Old & New Testament Greek
a primary preposition (often used adverbially)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
‑ אָחַר (aw‑khar')
‑ עִם (eem)
‑ עֵת (ayth)
[ ᾰ, but ᾱ in S. Ph. 184 (s. v. l., lyr.)], poet. μεταί, dub., only in μεταιβολία; Aeol., Dor., Arc. πεδά (q.v.): Pr with gen., dat., and acc. (Cf. Goth. mip, OHG. miti, mit 'with'.)
WITH GEN. (in which use μ. gradually superseded σύν, q.v.),
I in the midst of, among, between, with pl. Nouns, μετ' ἄλλων λέξο ἑταίρων Od. 10.320; μ. δμώων πῖνε καὶ ἦσθε 16.140; τῶν μέτα παλλόμενος Il. 24.400; πολλῶν μ. δούλων A. Ag. 1037; μ. ζώντων εἶναι S. Ph. 1312; ὅτων οἰκεῖς μέτα Id. OT 414; μ. τῶν θεῶν διάγουσα Pl. Phd. 81a (but κεῖσθαι μ. τινός with one, S. Ant. 73): sts. the pl. is implied, μετ' οὐδενὸς ἀνδρῶν ναίειν, i.e. among no men, Id. Ph. 1103 (lyr.), etc.
II in common, along with, by aid of (implying a closer union than σύν), μ. Βοιωτῶν ἐμάχοντο Il. 13.700, cf. 21.458; συνδιεπολέμησαν τὸν πόλεμον μ. Ἀθηναίων IG 12.108.7; μ. ξυμμάχων ξυγκινδυνεύσειν Th. 8.24, cf. 6.79, etc.; μ. τῆς βουλῆς in co-operation with the council, IG 12.91.10: in this sense freq. (not in ll., Od., Pi., rare in early Gr.) with sg., μετ' Ἀθηναίης with, i.e. by aid of, Athena, h.Hom. 20.2; μ. εἷο Hes. Th. 392; μ. τινὸς πάσχειν, δρᾶν τι, A. Pr. 1067 (anap.), S. Ant. 70; μ. τινὸς εἶναι to be on one's side, Th. 3.56; μ. τοῦ ἠδικημένου ἔσεσθαι X. Cyr. 2.4.7; μ. τοῦ νόμου καὶ τοῦ δικαίου Pl. Ap. 32b: generally, with, together with, with Subst. in sg. first in Hdt. (in whom it is rare exc. in the phrase οἱ μ. τινός, v. infr.), as κοιμᾶσθαι μ. τινός 3.68, Timocl. 22.2; εὕδειν μ. τινός Hdt. 3.84; οἱ μ. τινός his companions, Id. 1.86, al., Pl. Prt. 315b: freq. with Prons., μετ' αὐτοῦ S. Ant. 73; μετ' ἐμοῦ Ar. Ach. 661 (anap.), etc.: less freq. of things, στέγη πυρὸς μ. S. Ph. 298; μ. κιθάρας E. IA 1037 (lyr.); μ. τυροῦ Ar. Eq. 771, etc.; τὴν δίαιταν μεθ' ὅπλων ἐποιήσαντο Th. 1.6, cf. E. Or. 573; ὄχλος μ. μαχαιρῶν καὶ ξύλων Matthew 26:47 : indicating community of action and serving to join two subjects, Κλεομένης μετὰ Ἀθηναίων C. and the Athenians, Th. 1.126: with pl. Verb, Δημοσθένης μ. τῶν ξυστρατήγων σπένδονται Id. 3.109, etc.; of things, in conjunction with, ἰσχύν τε καὶ κάλλος μετὰ ὑγιείας Pl. R. 591b; γῆρας μ. πενίας ib. 330a.
