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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #316 - ἀναγκαῖος

Word Origin:
from (318)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. necessary
    1. what one can not do without, indispensable
    2. connected by bonds of nature or friendship
    3. what ought according to the law of duty be done, what is required by the circumstances
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀναγκ-αῖος, α, ον,

in Att. also ος, ον Th. 1.2, Pl. R. 554a, etc.: of, with, or by force:

I Act.,

1. constraining, applying force, μῦθος ἀ. a word of force, Od. 17.399; χρειὼ ἀ. urgent necessity, Il. 8.57; ἦμαρ ἀ. day of constraint, i.e. life of slavery, 16.836; ἀ. τύχη a doom imposed by fate, or fateful chance, S. Aj. 485, cf. 803 (but, fatal chance, Id. El. 48); πᾶν γὰρ ἀ. χρῆμ' ἀνιηρὸν ἔφυ Thgn. 472, cf. 297, E. Or. 230; τῆς ἀρχῆς τῷ ἀ. παροξυνομένους by the compulsory nature of our rule, Th. 5.99; δεσμὸς ἀ. Theoc. 24.33; ἐξ ἀναγκαίου under stress of circumstances, Th. 7.60.

2. forcible, cogent, πειθώ Pl. Sph. 265d; ἀποδείξεις Ti. 40e; διαλλακτὰς πολὺ τῶν ἐμῶν λόγων ἀναγκαιοτέρους Th. 4.60; τὰ-ότερα τῶν ἀντιγράφων the more authoritative copies, Sch. S. OC 390.

II Pass.,

1. constrained, forced, twice in Od., πολεμισταὶ ἀ. soldiers perforce, Od. 24.499; so δμῶες ἀ. ib. 210 (where however Eust. expl. it χρειώδεις trusty, serviceable, v. infr. 6).

2. necessary (physically or morally), οὐκ ἀ. unnecessary (on its diff. senses in philosophy v. Arist. Metaph. 1015a20 ff.), . [ἐστί ] it is necessary to.., S. Ph. 1317, etc.; γίνεταί μοι ἀναγκαιότ ατον, c. inf., Hdt. 3.65; ἀ. κακόν a necessary evil, Men. 651, cf. Hybreasap. Str. 14.2.24: also c. inf., ἔνιαι τῶν ἀποκρίσεων ἀναγκαῖαι διὰ μακρῶν τοὺς λόγους ποιεῖσθαι Pl. Grg. 449b; ὁδὸν ἀναγκαιοτάτην εἶναι τρέπεσθαι Sph. 242b; [ μαθήματα] ἀναγκαῖα προμεμαθηκέναι necessary for us to have learnt them before, Lg. 643c.

3. τὰ ἀ. necessaries of life, Antipho 4.1.2, Pl. Lg. 848a; τὰ ἀ. τοῦ βίου Isoc. 4.40; ἀ. τροφή Th. 1.2. τὰ ἀ. things necessary to be done, X. Mem. 1.1.6; τὰ ἐκ θεοῦ ἀ. the appointed order of things, HG 1.7.33; θεῶν ἀναγκαῖον τόδε E. Hec. 584 codd.: τὸ ἀ., = cross ἀνάγκη, Arist. Ph. 200a31.

4. indispensable, i. e. a bare minimum, freq. in Sup., τὸ ἀναγκαιότατον ὕψος the least height that was absolutely necessary, Th. 1.90; ἡ ἀναγκαιοτάτη πόλις the least that could be called a city, Pl. R. 369d; ἐκ τεττάρων ἀναγκαιοτάτων συγκεῖσθαι πόλιν Arist. Pol. 1291a12; αὐτὰ τἀναγκαιότατ' εἰπεῖν give a bare outline of the facts, D. 18.126, cf. 168; ἡ ἀ. συγγένεια the most distant degree of kinship recognized by law, 44.26: less freq. in Posit., οὐδὲ τἀναγκαῖα ἐξικέσθαι Th. 1.70: hence, scanty, makeshift, παρασκευή 6.37.

5. of persons, connected by necessary or natural ties, i. e. related by blood, Antipho 1.4, Pl. R. 574b; ἀ. δόμοις E. Alc. 533; οἱ ἀ. kinsfolk, X. An. 2.4.1; ἀ. φίλοι E. Andr. 671; συγγενεῖς καὶ ἀ. ἄνθρωποι D. 19.290; τοὺς συγγενεῖς αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀ. φίλους Acts 10:24, cf. PFlor. 2.142.2 (iii A. D.).

6. Astrol., efficacious, Vett.Val. 63.1 (Comp.): ἀ. γραμμή line of fate, Cat.Cod.Astr. 7.238.

7. costly, ὄξος POxy. 1870 (v A. D.); ἐσθής Suid. s.v. cross βεστιάριον.

III Adv. -

1. ως of necessity, perforce, ἀ. ἔχει it must be so, Hdt. 1.89, A. Ch. 239, S. Tr. 723, Pl. Phd. 91e, etc.; ἀ. ἔχει μοι ποιέειν ταῦτα Hdt. 8.140. ά, al.; ἀ. φέρειν, opp. ἀνδρείως, Th. 2.64; as best might be, Pl. Ti. 69d.

2. γελοίως καὶ ἀ. λέγειν in a narrow sense (cf. 11.4, but prob. with play on 111.1), Id. R. 527a; πτωχῶς μέν, ἀλλ' ἀ. Babr. 55.2: Sup. ἀναγκαιότατα, λέγεις Pl. Phlb. 40c.

3. strictly, κελεύειν OGI 669.41 (i A. D.). οἱ ἀ. τόποι privy parts, Vett.Val. 113.9. ἀναγκαῖον, τό, v. sub v.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἀναγκαῖος, , (ἀνάγκη) (from Homer down (in various senses)), necessary;

a. what one cannot do without, indispensable: 1 Corinthians 12:22 (τά μέλη); Titus 3:14b. connected by the bonds of nature or of friendship: Acts 10:24 (ἀναγκαῖοι ( A. V. near) φίλοι).

c. what ought according to the law of duty to be done, what is required by the condition of things: Philippians 1:24. ἀναγκαῖον ἐστι followed by accusative with the infinitive, Acts 13:46; Hebrews 8:3. ἀναγκαῖον ἡγεῖσθαι to deem necessary, followed by an infinitive, Philippians 2:25; 2 Corinthians 9:5.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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List of Word Forms
αναγκαια αναγκαίά ἀναγκαῖά αναγκαιας αναγκαίας ἀναγκαίας αναγκαιον αναγκαίον ἀναγκαῖον αναγκαιοτερον αναγκαιότερον ἀναγκαιότερον αναγκαιους αναγκαίους ἀναγκαίους anankaia anankaîá anankaias anankaías anankaion anankaîon anankaioteron anankaióteron anankaious anankaíous
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