ver. 2.0.15.09.03
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #1537 - ἐκ

Transliteration:
ek
Phonetics:
ek, ex  
Word Origin:
a primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), from, out (of place, time, or cause
Parts of Speech:
Preposition
TDNT:
literal or figurative
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. out of, from, by, away from
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐκ,

before a vowel ἐξ, also ἐξ τῳ ϝοίκῳ Inscr.Cypr. 135.5 H., in Att. Inscrr. before ς ξ ζ ρ and less freq. λ; ἐγ- in Inscrr. before β γ δ λ μ ν ; Cret. and Boeot. ἐς Leg.Gort. 2.49, Corinn. Supp. 2.67; ἐχ freq. in Att. Inscrr. before χ φ θ (and in early Inscrr. before ς, IG 12.304.20); also ἐ Ναυπάκτω ib.9(1).334.8 (Locr.); (ἐτ is for ἐπὶ in ib 9(2).517.14 (Thess.)): Pr governing GEN. only (exc. in Cypr. and Arc., c. dat., Inscr.Cypr. 135.5 H. (Idalium), (in form ἐς) IG 5(2).6.49 (Tegea, iv B.C.)): radical sense, from out of, freq. also simply, from.

I OF PLACE, the most freq. usage, variously modified:

1 of Motion, out of, forth from, ἐκ Πύλου ἐλθὼν τηλόθεν ἐξ ἀπίης γαίης Il. 1.269, cf. Pl. Prt. 321c, etc.; μάχης ἔκ Il. 17.207; ἂψ ἐκ δυσμενέων ἀνδρῶν 24.288; ἐξ ὀχέων, ἐξ ἕδρης, 3.29, 19.77; φεύγειν ἐκ πολέμοιο 7.119; ἐκ τῶν πολεμίων ἐλθεῖν X. Cyr. 6.2.9; ἐκ χειρῶν γέρας εἵλετο Il. 9.344, cf. S. Ph. 1287 (but ἐκ χειρὸς βάλλειν or παίειν to strike with a spear in the hand, opp. ἀντιτοξεύειν or ἀκοντίζειν, X. An. 3.3.15, Cyr. 4.3.16; ἐκ χειρὸς τὴν μάχην ποιεῖσθαι ib. 6.2.16, cf. 6.3.24, etc.); ἐκ χρυσῶν φιαλῶν πίνειν ib. 5.3.3; ἐξ ἀγορᾶς ὠνεῖσθαι Pl.Com. 190.

2. ἐκ θυμοῦ φίλεον I loved her from my heart, with all my heart, Il. 9.343; ἐκ τῆς ψυχῆς ἀσπάσασθαι X. Oec. 10.4; μέγαν ἐκ θυμοῦ κλάζοντες Ἄρη A. Ag. 48 (anap.); δακρυχέων ἐκ φρενός Id. Th. 919 (anap.); οὐδὲν ἐκ σαυτῆς λέγεις S. El. 344; ἐξ εὐμενῶν στέρνων δέχεσθαι receive with kindly heart, Id. OC 486; ἐξ ὀμμάτων ὀρθῶν δὲ κἀξ ὀρθῆς φρενός Id. OT 528; ὀρθὸς ἐξ ὀρθῶν δίφρων with chariot still upright, Id. El. 742; ἐξ ἀκινήτου ποδός Id. Tr. 875; ἐξ ἑνὸς ποδός Id. Ph. 91.

3. to denote change or succession, freq. with an antithetic repetition of the same word, δέχεται κακὸν ἐκ κακοῦ one evil comes from (or after) another, Il. 19.290; ἐκ φόβου φόβον τρέφω S. Tr. 28; πόλιν ἐκ πόλεως ἀμείβειν, ἀλλάττειν, Pl. Sph. 224b, Plt. 289e; λόγον ἐκ λόγου λέγειν D. 18.313; πόρους ἐκ πόρων ὑπισχνούμενοι Alciphr. 1.8; ἀπαλλάττειν τινὰ ἐκ γόων S. El. 291; ἐκ κακῶν πεφευγέναι Id. Ant. 437: hence, instead of, τυφλὸς ἐκ δεδορκότος Id. OT 454; λευκὴν..ἐκ μελαίνης ἀμφιβάλλομαι τρίχα Id. Ant. 1093; ἐλεύθερος ἐκ δούλου καὶ πλούσιος ἐκ πτωχοῦ γεγονώς D. 18.131, cf. X. An. 7.7.28, etc.

4. to express separation or distinction from a number, ἐκ πολέων πίσυρες four out of many, Il. 15.680; μοῦνος ἐξ ἁπάντων σωθῆναι Hdt. 5.87; εἶναι ἐκ τῶν δυναμένων to be one of the wealthy, Pl. Grg. 525e; ἐμοὶ ἐκ πασέων Ζεὺς ἄλγε' ἔδωκεν to me out of (i.e. above) all, Il. 18.431, cf. 432; ἐκ πάντων μάλιστα 4.96, cf. S. Ant. 1137 (lyr.), etc.; redundant, εἷς τῶν ἐκ τῶν φίλων σου LXX Jd. 15.2.

