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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #3624 - οἶκος

Word Origin:
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech:
Noun Masculine
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a house
    1. an inhabited house, home
    2. any building whatever
      1. of a palace
      2. the house of God, the tabernacle
    3. any dwelling place
      1. of the human body as the abode of demons that possess it
      2. of tents, and huts, and later, of the nests, stalls, lairs, of animals
      3. the place where one has fixed his residence, one's settled abode, domicile
  2. the inmates of a house, all the persons forming one family, a household
    1. the family of God, of the Christian Church, of the church of the Old and New Testaments
  3. stock, family, descendants of one
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 168 ‑ אֹהֶל (o'‑hel);   759 ‑ אַרְמוֹן (ar‑mone');   776 ‑ אֶרֶץ (eh'‑rets);   1002 ‑ בִּירָה (bee‑raw');   1004 ‑ בַּיִת (bah'‑yith);   1055 ‑ בִּיתָן (bee‑thawn');   1121 ‑ בֵּן (bane);   1964 ‑ הֵיכָל (hay‑kawl');   2073 ‑ זְבֻל (ze‑bool', zeb‑ool');   3957 ‑ לִשְׁכָּה (lish‑kaw');   4264 ‑ מַחֲנֶה (makh‑an‑eh');   4583 ‑ מָעִין (maw‑ohn', maw‑een');   4725 ‑ מְקֹמָה ((1,2) maw‑kome', (3,4) mek‑o‑mah');   4908 ‑ מִשְׁכָּן (mish‑kawn');   4940 ‑ מִשְׁפָּחָה (mish‑paw‑khaw');   4999 ‑ נָוָה (naw‑aw');   5159 ‑ נַחֲלָה (nakh‑al‑aw');   5650 ‑ עֶבֶד (eh'‑bed);   6944 ‑ קֹדֶשׁ (ko'‑desh);   6951 ‑ קָהָל (kaw‑hawl);   8478 ‑ תַּחַת (takh'‑ath);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

οἶκος, ὁ,


1. house, not only of built houses, but of any dwelling-place, as that of Achilles at Troy (v. κλισία), Il. 24.471, 572, cf. S. Aj. 65; of the Cyclops' cave, Od. 9.478; of a tent, LXX Genesis 31:33; οἶκον ἱκάνεται is coming home, Od. 23.7; εἰς or ἐς οἶκον A. Eu. 459, S. Ph. 240; πρὸς οἶκον A. Ag. 867, S. OT 1491, etc.; κατ' οἶκον Id. El. 929, etc.; κατ' οἶκον ἐν δόμοις Id. Tr. 689; οἱ κατ' οἶκον ib. 934; αἱ κατ' οἶκον κακοπραγίαι Th. 2.60; τἂν οἴκῳ A. Ch. 579; ἐν οἴκῳ καθεύδειν Antipho 2.1.4,8; οἱ ἐν οἴκῳ PCair.Zen. 93.10 (iii B.C.); ἐξ οἴκου ἀποδημεῖν ib. 44.23 (iii B.C.); ἐπ' []ἴκου ἀποχωρῆσαι go home wards, Th. 1.87, cf. 30, 108, 2.31, etc.; ἀπ' οἴκου from home, Id. 1.99, etc.; cf. οἰκία. freq. omitted after εἰς or ἐν, v. εἰς 1.4c, ἐν A. 1.2.

2. room, chamber, Od. 1.356, 19.514, 598; οἶ. θερμός Dsc. 2.164; dining-hall, ἑπτάκλινος οἶ. Phryn. Com.66, X. Smp. 2.18; room in a temple, IG 42(1).110 A 27, al.(Epid., pl.): pl. οἶκοι freq., = a single house, Od. 24.417, A. Pers. 230, 524, etc.; κλαυθμῶν τῶν ἐξ οἴκων domestic griefs, Id. Ag. 1554 (anap.); ἀπ' οἴκων S. Aj. 762; ἐς or πρὸς οἴκους, Id. Ph. 311, 383; κατ' οἴκους at home, within, Hdt. 3.79, S. Aj. 65, Mnesim. 4.52.

