ver. 2.0.14.11.23
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #2041 - ἔργον

Transliteration:
Phonetics:
er'-gon  
Word Origin:
from a primary (but obsolete) ergo (to work)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Neuter
TDNT:
2:635,251
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. business, employment, that which any one is occupied
    1. that which one undertakes to do, enterprise, undertaking
  2. any product whatever, any thing accomplished by hand, art, industry, or mind
  3. an act, deed, thing done: the idea of working is emphasised in opp. to that which is less than work
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 734 ‑ אֹרַח (o'‑rakh);   1576 ‑ גְּמוּל (ghem‑ool');   1697 ‑ דָּבָר (daw‑bawr');   1870 ‑ דֶּרֶךְ (deh'‑rek);   2706 ‑ חֹק (khoke);   3018 ‑ יְגִיעַ (yeg‑ee'‑ah);   3627 ‑ כְּלִי (kel‑ee');   3948 ‑ לֶקַח (leh'‑kakh);   4193 ‑ מוֹת (mohth);   4390 ‑ מָלָא (maw‑lay', maw‑law');   4399 ‑ מְלָאכָה (mel‑aw‑kaw');   4522 ‑ מִס (mas, mees);   4853 ‑ מַשָּׂא (mas‑saw');   4916 ‑ מִשְׁלָח ((1,2) mish‑lo'‑akh, mish‑lawkh');   5450 ‑ סִבְלוֹת (seb‑aw‑law');   5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');   5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');   5656 ‑ עֲבוֹדָה (ab‑o‑daw', ab‑o‑daw');   5656 ‑ עֲבוֹדָה (ab‑o‑daw', ab‑o‑daw');   5949 ‑ עֲלִלָה (al‑ee‑law', al‑ee‑law');   6098 ‑ עֵצָה (ay‑tsaw');   6213 ‑ עָשָׂה (aw‑saw');   6466 ‑ פָּעַל (paw‑al');   6467 ‑ פֹּעַל (po'‑al);   6486 ‑ פְּקֻדָּה (pek‑ood‑daw');   7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');   8441 ‑ תּוֹעֵבָה (to‑ay‑baw', to‑ay‑baw');   8457 ‑ תַּזְנֻת (taz‑nooth', taz‑nooth');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἔργον,

Dor. ϝέργον IG 4.800 (vi B. C.), Elean ϝάργον SIG 9 (vi B.C.), τό: (ἔρδω, O E. weorc (neut.) 'work', Avest. var[schwa]za -):

I

1. work, Il. 2.436, etc.; ἔ. οὐδὲν ὄνειδος, ἀεργίη δέ τ' ὄνειδος Hes. Op. 311; πλεόνων δέ τε ἔ. ἄμεινον Il. 12.412; ἔ. ἐποίχεσθαι 6.492; νῦν ἔπλετο ἔ. ἅπασι 12.271; esp. in pl., ἄλλος ἄλλοισιν..ἐπιτέρπεται ἔργοις Od. 14.228; ἐπὶ ἔργα τράποντο Il. 3.422; ἔργων παύσασθαι Od. 4.683; τὰ σ' αὐτῆς ἔργα κόμιζε see to thine own tasks, Il. 6.490: esp. in the following relations, 1 in Il. mostly of works or deeds of war, πολεμήϊα ἔ. Il. 2.338, al., Od. 12.116; ἔργον μάχης Il. 6.522; alone, ἀτελευτήτῳ ἐπὶ ἔργῳ 4.175, cf. 539; ὑπέσχετο δὲ μέγα ἔργον 13.366; ἐπ' αὐτῷ δ' ἔργον ἐτύχθη ἀργαλέον 4.470; later, ἔργον.. Ἄρης κρινεῖ A. Th. 414; ἐν τῷ ἔ. during the action, Th. 2.89, cf. 7.71; τὸ ἐν Πλαταιαῖς ἔ. Pl. Mx. 241c; τῶν πρότερον ἔ. μέγιστον ἐπράχθη τὸ Μηδικόν Th. 1.23; ἔργου ἔχεσθαι to engage in battle, ib. 49.

2. of peaceful contests, κρατεῖν ἔ. Pi. O. 9.85; ἔργου ἔχεσθαι Id. P. 4.233; also ἔργα θῆκε κάλλιστ' ἀμφὶ κόμαις placed [the reward of] noble deeds about his hair, Id. O. 13.38.