III later, in one's dealings with, ὅσα ἐποίησεν ὁ θεὸς μετ' αὐτῶν Acts 14:27; ὁ ποιήσας τὸ ἔλεος μετ' αὐτοῦ Luke 10:36; τί ἡμῖν συνέβη μ. τῶν ἀρχόντων PAmh. 2.135.15 (ii A.D.): even of hostile action, σὺ ποιεῖς μετ' ἐμοῦ πονηρίαν LXX Jd. 11.27, cf. 15.3; πολεμῆσαι μ. τινός Revelation 12:7, cf. Apollod. Poliorc. 190.4 codd. (but μ. may be a gloss), Wilcken Chr. 23.10 (v A.D.), OGI 201.3 (Nubia, vi A. D.):
1. to denote the union of persons with qualities or circumstances, and so to denote manner, τὸ ἄπραγμον.. μὴ μ. τοῦ δραστηρίου τεταγμένον Th. 2.63, etc.; ἱκετεῦσαι μ. δακρύων Pl. Ap. 34c; οἴκτου μέτα S. OC 1636; μετ' ἀσφαλείας μὲν δοξάζομεν, μετὰ δέους δὲ.. ἐλλείπομεν Th. 1.120, cf. IG 22.791.12; μ. ῥυθμοῦ βαίνοντες Th. 5.70; ὅσα μετ' ἐλπίδων λυμαίνεται ib. 103, etc.; ψυχὴν ὁσίως βεβιωκυῖαν καὶ μετ' ἀληθείας Pl. Grg. 526c, cf. Phdr. 249a, 253d; also, by means of, μετ' ἀρετῆς πρωτεύειν X. Mem. 3.5.8; γράφε μ. μέλανος PMag.Lond. 121.226.
2. serving to join two predicates, γενόμενος μ. τοῦ δυνατοῦ καὶ ξυνετός, i.e. δυνατός τε καὶ ξυνετός, Th. 2.15; ὅταν πλησιάζῃ μ. τοῦ ἅπτεσθαι Pl. Phdr. 255b. rarely of Time, μ. τοῦ γυμνάζεσθαι ἠλείψαντο, for ἅμα, Th. 1.6; μετ' ἀνοκωχῆς during.., Id. 5.25.
WITH DAT., only poet., mostly :
I between, among others, but without the close union which belongs to the genitive, and so nearly = ἐν, which is sts. exchanged with it, μ. πρώτοισι.. ἐν πυμάτοισι Il. 11.64:
1 of persons, among, in company with, μετ' ἀθανάτοισι Il. 1.525; μετ' ἀνθρώποις B. 5.30; μ. κόραισι Νηρῆος Pi. O. 2.29; μ. τριτάτοισιν ἄνασσεν in the third generation (not μ. τριτάτων belonging to it), Il. 1.252; of haranguing an assembly, μετ' Ἀργείοις ἀγορεύεις 10.250, etc.; between, of two parties, φιλότητα μετ' ἀμφοτέροισι βάλωμεν 4.16.
2. of things, μ. νηυσίν, ἀστράσι, κύμασιν, 13.668, 22.28, Od. 3.91; δεινὸν δ' ἐστὶ θανεῖν μ. κύμασιν Hes. Op. 687; χαῖται δ' ἐρρώοντο μ. πνοιῇς ἀνέμοιο Il. 23.367; αἰετὼ.. ἐπέτοντο μ. π. ἀ. Od. 2.148.
3. of separate parts of persons, between, μ. χερσὶν ἔχειν to hold between, i.e. in, the hands, Il. 11.4, 184, S. Ph. 1110 (lyr.), etc.; τὸν μ. χ. ἐρύσατο Il. 5.344; ὅς κεν.. πέσῃ μ. ποσσὶ γυναικός, of a child being born, 'to fall between her feet', 19.110; so μ. γένυσσιν, γαμφηλῇσιν, 11.416, 13.200; μ. φρεσί 4.245, etc. II to complete a number, besides, over and above, αὐτὰρ ἐγὼ πέμπτος μ. τοῖσιν ἐλέγμην I reckoned myself to be with them a fifth, Od. 9.335, cf. Il. 3.188; Οὖτιν.. πύματον ἔδομαι μ. οἷς ἑτάροισι last to complete the number, i.e. after, Od. 9.369, cf. A. Pers. 613, Theoc. 1.39, 17.84.
III c. dat. sg., only of collect. Nouns (or the equivalent of such, μεθ' αἵματι καὶ κονίῃσιν Il. 15.118), μ. στροφάλιγγι κονίης 21.503; στρατῷ 22.49; μ. πρώτῃ ἀγορῇ 19.50, etc.; μετ' ἀνδρῶν.. ἀριθμῷ Od. 11.449; μετ' ἄλλῳ λαῷ A. Ch. 365 (lyr.).
