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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #2400 - ἰδού

Word Origin:
second person singular imperative middle voice of (1492)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. behold, see, lo
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 56 ‑ אָבַל (aw‑bal');   431 ‑ אֲלוּ (al‑oo');   576 ‑ אֲנָא (an‑aw', an‑aw');   718 ‑ אֲרוּ (ar‑oo');   1887 ‑ הֵא (hay);   1972 ‑ הָלָא (haw‑law');   2005 ‑ הֵן (hane);   2009 ‑ הִנֵּה (hin‑nay');   2088 ‑ זֶה (zeh);   2372 ‑ חָזָה (khaw‑zaw);   3541 ‑ כֹּה (ko);   5844 ‑ עָטָה (aw‑taw');   7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');   7535 ‑ רַק (rak);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


(ἴδου Hdn.Gr. ap. Choerob. in Theod. 2.140),

I aor.2 imper. Med. of ὁράω; but,

II ἰδού (on the accent v. Hdn.Gr. 1.417, al.), as Adv., lo! behold! (even with words of hearing, ἰδοὺ δοῦπον αὖ κλύω τινά S. Aj. 870 (lyr.), cf. El. 1410):

1 with Nouns and Prons., ἰ. χελιδών Klein Meistersign. 133 (Attic vase, vi B.C.), etc.; ἰ. ἐγώ here am I, LXX Genesis 27:1,al.; ἰ. ἡ μνᾶ σοι Luke 19:20; οὐκ ἰ. Ἀαρών; LXX Exodus 4:14.

2. with Verbs, in the imper., ἰ. θεᾶσθε S. Tr. 1079, Ar. Ach. 366; esp. in offering a thing, take it ! ἰ. δέχου παῖ S. Ph. 776. in ind. of all tenses, ἰ. πείθομαι E. Or. 143 (lyr.): freq. in LXX and NT with past tenses, Genesis 24:15,al., Matthew 27:51, al.; in the middle of a sentence, Luke 13:16.

3. with questions, ., τί ἔστιν; Ar. Nu. 825, Eq. 157.

4. in repeating another's words quizzingly, as ἰδού γ' ἄκρατον wine, quotha ! ib. 87; ἰ. λέγειν ib. 344; ἰδού γε κλέπτειν Id. Th. 206, cf. Ec. 136.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἰδού, a demonstrative particle (in Greek writings from Sophocles down), found in the N. T. especially in the Gospels of Matthew and of Luke , used very often in imitation of the Hebrew הִנֵּה, and giving a peculiar vivacity to the style by bidding the reader or hearer to attend to what is said: "Behold! See! Lo!" It is inserted in the discourse after a genitive absolutely, Matthew 1:20; Matthew 2:1,13; Matthew 9:18; Matthew 12:46; Matthew 17:5; Matthew 26:47; Matthew 28:11. καί ἰδού is used, when at the close of a narrative something new is introduced, Matthew 2:9; Matthew 3:16; Matthew 4:11; Matthew 8:2,24, 29,32, 34; Matthew 9:2f, 20; Matthew 12:10; Matthew 15:22; Matthew 17:3; Matthew 19:16; Matthew 26:51; Matthew 27:51; Matthew 28:2,7; Luke 1:20,31, 36; Luke 2:9 ( R G L Tr brackets),Luke 2:25>; Luke 9:30,38f; 10:25; 14:2; 24:13>; Acts 12:7; Acts 16:1; when a thing is specified which is unexpected yet sure, 2 Corinthians 6:9 (καί ἰδίου ζῶμεν, and nevertheless we live), cf. Matthew 7:4; when a thing is specified which seems impossible and yet occurs, Luke 11:41; Acts 27:24. The simple ἰδού is the exclamation of one pointing out something, Matthew 12:2,47 ( WH here in marginal reading only); Matthew 13:3; Matthew 24:26; Mark 3:32; Luke 2:34; and calling attention, Mark 15:35 ( T Tr WH ἴδε); Luke 22:10; John 4:35; 1 Corinthians 15:51; 2 Corinthians 5:17; James 5:9; Jude 1:14; Revelation 1:7; Revelation 9:12; Revelation 11:14; Revelation 16:15; Revelation 22:7 ( Rec.); in other places it is equivalent to observe or consider: Matthew 10:16; Matthew 11:8; Matthew 19:27; Matthew 20:18; Matthew 22:4; Mark 10:28,33; Mark 14:41; Luke 2:48; Luke 7:25; Luke 18:28,31, etc.; also καί ἰδού, Matthew 28:20; Luke 13:30; ἰδού γάρ, Luke 1:44,48; Luke 2:10; Luke 6:23; Luke 17:21; Acts 9:11; 2 Corinthians 7:11; ἰδού where examples are adduced: James 3:4 ff; 5:4,7,11; for the Hebrew הִנְנִי, so that it includes the copula: Luke 1:38; equivalent to here I am: Acts 9:10; Hebrews 2:13. ἰδού is inserted in the midst of a speech, Matthew 23:34 (here WH marginal reading Ἰδού (see the commentaries)); Luke 13:16; Acts 2:7; Acts 13:11; Acts 20:22,25. The passages of the O. T. containing the particle which are quoted in the New are these: Matthew 1:23; Matthew 11:10; Matthew 12:18; Matthew 21:5; Mark 1:2; Luke 7:27; John 13:15; Romans 9:33; Hebrews 2:13; Hebrews 8:8; Hebrews 10:7,9; 1 Peter 2:6. Like the Hebrew הִנֵּה, ἰδού and καί ἰδού stand before a nominative which is not followed by a finite verb, in such a way as to include the copula or predicate (cf. Buttmann, 139 (121 f)): e. g., was heard, Matthew 3:17; Isaiah , is or was here, exists, etc., Matthew 12:10 L T Tr WH, 41; Mark 13:21 R G L; Luke 5:12,18; Luke 7:37; Luke 11:31; Luke 13:11 ( R G add ἦν); Luke 17:21; 19:2,20; 22:38,47; 23:50>; John 19:26 ( Rec., 27 R G); Acts 8:27,36; 2 Corinthians 6:2; Revelation 6:2,5, 8; Revelation 7:9 (not L); Revelation 12:3; 14:14; 19:11; 21:3>; is approaching, Matthew 25:6 G L T Tr WH ( Rec. adds ἔρχεται); but also in such a way as to have simply a demonstrative force: Matthew 11:19; Luke 7:34.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἰδού ,