3. of works of industry, of tillage, tilled lands, ἀνδρῶν πίονα ἔ. Il. 12.283, etc.; ἔργ' ἀνθρώπων 16.392, Od. 6.259; βροτῶν 10.147; οὔτε βοῶν οὔτ' ἀνδρῶν φαίνετο ἔργα ib. 98; ἔργα alone, 16.140, etc.; Ἔργα καὶ Ἡμέραι — the title of Hesiod's work; πατρώϊα ἔ. their father's lands, Od. 2.22; οὔτ' ἐπὶ ἔργα..ἴμεν will neither go to our farms, ib. 127, cf. 252; Ἰθάκης..ἔργα the tilled lands of Ithaca, 14.344; ἀμφὶ.. Τιταρησσὸν ἔργ' ἐνέμοντο inhabited lands, Il. 2.751; τὰ τῶν Μυσῶν ἔ. Hdt. 1.36; so later, PBaden 40.5 (ii A.D.): generally, property, wealth, possessions, θεὸς δ' ἐπὶ ἔργον ἀέξῃ Od. 14.65, cf. 15.372. of women's work, weaving, Il. 9.390, etc.; ἀμύμονα ἔ. ἰδυίας ib. 128; ἔργα ἐργάζεσθαι Od. 22.422, 20.72. of other occupations, θαλάσσια ἔ. fishing, 5.67; a seaman's life, Il. 2.614: periphr., δαιτὸς..ἔργα works of feasting, 9.228; φιλοτήσια ἔ. Od. 11.246; ἔργα γάμοιο Il. 5.429; ἔργα Κυπρογενοῦς Sol. 26; Ἀφροδίτης h.Ven. 1; also τέκνων ἐς ἔ. A. Ag. 1207: abs., ἔργον Luc. DDeor. 17.1, AP 12.209 (pl., Strat., s.v.l.); also ἔργα ἰσχύος καὶ τάχους X. Cyr. 1.2.12; φίλα ἔργα μελίσσαις, of flowers, Theoc. 22.42; of mines, etc., ἔ. ἀργυρεῖα X. Vect. 4.5, D. 21.167, etc.; ἔργα πίσσια dub. l. in Plu. Cat.Ma. 21.

4. deed, action, ἔργ' ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε Od. 1.338; θέσκελα ἔ. Τρώων Il. 3.130; ἀήσυλα ἔ. 5.876; καρτερά, ἀεικέα ἔ., ib. 872, 22.395; παλίντιτα, ἄντιτα ἔ., Od. 1.379, 17.51; ἔργα ἀποδέκνυσθαι Hdt. 1.16, cf. Pl. Alc. 1.119e, D.C. 37.52; opp. ἔπος, deed, not word (v. ἔπος 11.1); opp. μῦθος, Il. 9.443, 19.242, A. Pr. 1080 (anap.), etc.; opp. λόγος, S. El. 358, E. Alc. 339; ἔργῳ, opp. λόγῳ, freq. in Att., etc., Th. 2.65, etc.: so in pl., λόγῳ μὲν..τοῖσι δ' ἔργοισιν S. OC 782, cf. E. Fr. 360.13; λόγοισιν εἴτ' ἔργοισιν S. OT 517; opp. ῥήματα, Id. OC 873; opp. ὄνομα, E. IA 128 (anap.), Th. 8.78, 89; in many phrases, πέπρακται τοὔργον A. Pr. 75, cf. Ag. 1346; χωρῶ πρὸς ἔργον S. Aj. 116; τὸ μὲν ἐνθύμημα χαρίεν.., τὸ δὲ ἔ. ἀδύνατον its execution, X. An. 3.5.12; ἐν ἔργῳ χέρνιβες ξίφος τε ready for action, E. IT 1190; ἡ κατάρα ὑπὸ τοῦ δαίμονος εἰς ἔ. ἤγετο Jul. Or. 7.228b.

II

1. thing, matter, πᾶν ἔ...ὑπείξομαι in every point, Il. 1.294; ἃ Ζεὺς μήδετο ἔ. 2.38, etc.; πάρος τάδε ἔ. γενέσθαι 6.348, etc.; ὅπως ἔσται τάδε ἔ. 2.252, Od. 17.78, etc.; μέμνημαι τόδε ἔ. Il. 9.527; ἄκουε τοὔργον S. Tr. 1157, cf. OT 847, Aj. 466; in bad sense, mischief, trouble, of disease, αἰτίη τοῦ ἔ. Aret. SA 1.9; μέγα ἔ. a serious matter, Od. 4.663, Th. 3.3.

2. μέγα ἔ., like μέγα χρῆμα, χερμάδιον λάβε χειρὶ Τυδεΐδης, μέγα ἔ. a monstrous thing, Il. 5.303, cf. 20.286; φυλόπιδος μέγα ἔ. a mighty call to arms, 16.208.

