; 1aorist ; passive (present ; perfect ; 1aorist ; a word for which the Greeks use , but very frequent in Biblical (as equivalent to קִדַשׁ
) and ecclesiastical writings; "to make , render or declare sacred or holy, consecrate". Hence, it denotes:
1. to render or acknowledge to be venerable, to hallow: , Matthew 6:9 (so of God, Isaiah 29:23; Ezekiel 20:41; Ezekiel 38:23; Sirach 33:4 ( Sirach 36:4)); ( Luke 11:2); , 1 Peter 3:15 ( R G ). Since the stamp of sacredness passes over from the holiness of God to whatever has any connection with God, denotes
2. to separate from things profane and dedicate to God, to consecrate and so render inviolable;
a. things ( , , Deuteronomy 15:19; , Exodus 20:8; , 2 Chronicles 7:16, etc.): , Matthew 23:17; , Matthew 23:19; , 2 Timothy 2:21.
b. persons. So Christ is said by undergoing death to consecrate himself to God, whose will he in that way fulfills, John 17:19; God is said Christ, i. e. to have selected him for his service (cf. , Galatians 1:15) by having committed to him the office of Messiah, John 10:36, cf. Jeremiah 1:5; Sirach 36:12 ( , , of his selection of men for the priesthood); Sirach 45:4 Sirach 49:7. Since only what is pure and without blemish can be devoted and offered to God ( Leviticus 22:20; Deuteronomy 15:21; Deuteronomy 17:1), signifies
3. to purify ( is added in Leviticus 16:19; 2 Samuel 11:4); and
a. to cleanse externally ( ), to purify levitically: Hebrews 9:13; 1 Timothy 4:5.
b. to purify by expiation, free from the guilt of sin: 1 Corinthians 6:11; Ephesians 5:26; Hebrews 10:10,14, 29; Hebrews 13:12; Hebrews 2:11 (equivalent to כִּפֶר, Exodus 29:33,36); cf. Pfleiderer, Paulinismus, p. 340ff (English translation 2:68f).
c. to purify internally by reformation of soul: John 17:17,19 (through knowledge of the truth, cf. John 8:32); 1 Thessalonians 5:23; 1 Corinthians 1:2 ( in the fellowship of Christ, the Holy One); Romans 15:16 ( imbued with the Holy Spirit, the divine source of holiness); Jude 1:1 ( L T Tr WH (which see)); Revelation 22:11. In general, Christians are called (cf. Deuteronomy 33:3), as those who, freed from the impurity of wickedness, have been brought near to God by their faith and sanctity, Acts 20:32; Acts 26:18. In 1 Corinthians 7:14 is used in a peculiar sense of those who, although not Christians themselves, are yet, by marriage with a Christian, withdrawn from the contamination of heathen impiety and brought under the saving influence of the Holy Spirit displaying itself among Christians; cf. Neander at the passage.<1> 1>