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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #2048 - ἔρημος

Word Origin:
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. solitary, lonely, desolate, uninhabited
    1. used of places
      1. a desert, wilderness
      2. deserted places, lonely regions
      3. an uncultivated region fit for pasturage
    2. used of persons
      1. deserted by others
      2. deprived of the aid and protection of others, especially of friends, acquaintances, kindred
      3. bereft 1b
    3. of a flock deserted by the shepherd 1b
    4. of a woman neglected by her husband, from whom the husband withholds himself
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1116 ‑ בּוּם (baw‑maw');   2717 ‑ חָרַב (khaw‑rab', khaw‑rabe');   3452 ‑ יְשִׁימוֹן (yesh‑ee‑mone');   3582 ‑ כָּחַד (kaw‑khad');   4057 ‑ מִדְבָּר (mid‑bawr');   4057 ‑ מִדְבָּר (mid‑bawr');   4180 ‑ מוֹרָשׁ (mo‑rawsh');   4923 ‑ מְשַׁמָּה (mesh‑am‑maw');   5045 ‑ נֶגֶב (neh'‑gheb);   6160 ‑ עֲרָבָה (ar‑aw‑baw');   6723 ‑ צִיָּה (tsee‑yaw');   8074 ‑ שָׁמֵם (shaw‑mame');   8414 ‑ תֹּהוּ (to'‑hoo);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐρῆμος, ον,

fem. ἐρήμη Od. 3.270, S. OC 1719 (lyr.), Ant. 739, Tr. 530 (lyr.), and in the phrase δίκη ἐρήμη (v. infr. III): Att. ἔρημος, ον, acc. to Hdn.Gr. 2.938: Comp. -ότερος Th. 3.11, Lys. 29.1, etc.: Sup. -ότατος Hdt. 9.118:

I desolate, lonely, solitary,

1 of places, ἐς νῆσον ἐρήμην Od. 3.270; χῶρος Il. 10.520; τὰ ἐ. τῆς Λιβύης the desert parts.., Hdt. 2.32, cf. Th. 2.17; ἡ ἐρῆμος (sc. χώρα) Hdt. 4.18; ἡ ἐρήμη Ael. NA 7.48: pl., ib. 3.26; empty, πνύξ Ar. Ach. 20.

2. of personsor animals, τὰ δ' ἐρῆμα φοβεῖται (i.e. the sheep), Il. 5.140; ξέρξην ἔ. μολεῖν A. Pers. 734 (troch.); ἧσθαι δόμοις ἔ. Id. Ag. 862; πόρτις ἐρήμα S. Tr. 530 (lyr.); ἔ. κἄφιλος Id. Ph. 228; τὸν θεὸν ἔ. ἀπολιπόντε Ar. Pl. 447; freq. of poor, friendless persons, And. 4.15, etc.; ἐρημότεροι, opp. δυνατώτεροι, Th. 3.11; οὐκ ὢν οὔτε τῶν ἐρημοτάτων οὔτε τῶν ἀπόρων κομιδῇ D. 21.111; εἰς ὀρφανὰ καὶ ἔ. ὑβρίζειν Pl. Lg. 927c; ὄρνιθες solitary, not gregarious, Plu. Caes. 63: neut. as Adv., ἔρημα κλαίω I weep in solitude, E. Supp. 775; ἔρημον ἐμβλέπειν to look vacantly, Ar. Fr. 456.

3. of conditions, πλάνος S. OC 1114.

II c. gen.,

1. reft of, void or destitute of, [χώρη] ἐ. πάντων Hdt. 2.32; ἀνθρώπων Id. 4.17, cf. 18; ἀνδρῶν Id. 6.23, S. OT 57; Ἀθηναίων Hdt. 8.65; στέγαι φίλων ἔ. S. El. 1405; Πειραιᾶ ἔ. ὄντα νεῶν Th. 8.96; τῇ ἦν ἐρημότατον τῶν πολεμίων (sc. τὸ τεῖχος) Hdt. 9.118; [τὰ γεγραμμένα] ἀπόντος τοῦ γράψαντος ἔρημα τοῦ βοηθήσοντός ἐστιν Isoc. Ephesians 1:3; θεῶν ἔρημα εἶναι πάντα Pl. Lg. 908c.

2. of persons, bereft of, συμμάχων Hdt. 7.160; πατρός S. OC 1719 (lyr.); πατρὸς ἢ μητρός Pl. Lg. 927d; πρὸς φίλων S. Ant. 919; so ἔ. οἶκος a house without heirs, Isa 7.31.

3. with no bad sense, wanting, without, ἐσθὴς ἐρῆμος ὅπλων Hdt. 9.63; free from, ἀνδρῶν κακῶν ἔρημος πόλις Pl. Lg. 862e.

III ἐρήμη, rarely ἔρημος (with or more commonly without γραφή, δίκη, δίαιτα), ,

1. an undefended action, in which one party does not appear, and judgement goes against him by default, ἤλπιζε.. τὴν γραφὴν..ἐρήμην ἔσεσθαι would be undefended, Antipho 2.1.7; ἐρήμῃ δίκῃ θάνατον καταγιγνώσκειν τινός Th. 6.61; δίκην εἷλον ἐρήμην I got judgement by default, D. 21.81; ἐρήμην αὐτὸν λαβόντες..εἷλον Lys. 20.18; τὴν ἔρημον δεδωκότα having given it by default in one's favour, D. 21.85; ἔρημον ὦφλε δίκην he let it go by default, ib.87, cf. Antipho 5.13; ἐρήμην τινὸς καταγνῶναι τὴν δίαιταν D. 33.33; ἐρήμην καταδιαιτῆσαί τινος Id. 40.17; γενομένης ἐρήμου κατὰ Μειδίου Test. ap. eund. 21.93; ἐρήμην κατηγορεῖν to accuse in a case where there was no defence, Pl. Revelation 18:1-24 c, cf. D. 21.87; ἐρήμην or ἐξ ἐρήμης κρατεῖν, Luc. Anach. 40, JTr. 25; ἁλῶναι Id. Tox. 11, etc.

2. unclaimed, vacant, Arist. Ath. 43.4, EN 1125b17, Isa 3.61.

3. for ἐρήμας τρυγᾶν v. sub τρυγάω.

Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (50)NAS (48)HCS (48)
1 Corinthians1
1 Corinthians1
1 Corinthians1
List of Word Forms
έρημα έρημά έρημοι ερημοις ερήμοις ἐρήμοις ερημον ερήμον έρημον ἔρημον ερημος ερημός έρημος έρημός ἔρημος Ἔρημός ερημου ερήμου ἐρήμου ερημους ερήμους ἐρήμους ερημω ερήμω ἐρήμῳ ερήμων ηρήμου eremo erēmō erḗmoi erḗmōi eremois erēmois erḗmois eremon erēmon éremon érēmon eremos erēmos éremos Éremós érēmos Érēmós eremou erēmou erḗmou eremous erēmous erḗmous
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