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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #3618 - οἰκοδομέω

Word Origin:
from the same as (3619)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to build a house, erect a building
    1. to build (up from the foundation)
    2. to restore by building, to rebuild, repair
  2. metaph.
    1. to found, establish
    2. to promote growth in Christian wisdom, affection, grace, virtue, holiness, blessedness
    3. to grow in wisdom and piety
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1129 ‑ בָּנָה (baw‑naw');   1129 ‑ בָּנָה (baw‑naw');   1443 ‑ גָּדַר (gaw‑dar');   2796 ‑ חָרָשׁ (khaw‑rawsh');   3559 ‑ כּוּן (koon);   6213 ‑ עָשָׂה (aw‑saw');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. -ήσω: aor. ᾠκοδόμησα (not οἰκ- in Att.): pf. ᾠκοδόμηκα Pl. Grg. 514b: but later Att. pf. Pass. οἰκοδομημένοι IG 22.1627.398:

1. build a house: generally, build, νεὼν καὶ βωμόν ib.12.24.13; νηόν Hdt. 1.21; οἰκίας ib. 114; γέφυραν ib. 186; πυραμίδας Id. 2.101, cf. Telecl. 42; [αἱ μέλιτται] οἰ. τὰ κηρία Arist. HA 623b27: abs., Pl. Chrm. 161e, 165d: also in Med., οἰκοδομέεσθαι οἴκημα build oneself a house, have it built, Hdt. 2.121. α', cf. 148; νεωσοίκους And. 3.7; τείχη Th. 7.11; οἰκίας Pl. R. 372a, etc.: Pass., to be built, Hdt. 2.126, 127; τὰ -ούμενα Arist. GA 730b8. generally, fashion, καταπέτασμα LXX 1 Kings 6:36.

2. metaph., build or found upon, ἔργα ἐπί τι X. Cyr. 8.7.15; οἰ. τέχνην ἔπεσιν Ar. Pax 749.

3. metaph., build up, edify, 1 Corinthians 8:1, 1 Corinthians 10:23, etc.; οἰ. εἰς τὸν ἕνα 1 Thessalonians 5:11 : but also in bad sense, οἰκοδομηθήσεται εἰς τὸ ἐσθίειν will be emboldened, 1 Corinthians 8:10; cf. ἀνοικοδομέω.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 οἰκοδομέω, οἰκοδομῶ; imperfect ᾠκοδόμουν; future οἰκοδομήσω; 1aorist ᾠκοδόμησα (ὀικοδόμησα Tr WH in Acts 7:47; see Tdf. at the passage; Proleg., p. 120; WH s Appendix, p. 161; Lob. ad Phryn., p. 153; Winer s Grammar, § 12,4; Buttmann, 34 (30)); passive (present ὀικοδομοῦμαι (infinitive οἰκοδομεῖσθαι, Luke 6:48 Treg.); perfect infinitive οἰκοδομῆσθαι ( Luke 6:48 T WH)); pluperfect 3person singular ᾠκοδόμητο; 1aorist ὠκοδομήθην (ὀικοδομήθην, T WH in John 2:20); 1future ὀικοδομηθήσομαι; (οἰκοδόμος, which see); from Herodotus down; the Sept. for בָּנָה; to build a house. erect a building;

a. properly, α. to build (up from the foundation): absolutely, Luke 11:48 G T WH Tr text Luke 14:30; 17:28>; οἱ οἰκοδομοῦντες, a substantive, the builders (cf. Winer s Grammar, § 45,7; Buttmann, § 144,11), Matthew 21:42; Mark 12:10; Luke 20:17; Acts 4:11 Rec.; 1 Peter 2:7, from Psalm 117:22 (Psalm 118>); ἐπ' ἀλλότριον θεμέλιον, to build upon a foundation laid by others, i. e. (without a figure) to carry on instruction begun by others, Romans 15:20; οἰκοδομεῖν τί, Galatians 2:18; πύργον, Matthew 21:33; Mark 12:1; Luke 14:28; ἀποθήκας, Luke 12:18; ναόν, Mark 14:58; passive John 2:20 (on the aorist cf. 2Esdr. 5:16); οἶκον, passive, 1 Peter 2:5 ((here T ἐποικον), cf. Winer's Grammar, 603 (561), and add ὀικούργειν τά κατά τόν οἶκον, Clement of Rome, 1 Corinthians 1,3 [ET]); (οἰκίαν, Luke 6:48 (cf. Winer's Grammar, the passage cited)); συναγωγήν or οἶκον τίνι, for the use of or in honor of one, Luke 7:5; Acts 7:47,49 ( Genesis 8:20; Ezekiel 16:24); οἰκίαν ἐπί τί, Matthew 7:24,26; Luke 6:49; πόλιν ἐπ' ὄρους, Luke 4:29. β. contextually equivalent to to restore by building, to rebuild, repair: τί, Matthew 23:29; Matthew 26:61; Matthew 27:40; Mark 15:29; Luke 11:47 and R ( L brackets Tr marginal reading) in 48.