3. of public buildings, meeting-house, hall, οἶ. Κηρύκων IG 22.1672.24; Δεκελειῶν ib. 1237.33; of treasuries at Delos, JHS 25.310, al., cf. Hsch. s.v. θησαυρός ; ἐγκριτήριοι οἶ., v. ἐγκριτήριος; temple, IG 4.1580 (Aegina), Hdt. 8.143, E. Ph. 1373, Ar. Nu. 600; οἶ. τεμένιος ἱερός SIG 987.3, cf. 25 (Chios, iv B.C.); ἐν τῷ οἴ. τοῦ Ἄμμωνος UPZ 79.4 (ii B.C.); ὁ οἶ. [τοῦ θεοῦ] Matthew 21:13, al.; of a funerary monument, BCH 2.610 (Cibyra), 18.11 (Magnesia); ἀΐδιοι οἶ., i.e. tombs, D.S. 1.51.

4. cage for birds, Id. 13.82 (s.v.l., οἰκ[ίσκ] Valck.); beehive, Gp. 15.2.22.

5. Astrol., domicile of a planet, PLond. 1.98r. 12, al. (i/ii A.D.), Ael. NA 12.7, Vett.Val. 7.25, Man. 2.141, Eust. 162.2.

II one's household goods, substance (cf. οἴκοθεν 2), οἶ. ἐμὸς διόλωλε Od. 2.64; ἐσθίεταί μοι οἶ. 4.318; καὶ οἶ. καὶ κλῆρος ἀκήρατος Il. 15.498; οἶκον δέ κ' ἐγὼ καὶ κτήματα δοίην Od. 7.314, cf. Hdt. 3.53, 7.224, etc.: in Att. law, estate, inheritance, οἶκον κατασχεῖν τινος And. 4.15, cf. Lys. 12.93, Isaiah 5:15, D. 27.4, etc.; οἶ. πέντε ταλάντων Isa 7.42; cf. οἰκία.

III a reigning house, οἶ. ὁ βασιλέος Hdt. 5.31, cf. 6.9, Th. 1.137, Isoc. 3.41; Ἀγαμεμνονίων οἴκων ὄλεθρον A. Ch. 862 (anap.), cf. S. Ant. 594 (lyr.); also of any family, Isaiah 10:4, LXX Genesis 7:1, D.H. 1.85; οἶ. Σεβαστός, = domus Augusta, Ph. 2.520; οὐδενὸς οἴκου δεύτερον γενόμενον IG 42(1).84.32 (Epid., i A.D.); τοὺς πρώτους τᾶς πόλιος οἴκους ib.86.15(ibid., i A.D.). (Orig. ϝοῖκος, cf. ϝοίκω, οἰκία: cf. Skt. veśás, viś- 'house', Lat. vicus, vicinus, etc.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 οἶκος, οἴκου, (cf. Latin vicus, English ending -wich; Curtius, § 95), from Homer down; the Sept. in numberless places for בַּיִת, also for הֵיכַל, a palace, אֹהֶל, a tent, etc.;

1. a house;

a. strictly, an inhabited house (differing thus from δόμος the building): Acts 2:2; Acts 19:16; τίνος, Matthew 9:6; Mark 2:11; Mark 5:38; Luke 1:23,40, 56; Luke 8:39,41, etc.; ἔρχεσθαι εἰς οἶκον, to come into a house (domurn venire), Mark 3:20 (19); εἰς τόν οἶκον, into the (i. e. his or their) house, home, Luke 7:10; Luke 15:6; ἐν τῷ οἴκῳ, in the (her) house, John 11:20; ἐν οἴκῳ, at home, 1 Corinthians 11:34; 1 Corinthians 14:35; οἱ εἰς τόν οἶκον(see εἰς, C. 2), Luke 9:61; κατ' οἶκον, opposed to ἐν τῷ ἱερῷ, in a household assembly, in private ( R. V. at home; see κατά, II:1d.), Acts 2:46; Acts 5:42; κατ' οἴκους, opposed to δημοσίᾳ, in private houses ( A. V. from house to house; see κατά, II:3a.), Acts 20:20; κατά τούς οἴκους εἰσπορευόμενος, entering house after house, Acts 8:3; κατ' οἶκον τίνος ἐκκλησία, see ἐκκλησία, 4b. aa.

b. any building whatever: ἐμπορίου, John 2:16; προσευχῆς, Matthew 21:13; Mark 11:17; Luke 19:46; τοῦ βασιλέως, τοῦ ἀρχιερέως, the palace of etc., Matthew 11:8; Luke 22:54 (here T Tr WH οἰκία); τοῦ Θεοῦ, the house where God was regarded as present — of the tabernacle, Matthew 12:4; Mark 2:26; Luke 6:4; of the temple at Jerusalem, Matthew 21:13; Mark 11:17; Luke 19:46; John 2:16f, ( Isaiah 56:5,7); cf. Luke 11:51; Acts 7:47,49; of the heavenly sanctuary, Hebrews 10:21 (οἶκος ἅγιος Θεοῦ, of heaven, Deuteronomy 26:15; Baruch 2:16); a body of Christians (a church), as pervaded by the Spirit and power of God, is called οἶκος πνευματικός, 1 Peter 2:5.

