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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #1589 - ἐκλογή

Word Origin:
from (1586)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Feminine
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the act of picking out, choosing
    1. of the act of God's free will by which before the foundation of the world he decreed his blessings to certain persons
    2. the decree made from choice by which he determined to bless certain persons through Christ by grace alone
  2. a thing or person chosen
    1. of persons: God's elect
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐκλογ-ή, ἡ,


1. choice, selection, τῶν ἀρχόντων Pl. R. 414a, 536c; ἐ. ποιεῖσθαι Id. Lg. 802b; . [ τῶν ἀρίστων νόμων ] Arist. EN 1181a18; τῶν ἐναντίων Id. Metaph. 1004a2; ὀνομάτων Phld. Rh. 1.162 S., D.H. Comp. 1, etc.; ὀνόματος A.D. Synt. 71.10; κατ' ἐκλογὴν ἀριστίνδην κεκριμένοι Plb. 6.10.9; ἐπὶ ἐγλογῇ γεωργεῖν PTeb. 5.166 (ii B.C.).

2. levying of troops, Plb. 5.63.11.

3. collection of tribute, etc., κριθῶν Lex Attica ap. Ath. 6.235c; χρημάτων D.C. 42.6; σίτου Cratesap. Ath. 6.235b.

4. Theol., election,Romans 9:11, etc.; σκεῦος ἐκλογῆς Acts 9:15.

5. balancing of accounts, PRyl. 157.6 (ii A.D.).


1. extract, quotation from a book, Apollon. Cit. 3, Ath. 14.663c, Antig. Mir. 15.

2. choice collection of passages, such as the Eclogae or 'Elegant Extracts' of Stobaeus: ἐκλογαὶ Ἀρχιγένους select prescriptions of A., Gal. 14.343.

3. διὰ τὴν ἐ. τῶν ἀνθρώπων because they were picked men, Plb. 1.47.9,cf. Ph. 2.362.

4. ἐκλογήν· κάλαθον (Lacon.), Hsch.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἐκλογή, ἐκλογῆς, (ἐκλέγω), election, choice;

a. the act of picking out, choosing: σκεῦος ἐκλογῆς (the genitive of quality; cf. Winer s Grammar, § 34,3b.; (Buttmann, 161 (140f))), equivalent to ἐκλεκτόν, namely, τοῦ Θεοῦ, Acts 9:15; specifically used of that act of God's free will by which before the foundation of the world he decreed his blessings to certain persons; — κατ' ἐκλογήν προφεσις, the decree made from choice ( A. V. the purpose according to election, cf. Winer's Grammar, 193 (182)), Romans 9:11 (cf. Fritzsche at the passage, p. 298ff); — particularly that by which he determined to bless certain persons through Christ, Romans 11:28; κατ' ἐκλογήν χάριτος, according to an election which is due to grace, or a gracious election, Romans 11:5; with the genitive of the person elected, 1 Thessalonians 1:4; 2 Peter 1:10.

b. the thing or person chosen: equivalent to ἐκλεκτοί, Romans 11:7. ( Plato, Aristotle, Polybius, Diodorus, Josephus, Dionysius Halicarnassus, others.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In the Royal Ordinances issued by Euergetes II. and the two Cleopatras, P Tebt I. 5.166 (B.C. 118), it is enacted that officials are not to take the richest Crown land from the cultivators by fraud μηδὲ ἐπὶ ἐγλογῆι γεωργεῖν, ";nor to cultivate it at choice,"; i.e. select the best land for themselves. Similarly in the marriage contract, P Oxy III. 496.15 (A.D. 127), provision is made that in certain eventualities the ";choice"; shall rest with the bride—ἐκλογῆς οὔσης περὶ τὴν γαμουμένην : so ib. 497.19 (early ii/A.D.), ib. IV. 729.41 (A.D. 137), CPR I. 22.23 (ii/A.D.). Cf. BGU IV. 1158.13 (B.C. 9) where two contracting parties retain τὴν ἐξουσία (ν) καὶ ἐγλογὴ (ν) . . . πράσσειν τὸ κεφά [λ ]αιο (ν), ";the power and choice to call in the principal."; In P Flor I. 47.14 (A.D. 213–17) (= Chrest. II. p. 158 ) ἀπέσχεν. . . ὑπὲρ ἐκλογῆς ἀργ (υρίου) (δραχμὰς) διακοσίας, the reference is to an ";additional payment"; made to equalize an exchange of property : cf. BGU IV. 1013.16 (time of Claudius or Nero), P Ryl II. 157.6 (A.D. 135). [Cf. ἡ ἔγλογος = ";the surplus,"; Wilcken Ostr i. p. 733.] The word occurs in an interesting connexion in the epitaph of M. Julius Eugenius, Bishop of Laodicea, composed about A.D. 340–2, where Ramsay (Exp VII. ix. p. 53) reads ε [ἰς τύμβον ἐ ]μὸν τῆς τε ἐκλ [ογῆς ἀπ ]ὸ τοῦ γένους μου, ";to be my grave and that of the Elect from my race"; : cf. Romans 11:7. ";He belonged to a family some of whose members were still pagan; and he restricted the right of sharing this sepulchre to those members who were Christian."; In the sepulchral inscr. Preisigke 4315.8 Ἐκλογὴ καλουμένη, the word is a proper name.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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1 Thessalonians1
2 Peter1
1 Thessalonians1
2 Peter1
1 Thessalonians1
2 Peter1
List of Word Forms
εκλελοχισμένος εκλογη εκλογή ἐκλογὴ εκλογην εκλογήν ἐκλογὴν εκλογης εκλογής ἐκλογῆς εκλύσεως εκλύτρωσιν εξελογίζοντο ekloge eklogē eklogḕ eklogen eklogēn eklogḕn ekloges eklogês eklogēs eklogē̂s
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