WITH ACCU S.,
I of motion,
1. into the middle of, coming into or among, esp. where a number of persons is implied, ἵκοντο μ. Τρῶας καὶ Ἀχαιούς Il. 3.264; μ. φῦλα θεῶν 15.54, cf. Od. 3.366, al.; μ. μῶλον Ἄρηος Il. 16.245; μ. λαὸν Ἀχαιών 5.573, al.; μ. στρατόν, μεθ' ὅμιλον, μεθ' ὁμήγυριν, 5.589, 14.21, 20.142: so of birds, ὥς τ' αἰγυπιὸς μ. χῆνας (though this may be referred to signf. 2), 17.460; of things, εἴ τινα φεύγοντα σαώσειαν μ. νῆας 12.123; με μ... ἔριδας καὶ νείκεα βάλλει plunges me into them, 2.376; of place, μ. τ' ἤθεα καὶ νομὸν ἵππων 6.511; δράγματα μετ' ὄγμον πῖπτον into the midst of the furrow, 18.552.
2. in pursuit or quest of, of persons, sts. in friendlysense, βῆ ῥ' ἰέναι μ. Νέστορα went to seek Nestor, Il. 10.73, cf. 15.221: sts. in hostile sense, βῆναι μ. τινά to go after, pursue him, 5.152, 6.21, al.; also of things, πλεῖν μ. χαλκόν to sail in quest of it, Od. 1.184; ἵκηαι μ. πατρὸς ἀκουήν in search of news of thy father, 2.308, cf. 13.415; οἴχονται μ. δεῖπνον Il. 19.346; πόλεμον μέτα θωρήσσοντο they armed for the battle, 20.329; ὡπλίζοντο μεθ' ὕλην prepared to seek after wood, 7.418, cf. 420; μ. δούρατος ᾤχετ' ἐρωήν 11.357; μ. γὰρ δόρυ ᾔει οἰσόμενος 13.247.
II of sequence or succession,
1. of Place, after, behind, λαοὶ ἕπονθ', ὡς εἴ τε μ. κτίλον ἕσπετο μῆλα like sheep after the bell-wether, Il. 13.492, cf. Od. 6.260, 21.190, h.Ven. 69; ἔσχατοι μ. Κύνητας οἰκέουσι Hdt. 4.49; μ. τὴν θάλασσαν beyond, on the far side of the sea, Theo Sm. p.122 H.
2. of Time, after, next to, μ. δαῖτας Od. 22.352; μεθ' Ἕκτορα πότμος ἑτοῖμος after Hector thy death is at the door, Il. 18.96; μ. Πάτροκλόν γε θανόντα 24.575, cf. Hdt. 1.34; μετ' εὐχάν A. Ag. 231 (lyr.), etc.; μ. ταῦτα thereupon, there-after, h.Merc. 126, etc.; τὸ μ. ταῦτα Pl. Phlb. 34c; τὸ μ. τοῦτο Id. Criti. 120a; μετ' ὀλίγον ὕστερον shortly after, Id. Lg. 646c; μ. μικρόν Luc. Demon. 8; μ. ἡμέρας τρεῖς μ. τὴν ἄφεδρον Dsc. 2.19; μ. ἔτη δύο J. BJ 1.13.1; μ. τρίτον ἔτος Thphr. HP 4.2.8; μ. χρυσόθρονον ἠῶ after daybreak, h.Merc. 326: but μετ' ἡμέρην by day, opp. νυκτός, Hdt. 2.150, cf. Pl. Phdr. 251e, etc.; μεθ' ἡμέραν, opp. νύκτωρ, E. Ba. 485; μ. νύκτας Pi. N. 6.6; μ. τὸν ἑξέτη καὶ τὴν ἑξέτιν after the boy or girl has attained the age of six years, Pl. Lg. 794c.
