ver. 2.0.15.07.05
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #1519 - εἰς

Transliteration:
eis
Phonetics:
ice  
Word Origin:
a primary preposition
Parts of Speech:
Preposition
TDNT:
2:420,211
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. into, unto, to, towards, for, among
"For" (as used in Acts 2:38 "for the forgiveness...") could have two meanings. If you saw a poster saying "Jesse James wanted for robbery", "for" could mean Jesse is wanted so he can commit a robbery, or is wanted because he has committed a robbery. The later sense is the correct one. So too in this passage, the word "for" signifies an action in the past. Otherwise, it would violate the entire tenor of the NT teaching on salvation by grace and not by works.
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

εἰς or ἐς,

PR WITH ACC. ONLY: both forms are found in Hom., Ion. poets, and early metrical Inscrr.; ἐς is best attested in Hdt. and Hp., and is found in nearly all early Ion. Inscrr. (exc. IG 12(8).262.16 (Thasos, v B. C.), ib.7.235.1 (Oropus, iv B. C.)); εἰς in Att. Inscrr. from iv B. C., IG 2.115, etc.; and usu. in Att. Prose (exc. Th.) and Com. (exc. in parody): Trag. apptly. prefer εἰς, but ἐς is used before vowels metri gr.; ἐς was retained in the phrases ἐς κόρακας (whence the Verb σκορακίζω), ἐς μακαρίαν. Aeol. poets have εἰς before vowels, ἐς before consonants, and this is given as the rule in Hom. by An.Ox. 1.172, cf. Hellad. ap. Phot. Bibl. p.533B. (Orig. ἐνς, as in IG 4.554.7 (Argos), GDI 4986.11 (Crete); cf. ἐν, ἰν. The diphthong is genuine in Aeol. εἰς, but spurious in Att. - Ion.) Radical sense into, and then more loosely, to:

I OF PLACE,

1. the oldest and commonest usage, εἰς ἅλα into or to the sea, Il. 1.141, al.; εἰς ἅλαδε Od. 10.351; ἔς ῥ' ἀσαμίνθους 4.48; ἐς οἶνον βάλε φάρμακον ib. 220; freq. of places, to, εἰς Εὔβοιαν 3.174; ἐς Αἴγυπτον, etc., Hdt. 1.5, etc.; ἐς Μίλητον into the territory of Miletus, ib. 14; εἰς Ἑλλήσποντον εἰσέπλει X. HG 1.1.2; ἀφίκετο εἰς Μήδους πρὸς Κυαξάρην Id. Cyr. 2.1.2; εἰς ἅρματα βαίνειν to step into.., Il. 8.115; εἰς ἐλάτην ἀναβῆναι 14.287; opp. ἐκ, in such phrases as ἐς σφυρὸν ἐκ πτέρνης, ἐς πόδας ἐκ κεφαλῆς, from heel to ankle-joint, from head to foot, 22.397, 23.169; ἐκ πάτου ἐς σκοπιήν 20.137; ἐς μυχὸν ἐξ οὐδοῦ Od. 7.87; κἠς ἔτος ἐξ ἔτεος from year to year, Theoc. 18.15: with Verbs implying motion or direction, as of looking, ἰδεῖν εἰς οὐρανόν Il. 3.364; εἰς ὦπα ἰδέσθαι to look in the face, 9.373, etc.; εἰς ὦπα ἔοικεν he is like in face (sc. ἰδόντι), 3.158, etc.; ἐς ὀφθαλμούς τινος ἐλθεῖν to come before another's eyes, 24.204; ἐς ὄψιν ἀπικνέεσθαί τινος Hdt. 1.136; καλέσαι τινὰ ἐς ὄψιν Id. 5.106, etc.; ἐς ταὐτὸν ἥκειν come to the same point, E. Hipp. 273: less freq. after a Subst., ὁδὸς ἐς λαύρην Od. 22.128; τὸ ἐς Παλλήνην τεῖχος facing Pallene, Th. 1.56; ξύνοδος ἐς τὴν Δῆλον Id. 3.104, cf. Pl. Tht. 173d. and Ion., also c. acc. pers. (Att. ὡς, πρός, παρά), Il. 7.312, 15.402, Od. 14.127, Hdt. 4.147; also in Att. with collective Nouns, ἐς τὸν δῆμον παρελθόντες Th. 5.45, or plurals, εἰς ὑμᾶς εἰσῆλθον D. 18.103; esp. of consulting an oracle, ἐς θεὸν ἐλθεῖν Pi. O. 7.31; εἰς Ἄμμων' ἐλθόντες Ar. Av. 619.

