ver. 2.0.15.05.27
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #2842 - κοινωνία

Transliteration:
koinōnía
Phonetics:
koy-nohn-ee'-ah  
Word Origin:
from (2844)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Feminine
TDNT:
3:797,447
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. fellowship, association, community, communion, joint participation, intercourse
    1. the share which one has in anything, participation
    2. intercourse, fellowship, intimacy
      1. the right hand as a sign and pledge of fellowship (in fulfilling the apostolic office)
    3. a gift jointly contributed, a collection, a contribution, as exhibiting an embodiment and proof of fellowship
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 8667 ‑ תְּשׂוּמָה (tes‑oo‑meth');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κοινων-ία, ἡ,

I

1. communion, association, partnership, κ. μαλθακά Pi. P. 1.97; οὔτε φιλία ἰδιώταις οὔτε κ. πόλεσιν Th. 3.10; ὅτῳ δὲ μὴ ἔνι κ., φιλία οὐκ ἂν εἴη Pl. Grg. 507e; ἐν ταῖς κ. τε καὶ ὁμιλίαις Id. Lg. 861e, cf. Smp. 182c; ἡ περὶ.. ἀνθρώπους πρὸς ἀλλήλους κ. ib. 188c; ἐν διαλύσει τῆς κ. Id. R. 343d; ἡ τῶν γυναικῶν κ. τοῖς ἀνδράσι, viz. co-education, ib. 466c; ἀνθρωπίνη κ. human society, Id. Plt. 276b; ἡ κ. ἡ πολιτική Arist. Pol. 1252a7; αὕτη ἡ κ., of marriage, ib. 1334b33; πόλις ἡ γενῶν καὶ κωμῶν κ. ib. 1281a1; fellowship, Act. Ap. 2.42, al.; ἡ πρὸς τὸν Δία κ. Arr. Epict. 2.19.27. joint-ownership, PLond. 2.311.2 (ii A.D.), etc.

2. c. gen. objecti, λυγραὶ.. τῶν ὅπλων κ. E. HF 1377; γάμων Pl. Lg. 721a; γυναικῶν Id. R. 461e; ἡ ἡδονῆς τε καὶ λύπης κ. συνδεῖ ib. 462b; τῶν πόνων Id. Ti. 87e; βοηθείας καὶ φιλίας D. 9.28; βίου, of marriage, BGU 1051.9 (Aug.); ἡ κ. τοῦ ἁγίου πνεύματος 2 Corinthians 13:14 (later, of Holy Communion, Just. Nov. 7.11); κ. τῶν ἱερῶν Supp.Epigr. 4.247 (Panamara); τίς θαλάσσης βουκόλοις κ.; what have herdsmen to do with the sea? E. IT 254; τίς δαὶ κατόπτρου καὶ ξίφους κ.; Ar. Th. 140; λύπη μανίας κοινωνίαν ἔχει τινά Alex. 296; opp. ἀκοινωνησία, Dam. Pr. 423. II sexual intercourse, E. Ba. 1276; γυναικὸς λαμβάνειν κοινωνίαν Amphis 20.3.

III

1. charitable contribution, alms, Romans 15:26, Hebrews 13:16, Jahresh. 4 Beibl. 37.

2. charitable disposition, opp. πλεονεξία, Corp.Herm. 13.9. Pythag. name for 2, Theol.Ar. 8.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 κοινωνία, κοινωνίας, (κοινωνός), fellowship, association, community, communion, joint participation, contact; in the N. T. as in classical Greek

1. the share which one has in anything, participation; with the genitive of the thing in which he shares: πνεύματος, Philippians 2:1; τοῦ ἁγίου πνεύματος, 2 Corinthians 13:13 (14); τῶν παθημάτων τοῦ Χριστοῦ, Philippians 3:10; τῆς πίστεως, Philemon 1:6 (cf. Lightfoot); τοῦ ἱματος τοῦ Χριστοῦ, i. e. in the benefits of Christ's death, 1 Corinthians 10:16 (cf. Meyer at the passage); τοῦ σώματος τοῦ Χριστοῦ in the (mystical) body of Christ or the church, ibid.; τῆς διακονίας, 2 Corinthians 8:4; τοῦ μυστηρίου, Ephesians 3:9 Rec. εἰς κοινωνίαν τοῦ υἱοῦ τοῦ Θεοῦ, to obtain fellowship in the dignity and blessings of the Son of God, 1 Corinthians 1:9, where cf. Meyer.

2. contact, fellowship, intimacy: δεξιά κοινωνίας, the right hand as the sign and pledge of fellowship (in fulfilling the apostolic office), Galatians 2:9 (where see Lightfoot); τίς κοινωνία φωτί πρός σκότος; what in common has light with darkness? 2 Corinthians 6:14 (τίς οὖν κοινωνία πρός Ἀπολλωνα τῷ μηδέν οἰκεῖον ἐπιτετηδευκοτι, Philo, leg. ad Gaium § 14at the end; εἰ δέ τίς ἐστι κοινωνία πρός Θεούς ἡμῖν, Stobaeus, serm. 28 (i. p. 87, Gaisf. edition)); used of the intimate bond of fellowship which unites Christians: absolutely, Acts 2:42; with εἰς τό εὐαγγέλιον added, Philippians 1:5; κοινωνίαν ἔχειν μεθ' ἡμῶν, μετ' ἀλλήλων, 1 John 1:3,7; of the fellowship of Christians with God and Christ, μετά τοῦ πατρός καί μετά τοῦ υἱοῦ αὐτοῦ, 1 John 1:3,6, (which fellowship, according to John's teaching, consists in the fact that Christians are partakers in common of the same mind as God and Christ, and of the blessings arising therefrom). By a use unknown to secular authors κοινωνία in the N. T. denotes:

3. a benefaction jointly contributed, a collection, a contribution, as exhibiting an embodiment and proof of fellowship (cf. Grimm, Exeget. Hdbch. on Wisd. 8:18, p. 176): 2 Corinthians 8:4; εἰς τινα, for the benefit of one, 2 Corinthians 9:13; ποιεῖσθαι κοινωνία (to make a contribution) εἰς τινα, Romans 15:26; joined with εὐποιΐα, Hebrews 13:16. (Cf. Buttmann, § 132,8.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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List of Word Forms
κοινωνια κοινωνία κοινωνίᾳ κοινωνιαν κοινωνίαν κοινωνιας κοινωνίας koinonia koinonía koinōnia koinōnía koinoníāi koinōníāi koinonian koinonían koinōnian koinōnían koinonias koinonías koinōnias koinōnías
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