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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #315 - ἀναγκάζω

Word Origin:
from (318)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to necessitate, compel, drive to, constrain
    1. by force, threats, etc.
    2. by permission, entreaties, etc.
    3. by other means
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7860 ‑ שָׁטַר (sho‑tare');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. -άσω E. Andr. 337, Th. 5.35 (later 2 pl. -ᾶτε Arch.Pap. 6.286): pf. ἠνάγκακα Pl. Hipparch. 232b: plpf. -ειν D. 33.28: (ἀνάγκη):

1. force, compel, mostly c. acc. pers. et inf., ἀ. τινὰ κτείνειν, πόλισμα, συνθήκας ποιεῖσθαι, etc., Hdt. 1.11, 98, 6.42; δρᾶν, λέγειν, etc., S. El. 256, OC 979, etc.: so in Pass., ἠναγκάζοντο ἀμύνεσθαι Hdt. 5.101: without inf., κἄμ' ἀναγκάζεις τάδε (sc. δρᾶν) S. Ph. 1368, cf. OT 280; ἀναγκάζεσθαί τι to be forced [to do] a thing, Pl. Phdr. 242a, 254b, cf. X. Mem. 4.5.4; ἀ. τινὰ ἐς τὸ πολεμεῖν Th. 1.23; ἐς τὸ ἔργον Id. 2.75.

2. c. acc. pers. only, constrain a person, τὸ συνδρῶν σ' ἀναγκάσει χρέος E. Andr. 337; esp. by argument, opp. ῥητορικῶς ἐλέγχειν, Pl. Grg. 472b; δεινοῖς ἠναγκάσθην I was constrained, tortured, S. El. 221, cf. X. Hier. 9.2; ἠναγκασμένος, ἀναγκασθείς under compulsion, Th. 6.22, 8.99; ὑπὸ δεσμῶν ἀναγκασθείς And. 1.2; φανεροὶ ἦσαν ἀναγκασθησόμενοι D. 18.19.

3. c. acc. rei only, carry through by force, πόλις ἀναγκάζει τάδε E. IT 595, cf. X. Mem. 4.5.5, Arist. Rh. 1392a27; ἠναγκασμένα λάχανα forced vegetables, Philostr. VA 1.21.

4. c. acc. rei et inf., contend that a thing is necessarily so and so, μὴ ἀνάγκαζε ὃ μὴ καλόν ἐστιν αἰσχρὸν εἶναι Pl. Smp. 202b, cf. Cra. 432c, Tht. 196b: foll. by Conj., οἱ λόγοι ἀναγκάσειαν ἂν ὅτι ἀθάνατον ψυχή R. 611b.

5. abs., apply compulsion, Arist. Pol. 1304b9 (ἀναγκάζω is a gloss in Pl. Tht. 153c.).

6. in surgery, use force to reduce dislocations, etc., Hp. Art. 3, 5, al.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἀναγκάζω; (imperfect ἠνάγκαζον); 1aorist ἠνάγκασα; 1aorist passive ἠναγκάσθην; (from ἀνάγκη); (fr. Sophocles down); to necessitate, compel, drive to, constrain, whether by force, threats, etc., or by persuasion, entreaties, etc., or by other means: τινα, 2 Corinthians 12:11 (by your behavior toward me); τινα followed by an infinitive, Acts 26:11; Acts 28:19; Galatians 2:3,14 (by your example); Galatians 6:12>; Matthew 14:22; Mark 6:45; Luke 14:23.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (9)NAS (9)HCS (9)
2 Corinthians1
2 Corinthians1
2 Corinthians1
List of Word Forms
αναγκαζεις αναγκάζεις ἀναγκάζεις αναγκάζοντα αναγκαζουσιν αναγκάζουσιν ἀναγκάζουσιν αναγκασον ανάγκασον ἀνάγκασον ηναγκαζον ηνάγκαζον ἠνάγκαζον ηναγκασατε ἠναγκάσατε ηνάγκασε ηναγκασεν ηνάγκασεν ἠνάγκασεν ηναγκασθη ηναγκάσθη ἠναγκάσθη ηναγκασθην ηναγκάσθην ἠναγκάσθην anankason anánkason anankazeis anankázeis anankazousin anankázousin enankasate enankásate ēnankasate ēnankásate enankasen enánkasen ēnankasen ēnánkasen enankasthe enankásthe ēnankasthē ēnankásthē enankasthen enankásthen ēnankasthēn ēnankásthēn enankazon enánkazon ēnankazon ēnánkazon
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