2. with Verbs expressing restin a place, when a previous motion into or to it is implied, ἐς μέγαρον κατέθηκεν ἐπὶ θρόνου he put it in the house (i.e. he brought it into the house, and put it there), Od. 20.96; ἐς θρόνους ἕζοντο they sat them down upon the seats, 4.51, cf. 1.130; ἐφάνη λὶς εἰς ὁδόν the lion appeared in the path, Il. 15.276; ἀπόστολος ἐς τὴν Μίλητον ἦν Hdt. 1.21 (s. v.l.); αὐτὸς ἐς Αακεδαίμονα ἀπόστολος ἐγίνετο Id. 5.38; ἐς κώμην παραγίνονται Id. 1.185; παρῆν ἐς Σάρδις Id. 6.1; ἐς δόμους μένειν S. Aj. 80 (cod. Laur.); ἐς τὴν νῆσον κατέκλῃσε Th. 1.109, cf. Hdt. 3.13; ἀπόβασιν ποιήσασθαι ἐς.. Th. 2.33, etc.; later used like ἐν, τὴν γῆν εἰς ἣν ὑμεῖς κατοικεῖτε LXX Numbers 35:34; τὸ χρυσίον ὃ εἰλήφεσαν εἰς Ῥώμην D.S. 14.117; οἰκεῖν εἰς τὰ Ὕπατα Luc. Asin. 1; εἰς Ἐκβάτανα ἀποθανεῖν Ael. VH 7.8; εἰς ἅπασαν τὴν γῆν Suid. s.v. Καλλίμαχος: generally, τοὔνομα εἰς τὴν Ἑλλάδα, φασίν, Ἱππομιγὴς δύναται Ael. VH 9.16.

3. with Verbs of saying or speaking, εἰς relates to the persons to or before whom one speaks, εἰπεῖν ἐς πάντας, ἐς πάντας αὔδα, Hdt. 8.26, S. OT 93; λέγειν εἰς τὸ μέσον τῶν ταξιάρχων X. Cyr. 3.3.7; αἱ ἐς τὸ φανερὸν λεγόμεναι αἰτίαι Th. 1.23: with other Verbs, εἰς τοὺς Ἕλληνας σαυτὸν σοφιστὴν παρέχων Pl. Prt. 312a; καλὸν ἐς τοὺς Ἕλληνας τὸ ἀγώνισμα φανεῖσθαι Th. 7.56; ἐπαχθὴς []ν ἐς τοὺς τολλούς Id. 6.54; στρατιὰν ἐπαγγέλλων ἐς τοὺς ξυμμάχους Id. 7.17; διαβεβλῆσθαι εἴς τινα Pl. R. 539c.

4. elliptical usages, after Verbs which have no sense of motion to or into a place, τὴν πόλιν ἐξέλιπον εἰς χωρίον ὀχυρόν they quitted the city for a strong position, i.e. to seek a strong position, X. An. 1.2.24; γράμματα ἑάλωσαν εἰς Ἀθήνας letters were captured [and sent] to Athens, Id. HG 1.1.23, cf. Pl. R. 468a; ἀνίστασθαι ἐς Ἄργος E. Heracl. 59, cf. Pl. Phd. 116a. participles signifying motion are freq. omitted with εἰς, τοῖς στρατηγοῖς τοῖς εἰς Σικελίαν (sc. ἀποδειχθεῖσιν) And. 1.11, etc. c. gen., mostly of proper names, as εἰς Ἀΐδαο, Att. εἰς Ἅιδου [δόμους ], Il. 21.48; ἐς Ἀθηναίης [ἱερόν ] to the temple of Athena, 6.379; ἐς Πριάμοιο [οἶκον ] 24.160, cf. 309; εἰς Αἰγύπτοιο [ῥόον ] Od. 4.581; ἐς τοῦ Κλεομένεος Hdt. 5.51; εἰς Ἀσκληπιοῦ Ar. Pl. 411; ἐπὶ δεῖπνον [ἰέναι] εἰς Ἀγάθωνος Pl. Smp. 174a: with Appellatives, ἀνδρὸς ἐς ἀφνειοῦ to a rich man's house, Il. 24.482; ἐς πατρός Od. 2.195; πέμπειν εἰς διδασκάλων send to school, X. Lac. 2.1; εἰς δ. φοιτᾶν Pl. Prt. 326c; ἐς σεωυτοῦ, ἑωυτοῦ, Hdt. 1.108, 9.108, etc.

II OF TIME,

1 to denote a certain point or limit of time, up to, until, ἐς ἠῶ Od. 11.375; ἐς ἠέλιον καταδύντα till sunset, 9.161 (but also, towards or near sunset, 3.138); ἐκ νεότητος ἐς γῆρας Il. 14.86; ἐκ παιδὸς ἐς γῆρας Aeschin. 1.180; ἐς ἐμέ up to my time, Hdt. 1.92, al.: with Advbs., εἰς ὅτε (cf. ἔς τε) against the time when.., Od. 2.99; εἰς πότε; until when ? how long ? S. Aj. 1185 (lyr., cf. εἰσόκἐ; εἰς ὁπότε Aeschin. 3.99; ἐς τί; = εἰς πότε; Il. 5.465; ἐς ὅ until, Hdt. 1.93, etc.; ἐς οὗ Id. 1.67, 3.31, etc.; ἐς τόδε Id. 7.29, etc.