5. of Position, outside of, beyond, chiefly in early writers, ἐκ βελέων out of shot, Il. 14.130, etc.; ἐκ καπνοῦ out of the smoke, Od. 19.7; ἐκ πατρίδος banished from one's country, 15.272; ἐκ μεσου κατῆστο sate down apart from the company, Hdt. 3.83; ἐξ ἠθέων τὸν ἥλιον ἀνατεῖλαι out of its accustomed quarters, Id. 2.142; ἐξ ὀφθαλμῶν out of sight, Id. 5.24; ἐξ ὁδοῦ out of the road, S. OC 113.

6. with Verbs of Rest, where previous motion is implied, on, in, δαῖέ οἱ ἐκ κόρυθος..πῦρ lighted a fire from (i.e. on) his helmet, Il. 5.4; ἐκ ποταμοῦ χρόα ϝίζετο washed his body in the river (with water from the river), Od. 6.224: freq. with Verbs signifying hang or fasten, σειρήν..ἐξ οὐρανόθεν κρεμάσαντες having hung a chain from heaven, Il. 8.19; ἐκ πασσαλόφι κρέμασεν φόρμιγγα he hung his lyre from (i.e. on) the peg, Od. 8.67; ἀνάπτεσθαι ἔκ τινος fasten from i.e. upon) a thing, 12.51; μαχαίρας εἶχον ἐξ ἀργυρέων τελαμώνων Il. 18.598; πρισθεὶς ἐξ ἀντύγων gripped to the chariot-rail, S. Aj. 1030, etc.; ἐκ τοῦ βραχίονος ἵππον ἐπέλκουσα leading it [by a rein] upon her arm, Hdt. 5.12: with Verbs signifying hold, lead, ἐξ ἐκείνων ἔχειν τὰς ἐλπίδας to have their hopes dependent upon them, Th. 1.84; ἐκ χειρὸς ἄγειν lead by the hand, Bion Fr. 7.2; ἐκ ποδὸς ἕπεσθαι ib. 6.2; ἐκ τῆς οὐρᾶς λαμβάνεσθαι Luc. Asin. 23: with the Art. indicating the place of origin, οἱ ἐκ τῶν νήσων κακοῦργοι the robbers of the islands, Th. 1.8, cf. 2.5, 13; τοὺς ἐκ τῆς ναυμαχίας those in the sea-fight, Pl. Ap. 32b; τοὺς ἐκ τῶν σκηνῶν those in the tents, D. 18.169; ἁρπασόμενοι τὰ ἐκ τῶν οἰκιῶν X. Cyr. 7.2.5; οἱ ἐκ τοῦ πεδίου ἔθεον Id. An. 4.6.25: even with Verbs of sitting or standing, εἰσεῖδε στᾶσ' ἐξ Οὐλύμποιο from Olympus where she stood, Il. 14.154; καθῆσθαι ἐκ πάγων to sit on the heights and look from them, S. Ant. 411; στὰς ἐξ ἐπάλξεων ἄκρων E. Ph. 1009; ἐκ βυθοῦ at the bottom, Theoc. 22.40: phrases, ἐκ δεξιᾶς, ἐξ ἀριστερᾶς, on the right, left, X. Cyr. 8.3.10, etc.; οἱ ἐξ ἐναντίας, οἱ ἐκ πλαγίοὐ ib. 7.1.20; ἐκ θαλάσσης, opp. ἐκ τῆς μεσογείας, D. 18.301.

7. νικᾶν ἔκ τινος win a victory over.., Revelation 15:2.

II OF TIME,

1. elliptic with Pron. relat. and demonstr., ἐξ οὗ [ χρόνου ] since, Il. 1.6, Od. 2.27, etc.; in apod., ἐκ τοῦ from that time, Il. 8.296; ἐκ τούτου X. An. 5.8.15, etc. (but ἐκ τοῖο there after, Il. 1.493, and ἐκ τούτων or ἐκ τῶνδε usu. after this, X. Mem. 2.9.4, S. OT 235); ἐξ ἐκείνου Th. 2.15; ἐκ πολλοῦ (sc. χρόνου) for a long time, Id. 1.68, etc.; ἐκ πλέονος χρόνου Id. 8.45; ἐκ πλείστου ib. 68; ἐξ ὀλίγου at short notice, Id. 2.11 (but also a short time since, Plu. Caes. 28); ἐκ παλαιοῦ X. Mem. 3.5.8; ἐκ παλαιτάτου Th. 1.18.

2. of particular points of time, ἐκ νεότητος..ἐς γῆρας Il. 14.86; ἐκ γενετῆς 24.535; ἐκ νέου, ἐκ παιδός, from boyhood, Pl. Grg. 510d, R. 374c, etc.; ἐκ μικροῦ παιδαρίου D. 53.19; ἐξ ἀρχῆς A. Eu. 284, etc.; καύματος ἔξ after hot weather, Il. 5.865; νέφος ἔρχεται οὐρανὸν εἴσω αἰθέρος ἐκ δίης after clear weather, 16.365; ἐκ δὲ αἰθρίης καὶ νηνεμίης συνδραμεῖν ἐξαπίνης νέφεα Hdt. 1.87; so (like ἀπό II) ἐκ τῆς θυσίης γενέσθαι to have just finished sacrifice, ib. 50, etc.; ἐκ τοῦ ἀρίστου after breakfast, X. An. 4.6.21; ἐξ εἰρήνης πολεμεῖν to go to war after peace, Th. 1.120; γελάσαι ἐκ τῶν ἔμπροσθεν δακρύων X. Cyr. 1.4.28; κάλλιστον ἦμαρ εἰσιδεῖν ἐκ χείματος A. Ag. 900; τὴν θάλασσαν ἐκ Διονυσίων πλόϊμον εἶναι Thphr. Char. 3.3; ἐκ χειμῶνος at the end of winter, Plu. Nic. 20.

