthd. by εὖ or σάφα, εὖ τόδ' ἴσθι know well, be assured of this, E. Med. 593; σάφ' οἶδ' ἐγώ A. Supp. 740, etc.: freq. in Hom. with neut. Adj., to express character or disposition, ἄγρια οἶδε has fierceness in his heart, Il. 24.41; ἀθεμίστια ᾔδη had law lessness in his heart, Od. 9.189; αἴσιμα, ἄρτια ᾔδη, 14.433, 19.248; εἴ μοι ἤπια εἰδείη if he were kindly disposed towards me, Il. 16.73; φίλα εἰδότες ἀλλήλοισιν Od. 3.277; κεχαρισμένα, πεπνυμένα εἰδώς, 8.584, 24.442: c. gen., ὃς σάφα θυμῷ εἰδείη τεράων Il. 12.229; ὃς πάσης εἰδῇ σοφίης 15.412; τόξων ἐῢ εἰδώς cunning with the bow, 2.718; αἰχμῆς ἐῢ εἰ. 15.525; οἰωνῶν σάφα εἰδώς Od. 1.202; ἐῢ εἰδὼς τεκτοσυνάων 5.250; μάχης ἐῢ εἰδότε πάσης Il. 2.823; κύνε εἰδότε θήρης 10.360; παῖδ' ἔτ' ἐόντ' οὔ πω μάλα εἰδότε θούριδος ἀλκῆς 11.710; εἰδὼς πυγμαχίης 23.665; θεοπροπίων ἐῢ εἰδώς 6.438; χάριν εἰδέναι τινί acknowledge a debt to another, thank him, 14.235, Hdt. 3.21, etc.: imper., freq. in protestations, ἴστω νῦν Ζεὺς αὐτός be Zeus my witness, Il. 10.329; ἴστω νῦν τόδε Γαῖα 15.36, etc.; Boeot. ἴττω Ἡρακλῆς etc., Ar. Ach. 860, etc.: part. εἰδώς, abs., one who knows, one acquainted with the fact, ἰδυίῃ πάντ' ἀγορεύω Il. 1.365; μετ' εἰδόσιν ἀγορεύειν 10.250; μακρηγορεῖν ἐν εἰδόσιν Th. 2.36, cf. 3.53; μαθεῖν παρὰ τοῦ εἰδότος Pl. R. 337d, etc.; also ἰδυίῃσι πραπίδεσσι with knowing mind, Il. 1.608,al.

2. c. inf., know how to do, οἶδ' ἐπὶ δεξιά, οἶδ' ἐπ' ἀριστερὰ νωμῆσαι βῶν 7.238, cf. S. Ph. 1010, Ar. V. 376; also, to be in a condition, be able, have the power, E. Med. 664, D. 4.40; of drugs, ὅσα λεπτύνειν οἶδε Alex. Trall. Febr. 6; of a festival, οἶδε ἐκπέμπουσα δάκνειν Chor.p.124 B.; learn, ἵν' εἰδῇ μὴ 'πὶ τοῖς ἐμοῖς κακοῖς ὑψηλὸς εἶναι E. Hipp. 729.

3. c. part., to know that such and such is the fact, the part. being in nom. when it is a predicate of the Subject of the Verb, ἴσθι μοι δώσων know that thou wilt give, A. Ag. 1670; ἴστω ὑπὸ τοῦ ἀδελφεοῦ ἀποθανών Hdt. 4.76; οὐ γὰρ οἶδα δεσπότας κεκτημένος E. Hec. 397: in acc. when it is predicate of the Object, τοὺς φιλτάτους γὰρ οἶδα νῷν ὄντας πικρούς A. Ch. 234; τὸν Μῆδον ἴσμεν ἐκ περάτων γῆς ἐλθόντα Th. 1.69: with part. omitted, γῆν αὐτὰ οἶδεν ἀμφότερα (sc. ὄντα) Jul. Or. 7.226a.

4. less freq.c.acc. et inf., πλήθους.. ἂν σάφ' ἴσθ' ἕκατι βάρ-βαρον ναυσὶν κρατῆσαι A. Pers. 337, cf. S. Ph. 1329; εὖ ἴσθι τοῦτον.. ἰσχυρῶς ἀνιᾶσθαι X. Cyr. 8.3.44; also εὖ τόδ' ἴσθι, μηδάμ' ἡμέρᾳ μιᾷ πλῆθος τοσουτάριθμον ἀνθρώπων θανεῖν A. Pers. 431; ἕν γ' ἀκούσασ' ἴσθι, μὴ ψευδῶς μ' ἐρεῖν E. IA 1005.