c. any dwelling-place: of the human body as the abode of demons that possess it, Matthew 12:44; Luke 11:24; (used in Greek authors also of tents and huts, and later, of the nests, stalls, lairs, of animals). universally, the place where one has fixed his residence, one's settled abode, domicile: οἶκος ὑμῶν, of the city of Jerusalem, Matthew 23:38; Luke 13:35.

2. by metonymy, the inmates of a house, all the persons forming one family, a household: Luke 10:5; Luke 11:17 (al: refer this to 1, and take ἐπί either locally (see ἐπί, C. I:1), or of succession (see ἐπί, C. I:2c.)); Luke 19:9>; Acts 7:10; Acts 10:2; Acts 11:14; Acts 16:31; Acts 18:8; 1 Corinthians 1:16; 1 Timothy 3:4; 1 Timothy 5:4; 2 Timothy 1:16; 2 Timothy 4:19; Hebrews 11:7; plural, 1 Timothy 3:12; Titus 1:11 (so also Genesis 7:1; Genesis 47:12, and often in Greek authors); metaphorically, and in a theocratic sense οἶκος τοῦ Θεοῦ, the family of God, of the Christian church, 1 Timothy 3:15; 1 Peter 4:17; of the church of the Old and New Testament, Hebrews 3:2,5f ( Numbers 12:7).