[in LXX chiefly for H576,]

prop. imperat. 2 aor. mid, of ὁράω , used as a demonstrative particle, with frequency much greater in LXX and NT than in cl. (v. M, Pr., 11),

lo, behold, see: Matthew 10:16; Matthew 11:8; Matthew 13:3, Mark 3:32, Luke 2:48, 1 Corinthians 15:51, James 5:9, Judges 1:14, Revelation 1:7, al.; after gen. absol., Matthew 1:20; Matthew 2:1; Matthew 2:13; Matthew 12:46, al.; καὶ ἰδού , Matthew 2:9 (and freq.), Luke 1:20; Luke 10:25, Acts 12:7, al,; in elliptical sentences, taking the place of copula or predicate (like H576 in Heb.), Matthew 3:17, Luke 5:12; Luke 22:31; Luke 22:47, Acts 8:27; Acts 8:36, al.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Moulton (Proleg. p. 11) has shown that the frequency with which ἰδού (originally the imper. of εἰδόμην and accented ἰδοῦ) is used by certain NT writers is due to the fact that they were accustomed to the constant use of an equivalent interjection in their own tongue : cf. Wellhausen Einl. .2 p. 22. As showing, however, that the interjection was used in the Κοινή where no Hebraistic influence is predicable, we may cite P Oxy VII. 1066.5 (iii/A.D.) εἰδ [ο ]ὺ οὖν ἀπέστιλά σοι αὐτήν, with reference to the return of a file, ib. 1069.11 very illiterate (iii/A.D.) εἰδοὺ γὰρ καὶ τὸ πορφύρειν μετὰ τῶν συ [ν ]έργων κεῖντε, ";see, the purple is put with the tools"; (cf. l..6), ib. X. 1291.7 (A.D. 30) οὐδ [εί ]ς μοι ἤνεγκεν ἐπιστολήν περὶ ἄρτων, ἀλλ᾽ εὐθέως, (= εἰ) ἔπεμψας διὰ Κολλούθου ἐπιστολήν, εἰδοὺ ἀρτάβηι σοι γίνεται, ";no one has brought me a letter about the bread, but if you send a letter by Colluthus, an artaba will come to you immediately"; (Edd.), ib. 1295.3 (ii/iii A.D.) ἰδοὺ μὲν ἐγὼ οὐκ ἐμιμησάμην σε τοῦ ἀπ (οσπ)ᾶν τὸν υἱόν μου, ";see, I have not imitated you by taking away my son"; (Edd.). A curious verbal parallel to Luke 13:16 occurs in the Christian letter BGU III. 94.36 (iv/v A.D.) γινώσκιν ἐ [θ ]έλω ὅτι εἶπέν σοι ὁ πραγματευτ [ὴς ὅ ]τι. . ᾑ μήτηρ σου Κοφαήνα ἀσθενῖ, εἰδοῦ, δέκα τρῖς μῆνες : cf, P Oxy I. 131.12 (vi/vii A.D.) καὶ ἰδοὺ τρία ἔτη σήμερον ἀπ᾽ ὅτε ἀπέθανεν. For ἰδού followed by a noun in the nom. without a finite verb, as in Luke 22:36, cf. an old Attic inscr. ἰδοὺ χελίδων, cited by Meisterhans Gr, p. 203, § 84, 2. See also Epict. iv. 11. 35 ἰδοὺ νέος ἀξιέραστος, ἰδοὺ πρεσβύτης ἄξιος τοῦ ἐρᾶν καὶ ἀντερᾶσθαι (cited by Sharp Epict. p. 100). MGr ἐδῶ, ";here"; : cf. the French ici from the popular Lat. ecce hic.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (213)NAS (165)HCS (175)
1 Corinthians1
2 Corinthians5
1 Peter1
1 Corinthians1
2 Corinthians5
1 Peter1
1 Corinthians1
2 Corinthians4
1 Peter1
List of Word Forms
ιδου ιδού ἰδοὺ idou idoù

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