3. in order of Worth, Rank, etc., next after, following Sup., κάλλιστος ἀνὴρ.. τῶν ἄλλων Δαναῶν μετ' ἀμύμονα Πηλεΐωνα Il. 2.674, cf. 7.228, 12.104, Od. 2.350, Hdt. 4.53, X. Cyr. 7.2.11, etc.; κοῦροι οἳ.. ἀριστεύουσι μεθ' ἡμέας Od. 4.652, cf. Isoc. 9.18: where Sup. is implied, ὃς πᾶσι μετέπρεπε.. μ. Πηλεΐωνος ἑταῖρον Il. 16.195, cf. 17.280, 351; μ. μάκαρας next to the gods, A. Th. 1080 (anap.); also μάχεσθαι μ. πολλοὺς τῶν Ἑλλήνων to be inferior in fighting to many.., Philostr. Her. 6.
I after, according to, μ. σὸν καὶ ἐμὸν κῆρ as you and I wish, Il. 15.52; μετ' ἀνέρος ἴχνι' ἐρευνῶν 18.321; μετ' ἴχνια βαῖνε Od. 2.406. generally, among, between, as with dat. (B.I), μ. πάντας ὁμήλικας ἄριστος best among all, Il. 9.54, cf. Od. 16.419; μ. πληθύν Il. 2.143; μ. τοὺς τετελευτηκότας including those who have died, PLond. 2.260.87 (i A.D.); μ. χεῖρας ἔχειν Hdt. 7.16. β', Th. 1.138, POxy. 901.9 (iv A.D.), cf. X. Ages. 2.14, etc. μετά with all cases can be put after its Subst., and is then by anastrophe μέτα, Il. 13.301, but not when the ult. is elided, 17.258, Od. 15.147. abs. as ADV., among them, with them, Il. 2.446, 477, etc.; with him, οὐκ οἶον, μ. καὶ Γανυμήδεα A.R. 3.115.
II and then, next afterwards, opp. πρόσθε, Il. 23.133.
III thereafter, 15.67, Hdt. 1.88, 128, 150, A. Ag. 759 (lyr.), etc.; μ. γάρ τε καὶ ἄλγεσι τέρπεται ἀνήρ one feels pleasure even in troubles, when past, Od. 15.400; μ. δέ, for ἔπειτα δέ, Hdt. 1.19, Luc. DMort. 9.2, etc. μέτα, -μέτεστι, Od. 21.93, Parm. 9.4, Hdt. 1.88, 171, S. Ant. 48,etc.
IN COMPO S.:
1. of community or participation, as in μεταδίδωμι, μετέχω, usu. c. gen. rei.
2. of action in common with another, as in μεταδαίνυμαι, μεταμέλπομαι, etc., c. dat. pers.
II in the midst of, of space or time, as in μεταδήμιος, μεταδόρπιος 1; between, as in μεταίχμιον, μεταπύργιον.
III of succession of time, as in μεταδόρπιος 2, μετακλαίω, μεταυτίκα. of pursuit, as in μεταδιώκω, μετέρχομαι. of letting go, as in μεθίημι, μεθήμων. after, behind, as in μετάφρενον, opp. πρόσθε. reversely, as in μετατρέπω, μεταστρέφω. most freq. of change of place, condition, plan, etc., as in μεταβαίνω, μεταβάλλω, μεταβουλεύω, μεταγιγνώσκω, etc.
Thayer's Expanded Definition
(on its neglect of elision before proper names beginning with a vowel, and before sundry other words (at least in Tdf.
s text) see Tdf.
Proleg., p. 95; cf. WH
. Introduction, p. 146b; Winer
s Grammar, § 5,1a.; Buttmann
, p. 10), a preposition, akin to (as German mit
to Mitte, mitten) and hence, properly, in the midst of, amid,
denoting association, union, accompaniment; (but some recent etymologists doubt its kinship to ; some connect it rather with , German sammt
, cf. Curtius
, § 212; Vanicek
, p. 972). It takes the genitive and accusative (in the Greek poets also the dative). (On the distinction between and , see , at the beginning)
I. with the genitive; (the Sept. for אֵת, עִם, אַחַר, etc.), among, with (cf. Winer's Grammar, 376f (352 f));
1. amid, among;
a. properly: , among the dead, Luke 24:5 ( , Euripides, Hec. 209; , Genesis 49:29, the Sept.; , to be among the living, Sophocles Philippians 1312); , to be reckoned, numbered, among transgressor's, Mark 15:28 ( G T WH omit; Tr brackets the verse) and Luke 22:37, from Isaiah 53:12 (where the Sept. ); , Mark 1:13; , John 6:43; , Revelation 21:3; add, Matthew 24:51; Matthew 26:58; Mark 14:54; Luke 12:46; John 18:5,1 S; Acts 1:26, etc.
