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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #3367 - μηδείς

Transliteration:
mēdeís
Phonetics:
may-dice', may -dem-ee'-ah, may-den'  
Word Origin:
from (3361) and (1520)
Parts of Speech:
Adjective
TDNT:
None
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. nobody, no one, nothing
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μηδείς, μηδεμίᾰ, μηδέν (i.e. μηδὲ εἷς, μηδὲ μία, μηδὲ ἕν): fem. μηδὲ ἴα or μηδεΐα (or - έϊα) IG 12(2).6.12 (Mytil.):

I

1. not one, not even one, nobody (in neut. nothing), once in Hom. (who elsewh. uses μή τις, v. μήτις), ἀναίνετο μηδὲν ἑλέσθαι Il. 18.500; μή πως.. μηδὲν ἀνύσσῃς Hes. Op. 395; μηδὲν ἄγαν Pi. Fr. 216, etc.: rare in pl. (μηδαμοί being used in Ion.), μηδένες ἄλλοι X. HG 5.4.20; μηδένας Pl. Euthd. 303c.

2. μηδὲ εἷς (so written) is found in Att. Inscrr., as IG 12.114.41, 22.487.9 (μηδ' h ενί ib.12.73.6), but is used esp. in an emphatic sense, not even one, μηδὲ ἕν Ar. Pl. 37: freq. with an intervening Particle or Pr, μηδ' ἂν ἕνα Pl. Cra. 414d; μηδ' ἐν ἑνὶ χρόνῳ Id. Prm. 156c; μηδ' ἐξ ἑνός Id. Phdr. 245d; μηδ' ἐφ' ἑνί Id. R. 553d; μηδὲ περὶ ἑνός Id. Tht. 171c; μηδ' ὑφ' ἑνός, μηδ' ὑπὸ μιᾶς, Id. Smp. 222d, Alc. 1.122a; μηδὲ ὑφ' ἑνός IG 12.32.8.

II nobody, naught, good for naught, κἄμ' ἴσον τῷ μ. S. OC 918: pl., οὐ γὰρ ἠξίου τοὺς μηδένας Id. Aj. 1114; μηδέν or τὸ μηδέν as Subst., naught, nothing, κεἰ τὸ μ. ἐξερῶ Id. Ant. 234; μ. λέγειν to say what is naught, X. Cyr. 8.3.20, etc.; ἡ ἡμετέρη εὐδαιμονίη.. ἀπέρριπται ἐς τὸ μ. Hdt. 1.32; τοῦ μηδενὸς ἀξίη Id. 6.137; ἐπὶ μηδὲν ἔρχεσθαι S. El. 1000; ἐς τὸ μ. ἥκειν E. Hec. 622; of persons, τὸ μ. a good-for-nothing, τὸ μ. εἶναι, of a eunuch, Hdt. 8.106; τοιγὰρ σὺ δέξαι μ' ἐς τὸ σὸν στέγος, τὴν μηδὲν ἐς τὸ μ. S. El. 1166; κἂν τὸ μ. ὦ Id. Tr. 1107; τὸ μ. ὄντας Id. Aj. 1275; ὁ μ. ὤν ib. 767; ὅτ' οὐδὲν ὢν τοῦ μηδὲν ἀντέστης ὕπερ ib. 1231, cf. 1094, E. Hec. 843, etc.; ἧττον αὐτοῖς ἔνι ἢ τὸ μ., i.e. it is a mere impossibility, Pl. Tht. 180a; also μ. εἶναι without the Art., Luc. Rh. Proverbs 2:1-22.

III neut. μηδέν as Adv., not at all, by no means, μηδὲν ἐγκέλευ' ἄγαν A. Pr. 72, cf. 344; μ. διαφέρειν πλὴν ὀνόματι Pl. Plt. 280a, etc.: with an Adv., μ. αἰνικτηρίως A. Pr. 949: freq. with Comp., μ. μᾶλλον, ἧσσον, etc., S. Aj. 280, 1329, etc. When other negatives, also derived from μή, are used with it, they do not destroy, but strengthen the negation, μηδέποτε μηδὲν αἰσχρὸν ποιήσας ἔλπιζε λήσειν never hope to escape, when you have done anything base. Isoc. 1.16; cf. μηθείς.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 μηδείς, μηδεμία, μηδέν (and μηθέν, Acts 27:33 L T Tr WH — a form not infrequent from Aristotle onward (found as early as Buttmann, C. 378, cf. Meisterhans, Gr. d. Attic Inschr., p. 73); cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 181 f; Winer s Grammar, § 5,1d. 11; (Buttmann, 28 (25)); Kühner, § 187,1vol. 1:487f), (from μηδέ and εἷς) (fr. Homer down); it is used either in connection with a noun, no, none, or absolutely, no one, not one, no Prayer of Manasseh , neuter nothing, and in the same constructions as μή; accordingly a. with an imperative: μηδείς being the person to whom something is forbidden, 1 Corinthians 3:18,21; 1 Corinthians 10:24; Galatians 6:17; Ephesians 5:6; Colossians 2:18; 1 Timothy 4:12; Titus 2:15; James 1:13; 1 John 3:7; neuter μηδέν, namely, ἔστω ( A. V. have thou nothing to do with etc.), Matthew 27:19; μηδείς in the dative or the accusative depending on the imperative, Romans 13:8; 1 Timothy 5:22; μηδέν (accusative), Luke 3:13; Luke 9:3; μηδέν φοβοῦ, Revelation 2:10 (here L Tr WH text μή).

b. μηδείς with the optative: once in the N. T., Mark 11:14 (where Rec. οὐδείς) (cf. Winer s Grammar, 476 (443)).

