ver. 2.0.14.12.19
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #3568 - νῦν

Transliteration:
nŷn
Phonetics:
noon  
Word Origin:
a primary particle of present time
Parts of Speech:
Adverb
TDNT:
4:1106,658
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. at this time, the present, now
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 375 ‑ אֵיפֹה (ay‑fo');   389 ‑ אַךְ (ak);   639 ‑ אַף (af);   1972 ‑ הָלָא (haw‑law');   2008 ‑ הֵנָּה (hane'‑naw);   2009 ‑ הִנֵּה (hin‑nay');   3117 ‑ יוֹם (yome);   3861 ‑ לָהֵן (law‑hane');   4994 ‑ נָא (naw);   5728 ‑ עֲדֶנָּה (ad‑en', ad‑en'‑naw);   5844 ‑ עָטָה (aw‑taw');   5844 ‑ עָטָה (aw‑taw');   6285 ‑ פֵּאָה (pay‑aw');   6471 ‑ פַּעֲמָה (pah'‑am, pah‑am‑aw');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

νῦν

(for νυν, νυ, v. infr. II),

I

1. Adv. now, both of the present moment, and of the present time generally, οἳ ν. βροτοί εἰσιν mortals of our day, Il. 1.272; so in Ion. and Att., οἱ ν. [ἄνθρωποι] men of the present day, Hdt. 1.68; οἵ γε ν. Pi. O. 1.105, B. 5.4, cf. Arist. Metaph. 1069a26; ὁ ν. τρόπος, τὸ ν. βαρβαρικόν, Th. 1.6; Βοιωτοὶ οἱ ν. ib. 12; ὁ ν. παρὼν χρόνος S. Tr. 174, al., Pl. Prm. 141e; ἡμέρα ἡ ν. S. OT 351; νὺξ ἡ ν. Id. Ant. 16; ἡ ν. ὁδός Id. El. 1295; τὸ ν. the present, Arist. Ph. 218a6, al.; ἀπὸ τοῦ ν. Pl. Prm. 152c, LXX Genesis 46:30, etc.; ἀπὸ ν. AP 5.40 (Rufin.); ἕως τοῦ ν. LXX Genesis 46:34; μέχρι ν. (v.l. μ. τοῦ ν.) D.S. 17.110; τὰ ν. simply, = ν., Hdt. 7.104, E. Heracl. 641, etc.; τό περ ν. Pi. N. 7.101; τὰ δὲ ν. S. OC 133 (lyr.); τὸ ν. εἶναι Pl. R. 506e, X. Cyr. 5.3.42, Arist. Ath. 31.2; τὸ ν. ἔχον Acts 24:25.

2. of the immediate past, just now, but now, ν. Μενέλαος ἐνίκησεν Il. 3.439, cf. 13.772, Od. 1.43, S. OC 84, X. Cyr. 4.5.48; ν. γοῦν ἐπεχείρησας Pl. R. 341c; ἡλίκα ν. ἐτραγῴδει D. 18.13.

3. of the future, presently, ν. αὖτ' ἐγχείῃ πειρήσομαι Il. 5.279, cf. 20.307, Od. 1.200; ν. φεύξομαι, τόθ' ἁγνὸς ὤν E. El. 975; cf. νῦν δή, νυνί.

4. sts. opp. to what might have been under other circumstances, as it is (or was), as the case stands (or stood), as a matter offact, ν. δ' ὁ μὲν ὣς ἀπόλωλε Od. 1.166; εἰ μὲν ὑπώπτευον, οὐκ ἂν.. ἐποιούμην· ν. δὲ κτλ. Th. 4.126, cf. 1.122, 3.113, Pl. Cra. 384b, D. 18.195, etc.; καὶ ν. even so, X. An. 7.4.24, 7.7.17.

5. coupled with other Particles, τὰ ν. γε S. Ph. 245, etc.; ν. γε μάν Pi. P. 1.50; ν. δή, v. h. v.: with other expressions of Time, ν... σήμερον, ν. ἡμέρη ἥδε, Il. 7.29, 13.828; ν. ἤδη henceforth, S. Ant. 801 (anap.), etc.; ν... ἄρτι but now, Pl. Cra. 396c.

II enclit. (but see below) νυν, νυ. [νυ only , Boeot., and Cypr. (also Arc. in ὅνυ, q. v.); νῠν twice in Hom., Il. 10.105, 23.485: in Trag. ( A. Th. 242, 246, S. Ant. 705, E. Or. 1678, etc.; S. Tr. 92, E. Andr. 91, etc.), in Com. (Ar. V. 1381, Pl. 975, al.), exc. Cratin. 144, Ar. Th. 105 (lyr., citing Agatho), and perh. Nu. 141; both quantities in τοίνυν, q.v.]