2. to determine a period, εἰς ἐνιαυτόν for a year, i.e. a whole year, Il. 19.32, Od. 4.526; within the year, ib. 86 (cf. ἐς ἐνίαυτον Alc. Supp. 8.12); εἰς ὥρας Od. 9.135; ἐς θέρος ἢ ἐς ὀπώρην for the summer, i.e. throughout it, 14.384; ἡ εἰς ἐνιαυτὸν κειμένη δαπάνη εἰς τὸν μῆνα δαπανᾶται the expenditure for a year is expended in the month, X. Oec. 7.36; μισθοδοτεῖν τινὰς εἰς ἓξ μῆνας D.S. 19.15; χοίνικα κριθῶν εἰς τέσσαρας ἡμέρας διεμέτρει Posidon. 36J.; εἰς ἑσπέραν ἥκειν to come at even, Ar. Pl. 998; εἰς τρίτην ἡμέραν or εἰς τρίτην alone, on the third day, in two days, Pl. Hp.Ma. 286b, X. Cyr. 5.3.27; ἥκειν ἐς τὴν ὑστεραίαν Id. An. 2.3.25; ἥκειν εἰς τὸ ἔαρ Hell.Oxy. 17.4; ἐς τέλος at last, Hdt. 3.40; ἐς καιρόν in season, Id. 4.139; οὐκ ἐς ἀναβολάς, ἀμβολάς, with no delay, Id. 8.21, E. Heracl. 270, etc.; ἐς τότε at this time, v.l. in Od. 7.317 (but εἰς τότε at that time (in the fut.), D. 14.24, Pl. Lg. 830b); ἐς ὕστερον or τὸ ὕστερον, Od. 12.126, Th. 2.20: with Advbs., ἐς αὔριον Il. 8.538, Pl. Lg. 858b; ἔς περ ὀπίσσω Od. 20.199; ἐς αὖθις Th. 4.63 (v. εἰσαῦθις (; ἐς αὐτίκα μάλ ' Ar. Pax 367; εἰς ἔπειτα (v. εἰσέπειτα (; ἐς τὸ ἔ., Th. 2.64; ἐς ὀψέ Id. 8.23; εἰς ἅπαξ, v. εἰσάπαξ; εἰς ἔτι, v. εἰσέτι.

III to express MEASURE OR LIMIT,

1. without reference to Time, ἐς δίσκουρα λέλειπτο was left behind as far as a quoit's throw, Il. 23.523; ἐς δραχμὴν διέδωκε paid them as much as a drachma, Th. 8.29; ἱματισμὸν ζητῆσαι εἰς δύο τάλαντα Thphr. Char. 23.8; so ἐς τὰ μάλιστα to the greatest degree, Hdt. 1.20, etc.; ἐς τοσοῦτο τύχης ἀπίκευ Id. 1.124; εἰς τοσοῦτο ἥκειν Lys. 27.10; εἰς τοῦτο θράσους καὶ ἀναιδείας ἀφίκετο D. 21.194; ἐς ὅ ἐμέμνηντο so far as they remembered, Th. 5.66; ἐς τὸ ἔσχατον Hdt. 7.229, etc.; εἰς ἅλις Theoc. 25.17.

2. freq. with Numerals, ἐς τριακάδας δέκα ναῶν A. Pers. 339; ναῦς ἐς τὰς τετρακοσίας, διακοσίας, to the number of 400, etc., Th. 1.74, 100, etc.; εἰς ἕνα, εἰς δύο, εἰς τέσσαρας, one, two, four deep, X. Cyr. 2.3.21; but εἰς τέσσαρας four abreast, Aen.Tact. 40.6: with Advbs., ἐς τρίς or ἐστρίς thrice, Pi. O. 2.68, Hdt. 1.86; of round numbers, about, X. An. 1.1.10.

3. distributive, εἰς φυλάς by tribes, LXX 1 Samuel 10:21, cf. 2 Samuel 18:1-33.

4. to express RELATION, towards, in regard to, ἐξαμαρτεῖν εἰς θεούς A. Pr. 945, etc.; ἁμάρτημα εἴς τινα, αἰτίαι ἐς ἀλλήλους, Isoc. 8.96, Th. 1.66; ὄνειδος ὀνειδίζειν εἴς τινα S. Ph. 522; ἔχθρη ἔστινα Hdt. 6.65; φιλία ἐς ἀμφοτέρους Th. 2.9; λέγειν ἐς.. Hdt. 1.86; γνώμη ἀποδεχθεῖσα ἐς τὴν γέφυραν Id. 4.98; ἡ ἐς γῆν καὶ θάλασσαν ἀρχή Th. 8.46.

1. of the subject of a work, esp. in titles, e.g. τὰ ἐς Ἀπολλώνιον Philostr. VA; of the object of a dedication, as in titles of hymns, ἐπινίκια, etc.