b. tropically: , amid persecutions, Mark 10:30 ( , amid perils, Thucydides 1,18); , love among us, mutual love, 1 John 4:17 (others understand here of the sphere or abode, and connect it with the verb; cf. DeWette, or Huther, or Westcott, in the place cited). Hence, used,
2. of association and companionship, with (Latin cum; German mit, often also bei);
a. after verbs of going, coming, departing, remaining, etc., with the genitive of the associate or companion: Matthew 20:20; Matthew 26:36; Mark 1:29; Mark 3:7; Mark 11:11; Mark 14:1; Luke 6:17; Luke 14:31; John 3:22; John 11:54; Galatians 2:1; Jesus the Messiah it is said will come hereafter , Matthew 16:27; Mark 8:38; 1 Thessalonians 3:13; 2 Timothy 1:7; on the other band, with the genitive of the person to whom one joins himself as a companion: Matthew 5:41; Mark 5:24.; Luke 2:51; Revelation 22:12; , Matthew 25:31; , contextually equivalent to with one as leader, Matthew 25:10; Matthew 26:47; Mark 14:43; Acts 7:45. , to associate with one as his follower and adherent, John 6:66; , to come into fellowship and contact with, become associated with, one: Mark 16:10; Acts 7:38; Acts 9:19; Acts 20:18. , to take with or to oneself as an attendant or companion: Matthew 12:45; Matthew 18:16; Mark 14:33; , 2 Timothy 4:11; , to have with oneself: , Matthew 15:30; Matthew 26:11; Mark 2:19; Mark 14:7; John 12:8; , Mark 8:14; , Matthew 25:3; , see , 1,2 (cf. Winer s Grammar, 233 f (219)).
b. is used in various senses, . properly, of those who associate with one and accompany him wherever he goes: in which sense the disciples of Jesus are said to be (or to have been) with him, Mark 3:14; Matthew 26:69,71; Luke 22:59, cf. Mark 5:18; with added, John 15:27; of those who at a particular time associate with one or accompany him anywhere, Matthew 5:25; John 3:26; John 9:40; John 12:17; John 20:24,26; 2 Timothy 4:11; sometimes the participle , , etc., must be added mentally: Matthew 26:51; Mark 9:8; John 18:26; () , his attendants or companions, Matthew 12:4; Mark 2:25; Luke 6:3; Acts 20:34; namely, , Titus 3:15. Jesus says that he is or has been with his disciples, John 13:33; John 14:9; and that, to advise and help them, John 16:4; Matthew 17:17 ( Mark 9:19 and Luke 9:41 ), even as one whom they could be said to have with them, Matthew 9:15; Luke 5:34; just as he in turn desires that his disciples may hereafter be with himself, John 17:24. ships also are said to be with one who is travelling by vessel, i. e. to attend him, Mark 4:36. . tropically, the phrase ( to be with, see b.) is used of God, if he is present to guide and help one: John 3:2; John 8:29; John 16:32; Acts 7:9; Acts 10:38; 2 Corinthians 13:11; Philippians 4:9; with omitted, Matthew 1:23; Luke 1:28; Romans 15:33; here belongs namely, , by being present with them by his divine assistance (cf. Winer s Grammar, 376 (353); Green, p. 218), Acts 14:27; Acts 15:4 (cf.
b. below); and conversely, namely, , i. e. being in thy presence (yet cf. Winer's Grammar, 376 (352) note), Acts 2:28 from Psalm 15:11<10> (Psalm 16:11>); is used as a substitute for God himself (by a Hebraism (see , under the end)) in Luke 1:66; Acts 11:21; of Christ, who is to be present with his followers by his divine power and aid: Matthew 28:20; Acts 18:10 ( is used of the Holy Spirit as a perpetual helper, John 14:16 R G); at the close of the Epistles, the writers pray that there may be with the readers (i. e., always present to help them) — , 2 Corinthians 13:11; — , 2 Thessalonians 3:16; 2 Timothy 4:22; — (where must be supplied (cf. Winer s Grammar, § 64,2b.; Buttmann, § 129,22)), Romans 16:20,24 (B G); 1 Corinthians 16:23; 2 Corinthians 13:13 (14); Galatians 6:18; Philippians 4:23; 1 Thessalonians 5:28; 2 Thessalonians 3:18; Philemon 1:25; Revelation 22:21; — simply, Ephesians 6:24; Colossians 4:18; 1 Timothy 6:21(22); Titus 3:15; Hebrews 13:25; 2 John 1:3; — , 1 Corinthians 16:24; the same phrase is used also of truth, compared to a guide, 2 John 1:2. . opposed to , to be with one i. e. on one's side: Matthew 12:30; Luke 11:23, (and often in classical Greek); similarly , to side with one steadfastly, 1 John 2:19.