1 rarely of Time, now, perh. so used in Il. 10.105, cf. Parm. 19.1, Pi. P. 11.44, al., Epich. 170.6.

2. in mostly as a particle of emphasis, ἧκε δ' ἐπ' Ἀργείοισι κακὸν βέλος· οἱ δέ νυ λαοὶ θνῇσκον Il. 1.382, etc.: freq. coupled with other Particles or Conjs., ἦ ῥά ν. 4.93; καί νύ κεν 3.373; οὔ ν., μή νύ τοι, 10.165, 1.28; ἐπεί νύ τοι ib. 416; ὥς νύ περ 2.258.

3. in commands or entreaties, μή ν. μοι νεμεσήσετ' 15.115: freq. with other Advbs., δεῦρό ν. come now ! 23.485; ἐνταῦθά ν. ὕβριζε A. Pr. 82, cf. Ar. Th. 1001, V. 149, Pl. 724; εἶά ν. Id. Pax 467, V. 430, Pl. 316: freq. with imper., φέρε ν. ib. 789; ἄγε ν. Id. Pax 1056, V. 381; σπεῦδέ ν. Id. Pl. 414; σίγαν. S. Aj. 87, Cratin.l.c.; περίδου ν. Ar. Nu. 644, cf. X. Cyr. 5.3.21, etc.; ὕφαινέ ν. B. 18.8; so in Boeot., ν. ἔνθω IG 7.3172.88 (Orchom.); also in Cypr. with opt. in commands, δυϝάνοι ν., δώκοι ν., Inscr.Cypr. 135.6,16 H. (Idalion).

4. in questions, τίς ν. ; τί ν.; who, what, why now? Il. 5.373, 1.414, 4.31; ἦ νυ..; Od. 6.125. [In signf.

I always perispom. In signf.

II perispom. exc. when short, Hdn.Gr. 2.39, al.; enclit. when short, sts. in codd., as Il. 23.485 (Pap. in AJP 21.304, etc.; oxyt. when = δή, Tyrannioap.Hdn.Gr.2.27; καθ' ὁμαλισμόν or κατ' ἔγκλισιν when= δή, Sch. Ar. Pl. 414, Sch. A.R. 1.664). In codd. usu. perispom. in both senses, A. Pr. 82, Th. 242, 246, S. Ant. 705, El. 324, Ar. Pl. 414, V. 758, 922, etc.; even νῠν is written νῦν in codd. vett. Pi. passim, also in S. Aj. 87, Tr. 92, etc.; hence νυν may freq. be restored where the sense requires it. The accent of τοίνῡ ν perh. shows that both νῠν and νῡν could be enclitic.

Position: in signf.

I νῦν can occupy any position; in signf.

II it prefers (like other enclitics, but also like ἄν, δέ, γάρ, etc.) the second place in the sentence, e.g. πρός νύν σε πατρός S. Ph. 468, cf. OC 1333; ἀπό νύν με λείπετ' ἤδη Id. Ph. 1177 (lyr.); μετά νυν δός E. Supp. 56 (lyr.); νυ (always enclitic) precedes other enclitics and allows only δέ to precede.] (Cf. Skt. nú, n[umacracute], nûnám, O E. nû 'now', etc.)

Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (138)NAS (146)HCS (143)
Matthew4
Mark3
Luke11
John27
Acts23
Romans13
1 Corinthians4
2 Corinthians5
Galatians6
Ephesians4
Philippians5
Colossians1
1 Thessalonians1
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy2
2 Timothy2
Titus1
Hebrews5
James3
1 Peter4
2 Peter2
1 John4
2 John1
Jude1
Matthew4
Mark3
Luke12
John26
Acts25
Romans13
1 Corinthians7
2 Corinthians5
Galatians6
Ephesians4
Philippians5
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians1
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy2
2 Timothy2
Titus1
Hebrews5
James2
1 Peter4
2 Peter2
1 John4
2 John1
Jude1
Matthew4
Mark3
Luke14
John28
Acts24
Romans14
1 Corinthians6
2 Corinthians7
Galatians6
Ephesians4
Philippians5
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians1
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy2
2 Timothy2
Titus1
Hebrews4
James2
1 Peter5
2 Peter2
1 John4
2 John1
Jude1
List of Word Forms
νυν νῦν νυνί νυνὶ nun nuni nyn nŷn nyni nynì
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