2. in regard to, πρῶτος εἰς εὐψυχίαν A. Pers. 326; σκώπτειν ἐς τὰ ῥάκια Ar. Pax 740, cf. Eq. 90; διαβάλλειν τινὰ ἔς τι Th. 8.88; αἰτία ἐπιφερομένη ἐς μαλακίαν Id. 5.75; μέμφεσθαι εἰς φιλίαν X. An. 2.6.30; εἰς τὰ πολεμικὰ καταφρονεῖσθαι Id. HG 7.4.30; πόλεως εὐδοκιμωτάτης εἰς σοφίαν Pl. Ap. 29d; in respect of, εὐτυχεῖν ἐς τέκνα E. Or. 542, cf. Pl. Ap. 35b, etc.; εἰς χρήματα ζημιοῦσθαι Id. Lg. 774b, cf. D. 22.55; ἐς τὰ ἄλλα Th.I.I; εἰς ἄπαντα S. Tr. 489; ἐς τὰ πάνθ' ὁμῶς A. Pr. 736; εἰς μὲν ταῦτα Pl. Ly. 210a; τό γ' εἰς ἑαυτόν, τὸ εἰς ἐμέ, S. OT 706, E. IT 691, cf. S. Ichn. 346; ἐς ὀλίγους μᾶλλον τὰς ἀρχὰς ποιεῖν Th. 8.53; ἐς πλείονας οἰκεῖν Id. 2.37; for τελεῖν ἐς Ἕλληνας, Βοιωτούς, ἄνδρας, etc., v. τελέω.

3. of Manner, ἐς τὸν νῦν τρόπον Id. 1.6; τίθεμεν τἆλλα εἰς τὸν αὐτὸν λόγον; Pl. R. 353d; ἐς ἓν μέλος Theoc. 18.7: freq. periphr. for Advbs., ἐς κοινὸν φράζειν, λέγειν, A. Pr. 844, Eu. 408; ἐς τὸ πᾶν, = πάντως, Id. Ag. 682 (lyr.); ἐς τάχος, = ταχέως, Ar. Ach. 686; ἐς εὐτέλειαν, = εὐτελῶς, Id. Av. 805; ἐς τἀρχαῖον Id. Nu. 593; εἰς καλόν S. OT 78, cf. Pl. Phd. 76e; ἐς δέον γεγονέναι Hdt. 1.119, cf. S. OT 1416, and v. δέον.

1. ofan end or limit, ἔρχεσθαι, τελευτᾶν, λήγειν ἐς.., to end in.., Hdt. 1.120, 3.125, 4.39, etc.; ἐς ἑβδομήκοντα ἔτεα ου,ρον ἀνθρώπῳ προτίθημι Id. 1.32; καταξαίνειν ἐς φοινικίδα to cut into red rags, Ar. Ach. 320 (troch.); στρέφειν τι εἰς αἷμα Revelation 11:6; εἰς ἄνδρας ἐκ μειρακίων τελευτᾶν, εἰς ἄνδρα γενειᾶν, Pl. Tht. 173b, Theoc. 14.28; ἐκτρέφειν τὸ σπέρμα εἰς καρπόν X. Oec. 17.10: so with εἶναι or γίγνομαι to form a predicate, ἔσται εἰς ἔθνη LXX Genesis 17:16; ἐγενήθη εἰς γυναῖκα ib. 20.12; πιστὸς (sc. ἦν) εἰς προφήτην ib.1 Samuel 3:20; ἐγένετο εἰς δένδρον.Luke 13:19,al.

2. of Purpose or Object, εἰπεῖν εἰς ἀγαθόν, πείσεται εἰς ἀγαθόν, for good, for his good, Il. 9.102, 11.789; εἰς ἀγαθὰ μυθεῖσθαι 23.305; ἐς πόλεμον θωρήξομαι 8.376, cf. Hdt. 7.29, etc.; ἐς φόβον to cause fear, Il. 15.310; ἐς ὑποδήματα δεδόσθαι Hdt. 2.98; κόσμος ὁ εἰς ἑορτάς X. Oec. 9.6; ἐπιτηδεότατος, εὐπρεπής, ἔς τι Hdt. 1.115, 2.116; εἰς κάλλος ζῆν to live for show, X. Cyr. 8.1.33, cf. Ages. 9.1; ἐς δαίτην ἐκάλεσσε Call. Aet. 1.1.5; εἰς κέρδος τι δρᾶν S. Ph.

III; πάσας φωνὰς ἱέντων εἰς ἀπόφυξιν Ar. V. 562; εἰς γράμματα παιδὶ δεκετεῖ ἐνιαυτοὶ τρεῖς Pl. Lg. 809e; εἰς τὸ πρᾶγμα εἶναι to be pertinent, to the purpose, D. 36.54; freq. of expenditure on an object, IG 22.102.11, 116.41, al.; ἐς τὸ δέον Ar. Nu. 859, etc.; ἐς δᾷδα ib. 612.

POSITION: εἰς is sts. parted from its acc. by several words, εἰς ἀμφοτέρω Διομήδεος ἅρματα βήτην Il. 8.115; εἰς δὲ μονάρχου δῆμος ἀϊδρίῃ δουλοσύνην ἔπεσεν Sol. 9: seldom (only in Poets) put after its case, Il. 15.59, Od. 3.137, 15.541, S. OC 126 (lyr.): after an Adv., αὔριον ἔς· τῆμος δὲ.. Od. 7.318.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 εἰς, a preposition governing the accusative, and denoting entrance into, or direction and limit: into, to, toward, for, among. It is used:

A. Properly

I. of place, after verbs of going, coming, sailing, flying, falling, living, leading, carrying, throwing, sending, etc.;

1. of a place entered, or of entrance into a place, into; and a. it stands before nouns designating an open place, a hollow thing, or one in which an object can be hidden: as εἰς (τήν) πόλιν, Matthew 26:18; Matthew 28:11; Mark 1:45, and often; εἰς τόν οἶκον, Matthew 9:7; συναγωγήν, Acts 17:10; πλοῖον, Matthew 8:23; John 6:17; Acts 21:6; θάλασσαν, Matthew 17:27; ἄβυσσον, Luke 8:31; οὐρανόν, Luke 2:15; κόσμον, John 1:9; John 3:19, etc.; τά ἰδίᾳ, John 1:11; John 16:32; Acts 21:6; ἀποθήκην, Matthew 3:12; εἰς τά ὦτα, Luke 1:44; εἰς τάς ζώνας or ζώνην, Matthew 10:9; Mark 6:8, etc.; εἰς ἀέρα, 1 Corinthians 14:9; εἰς πῦρ, Mark 9:22, etc.; εἰς αὐτόν, of a demon entering the body of a Prayer of Manasseh , Mark 9:25. with the accusative of person (German zu jemand hinein), into the house of one (cf. Kühner, § 432,1, 1a.; ( Jelf, § 625,1a.)): εἰς τήν Λυδίαν, Acts 16:40 Rec., but here more correctly πρός with G L T Tr WH; cf. Winer's Grammar, § 49, a, α. (εἰς ἐμαυτόν, Wisdom of Solomon 8:18). γίνομαι εἰς with the accusative of place, see γίνομαι, 5g. b. before names of cities, villages, and countries, εἰς may be rendered simply to, toward, (German nach; as if it indicated merely motion toward a destination; (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 49, a, α.)); as εἰς Ἱεροσόλυμα εἰς Δαμασκόν, εἰς Βέροιαν, etc.; εἰς Σπανίαν, Αἴγυπτον, Γαλιλαίαν, etc.; but it is not to be so translated in such phrases as εἰς τήν Ιουδαίαν γῆν, etc., John 3:22; Matthew 2:12 cf. Matthew 20,21; εἰς τά μέρη τῆς Γαλιλαίας, Matthew 2:22, etc.

c. elliptical expressions are — εἰς ᾅδου, namely, δομον, Acts 2:27 ( Rec.), 31 (not T WH); see ᾅδης, 2. ἐπιστολαί εἰς Δαμασκόν, to be carried to D., Acts 9:2; διακονία μου εἰς ( L Tr marginal reading ἐν) Ἱερουσαλήμ (see in διακονία, 3), Romans 15:31; cf. Bernhardy (1829), p. 216.

d. εἰς means among (in among) before nouns comprising a multitude; as, εἰς τούς λῃστάς, Luke 10:36; εἰς ( L marginal reading ἐπί) τάς ἀκάνθας, Mark 4:7 (for which Luke 8:7 gives ἐν μέσῳ τῶν ἀκανθῶν); or before persons, Mark 8:19; Luke 11:49; John 21:23; Acts 18:6; Acts 20:29; Acts 22:21,30; Acts 26:17; see ἀποστέλλω, 1b.; or before a collective noun in the singular number, as εἰς τόν δῆμον, Acts 17:5; Acts 19:30; εἰς τόν ὄχλον, Acts 14:14; εἰς τόν λαόν, Acts 4:17.

2. If the surface only of the place entered is touched or occupied, εἰς, like the Latin in, may (often) be rendered on, upon, (German auf) (sometimes by unto, — (idioms vary)), to mark the limit reached, or where one sets foot. Of this sort are εἰς τό πέραν ( A. V. unto), Matthew 8:18; Matthew 14:22; Mark 4:35; εἰς τήν γῆν, Luke 12:49 ( L T Tr WH ἐπί); Acts 26:14; Revelation 8:5,7; Revelation 9:3; Revelation 12:4,9 εἰς τήν κλίνην, Revelation 2:22; εἰς ὁδόν, Matthew 10:5; Mark 6:8; Luke 1:79; εἰς τήν ὁδόν, Mark 11:8{a} ( L marginal reading ἐν with the dative, 8{b} R G L); εἰς τόν ἀγρόν, Matthew 22:5; Mark 13:16; εἰς τό ὄρος (or εἰς ὄρος; here A. V. uses into), Matthew 5:1; Matthew 14:23; Matthew 15:29; Matthew 17:1; Mark 3:13; Mark 9:2; Luke 9:28; John 6:3, etc.; εἰς τά δεξιά, John 21:6; σπείρειν εἰς τί (τήν σάρκα), Galatians 6:8 (here A. V. unto; cf. Ellicott at the passage); ἀναπίπτειν εἰς τόπον, Luke 14:10; δέχομαι εἰς τάς ἀγκάλας, Luke 2:28; τύπτειν εἰς τήν κεφαλήν, Matthew 27:30 (εἰς τήν σιαγόνα, Luke 6:29 Tdf.; ῥαπίζειν εἰς τήν ... σιαγόνα, Matthew 5:39 L T Tr text WH, where R G ἐπί), and in other phrases.

