ver. 2.0.15.07.04
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #2400 - ἰδού

Transliteration:
idoú
Phonetics:
id-oo'  
Word Origin:
second person singular imperative middle voice of (1492)
Parts of Speech:
particle
TDNT:
None
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. behold, see, lo
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 56 ‑ אָבַל (aw‑bal');   431 ‑ אֲלוּ (al‑oo');   576 ‑ אֲנָא (an‑aw', an‑aw');   718 ‑ אֲרוּ (ar‑oo');   1887 ‑ הֵא (hay);   1972 ‑ הָלָא (haw‑law');   2005 ‑ הֵן (hane);   2009 ‑ הִנֵּה (hin‑nay');   2088 ‑ זֶה (zeh);   2372 ‑ חָזָה (khaw‑zaw);   3541 ‑ כֹּה (ko);   5844 ‑ עָטָה (aw‑taw');   7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');   7535 ‑ רַק (rak);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἰδοῦ

(ἴδου Hdn.Gr. ap. Choerob. in Theod. 2.140),

I aor.2 imper. Med. of ὁράω; but,

II ἰδού (on the accent v. Hdn.Gr. 1.417, al.), as Adv., lo! behold! (even with words of hearing, ἰδοὺ δοῦπον αὖ κλύω τινά S. Aj. 870 (lyr.), cf. El. 1410):

1 with Nouns and Prons., ἰ. χελιδών Klein Meistersign. 133 (Attic vase, vi B.C.), etc.; ἰ. ἐγώ here am I, LXX Genesis 27:1,al.; ἰ. ἡ μνᾶ σοι Luke 19:20; οὐκ ἰ. Ἀαρών; LXX Exodus 4:14.

2. with Verbs, in the imper., ἰ. θεᾶσθε S. Tr. 1079, Ar. Ach. 366; esp. in offering a thing, take it ! ἰ. δέχου παῖ S. Ph. 776. in ind. of all tenses, ἰ. πείθομαι E. Or. 143 (lyr.): freq. in LXX and NT with past tenses, Genesis 24:15,al., Matthew 27:51, al.; in the middle of a sentence, Luke 13:16.

3. with questions, ., τί ἔστιν; Ar. Nu. 825, Eq. 157.

4. in repeating another's words quizzingly, as ἰδού γ' ἄκρατον wine, quotha ! ib. 87; ἰ. λέγειν ib. 344; ἰδού γε κλέπτειν Id. Th. 206, cf. Ec. 136.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἰδού, a demonstrative particle (in Greek writings from Sophocles down), found in the N. T. especially in the Gospels of Matthew and of Luke , used very often in imitation of the Hebrew הִנֵּה, and giving a peculiar vivacity to the style by bidding the reader or hearer to attend to what is said: "Behold! See! Lo!" It is inserted in the discourse after a genitive absolutely, Matthew 1:20; Matthew 2:1,13; Matthew 9:18; Matthew 12:46; Matthew 17:5; Matthew 26:47; Matthew 28:11. καί ἰδού is used, when at the close of a narrative something new is introduced, Matthew 2:9; Matthew 3:16; Matthew 4:11; Matthew 8:2,24, 29,32, 34; Matthew 9:2f, 20; Matthew 12:10; Matthew 15:22; Matthew 17:3; Matthew 19:16; Matthew 26:51; Matthew 27:51; Matthew 28:2,7; Luke 1:20,31, 36; Luke 2:9 ( R G L Tr brackets),Luke 2:25>; Luke 9:30,38f; 10:25; 14:2; 24:13>; Acts 12:7; Acts 16:1; when a thing is specified which is unexpected yet sure, 2 Corinthians 6:9 (καί ἰδίου ζῶμεν, and nevertheless we live), cf. Matthew 7:4; when a thing is specified which seems impossible and yet occurs, Luke 11:41; Acts 27:24. The simple ἰδού is the exclamation of one pointing out something, Matthew 12:2,47 ( WH here in marginal reading only); Matthew 13:3; Matthew 24:26; Mark 3:32; Luke 2:34; and calling attention, Mark 15:35 ( T Tr WH ἴδε); Luke 22:10; John 4:35; 1 Corinthians 15:51; 2 Corinthians 5:17; James 5:9; Jude 1:14; Revelation 1:7; Revelation 9:12; Revelation 11:14; Revelation 16:15; Revelation 22:7 ( Rec.); in other places it is equivalent to observe or consider: Matthew 10:16; Matthew 11:8; Matthew 19:27; Matthew 20:18; Matthew 22:4; Mark 10:28,33; Mark 14:41; Luke 2:48; Luke 7:25; Luke 18:28,31, etc.; also καί ἰδού, Matthew 28:20; Luke 13:30; ἰδού γάρ, Luke 1:44,48; Luke 2:10; Luke 6:23; Luke 17:21; Acts 9:11; 2 Corinthians 7:11; ἰδού where examples are adduced: James 3:4 ff; 5:4,7,11; for the Hebrew הִנְנִי, so that it includes the copula: Luke 1:38; equivalent to here I am: Acts 9:10; Hebrews 2:13. ἰδού is inserted in the midst of a speech, Matthew 23:34 (here WH marginal reading Ἰδού (see the commentaries)); Luke 13:16; Acts 2:7; Acts 13:11; Acts 20:22,25. The passages of the O. T. containing the particle which are quoted in the New are these: Matthew 1:23; Matthew 11:10; Matthew 12:18; Matthew 21:5; Mark 1:2; Luke 7:27; John 13:15; Romans 9:33; Hebrews 2:13; Hebrews 8:8; Hebrews 10:7,9; 1 Peter 2:6. Like the Hebrew הִנֵּה, ἰδού and καί ἰδού stand before a nominative which is not followed by a finite verb, in such a way as to include the copula or predicate (cf. Buttmann, 139 (121 f)): e. g., was heard, Matthew 3:17; Isaiah , is or was here, exists, etc., Matthew 12:10 L T Tr WH, 41; Mark 13:21 R G L; Luke 5:12,18; Luke 7:37; Luke 11:31; Luke 13:11 ( R G add ἦν); Luke 17:21; 19:2,20; 22:38,47; 23:50>; John 19:26 ( Rec., 27 R G); Acts 8:27,36; 2 Corinthians 6:2; Revelation 6:2,5, 8; Revelation 7:9 (not L); Revelation 12:3; 14:14; 19:11; 21:3>; is approaching, Matthew 25:6 G L T Tr WH ( Rec. adds ἔρχεται); but also in such a way as to have simply a demonstrative force: Matthew 11:19; Luke 7:34.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (213)NAS (165)HCS (175)
Matthew59
Mark11
Luke56
John5
Acts23
Romans1
1 Corinthians1
2 Corinthians5
Galatians1
Hebrews4
James7
1 Peter1
Jude1
Revelation29
Matthew43
Mark8
Luke43
John4
Acts19
Romans1
1 Corinthians1
2 Corinthians5
Galatians1
Hebrews4
James4
1 Peter1
Jude1
Revelation25
Matthew58
Mark6
Luke49
John3
Acts18
Romans1
1 Corinthians1
2 Corinthians4
Hebrews3
James6
1 Peter1
Jude1
Revelation24
List of Word Forms
ιδου ιδού ἰδοὺ idou idoù
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