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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #2453 - Ἰουδαῖος

Word Origin:
from (2448) (in the sense of (2455) as a country)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. Jewish, belonging to the Jewish nation
  2. Jewish as respects to birth, origin, religion
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

Ἰουδαῖος, ὁ,

a Jew: Ἰουδαία,

a Jewess; ἡ Ἰουδαία (sc. γῆ)

Judaea: — Ἰουδα-ϊκός, ή, όν,

Jewish, LXX 2 Maccabees 8:11, etc. Adv. -κῶς J. BJ 6.1.3, Galatians 2:14, Cod.Just.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 Ἰουδαῖος, Ἰουδαία, Ἰουδαῖον (Ιουδα) ( Aristotle (in Josephus, contra Apion 1,22, 7 where see Müller), Polybius, Diodorus, Strabo, Plutarch, others; the Sept.; (cf. Sophocles Lexicon, under the word)), Jewish;

a. joined to nouns, belonging to the Jewish race: ἀνήρ, Acts 10:28; Acts 22:3 ( 1 Maccabees 2:23); ἄνθρωπος, Acts 21:39; ψευδοπροφήτης, Acts 13:6; ἀρχιερεύς, Acts 19:14; γυνή, Acts 16:1; Acts 24:24; γῆ, John 3:22; χώρα, Mark 1:5.

b. without a noun, substantively, Jewish as respects birth, race, religion; a Jew: John 4:9; Acts 18:2,24; Romans 2:23 f; plural, Revelation 2:9; Revelation 3:9; οἱ Ἰουδαῖοι (יְהוּדִים, before the exile citizens of the kingdom of Judah; after the exile all the Israelites (cf. Wright in B. D. under the word )), the Jews, the Jewish race: Matthew 2:2; Matthew 27:11,29; Mark 7:3; Mark 15:2; John 2:6; John 4:22; John 5:1; John 18:33, etc.; Ἰουδαῖοι τέ καί Ἕλληνες, Acts 14:1; Acts 18:4; Acts 19:10; 1 Corinthians 1:24; Ἰουδαῖοι τέ καί προσήλυτοι, Acts 2:11 (10); ἔθνη τέ καί Ἰουδαῖοι, Acts 14:5; singular, Romans 1:16; Romans 2:9; οἱ κατά τά ἔθνη Ἰουδαῖοι, who live in foreign lands, among the Gentiles, Acts 21:21; Ἰουδαῖοι is used of converts from Judaism, Jewish Christians (see ἔθνος, 5) in Galatians 2:13. [ SYNONYMS: Ἑβραῖος, Ἰουδαῖος, Ἰσραηλίτης: "restricting ourselves to the employment of these three words in the N. T. we may say that in the first is predominantly noted language; in the second, nationality; in the third (the augustest title of all), theocratic privileges and glorious vocation" ( Trench, § xxxix.); cf. B. D. under the word , , .] The apostle John , inasmuch as agreeably to the state of things in his day he looked upon the Jews as a body of men hostile to Christianity, with whom he had come to see that both he and all true Christians had nothing in common as respects religious matters, even in his record of the life of Jesus not only himself makes a distinction between the Jews and Jesus, but ascribes to Jesus and his apostles language in which they distinguish themselves from the Jews, as though the latter sprang from an alien race: John 11:8; John 13:33. And those who (not only at Jerusalem, but also in Galilee, cf. John 6:41,52) opposed his divine Master and his Master's cause — especially the rulers, priests, members of the Sanhedrin, Pharisees — he does not hesitate to style οἱ Ἰουδαῖοι, since the hatred of these leaders exhibits the hatred of the whole nation toward Jesus: John 1:19; John 2:18,20; John 5:10,15ff,John 5:18>; John 6:41,52; 7:1,11,13; 9:18,22; 10:24,31,33; 18:14>. (Cf. B. D. under the word ; Franke, Stellung d. Johannes z. Volke d. alt. Bundes. (Halle, 1882).) Ἰουδαϊσμός, Ιουδαϊσμοῦ, , (Ἰουδαΐζω), the Jewish faith and worship, the religion of the Jews, Judaism: Galatians 1:13 ff ( 2 Maccabees 2:21, etc.; cf. Grimm, commentary on 2 Maccabees , p. 61. ( B. D. American edition under the word ).)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Vocabulary of the Greek NT