3. of motion (not into a place itself, but) into the vicinity of a place; where it may be rendered to, near, toward, (cf. Fritzsche on Mark , p. 81 f (for examples only)): εἰς τήν. θάλασσαν, Mark 3:7 G L T Tr marginal reading; εἰς πόλιν, John 4:5 cf. John 4:28; εἰς τό μνημεῖον, John 11:31,38; John 20:1,3f, 8; ἐγγιζεινεις etc. Matthew 21:1; Mark 11:1; Luke 18:35; Luke 19:29; εἰς τούς φραγμούς, Luke 14:23; πίπτειν εἰς τί πόδας, at, John 11:32 ( T Tr WH πρός); κλίνειν τό πρόσωπον εἰς τήν γῆν, Luke 24:5; εἰς τήν χεῖρα, on, Luke 15:22.

4. of the limit to which; with the accusative of place, as far as, even to: λάμπειν ἐκ ... εἰς, Luke 17:24; with the accusative plural of person to, unto Acts 23:15 (εἰς ὑμᾶς, for R G πρός); Romans 5:12; Romans 16:19; 2 Corinthians 9:5 ( L Tr πρός); 2 Corinthians 10:14>.

5. of local direction;

a. after verbs of seeing: ἐπαίρειν τούς ὀφθαλμούς εἰς τί, τινα, Luke 6:20 βλέπειν, Luke 9:62; John 13:22; Acts 3:4; ἀναβλέπειν, Mark 6:41; Luke 9:16; Acts 22:13; ἐμβλέπειν, Matthew 6:26; ἀτενίζειν, which see b. after verbs of saying, teaching, announcing, etc. (cf. German die Rede richten an etc.; Latin dicere ad or coram; (English direct one's remarks to or toward); examples from Greek authors are given by Bernhardy (1829), p. 217; Passow, i., p. 802{b}; (Liddell and Scott, under the word, I. b. 3); Krüger, § 68,21, 6): κηρύσσειν, as ἦν κηρύσσων εἰς τάς συναγωγάς αὐτῶν εἰς ὅλην τήν Γαλιλαίαν, preaching to the synagogues throughout all Galilee, Mark 1:39 ( Rec. ἐν ταῖς συναγωγαῖς, as Luke 4:44 (where T WH Tr text now εἰς; cf. Winer s Grammar, 416 (387); Buttmann, 333 (287); but in Mark , the passage cited T Tr text WH now read ἦλθεν κηρύσσων κτλ.)); τό εὐαγγέλιον εἰς ὅλον τόν κόσμον, Mark 14:9; εἰς πάντα τά ἔθνη, Mark 13:10; Luke 24:47; εἰς ὑμᾶς, 1 Thessalonians 2:9; ἀπαγγέλλειν ( Rec. ἀναγγέλλειν) τί εἰς, Mark 5:14; Luke 8:34; γνωρίζειν, Romans 16:26; εὐαγγελίζεσθαι, 2 Corinthians 10:16; εἰς ὑμᾶς, 1 Peter 1:25; λέγειν ( Rec.; others, λαλεῖν) εἰς τόν κόσμον, John 8:26; (λαλεῖν τόν λόγον εἰς τήν Πέργην, Acts 14:25 T WH marginal reading); διαμαρτύρεσθαι and μαρτυρεῖν, Acts 23:11.

II. of Time;

1. it denotes entrance into period which is penetrated, as it were, i. e. duration through a time (Latin in; German hinein, hinaus): εἰς τόν αἰῶνα and the like, see αἰών, 1a.; εἰς τό διηνεκές, Hebrews 7:3; Hebrews 10:1,12, 14; εἰς πολλά, Luke 12:19; τῇ ἐπιφωσκούσῃ (ἡμέρα) εἰς μίαν σαββάτων, dawning into ( A. V. toward) the first day of the week, Matthew 28:1. Hence,

2. of the time in which a thing is done; because he who does or experiences a thing at any time is conceived of as, so to speak, entering into that time: εἰς τόν καιρόν αὐτῶν, in their season, Luke 1:20; εἰς τό μέλλον namely, ἔτος, the next year (but under the word μέλλω, 1. Grimm seems to take the phrase indefinitely, thenceforth (cf. Greek text)), Luke 13:9; εἰς τό μεταξύ σάββατον, on the next sabbath, Acts 13:42; εἰς τό πάλιν, again ( for the second, third, time), 2 Corinthians 13:2.

3. of the (temporal) limit for which anything is or is done; Latin in; our for, unto: Revelation 9:15; εἰς τήν αὔριον namely, ἡμέραν, for the morrow, Matthew 6:34; Acts 4:3; εἰς ἡμέραν κρίσεως, 2 Peter 2:9; 2 Peter 3:7; εἰς ἡμέραν Χριστοῦ, Philippians 1:10; Philippians 2:16; εἰς ἡμέραν ἀπολυτρώσεως, Ephesians 4:30.

4. of the (temporal) limit to which; unto, i. e. even to, until: Acts 25:21; 1 Thessalonians 4:15; εἰς ἐκείνην τήν ἡμέραν, 2 Timothy 1:12. On the phrase εἰς τέλος, see τέλος, 1a.