5. c. acc. folld. by ὡς, ὅτι, etc., οἶδα κἀμαυτὴν ὅτι ἀλγῶ S. El. 332; ἐάν τινα εἰδῶσιν ὅτι ἄδικός ἐστι Pl. Prt. 323b, etc.

6. οὐκ οἶδ' εἰ.. I know not whether, to express disbelief or doubt, sts. with ἄν transposed, οὐκ οἶδ' ἂν εἰ πείσαιμί σε E. Alc. 48, cf. D. 45.7: with Verb omitted after εἰ, as οὐκ οἶδ' εἴ τις ἄλλος perhaps no other, Isoc. 6.1, 12.10.

7. in similar ellipses with other Conjunctions,

Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (625)NAS (0)HCS (290)
1 Corinthians28
2 Corinthians11
1 Thessalonians16
2 Thessalonians3
1 Timothy5
2 Timothy6
1 Peter5
2 Peter3
1 John15
3 John2
1 Corinthians25
2 Corinthians15
1 Thessalonians13
2 Thessalonians3
1 Timothy3
2 Timothy3
1 Peter2
2 Peter1
1 John15
3 John1
List of Word Forms
γνώσεσθε δυνάμεθα είδαμεν ειδε είδε είδέ ειδείν είδειν είδεν ειδεναι ειδέναι εἰδέναι ειδες είδες είδετε είδη ειδήναι ειδης ειδής είδης εἰδῇς ειδήσουσί ειδησουσιν εἰδήσουσίν ειδητε ειδήτε είδητε εἰδῆτε είδομεν είδομέν ειδον ειδόν είδον είδόν έίδον ειδοσαν είδοσαν είδοσάν ειδοσι ειδόσι εἰδόσι ειδόσιν εἰδόσιν ειδοτα ειδότα εἰδότα ειδοτας ειδότας εἰδότας ειδοτες ειδότες εἰδότες ειδοτι ειδότι εἰδότι ειδότων ειδυια ειδυία εἰδυῖα ειδω ειδώ εἰδῶ ειδωμεν ειδώμεν είδωμεν εἰδῶμεν ειδως ειδώς εἰδώς Εἰδὼς ηδει ήδει ᾔδει ήδειμεν ηδειν ήδειν ᾔδειν ηδεις ήδεις ᾔδεις ηδεισαν ήδεισαν ᾔδεισαν ηδειτε ήδειτε ᾔδειτε ιδε ίδε ιδείν ίδεν ίδετε ίδετέ ιδέτω ιδέτωσαν ίδη ίδης ίδητε ίδοι ίδοιμι ίδοις ίδοισαν ίδον ιδόντες ίδοντες ιδόντι ιδούσα ιδούσά ίδω ίδωμεν ιδών ίδων ἰδὼν ίδωσι ίδωσί ίδωσιν ισασι ἴσασι ιστε ἴστε οιδα οίδα οίδά οἶδα οἶδά οιδαμεν οίδαμεν οἴδαμεν Οιδας οίδας Οἶδας οίδασι οιδασιν οίδασιν οἴδασιν οιδατε οίδατε οἰδατε οἴδατε οίδε οιδεν οίδεν οἶδεν οίσθα dunametha dynametha dynámetha edei ēdei edein ēdein edeis ēdeis edeisan ēdeisan edeite ēdeite ḗidei ḗidein eidêis eidē̂is ḗideis ḗideisan ḗideite eidenai eidénai eides eidēs eidesousin eidēsousin eidḗsousín eidete eidête eidēte eidē̂te eido eidô eidō eidō̂ eidomen eidômen eidōmen eidō̂men eidos eidōs eidṓs Eidṑs eidosin eidósin eidota eidóta eidotas eidótas eidotes eidótes eidoti eidóti eiduia eidyîa gnosesthe gnōsesthe gnṓsesthe idon idōn idṑn isasi ísasi iste íste oida oîda oîdá oidamen oídamen Oidas Oîdas oidasin oídasin oidate oídate oiden oîden
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