3. stock, race, descendants of one ( A. V. house): οἶκος Δαυίδ, Luke 1:27,69; Luke 2:4 ( 1 Kings 12:16); οἶκος Ἰσραήλ, Matthew 10:6; Matthew 15:24; Luke 1:33; Acts 2:36; Acts 7:42; (( οἶκος Ἰακώβ), 46 L T Tr marginal reading); Hebrews 8:8,10 ( Jeremiah 38:31 (Jeremiah 31:31>); Exodus 6:14; Exodus 12:3; Exodus 19:3; 1 Samuel 2:30; (cf. σεβαστός οἶκος, Philo in Flac. § 4)). The word is not found in the Apocalypse. [ SYNONYMS: οἶκος, οἰκία: in Attic (and especially legal) usage, οἶκος denotes one's household establishment, one's entire property, οἰκία, the dwelling itself; and in prose οἶκος is not used in the sense of οἰκία. In the sense of family οἶκος and οἰκία are alike employed; Schmidt vol. ii., chapter 80. In relation to distinctions (real or supposed) between οἶκος and οἰκία the following passages are of interest (cf. Valckenaer on Herodotus 7,224): Xenophon, oecon. 1,5 οἶκος δέ δή τί δοκεῖ ἡμῖν κειναι; ἄρα ὅπερ οἰκία, καί ὅσα τίς ἔξω τῆς οἰκίας κέκτηται, πάντα τοῦ οἴκου ταῦτα ἐστιν ... πάντα τοῦ ὀκου εἶναι ὅσα τίς κέκτηται. Aristotle, polit. 1,2, p. 1252{b}, 9ff, ἐκ μέν οὖν τούτων τῶν δύο κοινωνιων (viz. of a man with wife and servant) οἰκία πρώτη, καί ὀρθῶς ἡσιοδος εἶπε ποιήσας "οἶκον μέν prootista] γυναῖκα τέ βοῦν τ' ἀροτηρα." ... μέν οὖν εἰς πᾶσαν ἡμέραν συνεστηκυια κοινωνία κατά φύσιν οἶκος ἐστιν. ibid. 3, p. 1253{b}, 2ff, πᾶσα πόλις ἐκ οἰκιῶν σύγκειται. οἰκίας δέ μέρη, ἐκ ὧν αὖθις οἰκία συνισταται. οἰκία δέ τέλειος ἐκ δούλων καί ἐλευθέρων ... πρῶτα δέ καί ἐλάχιστα μέρη οἰκίας δεσπότης καί δοῦλος καί πόσις καί ἄλοχος. πατήρ καί τέκνα, etc. Plutarch, de audiend. poetis § 6 καί γάρ οἶκον πότε μέν τήν οἰκίαν καλοῦσιν, "οἶκον ἐς ὑψοροφον." πότε δέ τήν οὐσίαν, "ἐσθίεται μοι οἶκος." (see οἰκία, c.) Hesychius' Lexicon, under the words οἰκία, οἶκοι, under the word οἶκος. ὀλίγη οἰκία ... καί μέρος τί τῆς οἰκίας ... καί τά ἐν τῇ οἰκία. In the N. T., although the words appear at times to be used with some discrimination (e. g. Luke 10:5,6, 7; Acts 16:31,32, 34; cf. John 14:2), yet other passages seem to show that no distinction can be insisted upon: e. g. Matthew 9:23; Mark 5:38; Luke 7:36,37; Acts 10:17,(Acts 10:22,32>); Acts 17:5; 19:16; 21:8; 11:11,12,13; 16:15>; ( 1 Corinthians 1:16; 1 Corinthians 16:15).]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ὁρίζω in its primary sense of ";divide,"; ";separate from,"; is well seen in OGIS 335.112 (ii/i B.C.) εἰ ]ς τὴν ὁδὸν τὴν ὁρίζουσαν [τ ]ήν τε Πιταναίαν καὶ [τὴν. . . . . . : cf. P Fay 126.6 (ii/iii A.D.) ἐπὶ μέλι (l. μέλλει) ὁρίζεσθαι, ";since the boundaries (of a piece of land) are to be fixed"; (Edd.). From this it is an easy transition to ";fix a limit to,"; ";set apart,"; as in Acts 11:29 (cf. Field Notes, p. 119). The verb is construed with an acc. of time, as in Hebrews 4:7, in P Flor I. 61.45 (A.D. 85) (as amended Chrest. II. p. 89) ἡγεμόνες πεν [τ ]αετίαν ὥρισαν περὶ τοῦ πολυχρον [ ]ων : cf. Aristeas 157. For the pass. of what has been appointed, decreed, as in Luke 22:22, cf. P Par 63.92 (B.C. 164) (= P Petr III. p. 26) τοῦ διὰ τοῦ προστάγματος ὡρισμένου κε [φ ]αλαίου, ";the assessment defined in the decree"; (Mahaffy), P Lond 1168.13 (A.D. 18) (= III. p. 136) μετὰ τὴν ὡρισμένην ἀπόδοσιν. Similarly of time, P Fay 11.16 (c. B.C. 115) ἐν τοῖς διὰ τῶν συμβολαίω [ν ] ὁρισθεῖσιν χρόνοις, ";within the periods fixed by the contracts"; (Edd.), P Amh II. 50.15 (B.C. 106) ἐν τῶι ὡρισμένωι χρόνωι, P Tebt II. 327.12 (late ii/A.D.) μετὰ τὸν [ ]ρισμένον χρόνον τῆς [ ]πιτηρήσεως, ";after the appointed term of his office"; (Edd.). For the subst. ὁρισμός, ";boundary,"; cf. BGU II. 599.2 (ii/A.D.) ἕως ὁρισμοῦ καρπῶν, ib. IV. 1091.25 (A.D. 212–3) (φόρου) τ [ο ]ῦ δι᾽ ἐπισ ̣[κέ ]ψεως ὁρισ ̣μοῦ φα [ι ]νομένου, P Amh II. 97.11 (A.D. 180–192), where certain properties are set forth as—γίτονες καθὼς διὰ τῆς τοῦ ὁρισμοῦ πορείας δηλοῦ [τ ]αι νότου καὶ λιβὸς οἰκόπ (εδα) Εὐνοίδια λεγόμ (ενα), ";adjoined, as is set forth in the survey, on the south and west by the plots called Eunoidia"; (Edd.), and the introd. to P Strass I. 31. Note the curious use of the word in Exodus 8:12 περὶ τοῦ ὁρισμοῦ τῶν β ̣ατράχων, ";about the limitation of the frogs (to the river)."; In MGr ὁρισμός = ";order,"; ";command,"; cf. ὁρισμός σου φιρμάνι, ";thy order is an imperial decree (firman).";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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List of Word Forms
οικίας οικοι οίκοι οίκοί οικοις οίκοις οἴκοις όικοις οικον οικόν οίκον οίκόν οἶκον οἶκόν όικον οικος οικός οίκος οίκός οἶκος οἶκός όικος οικου οικού οίκου οἴκου οικους οίκους οἴκους οικω οίκω οἴκῳ όικω οικων οίκων οἴκων oiko oikō oíkoi oíkōi oikois oíkois oikon oikōn oíkon oíkōn oîkon oîkón oikos oîkos oîkós oikou oíkou oikous oíkous
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