B. Used Metaphorically,

I. εἰς retains the force of entering into anything,

1. where one thing is said to be changed into another, or to be separated into parts, or where several persons or things are said to be collected or combined into one, etc.: ἀποβαίνειν εἰς τί, Philippians 1:19; γίνεσθαι εἰς τί, see γίνομαι, 5d.; εἶναι εἰς τί, see εἰμί, V:2 (a. at the end)

c. and d.; στρέφειν τί εἰς τί Revelation 11:6; μεταστρέφειν, Acts 2:20; James 4:9; μεταλλάσνειν, Romans 1:26; μετασχηματίζεσθαι, 2 Corinthians 11:13 f; συνοικοδομεῖσθαι, Ephesians 2:22; κτίζειν τινα εἰς, Ephesians 2:15; λαμβάνειν τί εἰς, Hebrews 11:8; λογίζεσθαι εἰς τί, see λογίζομαι, 1a. ἐσχίσθη εἰς δύο, Matthew 27:51; Mark 15:38 ( Polybius 2,16, 11 σχίζεται εἰς δύο μέρη); δηιν εἰς δέσμας, Matthew 13:30 ( G omits; Tr WH brackets εἰς); εἰς ἐν τελειουσθαι, John 17:23; συνάγειν εἰς ἐν, John 11:52.

2. after verbs of going, coming, leading, etc., εἰς is joined to nouns designating the conditional state into which one passes, falls, etc.: ἐισέρχεσθαι εἰς τήν βασιλείαν τῶν οὐρανῶν or τοῦ Θεοῦ, see βασιλεία, 3, p. 97{b}; εἰς τήν ζωήν, Matthew 18:8; Matthew 19:17; Matthew 25:46; εἰς τήν χαράν, Matthew 25:21,23; εἰς κόλασιν αἰώνιον, Matthew 25:46; ἔρχεσθαι εἰς κρίσιν, John 5:24; εἰσφέρειν, ἐισέρχεσθαι εἰς πειρασμόν, Matthew 6:13; Matthew 26:41; Mark 14:38 ( T WH ἔλθητε); ἔρχεσθαι εἰς τό χεῖρον, Mark 5:26; εἰς ἀπελεγμόν, Acts 19:27; εἰς προκοπήν, Philippians 1:12; μεταβαίνειν εἰς τήν ζωήν, John 5:24; 1 John 3:14; πορεύεσθαι εἰς θάνατον, Luke 22:33; ὑπάγειν εἰς ἀπώλειαν, Revelation 17:8,11; ὑπάγειν or πορεύεσθαι εἰς εἰρήνην, see εἰρήνη, 3; ὑποστρέφειν εἰς διαφοράν, Acts 13:34; συντρέχειν εἰς ἀνάχυσιν, 1 Peter 4:4; βάλλειν εἰς θλῖψιν, Revelation 2:22; περιτρέπειν εἰς μανίαν, Acts 26:24; μεταστρέφειν and στρέφειν εἰς τί, Acts 2:20; Revelation 11:6; ὁδηγεῖν τήν ἀλήθειαν ( T ἐν τῇ ἀλήθειαν), John 16:13; αἰχμαλωτίζειν εἰς ὑπακοήν, 2 Corinthians 10:5; παραδιδόναι εἰς θλῖψιν, Matthew 24:9; εἰς θάνατον, 2 Corinthians 4:11; εἰς κρίμα θανάτου, Luke 24:20; συγκλείειν εἰς ἀπείθειαν, Romans 11:32; ἐμπίπτειν εἰς κρίμα, εἰς ὀνειδισμόν καί παγίδα, εἰς πειρασμόν, 1 Timothy 3:6; 1 Timothy 6:9.

3. it is used of the business which one enters into, i. e. of what he undertakes: ἐισέρχεσθαι εἰς τόν κόπον τίνος, to take up and carry on a labor begun by another, John 4:38; τρέχειν εἰς πόλεμον, Revelation 9:9; ἔρχομαι εἰς ἀποκαλύψεις, I come, in my narrative, to Revelation , i. e. to the mention of them, 2 Corinthians 12:1.

II. εἰς after words indicating motion or direction or end;

1. it denotes motion to something, after verbs of going, coming, leading, calling, etc., and answers to the Latin ad, to: καλεῖν τινα εἰς γάμον, γάμους, δεῖπνον, etc. to invite to, etc., Matthew 22:3; Luke 14:8,10; John 2:2; καλεῖν τινα εἰς μετάνοιαν, etc., Luke 5:32; 2 Thessalonians 2:14; ἄγειν τινα εἰς μετάνοιαν, Romans 2:4; ἐπιστρέφειν εἰς τό φῶς, Acts 26:18; ἐκτρέπεσθαι εἰς ματαιολογίαν, 1 Timothy 1:6; μετατίθεσθαι εἰς ἕτερον εὐαγγέλιον Galatians 1:6; χωρῆσαι εἰς μετάνοιαν, 2 Peter 3:9, etc.