c. with the genitive of the person who is another's associate either in acting or in his experiences; so after verbs of eating, drinking, supping, etc.: Matthew 8:11; Matthew 9:11; Matthew 24:49; Matthew 26:18,23, 29; Mark 14:18,20; Luke 5:30; Luke 7:36; Luke 22:11,15; Luke 24:30; John 13:18; Galatians 2:12; Revelation 3:20, etc.; , Matthew 26:38,40; , , Romans 12:15; , Romans 15:10; , Hebrews 11:9; , Galatians 4:25; , Revelation 20:4,6; , Luke 2:36; , John 11:16; , Revelation 12:9; , Galatians 4:30; , Matthew 12:30; Luke 11:23, and other examples d. with a genitive of the person with whom one (of two) does anything mutually or by turns: so after , to make a reckoning, settle accounts, Matthew 18:23; Matthew 25:19; , Matthew 28:12; John 18:2; , Mark 3:6; (see , 5); , Matthew 17:3; Acts 25:12; , Revelation 2:22; , Revelation 14:4; , Revelation 17:2; Revelation 18:3,9; , Luke 12:13; after verbs of disputing, waging war, contending at law: , Revelation 2:16; Revelation 12:7 (where Rec. ); Revelation 13:4; 17:14> (so for פ עִם גִּלְחַם, 1 Samuel 17:33; 1 Kings 12:24, a usage foreign to the native Greeks, who say , also , , to wage war against one; but , to wage ware with one as an ally, in conjunction with, Thucydides 1,18; Xenophon, Hell. 7,1,27; (cf. Buttmann, § 133,8; Winer's Grammar, § 28,1; 214 (201); 406 (379) note)); , Revelation 11:7; Revelation 12:17; Revelation 13:7; Revelation 19:19 (so in Latin bellare cum etc. Cicero, Verr. 2,4, 33; bellum gerere, Cicero, de divinat. 1,46); , John 3:25; , John 16:19; , , 1 Corinthians 6:6f; after verbs and phrases which indicate mutual inclinations and pursuits, the entering into agreement or relations with, etc.; as , , Romans 12:18; 2 Timothy 2:22; Hebrews 12:14; , Luke 33:12>; , Matthew 20:2; , 2 Corinthians 6:15; , John 13:8; , 2 Corinthians 6:16; v, 1 John 1:3,6f; (see the word, 3), Matthew 19:10. 10>
e. of divers other associations of persons or things; — where the action or condition expressed by the verb refers to persons or things besides those specified by the dative or accusative (somewhat rare in Greek authors, as , Plato, rep. 9, p. 591b. (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 47, h.)): ( Rec. ) , Matthew 2:11; ... ... , 2 Thessalonians 1:6f; after , 1 Corinthians 16:11; after verbs of sending, Matthew 22:16; 2 Corinthians 8:18. , Ephesians 6:23; ... , 1 Timothy 2:15; , 1 Timothy 6:6; in this way the term which follows is associated as secondary with its predecessor as primary; but when stands between them they are coordinated. Colossians 1:11; 1 Timothy 1:14. of mingling one thing with another, (in classical authors (cf. Buttmann, § 133,8)): Luke 13:1; passive Matthew 27:34.
