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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #3614 - οἰκία

Word Origin:
from (3624)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Feminine
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a house
    1. an inhabited edifice, a dwelling
    2. the inmates of a house, the family
    3. property, wealth, goods
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1004 ‑ בַּיִת (bah'‑yith);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. οἰκίη, Cret. and Locr. ϝοικία, Leg.Gort. 5.26, Berl.Sitzb. 1927.8 (v B. C.), cf. IG 14.636 (Petelia):


1. , building, house, dwelling, Hdt. 1.17, 114, etc.; ἡ οἰκία ἡ δημοσία IG 12.94.36; οἰκία ἱερά ib.363.24; κατ' οἰκίαν at home, Pl. La. 180d; ἰδίᾳ καὶ κατ' οἰκίας Id. Lg. 788a; ἔτυχεν ἐπὶ τῆς οἰ. was at home, X.Ephesians 5:4 : in Com. and Attic Prose much more freq. than οἶκος: sts. opp. οἶκος as house to set of apartments or room, τᾶν οἰκιᾶν τιμὰν κομιζέσθω τῶ οἴκω ἑκάστω δύο μνᾶς SIG 306.16 (Tegea, iv B. C.), cf. PTeb. 46.9 (cf. 18) (ii B. C.), 38.14, 15 (ii B. C.), PFay. 31.11 (ii A. D.).

2. in Att. law, οἶκος was distd. from οἰκία, the former being the property left at a person's death, his estate, the latter the dwelling-house only, as stated by X. Oec. 1.5, cf. Hdt. 7.224, Jul. Gal.Fr. 12, etc.

3. distd. from συνοικία, as one's own apartments from those let out to lodgers, Aeschin. 1.124.

II household, domestic establishment, Pl. Grg. 520e; δὔ οἰκίας ᾤκει, i. e. he kept two establishments, D. 39.26, cf. Arist. Pol. 1265b26; more primitive than the πόλις, ib. 1252b17, EN 1162a18, al.; ὁ ἐπὶ τῆς οἰκίας the house -steward, PCair.Zen. 150.16 (iii B. C.).

III the household, i. e. inmates of the house, Pl. Lg. 909b (pl.). house or family from which one is descended, οἰκίης ἀγαθῆς Hdt. 1.107; οἰκίης οὐ φλαυροτέρης ib. 99; οἰκίης οὐκ ἐπιφανέος Id. 2.172; τῇ Κύρου οἰκίῃ συγγενέες Id. 3.2, cf. Pl. Grg. 472b; ἐκ τῶν μεγίστων οἰ. Eup. 117.5, cf. And. 1.126, Th. 8.6, etc.; περὶ ὀλίγας οἰ. αἱ.. τραγῳδίαι συντίθενται Arist. Po. 1453a19; ἡ Μακεδόνων οἰ. Plb. 2.37.7; ἡ βασιλικὴ οἰ. D.S. 18.57. medical school, ἐξ οἰκίας Ἡροφίλου Erot. Praef., cf. Gal. 17(2).145.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 οἰκία, οἰκίας, (οἶκος), the Sept. for בַּיִת (from Herodotus down), a house;

a. properly, an inhabited edifice, a dwelling: Matthew 2:11; Matthew 7:24-27; Mark 1:29; Luke 15:8; John 12:3; Acts 4:34; 1 Corinthians 11:22; 2 Timothy 2:20, and often; οἱ ἐν τῇ οἰκία namely, ὄντες, Matthew 5:15; οἱ ἐκ τῆς οἰκίας with the genitive of person, Philippians 4:22; οἰκία τοῦ (πατρός μου) Θεοῦ, i. e. heaven,. John 14:2; of the body as the habitation of the soul, 2 Corinthians 5:1.

b. the inmates of a house, the family: Matthew 12:25; οἰκία τίνος, the household, the family of anyone, John 4:53; 1 Corinthians 16:15 (cf. Winer s Grammar, § 58,4; Buttmann, § 129,8a.);. universally, for persons dwelling in the house, Matthew 10:13.

c. property, wealth, goods (cf. Latin res familiaris): τίνος, Matthew 23:14-13 Rec. (cf. Wetstein (1752) at the passage); Mark 12:40; Luke 20:47; so οἶκος in Homer (as Odyssey 2,237 κατεδουσι βιαίως οἶκον Ὀδυσσηος, cf. 4,318), in Herodotus 3,53and in Attic; Hebrew בַּיִת, Genesis 45:18 (the Sept. τά ὑπάρχοντα); Esther 8:1 (the Sept. ὅσα ὑπῆρχεν). Not found in Rev. (Synonym: see οἶκος, at the end)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The itacistic form ὀρινός, which is read by WH in Luke 1:39; Luke 1:65 is amply attested in the papyri, where the word is regularly used to describe all canals on the border of the desert, e.g. P Strass I. 17.4 (A.D. 124) ἐν ὀρινῇ (sc. διώρυχι) Πατσώντ (εως) Βακχ (ιάδος), ";on the desert canal of Patsontis at Bacchias"; (see the editor’s Introd.). See also Aristeas 107, 118, and cf. s.v. ὄρος.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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List of Word Forms
οικια οικία οἰκία οἰκίᾳ οικίαι οικίαις οικιαν οικίαν οἰκίαν οικιας οικιάς οικίας οἰκίας οικιων οικιών οικίων οικϊων οἰκιῶν οίκους oikia oikía oikíāi oikian oikían oikias oikías oikion oikiôn oikiōn oikiō̂n
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