III

1. Pass., that which is wrought or made, work, οἷ' ἐπιεικὲς ἔργ' ἔμεν ἀθανάτων, of the arms of Achilles, Il. 19.22; ἔ. Ἡφαίστοιο metal- work, Od. 4.617; πέπλοι.., ἔργα γυναικῶν Il. 6.289, Od. 7.97, cf. 10.223; ὕφασμα, σῆς ἔ. χερός A. Ch. 231; κολεόν..λώτινον ἔ. Theoc. 24.45; of a wall, Ar. Av. 1125; of a statue, X. Mem. 3.10.7: in pl., of siege- works, ἔ. καὶ μηχαναί Plb. 5.3.6; of a machine, Apollod. Poliorc. 157.4, al., Ath.Mech. 15.2, al.; of public buildings, Mon.Anc.Gr. 18.20; of an author's works, D.H. Comp. 25; τὸ περὶ ψυχῆς ἔργον Ἀριστοτέλους AP 11.354.8 (Agath.).

2. result of work, profit or interest, ἔργον [ χρημάτων ] interest or profit on money, Isa 11.42, cf. D. 27.10.

special phrases:

I

1 ἔργον ἐστί, c. gen. pers., it is his business, his proper work, ἀνδρῶν τόδ' ἐστὶν ἔ. A. Ch. 673; ὅπερ ἐστὶν ἔ. ἀγαθοῦ πολίτου Pl. Grg. 517c; of things, φραδέος νόου ἔργα τέτυκται it is a matter (which calls) for a wary mind, Il. 24.354; function, ἅπερ νεῶν ἄμεινον πλεουσῶν ἔργα ἐστίν Th. 2.89; οὐ θερμότητος ἔργον ψύχειν Pl. R. 335d; τοῦτο ἑκάστου ἔ. ὃ ἂν ἢ μόνον τι ἢ κάλλιστα τῶν ἄλλων ἀπεργάζηται ib. 353a; ἔργα τοῦ ἐγκεφάλου functions, Gal. 16.518: c. dat. pers., οἷς τοῦτο ἔ. ἦν X. Cyr. 4.5.36, cf. 6.3.27: with the possessive Pron., σὸν ἔ. [ἐστί] c. inf., A. Pr. 635; ἐμὸν τόδ' ἔ. κρῖναι Id. Eu. 734; σὸν ἔ., θῦε θεοῖς Ar. Av. 862; ὑμέτερον ἐντεῦθεν ἔ. Id. Pax 426: with Art., νῦν ἡμέτερον τὸ ἔ. Hdt. 5.1. c. gen. rei, there is need of.., τί δῆτα τόξων ἔ.; E. Alc. 39; πολλῆς φυλακῆς ἔ. [ἐστί] Pl. R. 537d: esp. with neg., οὐδὲν..ὀδόντων ἔ. ἐστ' Ar. Pax 1310; οὐ δόλου νῦν ἔ. Id. Pl. 1158, cf. E. Hipp. 911: c. dat. pers., ἐπέδρης μὴ εἶναι ἔ. τῇ στρατιῇ Hdt. 1.17: with Art., οὐκ ἂν μακρῶν λόγων ἡμῖν τόδ' εἴη τοὔργον S. El. 1373: with a part. added, οὐδὲν ἦν ἔ. αὐτοῦ κατατείνοντος Plu. Publ. 13: also c. inf., οὐδὲν ἔ. ἑστάναι there is no use in standing still, Ar. Lys. 424, cf. Av. 1308; οὐδὲν ἔ. ταῦτα θρηνεῖσθαι S. Aj. 852, cf. 12. c. inf., it is hard work, difficult to do, πολὺ ἔ. ἂν εἴη διεξελθεῖν X. Mem. 4.6.1; πολὺ ἔ. ἦν τῷ νομοθέτῃ πάντα γράφειν Lys. 10.7; ἔ. ἐστὶν εἰ ἐροῦμεν D. 24.51; ἔ. εὑρεῖν πρόφασιν Men. 76; also μέγα ἔ. ταῖς..ἐπιθυμίαις καλῶς χρῆσθαι Pl. Smp. 187e; χαλεπὸν ἔ. διαιρεῖν Ar. Ra. 1100 (lyr.): also in gen., πλείονος ἔ. ἐστὶ..μαθεῖν Pl. Euthphr. 14b: rarely with a part., οὐδὲν ἔ. μαχομένῳ Philippid. 15.3; . [ἐστί] c. acc. et inf., it can scarcely happen that.., ἔ. ἅμα πάντας ὀργισθῆναι καὶ ἁμαρτεῖν Arist. Pol. 1286a35.