There is abundant evidence from our sources of the large part which Jews played in Egypt, a special district (ἄμφοδος) or Ghetto being assigned to them in such towns as Alexandria, Oxyrhynchus, and Apollinopolis Magna. Many questions are thereby raised into which we cannot enter here, but one or two citations of a general kind may be of interest. Thus from Apollinopolis Magna from late Ptolemaic times we have the two following dedicatory inscrr. : Εὐλογεῖ τὸν θεὸν Πτολεμαῖος Διονυσίου Ἰουδαῖος, and Θεοῦ εὐλογία. Θεόδοτος Δωρίωνος Ἰουδαῖος σωθεὶς ἐκ [Τρω ]γο [δ ]υ [τῶν (Lepsius Denkmäler, XII. Taf. 11 Nr. 136, 144 cited in Meyer Ostraca, p. 149). On the other hand, CIG 3418 οἱ ποτὲ Ἰουδαῖοι seems to point to Jews converted from Judaism to heathenism. The earliest known reference to the Jews as money-lenders (cf. Wilcken Archiv iv. p. 567) occurs in a private letter to a man in money difficulties, BGU. IV. 1079.25 (A.D. 41) (= Selections, p. 40) ὡς ἂν πάντες καὶ σὺ βλέπε σατὸν ἀπὸ τῶν Ἰουδαίων, ";like everybody else, you too must beware of the Jews."; P Oxy IX. 1189.9 (c. A.D.117) is a letter of a strategus relating to a schedule of ";property which belonged to the Jews";—τῶν τοῖς [ ]ουδαίοις ὑπαρξάντων. The editor thinks that ";it is highly probable that the papyrus belongs to the period of the great Jewish outbreak which occurred in the previous year, and was not ended until after the accession of Hadrian."; With this may be compared the interesting fragments of an Alexandrian papyrus, edited by Wilcken under the title ";Ein Aktenstück zum jüdischen Kriege"; (Hermes xxvii. (1892), p. 464 ff.), in which, in an audience before the Emperor Trajan, the Jews complain that the Egyptian Prefect, M. Rutilius Lupus, has mockingly ordered their ";king"; of the carnival to be brought before him—i. 5 ff. προάγειν αὐ [τ ]οὺς [ ]κέλευε χλευάζων τὸν [ ]πὸ [σ ]κηνῆς καὶ ἐκ μείμου (l. μίμου) βασιλέα : cf. John 19:8, and for a somewhat different explanation of the circumstances see Reinach Revue des Etudes Juives xxvii. (1893), p. 70 ff., and Textes relatifs au Judaisme (1895), p. 218 ff.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (196)NAS (239)HCS (193)
1 Corinthians6
2 Corinthians1
1 Thessalonians1
1 Corinthians6
2 Corinthians2
1 Thessalonians1
1 Corinthians8
2 Corinthians1
1 Thessalonians1
List of Word Forms
Ιουδαια Ἰουδαίᾳ Ιουδαιαν Ἰουδαίαν Ιουδαιας Ἰουδαίας Ιουδαιοι Ἰουδαῖοι Ἰουδαῖοί Ιουδαιοις Ἰουδαίοις Ιουδαιον Ἰουδαῖον Ιουδαιος Ἰουδαῖος Ἰουδαῖός Ιουδαιου Ἰουδαίου Ιουδαιους Ἰουδαίους Ιουδαιω Ἰουδαίῳ ΙΟΥΔΑΙΩΝ Ἰουδαίων Ioudaia Ioudaíāi Ioudaian Ioudaían Ioudaias Ioudaías Ioudaio Ioudaiō Ioudaioi Ioudaíoi Ioudaíōi Ioudaîoi Ioudaîoí Ioudaiois Ioudaíois Ioudaion IOUDAIŌN Ioudaíon Ioudaíōn Ioudaîon Ioudaios Ioudaîos Ioudaîós Ioudaiou Ioudaíou Ioudaious Ioudaíous
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