f. with the genitive of mental feelings desires and emotions, of bodily movements, and of other acts which are so to speak the attendants of what is done or occurs; so that in this way the characteristic of the action or occurrence is described — which in most cases can be expressed by a cognate adverb or participle (cf. Winer's Grammar, as above): , 1 Timothy 2:9; Hebrews 12:28 ( Rec.); , Luke 14:9; , 2 Thessalonians 3:12; , Matthew 13:20; Mark 4:16; Luke 8:13; Luke 10:17; Luke 24:52; Philippians 2:29; 1 Thessalonians 1:6; Hebrews 10:34; , Acts 17:11; , 2 Corinthians 7:15; Ephesians 6:5; Philippians 2:12; , Matthew 28:8 , 1 Peter 3:16 (15); , Acts 2:29; Acts 4:29,31; Acts 28:31; Hebrews 4:16; , Acts 24:3; Philippians 4:6; 1 Timothy 4:3 f; , Hebrews 10:22; ., Ephesians 4:2: Acts 20:19; , Mark 3:5; , Ephesians 6:7; , Acts 5:26; Acts 24:7 Rec.; , with tears, Mark 9:24 ( R G WH (rejected) marginal reading); Hebrews 5:7; Hebrews 12:17 ( Plato, Apology, p. 34c.); , Acts 15:33; Hebrews 11:31; , 1 Timothy 4:14 ( Winer's Grammar, as above); , Luke 17:15; , Acts 14:23; or , Matthew 14:7; Matthew 26:72; Hebrews 7:21; , Acts 24:18; , 2 Corinthians 8:4; , Luke 17:20; , Mark 6:25; Luke 1:39; , Acts 27:10; , Acts 25:23>; , Luke 9:39; to this head may be referred , posting the guard, Matthew 27:66 (so Winer s Grammar (at the passage cited), et al. (cf. Meyer at the passage); others 'in company with the guard'; cf. James Morison at the passage; Green, p. 218).
g. after verbs of coining, departing, sending, with the genitive of the thing with which one is furnished or equipped: , Matthew 24:30; Mark 13:26; Luke 21:27; , Acts 26:12; , Matthew 26:47,55; Mark 14:43,48; Luke 22:52; , John 18:3; , Matthew 24:31 (cf. Buttmann, § 132,10); where an instrumental dative might have been used (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 31,8d.), , Acts 13:17. h. in imitation of the Hebrew: , to show mercy toward one, and . ., to magnify, show great, mercy toward one; see , 1. To this head many refer , Acts 14:27; Acts 15:4, but see above, 2b. .
II. with the accusative ( Winer's Grammar, § 49, f.);
1. properly, into the middle of, into the midst of, among, after verbs of coming, bringing, moving; so especially in Homer
2. it denotes (following accompaniment), sequence, i. e. the order in which one tiring follows another;
a. in order of place; after, behind, (so from Homer down); once in the N. T. ( Winer's Grammar, as above): Hebrews 9:3 ( Judith 2:4).
b. in order of Time; after (the Sept. for אַחַר, אַחֲרֵי, מִקֵּץ, etc.): , after six days (had passed) Matthew 17:1; Mark 9:2; add, Matthew 26:2; Mark 14:1; Luke 1:24; Luke 2:46, etc., cf. Fritzsche, Commentary on Matthew , p. 22 f; , Luke 15:13; ... , Acts 15:36; Acts 24:24; , not long after these days ( A. V. not many days hence), Acts 1:5, cf. DeWette at the passage and Winer s Grammar, 161 (152); (Buttmann, § 127,4); , Acts 28:11; , Galatians 1:18, etc.; , Matthew 25:19; , Hebrews 4:7. added to the names of events or achievements, and of festivals: , Matthew 1:12; , Matthew 24:29; Mark 13:24; add, Matthew 27:53; Acts 10:37; Acts 20:29; 2 Peter 1:15; , Acts 13:15; , Titus 3:10; , Acts 12:4 cf. Acts 20:6; with the names of persons or things having the notion of time associated with them: , , etc., Acts 5:37; Acts 7:5; Acts 13:25; Acts 19:4; , Hebrews 7:28; , after the morsel was taken, John 13:27 (cf. Buttmann, § 147,26); followed by the neuter demonstrative pronoun (cf. Winer's Grammar, 540 (503)): . John 2:12; John 11:7,11; John 19:28; Hebrews 9:27; ( Revelation 7:1 L T Tr WH); (cf. Winer's Grammar, 162 (153)), Mark 16:12; Luke 5:27; Luke 10:1; Luke 12:4 ( Winer's Grammar, as above); Luke 17:8; 18:4>; Acts 7:7; Acts 13:20; Acts 15:16; Acts 18:1; John 3:22; John 5:1,14; John 6:1; John 7:1; John 13:7; John 19:38; John 21:1; Hebrews 4:8; 1 Peter 1:11; Revelation 1:19; Revelation 4:1; Revelation 7:1 ( Rec.), Revelation 7:9>; Revelation 9:12; 15:5; 18:1; 19:1; 20:3>, and very often in Greek writings it stands before the neuter of adjectives of quantity, measure, and time: , not long after ( R. V. after no long time), Acts 27:14; , shortly after ( A. V. after a little while), Matthew 26:73; Mark 14:70; , Luke 22:58; also before infinitives with the neuter article (Latin postquam with a finite verb (cf. Buttmann, § 140,11; Winer's Grammar, § 44,6)); — the aorist infinitive: Matthew 26:32; Mark 1:14; Mark 14:28; Mark 16:19; Luke 12:5; Luke 22:20 ( WH reject the passage); Acts 1:3; Acts 7:4; Acts 10:41; Acts 15:13; Acts 20:1; 1 Corinthians 11:25; Hebrews 10:26.