3. at, in, ἐκ νυκτῶν Od. 12.286; ἐκ νυκτός X. Cyr. 1.4.2, etc.; ἐξ ἡμέρας S. El. 780; ἐκ μέσω ἄματος Theoc. 10.5; ἐκ τοῦ λοιποῦ or ἐκ τῶν λοιπῶν for the future, X. Smp. 4.56, Pl. Lg. 709e.

III OF ORIGIN,

1 of Material, out of or of which things are made, γίγνεταί τι ἔκ τινος Parm. 8.12; ποιέεσθαι ἐκ ξύλων τὰ πλοῖα Hdt. 1.194; πίνοντας ἐκ κριθῶν μέθυ A. Supp. 953; εἶναι ἐξ ἀδάμαντος Pl. R. 616c; ἐκ λευκῶ ἐλέφαντος αἰετοί Theoc. 15.123; στράτευμα ἀλκιμώτατον ἂν γένοιτο ἐκ παιδικῶν X. Smp. 8.32; συνετάττετο ἐκ τῶν ἔτι προσιόντων formed line of battle from the troops as they marched up, Id. An. 1.8.14.

2. of Parentage, ἔκ τινος εἶναι, γενέσθαι, etc., Il. 20.106, 6.206, etc.; ἐκ γὰρ ἐμεῦ γένος ἐσσί (where γένος is acc. abs.) 5.896; σῆς ἐξ αἵματός εἰσι γενέθλης 19.111; ὦ παῖ πατρὸς ἐξ Ἀχιλλέως S. Ph. 260; πίρωμις ἐκ πιρώμιος Hdt. 2.143; ἀγαθοὶ καὶ ἐξ ἀγαθῶν Pl. Phdr. 246a; τὸν ἐξ ἐμῆς μητρός S. Ant. 466, etc.

3. of Place of Origin or Birth, ἐκ Σιδῶνος..εὔχομαι εἶναι Od. 15.425, cf. Th. 1.25, etc.; ἐκ τῶν ἄνω εἰμί John 8:23; ἡ ἐξ Ἀρείου πάγου βουλή the Areopagus, Arist. Ath. 4.4, etc.; οἱ ἐκ τῆς διατριβῆς ταύτης Aeschin. 1.54; οἱ ἐκ τοῦ Περιπάτου the Peripatetics, Luc. Pisc. 43; ὁ ἐξ Ἀκαδημείας the Academic, Ath. 1.34b; οἱ ἐκ πίστεως Galatians 3:7; οἱ ἐξ ἐριθείας Romans 2:8.

4. of the Author or Occasion of a thing, ὄναρ, τιμὴ ἐκ Διός ἐστιν, Il. 1.63, 2.197, cf. Od. 1.33, A. Pers. 707, etc.; θάνατος ἐκ μνηστήρων death by the hand of the suitors, Od. 16.447; τὰ ἐξ Ἑλλήνων τείχεα walls built by them, Hdt. 2.148; κίνημα ἐξ αὑτοῦ spontaneous motion, Plot. 6.1.21; ὕμνος ἐξ Ἐρινύων A. Eu. 331 (lyr.); ἡ ἐξ ἐμοῦ δυσβουλία S. Ant. 95; ὁ ἐξ ἐμοῦ πόθος Id. Tr. 631.

5. with the agent after Pass. Verbs, by, Poet. and early Prose, ἐφίληθεν ἐκ Διός they were beloved of (i.e. by) Zeus, Il. 2.669; κήδε' ἐφῆπται ἐκ Διός ib. 70; προδεδόσθαι ἐκ Πρηξάσπεος Hdt. 3.62; τὰ λεχθέντα ἐξ Ἀλεξάνδρου Id. 7.175, cf. S. El. 124 (lyr.), Ant. 93, Th. 3.69, Pl. Ti. 47b; ἐξ ἁπάντων ἀμφισβητήσεται Id. Tht. 171b; ὁμολογουμένους ἐκ πάντων X. An. 2.6.1; τὰς ἐκ θεῶν τύχας δοθείσας S. Ph. 1316, cf. Pl. Ly. 204c: with neut. Verbs, ἐκ..πατρὸς κακὰ πείσομαι Od. 2.134, cf. A. Pr. 759; τλῆναί τι ἔκ τινος Il. 5.384; θνήσκειν ἔκ τινος S. El. 579, OT 854, etc.; τὰ γενόμενα ἐξ ἀνθρώπων Hdt. 1.1.