b. metaphorically, α. equivalent to to found: ἐπί ταύτῃ τῇ πέτρα οἰκοδομήσω μου τήν ἐκκλησίαν, i. e. by reason of the strength of thy faith thou shalt be my principal support in the establishment of my church, Matthew 16:18. β. Since both a Christian church and individual Christians are likened to a building or temple in which God or the Holy Spirit dwells ( 1 Corinthians 3:9,16ff; 2 Corinthians 6:16; Ephesians 2:21), the erection of which temple will not be completely finished till the return of Christ from heaven, those who, by action, instruction, exhortation, comfort, promote the Christian wisdom of others and help them to live a correspondent life are regarded as taking part in the erection of that building, and hence, are said οἰκοδομεῖν, i. e. (dropping the figure) to promote growth in Christian Wisdom of Solomon , affection, grace, virtue, holiness, blessedness: absolutely, Acts 20:32 L T Tr WH; 1 Corinthians 8:1; 1 Corinthians 10:23; τινα, 1 Corinthians 14:4>; 1 Thessalonians 5:11; passive to grow in Wisdom of Solomon , piety, etc., Acts 9:31; 1 Corinthians 14:17; universally, to give one strength and courage, dispose to: εἰς τήν πίστιν, Polycarp, ad Philippians 3,2 [ET] (yet here to be built up into (in) etc.); even to do what is wrong ( A. V. embolden), εἰς τό τά εἰδωλόθυτα ἐσθίειν, 1 Corinthians 8:10 (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 39,3 N. 3). This metaphorical use of the verb Paul, in the opinion of Fritzsche (Ep. ad Romans , iii., p. 205f), did not derive from the figure, of building a temple, but from the O. T., where "בָּנָה and הָרַס with an accusative of the person (to build one up and to pull one down) denote to bless and to ruin; to prosper and to injure, anyone"; cf. Psalm 27:5 (Psalm 28:5>); Jeremiah 24:6; Jeremiah 40:7 (Jeremiah 33:7>). (Compare: ἀνοικοδομέω, ἐποικοδομέω, συνοικοδομέω.)