III. In Composition, denotes
1. association, fellowship, participation, with: as in , , , .
2. exchange, transfer, transmutation; (Latin trans, German um): , (Prof. Grimm probably means here ; see 3and in ), , , etc.
3. after: . Cf. Viger. edition Herm., p. 639.
Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament
(before vowel μετ᾿ ; on the neglect of elision in certain cases, v. WH, App., 146b), prep. c. gen., acc (in poët. also c. dat.),
[in LXX for H6256, H5973, H309 etc.].
I. C. gen.,
1. among, amid: Mark 1:13, Luke 22:37 (LXX, ἐν ) :Luke 24:5, John 18:5, al.; διωγμῶν , Mark 10:30.
2. Of association and companionship, with (in which sense it gradually superseded σύν , than which it is much more freq. in NT; cf. Bl., § 42, 3) : c. gen. pers., Matthew 8:11; Matthew 20:20, Mark 1:29; Mark 3:7, Luke 5:30, John 3:22, Galatians 2:1, al. mult.; εἶναι μετά , Matthew 5:25, Mark 3:14, al.; metaph., of divine help and guidance, John 3:2, Acts 7:9, Philippians 4:9, al.; opp. to εἶναι Κατά ., Matthew 12:30, Luke 11:23; in Hellenistic usage (but v. M, Pr., 106, 246 f.), πολεμεῖν μετά = cl. Papyri, c. dat., to wage war against (so LXX for H5973 H3898, 1 Samuel 17:33), Revelation 2:16, al.; c. gen. rei, χαρᾶς , Matthew 13:20, Mark 4:16, al.; ὀργῆς , Mark 3:5, al.
II. C. acc,
1. of place, behind, after: Hebrews 9:3.
2. Of time, after: Matthew 17:1, Mark 14:1, Luke 1:24, Acts 1:5, Galatians 1:18, al.; μετὰ τοῦτο , John 2:12, al.; ταῦτα , Mark 16:12, Luke 5:27, John 3:22, al.; c. inf. artic. (El., § 71, 5; 72, 3), Matthew 26:32, Mark 1:14, al.
III. In composition,
1. of association or community : μεταδίδωμι , μετέχω , etc.
2. Exchange or transference: μεταλλάσσω , μετοικίζω , etc.
3. after: μεταμέλομαι .
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT
μόδιος, a dry measure containing 16 sextarii, i.e, about a peck : cf. P Thead 32.25 (A.D. 307) κρίθης μοδίους τεσε (=τεσσ)εράκοντα ἐννέα μοδί (ους) μ ̄θ ̄, P Gen I. 62.17 (iv/A.D.) νίτρου μοδίους δεκάπεντε, and OGIS 533.30 (i/B.C.) σειτομετρίαν ἔδωκεν ἀνὰ πέντε μοδίους.
The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
|KJV (483)||NAS (129)||HCS (459)
|KJV (483)||NAS (129)||HCS (459)
List of Word Forms
Μεθ Μεθ' μετ μετ' μετ΄ ΜΕΤΑ μετά Μετὰ met met' META Metà Meth Meth'
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