6. of Cause, Instrument, or Means by which a thing is done, ἐκ πατέρων φιλότητος in consequence of our fathers' friendship, Od. 15.197; μήνιος ἐξ ὀλοῆς 3.135; ἐξ ἔριδος Il. 7.111; τελευτῆσαι ἐκ τοῦ τρώματος Hdt. 3.29; ἐκ τίνος λόγου; E. Andr. 548; ἐκ τοῦ; wherefore? Id. Hel. 93; λέξον ἐκ τίνος ἐπλήγης X. An. 5.8.4; ποιεῖτε ὑμῖν φίλους ἐκ τοῦ Μαμωνᾶ τῆς ἀδικίας make yourselves friends of (i.e. by means of).., Luke 16:9; ζῆν ἔκ τινος X. HG 3.2.11 codd.; ἐκ τῶν ἰδίων τρέφειν ἐμαυτόν Isoc. 15.152; ἐκ τόξων ἀνύσαι γαστρὶ φορβάν S. Ph. 710 (lyr.).

7. in accordance with, ἐκ τῶν λογίων Hdt. 1.64; ὁ ἐκ τῶν νόμων χρόνος D. 24.28; ἐκ κελεύματος A. Pers. 397, cf. Sophr. 25; ἐκ τῶν ξυγκειμένων Th. 5.25; ἐκ τῶν παρόντων ib. 40, etc.; ἐκ τῶν ἔργων κρινόμενοι X. Cyr. 2.2.21, cf. A. Pr. 485.

8. freq. as periphr. for Adv., ἐκ προνοίας IG 12.115.11; ἐκ βίας by force, S. Ph. 563; ἐκ δόλου Id. El. 279; ἐκ παντὸς τρόπου ζητεῖν Pl. R. 499a: esp. with neut. Adjs., ἐξ ἀγχιμόλοιο, = ἀγχίμολον, Il. 24.352; ἐκ τοῦ ἐμφανέος Hdt. 3.150; ἐκ τοῦ φανεροῦ, ἐκ τοῦ προφανοῦς, Th. 4.106, 6.73; ἐκ προδήλου S. El. 1429; ἐξ ἴσου, ἐκ τοῦ ἴσου, Id. Tr. 485, Th. 2.3; ἐξ ἀέλπτου Hdt. 1.111, etc.: with fem. Adj., ἐκ τῆς ἰθέης Id. 3.127; ἐκ νέης Id. 5.116; ἐξ ὑστέρης Id. 6.85; ἐκ τῆς ἀντίης Id. 8.6; ἐκ καινῆς Th. 3.92; ἐξ ἑκουσίας S. Tr. 727; ἐκ ταχείας ib. 395.

9. of Number or Measurement, with numerals, ἐκ τρίτων in the third place, E. Or. 1178, Pl. Grg. 500a, Smp. 213b; distributively, apiece, Ath. 15.671b. of Price, ἐξ ὀκτὼ ὀβολῶν SIG 2587.206; ἐκ τριῶν δραχμῶν ib.283; συμφωνήσας ἐκ δηναρίου Matthew 20:2. of Weight, ἐπιπέμματα ἐξ ἡμιχοινικίου Inscr.Prien. 362 (iv B.C.). of Space, θινώδης ὢν ὁ τόπος ἐξ εἴκοσι σταδίων by the space of twenty stades, Str. 8.3.19. ἐκ is freq. separated from its CASE, Il. 11.109, etc. It takes an accent in anastrophe, 14.472, Od. 17.518. use it with Advbs. in -θεν, ἐξ οὐρανόθεν, ἐξ ἁλόθεν, ἐξ Αἰσύμηθεν, Il. 17.548, 21.335, 8.304; ἐκ Διόθεν Hes. Op. 765; ἐκ πρῴρηθεν Theoc. 22.11. It is combined with other Preps. to make the sense more definite, as διέκ, παρέκ, ὑπέκ.

IN COMPO S.

1. the sense of removal prevails; out, away, off.

2. to express completion, like our utterly, ἐκπέρθω, ἐξαλαπάζω, ἐκβαρβαρόω, ἐκδιδάσκω, ἐκδιψάω, ἐκδωριεύομαι, ἐξοπλίζω, ἐξομματόω, ἔκλευκος, ἔκπικρος.

As ADVERB, therefrom, Il. 18.480.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἐκ, before a vowel ἐξ, a preposition governing the genitive. Also, it denotes exit or emission out of, as separation from, something with which there has been close connection; opposed to the prepositions εἰς into and ἐν in: from out of, out from, forth from, from, (Latin e, ex) (cf. Winer s Grammar, 364,366f (343 f); Buttmann, 326f (281)). It is used