οἰκοδόμος, ὀικοδομου, (οἶκος, δέμω to build; cf. οἰκονόμος), a builder, an architect: Acts 4:11 L T Tr WH. ( Herodotus, Xenophon, Plato, Plutarch, others; the Sept..)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The meaning of this NT ἅπ. εἰρ. (2 Timothy 2:15 : cf. Proverbs 3:6; Proverbs 11:5) is by no means clear, but on the analogy of the similarly formed καινοτομέω, ";make a new or strange assertion,"; it seems best to lay the main stress on the adj. and to understand by ὀρθοτομέω τὸν λόγον, ";teach the word aright."; Sophocles (Lex. s.v.) renders ";expound soundly"; : cf. the use of ὀρθοτομία = ";orthodoxy"; in eccles. writers. Parry (ad 2 Tim l.c.) adopts the suggestion that the metaphor may be derived not from road making (τέμνειν ὁδόν), but from the mason’s cutting stones fair and straight to fit into their places in a building, and compares the use of their simplex subst. in Syll 587.17 (B.C. 329–8) μισθωτεῖ τῆς τομῆς τῶν λίθων, and .22 τομὴ καὶ κομιδὴ καὶ θέσις τοῦ λίθου. A different turn is given to the verb by Paspati, who translates ";preach fearlessly"; on the ground that in MGr ὀρθὰ κοπτά is used to denote ";clearly and fearlessly"; : see Exp III. i. p. 238.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (39)NAS (39)HCS (41)
1 Corinthians5
1 Thessalonians1
1 Peter2
1 Corinthians5
1 Thessalonians1
1 Peter1
1 Corinthians6
1 Thessalonians1
1 Peter2
List of Word Forms
καὶ οικοδομει οικοδομεί οἰκοδομεῖ οικοδομειν οικοδομείν οἰκοδομεῖν οικοδομείς οικοδομείσθαι οικοδομεισθε οικοδομείσθε οἰκοδομεῖσθε οικοδομειται οικοδομείται οἰκοδομεῖται οικοδομειτε οικοδομείτε οἰκοδομεῖτε οικοδομηθη οικοδομηθή οἰκοδομήθη οικοδομηθήναι οικοδομηθής οικοδομηθήσεσθε οικοδομηθησεται οικοδομηθήσεται οἰκοδομηθήσεται οικοδομηθηση οικοδομηθήση οικοδομηθήσονται οικοδομηθήσονταί οικοδομηθήτω οικοδομησαι οικοδομήσαι οἰκοδομῆσαι οικοδομήσαντες οικοδομησαντι οικοδομήσαντι οἰκοδομήσαντι οικοδομήσας οικοδομήσατε οικοδομησάτω οικοδομησάτωσαν οικοδομήσει οικοδομήσεις οικοδομησεν οἰκοδόμησεν οικοδομησετε οικοδομήσετε οικοδομήσετέ οἰκοδομήσετέ οικοδομήση οικοδομήσης οικοδομήσητε οικοδομησθαι οἰκοδομῆσθαι οικοδομήσομεν οικοδόμησον οικοδόμησόν οικοδομήσουσι οικοδομήσουσιν οικοδομησω οικοδομήσω οἰκοδομήσω οικοδομήσωμεν οικοδομούμεν οικοδομούμεναι οικοδομουμενη οικοδομουμένη οἰκοδομουμένη οικοδομούμενον οικοδομουντες οικοδομούντες οἰκοδομοῦντες οικοδομουντι οικοδομούντι οἰκοδομοῦντι οικοδομούντων οικοδομούσι οικοδομούσιν οικοδομω οικοδομώ οἰκοδομῶ οικοδομων οικοδομών οἰκοδομῶν οἰκοδόμων ωκοδομήθη ωκοδόμηκα ωκοδομήκατέ ωκοδομημέναι ωκοδομημένον ωκοδομημένος ωκοδόμηνται ωκοδόμησα ωκοδόμησά ωκοδομήσαί ωκοδομήσαμεν ωκοδόμησαν ωκοδόμησάν ωκοδόμησας ωκοδομήσατε ωκοδομήσατέ ωκοδόμησε ωκοδομησεν ωκοδόμησεν ᾠκοδόμησεν ωκοδόμηται ωκοδομητο ωκοδόμητο ᾠκοδόμητο ωκοδομουν ωκοδόμουν ᾠκοδόμουν ωκοδόμουσαν kai oikodomei oikodomeî oikodomein oikodomeîn oikodomeisthe oikodomeîsthe oikodomeitai oikodomeîtai oikodomeite oikodomeîte oikodomesai oikodomêsai oikodomēsai oikodomē̂sai oikodomesanti oikodomēsanti oikodomḗsanti oikodomesen oikodomēsen oikodómesen oikodómēsen ōikodómēsen oikodomesete oikodomēsete oikodomḗseté oikodomeso oikodomēsō oikodomḗso oikodomḗsō oikodomesthai oikodomêsthai oikodomēsthai oikodomē̂sthai oikodomethe oikodomēthē oikodomḗthe oikodomḗthē oikodomethesetai oikodomethḗsetai oikodomēthēsetai oikodomēthḗsetai oikodómeto ōikodómēto oikodomo oikodomô oikodomō oikodomō̂ oikodomon oikodomôn oikodomōn oikodomō̂n oikodómon oikodómōn oikodomoumene oikodomoumenē oikodomouméne oikodomouménē oikodómoun ōikodómoun oikodomountes oikodomoûntes oikodomounti oikodomoûnti okodomesen ōkodomēsen okodometo ōkodomēto okodomoun ōkodomoun
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