c. with the 2person of the aorist subjunctive, the μηδείς depending on the verb; as, μηδενί εἴπῃς, Matthew 8:4; Matthew 17:9; accusative, Luke 3:14; Luke 10:4; μηδέν (accusative), Acts 16:28; κατά μηδένα τρόπον, 2 Thessalonians 2:3.

d. with the particles ἵνα and ὅπως (see μή, I:3): with ἵνα, Matthew 16:20; Mark 5:43; Mark 6:8; Mark 7:36 9:9: Titus 3:13; Revelation 3:11; with ὅπως, Acts 8:24.

e. with an infinitive; α. with one that depends on another verb: — as on παραγγέλλω, Luke 8:56; Luke 9:21; Acts 23:22; δεινυμι, Acts 10:28; διατάσσομαι, Acts 24:23; ἀναθεματίζω ἐμαυτόν, Acts 23:14; κρίνω (accusative with an infinitive), Acts 21:25 Rec.; εὔχομαι, 2 Corinthians 13:7; βούλομαι (accusative with an infinitive), 1 Timothy 5:14; ὑπομιμνῄσκω τινα, Titus 3:2, etc.; παρακαλῶ τινα followed by τό μή with the accusative and infinitive, 1 Thessalonians 3:3 L (stereotype edition) T Tr WH. β. with an infinitive depending on διά τό: Acts 28:18; Hebrews 10:2.

f. with a participle (see μή, I:5); in the dative, Acts 11:19; Romans 12:17; accusative μηδένα, John 8:10; Acts 9:7; μηδέν, Acts 4:21; Acts 27:33; 1 Corinthians 10:25,27; 2 Corinthians 6:10; 2 Thessalonians 3:11; 1 Timothy 6:4; Titus 2:8; James 1:6; 3 John 1:7; μηδεμίαν προσκοπήν, 2 Corinthians 6:3; μηδεμίαν πτόησιν, 1 Peter 3:6; μηδεμίαν αἰτίαν, Acts 28:18; ἀναβολήν μηδεμίαν, Acts 25:17.

g. noteworthy are — μηδείς with a genitive, Acts 4:17; Acts 24:23; μηδέν namely, τούτων, Revelation 2:10 ( R G T WH marginal reading); ἐς μηδενί, in nothing, 1 Corinthians 1:7 (but χαρίσματι is expressed here); 2Cor. (2 Corinthians 6:3> (see h. below)); 2 Corinthians 7:9>; Philippians 1:28; James 1:4. μηδέν εἶναι, to be nothing i. e. of no account opposed to εἶναι τί, Galatians 6:3 ( Sophocles Aj. 754; other examples from Greek authors see in Passow, ii., p. 231{b}; (Liddell and Scott, under the word II.: cf. Buttmann, § 139,5)); μηδέν (accusative), nothing i. e. not at all, in no respect: Acts 10:20; Acts 11:12, ( Lucian, dial. deor. 2,4; Tim. 43); as accusative of the object after verbs of harm, loss, damage, advantage, care (cf. Winer s Grammar, 227 (313); Buttmann, § 131,10): as, βλάπτειν, Luke 4:35 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 483 (450)); ὠφελεῖσθαι, Mark 5:26; ὑστέρειν, 2 Corinthians 11:5; μέριμναν, Philippians 4:6. h. examples of a double negation, by which the denial is strengthened, where in Latin quisquam follows a negation (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 55,9b.): μηκέτι μηδείς, Mark 11:14; Acts 4:17; μηδενί μηδέν, Mark 1:44 ( L omits; Tr brackets μηδέν); Romans 13:8; μηδεμίαν ἐν μηδενί, 2 Corinthians 6:3; μή ... ἐν μηδενί, Philippians 1:28; μή ... μηδέν, 2 Corinthians 13:7; μή ... μηδεμίαν, 1 Peter 3:6; μή τίς ... κατά μηδένα τρόπον, 2 Thessalonians 2:3.

μηθέν, see μηδείς.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Matthew5
Mark8
Luke9
John1
Acts23
Romans2
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Galatians2
Ephesians1
Philippians3
Colossians1
1 Thessalonians2
2 Thessalonians2
1 Timothy5
Titus4
Hebrews1
James3
1 Peter1
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3 John1
Revelation2
Matthew5
Mark8
Luke9
Acts20
Romans2
1 Corinthians6
2 Corinthians4
Galatians2
Ephesians1
Philippians3
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians2
2 Thessalonians2
1 Timothy5
Titus4
Hebrews1
James3
1 Peter1
1 John1
3 John1
Revelation1
Matthew5
Mark9
Luke9
Acts22
Romans3
1 Corinthians6
2 Corinthians5
Galatians2
Ephesians1
Philippians3
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1 Thessalonians2
2 Thessalonians2
1 Timothy5
Titus4
Hebrews1
James3
1 Peter1
1 John1
3 John1
Revelation2
List of Word Forms
μηδεις μηδείς μηδεὶς μηδεμιαν μηδεμίαν μηδεν μηδέν Μηδὲν Μηδενα Μηδένα μηδενι μηδενί μηδενὶ μηδενος μηδενός μηδενὸς μηθείς μηθεν μηθέν μηθὲν μηθενός medeis medeís medeìs mēdeis mēdeís mēdeìs medemian medemían mēdemian mēdemían meden medén Medèn mēden mēdén Mēdèn Medena Medéna Mēdena Mēdéna medeni medenì mēdeni mēdenì medenos medenòs mēdenos mēdenòs methen methèn mēthen mēthèn
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