I. of place, and

1. universally, of the place from which; from a surrounding or enclosing place, from the interior of: ἄρτος, ἄγγελος, φῶς ἐξ οὐρανοῦ, John 6:31; Acts 9:3 (here R G ἀπό); Galatians 1:8; ἀνατολή, δύναμις ἐξ ὕψους, Luke 1:78; Luke 24:49; especially after verbs of going, fleeing, leading, calling, freeing, removing, releasing, etc.: ἥκειν ἐκ τῆς Ἰουδαίας εἰς τήν Γαλιλαίαν, John 4:47; ἐξέρχεσθαι ἐκ τίνος out of the body of one (spoken of demons), Mark 1:25; Mark 5:8 (here L marginal reading ἀπό); Mark 7:29>; of power emanating from the body, Mark 5:30 (cf. Buttmann, 301 (258); Winer's Grammar, 346 (324); Meyer edition Weiss at the passage); ἐκ τῶν μνημείων, Matthew 8:28; Matthew 27:53; ἐκπορεύεσθαι, Matthew 15:11,18f; καταβαίνειν ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ, Matthew 28:2; John 1:32; John 3:13; John 6:33; ἐξάγειν, Acts 12:17; φεύγειν, Acts 27:30; καλεῖν, Matthew 2:15; metaphorically, ἐκ τοῦ σκότους εἰς τό φῶς, 1 Peter 2:9; ἐκβάλλειν τό κάρφος ἐκ τοῦ ὀφθαλμοῦ, Matthew 7:(4 ( R G ἀπό)), 5; Luke 6:42 (opposed to ἐν τῷ ὀφθαλμῷ); τί ἐκ τοῦ θησαυροῦ, Matthew 12:35 (but see under II:9 below); Matthew 13:52>; τό δαιμόνιον ἐκ τίνος, out of the body of one, Mark 7:26; ἀποκυλίειν τόν λίθον ἐκ ( L Tr text ἀπό; cf. Winer's Grammar, 364 (342) note) τῆς θύρας, Mark 16:3; αἴρειν, John 20:1 f; κινέω, Revelation 6:14; σῴζειν ἐκ γῆς Αἰγύπτου, Jude 1:5; διασώζειν ἐκ τῆς θαλάσσης, Acts 28:4. Metaph, ἐκ τῆς χειρός τίνος, out of the power of one (cf. Buttmann, 182 (158)): after ἐξέρχεσθαι, John 10:39; after ἀπάγειν, Acts 24:7 ( Rec.); after ἁρπάζειν, John 10:28f; after ἐξαιρεῖσθαί, Acts 12:11; after ῤύεσθαι, Luke 1:74; after σωτηρία, Luke 1:71. after πίνειν, of the thing out of which one drinks (differently in II:9 below): ἐκ τοῦ ποτηρίου, Matthew 26:27; Mark 14:23; 1 Corinthians 11:28; ἐκ πέτρας, 1 Corinthians 10:4; ἐκ τοῦ φρέατος, John 4:12; after ἐσθίειν, of the place whence the food is derived, ἐκ τοῦ ἱεροῦ, 1 Corinthians 9:13 (but T Tr WH read τά ἐκ κτλ.). of the place forth from which one does something: διδάσκειν ἐκ τοῦ πλοίου, Luke 5:3 (here Tdf. ἐν etc.). It is joined also to nouns designating not a place, but what is done in a place: ἐγείρεσθαι ἐκ τοῦ δείπνου, John 13:4; ἀναλύειν ἐκ τῶν γάμων, Luke 12:36.

2. from the midst (of a group, number, company, community) of many;

a. after verbs of going, leading, choosing, removing, etc.

a. before collective nouns, as ἐξολεθρεύω ἐκ τοῦ λαοῦ, Acts 3:23; προβιβάζω or συμβιβάζω ἐκ τοῦ ὄχλου, Acts 19:33; ἐκλέγειν ἐκ τοῦ κόσμου, John 15:19. μέσου τινων ἀφορίζειν, Matthew 13:49; ἐξέρχεσθαι, Acts 17:33; ἁρπάζειν, Acts 23:10; ἐξαίρειν, 1 Corinthians 5:13; πάσης φυλῆς καί γλώσσης ἀγοράζειν, Revelation 5:9; ἐκ παντός γένους συνάγειν, Matthew 13:47. β. before plurals: ἀνισταναι τινα ἐκ τινων, Acts 3:22; ἐκ νεκρῶν, Acts 17:31; ἀνίσταται τίς ἐκ νεκρῶν, Acts 10:41; Acts 17:3; ἐγείρειν τινα ἐκ νεκρῶν, John 12:1,9, 17; Acts 3:15; Acts 4:10; Acts 13:30; Hebrews 11:19, etc.; ἀνάστασις ἐκ νεκρῶν, Luke 20:35; 1 Peter 1:3; ἀνάγειν τινα ἐκ νεκρῶν, Romans 10:7; ἐκλέγειν, Acts 1:24; Acts 15:22; καλεῖν, Romans 9:24; ἐγένετο ζήτησις ἐκ τῶν etc. John 3:25 (but cf. II:1b.; Winer s Grammar, 368 (345)).

b. before words signifying quantity: after εἰς, as Matthew 10:29; Matthew 26:21; Luke 17:15, and often; πολλοί, John 11:19,45, etc.; οἱ πλείους (πλείονες), 1 Corinthians 15:6; οὐδείς, John 7:19; John 16:5, and elsewhere; χιλιάδες ἐκ πάσης φυλῆς, Revelation 7:4; after the indefinite τίς, Luke 11:15; Luke 12:13; John 6:64; John 7:48; τίς γυνή ἐκ τοῦ ὄχλου, Luke 11:27; with τινες to be added mentally (cf. Winer s Grammar, 203 (191); Buttmann, 158 (138)): John 9:40 ((?) better, John 7:40>); John 16:17>; Revelation 11:9, (1Esdr. 5:45 (44)); τινας: Matthew 23:34; Luke 11:49; Luke 21:16; 2 John 1:4; Revelation 2:10; cf. Fritzsche, Conjectanea in N. T., p. 36 note; after the intertog. τίς, who? Matthew 6:27; Luke 11:5, etc.; τίς πατήρ, Luke 11:11 ( L T Tr WH); preceded by a generic noun: ἄνθρωπος ἐκ τῶν etc. John 3:1.

c. εἶναι ἐκ τινων, to be of the number, company, fellowship, etc., of; see εἰμί, V:3a.