2. ἔργον παρασχεῖν τινί give one trouble, Ar. Nu. 523, cf. AP 9.161 (Mar Arg., punning on Hesiod's Ἔργα); ἔργον ἔχειν take trouble, c. part., X. Cyr. 8.4.6; c. inf., Id. Mem. 2.10.6.

3. ἔ. γίγνεσθαι τῆς νόσου to be its victim, Anon. ap. Suid. s.v. ἄτολμοι; κτεινόμενος ὑμέτερον ἔ. εἰμί Plu. Eum. 17; τῆς ὑμετέρας γέγονεν ἔ. ὀλιγωρίας Luc. Dem.Enc. 29.

4. ἔI

I. get ready, prepare, ἐμοὶ γέρας αὐτίχ' ἑτοιμάσατ ' Il. 1.118; [ νέας ] Hdt. 6.95; στρατιώτας Acts 23:23; ὁδόν LXX Isaiah 40:3,al.; ἔγκλημα μικρὸν αἰτίαν τε S. Tr. 361; δῶμα E. Alc. 364; βουλήν Id. Heracl. 472; δάκρυα δ' ἑτοιμάζουσι to those furnishing them, Id. Supp. 454; ἀργύριον ῥητόν Th. 2.7, etc.; ἑαυτὸν ἵνα.. Revelation 8:6.

II

1. Med., cause to be prepared, ὄφρ' ἱρὸν ἑτοιμασσαίατ' Ἀθήνῃ Il. 10.571; ἑτοιμάσσαντο δὲ ταύρους Od. 13.184, cf. Hdt. 8.24; ἑτοιμασάμενος ἃ δεῖ Inscr.Prien. 55.34 (ii B.C.).

2. with pf. Pass. ἡτοίμασμαι, prepare for oneself, τἄλλα ἡτοιμάζετο made his other arrangements, Th. 4.77; ὅπως ἑτοιμάσαιντο τιμωρίαν Id. 1.58; πλείονα ἡτοιμασμένος X. Cyr. 3.3.5; τροφὴν ἡτοιμασμένοι D. 23.209; τὰ πρὸς τὸν βίον Epicur. Sent.Vat. 30, cf. Metrod. Fr. 53.

3. prepare oneself, make oneself ready, c. inf., X Revelation 18:1-24; πρὸς τὴν χειμασίαν Plb. 3.105.11.

III Pass., to be prepared, ἔλεγε ἡτοιμάσθαι that preparations had been made, Th. 6.64, cf. 7.62, etc.; ἑ. τι to be prepared with.., Plb. 8.30.7.. ποιεῖσθαί τι to make a matter one's business, attend to it, Pl. Phdr. 232a, X. Hier. 9.10; so ἐν ἔργῳ τίθεσθαι Ael. VH 4.15. = ἐργασία III, τὸ ἔ. βαφέων CIG 3498 (Thyatira).

Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (176)NAS (169)HCS (169)
Matthew5
Mark2
Luke2
John25
Acts10
Romans15
1 Corinthians7
2 Corinthians3
Galatians6
Ephesians4
Philippians3
Colossians3
1 Thessalonians2
2 Thessalonians2
1 Timothy5
2 Timothy6
Titus7
Hebrews11
James12
1 Peter2
2 Peter2
1 John3
2 John1
3 John1
Jude1
Revelation21
Matthew6
Mark2
Luke2
John25
Acts9
Romans15
1 Corinthians7
2 Corinthians3
Galatians6
Ephesians4
Philippians3
Colossians3
1 Thessalonians2
2 Thessalonians2
1 Timothy5
2 Timothy6
Titus7
Hebrews10
James12
1 Peter2
2 Peter2
1 John3
2 John1
3 John1
Jude1
Revelation19
Matthew6
Mark2
Luke2
John27
Acts10
Romans15
1 Corinthians8
2 Corinthians3
Galatians8
Ephesians4
Philippians3
Colossians3
1 Thessalonians2
2 Thessalonians2
1 Timothy6
2 Timothy6
Titus8
Hebrews9
James15
1 Peter2
2 Peter2
1 John3
2 John1
3 John1
Jude1
Revelation20
List of Word Forms
εργα εργά έργα έργά ἔργα εργοις έργοις ἔργοις εργον έργον ἔργον εργου εργού έργου ἔργου εργω έργω ἔργῳ εργων έργων ἔργων erga érga ergo ergō érgoi érgōi ergois érgois ergon ergōn érgon érgōn ergou érgou
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