2. of ethical direction or reference;

a. universally, of acts in which the mind is directed toward, or looks to, something: βλέπειν εἰς πρόσωπον τίνος (see βλέπω, 2c.); ἀποβλέπειν εἰς τήν μισθαποδοσίαν, Hebrews 11:26; ἀφοραν εἰς ... Ἰησοῦν, Hebrews 12:2 (see A. I:5a. above); πιστεύειν εἰς τινα, and the like, cf. under πιστεύω, πίστις, ἐλπίζω (ἐλπίς), etc.; ἐπιθυμίαν ἔχειν εἰς τί, directed toward etc. Philippians 1:23; λέγειν εἰς τινα, to speak with reference to one, Acts 2:25 ( Diodorus Siculus 11,50); λέγειν τί εἰς τί, to say something in reference to something, Ephesians 5:32; λαλεῖν τί εἰς τί, to speak something relating to something, Hebrews 7:14; ὀμνύειν εἰς τί, to swear with the mind directed toward, Matthew 5:35; ἐυδόκειν εἰς τινα, Matthew 12:18 ( R G); 2 Peter 1:17.

b. for one's advantage or disadvantage; α. for, for the benefit of, to the advantage of: εἰς ἡμᾶς, Ephesians 1:19; εἰς ὑμᾶς, 2 Corinthians 13:4 (but WH brackets); Ephesians 3:2; Colossians 1:25; πλουτεῖν εἰς θεόν to abound in riches made to subserve God's purposes and promote his glory, Luke 12:21 (so too Winer's Grammar, 397 (371); but cf. Meyer edition Weiss, at the passage); Christ is said πλουτεῖν εἰς πάντας, to abound in riches redounding to the salvation of all men, Romans 10:12; πλεονάζειν εἰς τί, Philippians 4:17; ἐλεημοσύνην ποιεῖν εἰς τό ἔθνος, Acts 24:17; εἰς τούς πτωχούς, for the benefit of the poor, Romans 15:26; εἰς τούς ἁγίους, 2 Corinthians 8:4; 2 Corinthians 9:1, cf. 2 Corinthians 9:13; κοπιαν εἰς τινα, Romans 16:6; Galatians 4:11; εἰς Χριστόν, to the advantage and honor of Christ, Philemon 1:6; ἐργάζεσθαι τί εἰς τινα, Mark 14:6 Rec.; 3 John 1:5; λειτουργός εἰς τά ἔθνη, Romans 15:16; γενόμενα εἰς Καθαρναουμ (for Rec. ἐν Καπερναούμ (cf. Winer s Grammar, 416 (388); Buttmann, 333 (286))), Luke 4:23. β. unto in a disadvantageous sense ( against): μηδέν ἄτοπον εἰς αὐτόν γενόμενον, Acts 28:6.

c. of the mood or inclination, affecting one toward any person or thing; of one's mode of action toward;

a. in a good sense: ἀγάπη εἰς τινα, unto, toward, one, Romans 5:8; 2 Corinthians 2:4,8; Colossians 1:4; 1 Thessalonians 3:12; τό αὐτό εἰς ἀλλήλους φρονεῖν, Romans 12:16; φιλόστοργος, Romans 12:10; φιλόξενος, 1 Peter 4:9; χρηστός, Ephesians 4:32; ἀποκαταλλάσσειν εἰς αὐτόν (others, αὐτόν see αὑτοῦ, Colossians 1:20 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 397 (371)). β. in a bad sense: ἁμαρτάνειν εἰς τινα (see ἁμαρτάνω, b.); λόγον εἰπεῖν and βλασθήμειν εἰς τινα, Luke 12:10; Mark 3:29; βλασθημος εἰς τινα, Acts 6:11; βλασθημων λέγω εἰς τινα, Luke 22:65; ἐπιβουλή εἰς τινα, Acts 23:30; ἔχθρα, Romans 8:7; ἀντιλογία, Hebrews 12:3; θάρρειν εἰς τινα, 2 Corinthians 10:1.

d. of reference or relation; with respect to, in reference to; as regards, (cf. Kühner, 2:408c.; ( Jelf, § 625,3e.)): Luke 7:30; Acts 25:20 ( T Tr WH omit εἰς; Romans 4:20; Romans 15:2; 2 Corinthians 10:16; 2 Corinthians 13:3; Galatians 6:4; Ephesians 3:16; Philippians 1:5; Philippians 2:22; 1 Thessalonians 5:18; εἰς τί ἐδίστασας; '(looking) unto what (i. e. wherefore) didst thou doubt? Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Matthew197
Mark133
Luke206
John166
Acts254
Romans95
1 Corinthians35
2 Corinthians63
Galatians24
Ephesians30
Philippians19
Colossians18
1 Thessalonians18
2 Thessalonians12
1 Timothy18
2 Timothy14
Titus2
Philemon2
Hebrews63
James12
1 Peter35
2 Peter11
1 John8
2 John3
3 John1
Jude5
Revelation69
Matthew12
Mark13
Luke15
John1
Acts12
Romans27
1 Corinthians6
2 Corinthians14
Galatians3
Ephesians8
Philippians3
Colossians1
1 Thessalonians4
2 Thessalonians7
2 Timothy3
Philemon2
Hebrews7
James2
1 Peter4
2 Peter1
Revelation1
Matthew193
Mark133
Luke187
John175
Acts268
Romans108
1 Corinthians36
2 Corinthians64
Galatians28
Ephesians32
Philippians19
Colossians17
1 Thessalonians25
2 Thessalonians13
1 Timothy18
2 Timothy17
Titus2
Philemon2
Hebrews49
James14
1 Peter40
2 Peter10
1 John9
2 John3
3 John1
Jude6
Revelation68
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