3. from a local surfacc, as sometimes the Latin ex for de; down from: καταβαίνειν ἐκ τοῦ ὄρους ( Homer II:13,17; Xenophon, an. 7,4, 12; the Sept. Exodus 19:14; Exodus 32:1; Deuteronomy 9:15; Deuteronomy 10:5; Joshua 2:23), Matthew 17:9 (for the more common ἀπό τοῦ ὄρους of Rec. and the parallel passage Mark 9:9 (here L WH text Tr marginal reading ἐκ); Luke 9:37; (cf. Matthew 8:1)); θρίξ ἐκ τῆς κεφαλῆς ἀπόλλυται (unless we prefer to regard ἐκ as prompted here by the conception of the hair as fixed in the skin), Luke 21:18; Acts 27:34 (here L T Tr WH ἀπό; cf. Winer's Grammar, 364 (342) note); ἐκπίπτειν ἐκ τῶν χειρῶν, of the chains with which the hands had been bound, Acts 12:7; κρέμασθαι ἐκ τίνος, Acts 28:4, ( 1 Maccabees 1:61; 2 Maccabees 6:10; so the Greeks from Homer down); φαγεῖν ἐκ τοῦ θυσιαστηρίου, the things laid upon the altar, Hebrews 13:10. Akin to this is ἐξελθεῖν ἐκ τοῦ Θεοῦ, from an abode with God (for the more usual ἀπό τοῦ Θεοῦ), John 8:42.

4. of the direction whence; ἐκ δεξιῶν, Latin a dextra, literally, from i. e. (German zu) on the right, see δεξιός; so ἐκ δεξιᾶς, ἐξ ἀριστερᾶς, namely, χώρας (or χειρός which is sometimes expressed; Winer s Grammar, 592cf. 591; Buttmann, 82 (72)) (also in Greek writ, as Xenophon, Cyril 8,5, 15); ἐξ ἐναντίας, over against, Mark 15:39 ( Herodotus 8,6; Sirach 37:9; 1 Maccabees 4:34; Wisdom of Solomon 4:20); metaphorically ( Winer's Grammar, § 51,1d.) ἐξ ἐναντίας ( A. V. he that is of the contrary part), our opponent, adversary," Titus 2:8; ἐκ ῤιζῶν, from the roots, i. e. utterly, Mark 11:20 ( Job 28:9; Job 31:12).

5. of the conditon or state out of which one comes or is brought: σῴζειν ἐκ θανάτου Hebrews 5:7; James 5:20; ἔρχεσθαι ἐκ (Lachmann ἀπό) θλίψεως, Revelation 7:14; μεταβαίνειν ἐκ τοῦ θανάτου εἰς τήν ζωήν, John 5:24; 1 John 3:14; ἐγερθῆναι ἐξ ὕπνου, Romans 13:11 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 366 (344) note); ζῶντες ἐκ νεκρῶν, alive from being dead (i. e. who had been dead and were alive again), Romans 6:13; ζωή ἐκ νεκρῶν, i. e. of those that had been νεκροί, Romans 11:15 (ἐλεύθερος ἐκ δούλου καί πλούσιος ἐκ πτωχοῦ γεγονώς, Demosthenes, p. 270 at the end ἐκ πλουσίου πένητα γενέσθαι καί ἐκ βασιλέως ἰδιωτην φανῆναι, Xenophon, an. 7,7, 28; γίγνομαι τυφλός ἐκ dedorkotos, Sophocles O. T. 454; ἔλαφον ἐξ ἀνδρός γενέσθαι, Palaeph. 3,2; add, Lysias, adv. Ergocl. at the beginning; Tacitus, ann. 1,74 ex pauperibus divites, ex contemtis metuendi). Also of the state out of the midst of which one does something: ἐκ πολλῆς θλψεως γράφειν, 2 Corinthians 2:4.

6. of any kind of separation or dissolution of connection with a thing or person (cf. Buttmann, 157 (138)): ἀναπαύεσθαι ἐκ (released from) τῶν κόπων, Revelation 14:13; ἀνανήφειν ἐκ (set free from) τῆς τοῦ διαβόλου παγίδος, 2 Timothy 2:26; μετανοῶν ἐκ etc. Revelation 2:21; Revelation 9:20; Revelation 16:11;ἐπιστρέφειν ( L T Tr WH ὑψτρέφειν) ἐκ (( L ἀπό), by severing their connection with) τῆς ἐντολῆς, 2 Peter 2:21; τηρεῖν τινα ἐκ etc. to keep one at a distance from etc. (cf. Buttmann, 327 (281)), John 17:15; Revelation 3:10; also διατήρειν, Acts 15:29 νικαν ἐκ τίνος, by conquest to free oneself from the power of one (cf. Buttmann, 147 (128); Winer's Grammar, 367 (344)), Revelation 15:2; ὑψουσθαι ἐκ τῆς γῆς, to be so lifted up as to dissolve present relations to the earth (`taken out of the sphere of earthly action' Westcott), John 12:32; ἐλεύθερος ἐκ πάντων (elsewhere always ἀπό τίνος), 1 Corinthians 9:19.

7. Hebraistically: ἐκδίκειν τό αἷμα τίνος ἐκ χειρός τίνος (מִיָּד דָּם נִקַּם, 2 Kings 9:7), to avenge the blood (murder) of one at the hand of (on) the slayer, Revelation 19:2 ( Buttmann, 182 (158)); κρίνειν τό κρίμα τίνος ἐκ τίνος, to judge one's judgment on one, vindicate by vengeance on (cf. Buttmann, as above), Revelation 18:20 (cf. the Sept. Psalm 118:84 (Psalm 119:84>).

II. of the origin, source, cause;

1. of generation, birth, race, lineage, nativity;

a. after verbs of begetting, being born, etc.: ἐν γαστρί ἔχειν ἐκ τίνος, Matthew 1:18, cf. Matthew 1:20; κοίτην ἔχειν ἐκ τ., Romans 9:10; γενναν τινα ἐκ with the genitive of the woman, Matthew 1:3,5f, 16; γίνεσθαι ἐκ γυναικός to be born of a woman, Galatians 4:4 cf. Galatians 4:22 f; γέννασθαι ἐξ αἱμάτων, ἐκ θελήματος σαρκός, John 1:13; ἐκ τῆς σαρκός, John 3:6; ἐκ πορνείας, John 8:41; ἐγείρειν τίνι τέκνα ἐκ, Matthew 3:9; Luke 3:8; (τίς) ἐκ καρποῦ τῆς ὀσφύος αὐτοῦ, Acts 2:30 ( Psalm 131:11 (Psalm 132:11>)); ἐκ φύσεως ἀκροβυστία, Romans 2:27. In a supernatural sense: τό πνεῦμα τό ἐκ Θεοῦ SC. ὄν, from the divine nature (cf. Winer's Grammar, 193 (182)), 1 Corinthians 2:12 cf. Revelation 2:11; men are said γέννασθαι ἐκ πνεύματος, John 3:5f, 8; γεγεννήμενοι εἶναι ἐκ Θεοῦ (see γεννάω 2d.), and to the same purport εἶναι ἐκ Θεοῦ, 1 John 4:4,6; 1 John 5:19 (see εἰμί, V:3d. (and cf. 7 below)).

b. εἶναι, γενέσθαι, ἔρχεσθαι, etc., ἐκ with the name of the city, race, people, tribe, family, etc., to spring or originate from, come from: ἐκ Ναζαρέτ εἶναι, John 1:46 (47); ἐκ πόλεως, John 1:44 (45); ἐξ ὧν, namely, πατέρων (?), Romans 9:5; ἐξ οἴκου τίνος, Luke 1:27; Luke 2:4; ἐκ γένους, Philippians 3:5; Acts 4:6; Ἑβραῖος ἐξ Ἑβραίων, Philippians 3:5; ἐκ φυλῆς, Luke 2:36; Acts 13:21; Romans 11:1; ἐξ Ιουδα, Hebrews 7:14; ἐκ σπέρματος τίνος, John 7:42; Romans 1:3; Romans 11:1; without a verb: ἐξ ἐθνῶν ἁμαρτωλοί, sinners of Gentile birth, Galatians 2:15; of the country to which anyone belongs: εἶναι ἐκ τῆς ἐξουσίας Ἡρῴδου, Luke 23:7; ἐξ ἐπαρχίας, Acts 23:34; ὤν ἐκ τῆς γῆς, John 3:31.

2. of any other kind of origin: καπνός ἐκ τῆς δόξης τοῦ Θεοῦ, Revelation 15:8; ἐκ τῶν Ἰουδαίων ἐστι, comes from the Jews, John 4:22; εἶναι ἐκ τίνος, to proceed from anyone as the author, Matthew 5:37; John 7:17,22; Romans 2:29; 2 Corinthians 4:7; 1 John 2:16,21, etc.; with ἐστιν to be mentally supplied: Romans 11:36; 1 Corinthians 8:6 (see εἰς, B. II:3c. a.) 1 Corinthians 11:12; 2 Corinthians 3:5; 2 Corinthians 5:18; Galatians 5:8; ἔργα ἐκ τοῦ πατρός μου, works of which my father is the author, i. e. which I, endued with my father's power, have wrought, John 10:32; οἰκοδομή ἐκ Θεοῦ, whose author is God, 2 Corinthians 5:1; χάρισμα, 1 Corinthians 7:7; δεδομένον ἐκ τοῦ πατρός, John 6:65; add, John 18:3; 1 Corinthians 7:7. ἐκ Θεοῦ δικαιοσύνη, that comes from God, i. e. is adjudged by him, Philippians 3:9; ἐξ ὑμῶν ἐν ἡμῖν ( WH text ἡμῖν ἐν ὑμῖν ἀγάπη, love preceding from you and taking up its abode in us, i. e. your love the influence of which we feel ( Winer s Grammar, 193 (181 f); Buttmann, 157 (137)), 2 Corinthians 8:7; ἐξ ὑμῶν ζῆλος, your zeal, 2 Corinthians 9:2 ( R G; cf. Winer s Grammar, as above note; Buttmann, as above); βλασφημία ἐκ τίνος, calumny from, i. e. disseminated by, Revelation 2:9 (not Rec.); εἶναι ἐξ οὐρανοῦ, ἐξ ἀνθρώπων see εἰμί, V:3c.; with the suggested idea of a nature and disposition derived from one's origin: οὐκ ἐστιν ἐκ τοῦ κόσμου τούτου, is not of earthly origin nor of earthly nature, John 18:36; ἐκ τῆς γῆς ἐστιν, is of an earthly nature, John 3:31; ἐκ τῆς γῆς λαλεῖν, to speak as an earthly origin prompts, ibid.; human virtues are said to be from God, as having their prototype in God and being wrought in the soul by his power, ἀγάπη ἐκ τοῦ Θεοῦ ἐστιν, 1 John 4:7.

3. of the material out of which a thing is made, etc.: γυνή ἐκ τοῦ ἀνδρός, from one of his ribs, 1 Corinthians 11:12; στέφανον ἐξ ἀκανθῶν, Matthew 27:29; John 19:2; add, John 2:15; John 9:6; Romans 9:21; 1 Corinthians 15:47; Revelation 18:12; Revelation 21:21.

4. Its use to note the price is related, because the money is as it were, changed into that which is bought (the simple genitive of price is more common, cf. Winer s Grammar, 206 (194); (Buttmann, § 132,13)): ἀγοράζειν τί ἐκ τίνος, Matthew 27:7 ( Baruch 6 (i. e., epistle of Jeremiah); Matthew 27:24); κτᾶσθαι ἐκ, Acts 1:18 (ὠνεῖσθαι ἐκ, Palaeph. 46,3 f); συμφώνειν ἐκ δηναρίου (because the agreement comes from the promised denary (cf. Winer s Grammar, 368 (345); Buttmann, as above)), Matthew 20:2. Cognate to this is the phrase ποιεῖν ἑαυτῷ φίλους ἐκ τοῦ μαμωνᾷ Luke 16:9.

5. especially after neuter and passive verbs, ἐκ is used of the cause (whether thing or person) by which the act expressed by the accompanying verb is aided, sustained, effected: ὠφελεῖσθαι ἐκ τίνος, Matthew 15:5; Mark 7:11; ζημιουσθαι, 2 Corinthians 7:9; λυπεῖσθαι, 2 Corinthians 2:2; especially in the Apocalypse: ἀδικεῖσθαι, Revelation 2:11; ἀποθανεῖν, Revelation 8:11; (ἀποκτείνεσθαι), Revelation 9:18; φωτίζεσθαι, Revelation 18:1; σκοτίζεσθαι ( L T WH σκοτουσθαι), Revelation 9:2; πυροῦσθαι, Revelation 3:18; γεμίζεσθαι Revelation 15:8 (cf. Isaiah 6:4); John 6:13; γέμειν, Matthew 23:25 (where L omits; Tr brackets ἐξ); πληροῦσθαι, John 12:3 ( Treg. margin ἐπλήσθη); χορτάζεσθαι, Revelation 19:21; πλουτεῖν, Revelation 18:3,19; μεθύσκεσθαι, μεθύειν Revelation 17:2,6 (not Treg. margin); ζῆν ἐκ, Romans 1:17; 1 Corinthians 9:14; Galatians 3:11; αὔξησιν ποιεῖσθαι, Ephesians 4:16; Colossians 2:19; τελειουσθαι, James 2:22; κεκοπιακώς, John 4:6 ( Aelian v. h. 3,23 ἐκ τοῦ πότου ἐκάθευδεν). Also after active verbs: γεμίζειν, John 6:13; Revelation 8:5; ποτίζειν, Revelation 14:8; (on ἐκ with the genitive after verbs of fullness, cf. Buttmann, 163 (142 f); Winer's Grammar, 201 (189)).

6. of that on which a thing depends, or from which it results: οὐκ ἐστιν ζωή ἐκ τῶν ὑπαρχόντων, does not depend upon possessions, i. e. possessions cannot secure life, Luke 12:15; εὐπορία ἡμῶν ἐστι ἐκ τῆς ἐργασίας ταύτης, Acts 19:25; τό ἐξ ὑμῶν, as far as depends on you, Romans 12:18; in the Pauline phrases δίκαιος, δικαιοσύνη, δικαιοῦν ἐκ πίστεως, ἐξ ἔργων, see (the several words, especially), p. 150; Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Matthew68
Mark54
Luke74
John134
Acts87
Romans50
1 Corinthians27
2 Corinthians23
Galatians26
Ephesians10
Philippians7
Colossians11
1 Thessalonians5
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy2
2 Timothy7
Titus4
Hebrews20
James11
1 Peter8
2 Peter5
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2 John1
3 John2
Jude2
Revelation99
Matthew4
Mark1
Luke8
John5
Acts8
Romans6
1 Corinthians1
2 Corinthians5
Galatians3
Ephesians1
Philippians1
2 Timothy1
Titus1
Hebrews1
James1
1 Peter1
2 Peter1
Revelation6
Matthew78
Mark62
Luke85
John153
Acts73
Romans58
1 Corinthians29
2 Corinthians29
Galatians32
Ephesians8
Philippians10
Colossians10
1 Thessalonians5
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy2
2 Timothy7
Titus3
Hebrews15
James13
1 Peter8
2 Peter5
1 John30
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3 John2
Jude2
Revelation123
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