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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #3709 - ὀργή

Transliteration:
orgḗ
Phonetics:
or-gay'  
Word Origin:
from (3713)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Feminine
TDNT:
5:382,716
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. anger, the natural disposition, temper, character
  2. movement or agitation of the soul, impulse, desire, any violent emotion, but esp. anger
  3. anger, wrath, indignation
  4. anger exhibited in punishment, hence used for punishment itself
    1. of punishments inflicted by magistrates
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 639 ‑ אַף (af);   2195 ‑ זַעַם (zah'‑am);   2197 ‑ זַעַף (zah'‑af);   2534 ‑ חֵמָה (khay‑maw', khay‑maw');   2740 ‑ חָרֹן (khaw‑rone', khaw‑rone');   3708 ‑ כַּעַס (kah'‑as, kah'‑as);   3708 ‑ כַּעַס (kah'‑as, kah'‑as);   5007 ‑ נְאָצָה (neh‑aw‑tsaw', neh‑aw‑tsaw');   5191 ‑ נְטָל (net‑al');   5492 ‑ סוּפָה (soo‑faw');   5591 ‑ סַעַר (sah'‑ar, seh‑aw‑raw');   5678 ‑ עֶבְרָה (eb‑raw');   7107 ‑ קָצַף (kaw‑tsaf');   7107 ‑ קָצַף (kaw‑tsaf');   7110 ‑ קֶצֶף (keh'‑tsef);   7267 ‑ רֹגֶז (ro'‑ghez);   7267 ‑ רֹגֶז (ro'‑ghez);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὀργή, ἡ,

I natural impulse or propensity (v. ὀργάω II): hence, temperament, disposition, mood, κηφήνεσσι κοθούροις εἴκελος ὀργήν Hes. Op. 304, cf. Thgn. 98, 214, 964, etc.; ὀργὴν ἄλλοτ' ἀλλοίην ἔχει Semon. 7.11; so μείλιχος, γλυκεῖα ὀργά, Pi. P. 9.43, I. 2.35; εὐανθεῖ ἐν ὀργᾷ παρμένων Id. P. 1.89; ὀργῆς τραχύτης A. Pr. 80; ὠμή, ἀτέραμνος ὀργή, Id. Supp. 187, Pr. 192, etc.; ὀργῆς νοσούσης εἰσὶν ἰατροὶ λόγοι of 'a mind diseased', ib. 380: so in pl., h.Cer. 205, Pi. I. 5(4).34; ὀργαῖς ἀλωπέκων ἴκελοι Id. P. 2.77; κνωδάλων ἔχοντες ὀργάς A. Supp. 763; ἀστυνόμοι ὀργαί social dispositions, S. Ant. 356 (lyr., cf. σύντροφος 3); ὀργαὶ ἤπιοι E. Tr. 53: also in Prose, διεπειρᾶτο αὐτῶν τῆς τε ἀνδραγαθίης καὶ τῆς ὀργῆς Hdt. 6.128; οὐ τῇ αὐτῇ ὀ. ἀναπειθομένους τε πολεμεῖν καὶ ἐν τῷ ἔργῳ πράσσοντας Th. 1.140; τῇ ὀ... χαλεπῇ ἐχρῆτο ib. 130; ἐπιφέρειν ὀργάς τινι suit one's moods to another, Id. 8.83, cf. Cratin. 230; ὁ πόλεμος πρὸς τὰ παρόντα τὰς ὀ. τῶν πολλῶν ὁμοιοῖ Th. 3.82; τὴν τῶν πολλῶν.. συνιόντων ὀ... σοφίαν ἡγούμενος Pl. R. 493d.

II

1. anger, wrath, ὀργῇ χρῆσθαι to be in a passion, Hdt. 6.85, S. OT 1241; ὀργὴν ποιήσασθαι Hdt. 3.25; ὀργὴν ποιεῖσθαι εἰ.. Th. 4.122; ὀργῇ χάριν δοῦναι S. OC 855; ὀργῇ εἶξαι, χαρίζεσθαι, E. Hel. 80, Fr. 31; ὀργὴν ἔχειν τινί Ar. Pax 659 (but ὀ. ἔχει involves anger, D. 10.44); δι' ὀργῆς ἔχειν τινά Th. 5.46; ἐν ὀργῇ ἔχειν, ποιεῖσθαί τινα, Id. 2.65, D. 1.16; οὐ τίθεται ταῦτα παρ' ὑμῖν εἰς.. ἣν προσῆκεν ὀ. Id. 18.138; εἰς ὀργὴν πεσεῖν E. Or. 696, etc.; ὀργῇ περιπεπτωκέναι D. Ephesians 2:14; ἀνιέναι τῆς ὀργῆς, ὀργὴν χαλᾶν, remit one's anger, be pacified, Ar. Ra. 700, V. 727; ὀ. κατέχειν Philem. 185; ὀργῆς κρατεῖν Men. 574; ὀ. ἐμποιεῖν τινι make one angry, Pl. Lg. 793e; ὀργῆς τυγχάνειν to be visited with anger, D. 21.175, etc.; ὀργὴν ἄκρος quick to anger, passionate, Hdt. 1.73: in pl., ὀργὰς ἀφιέναι A. Pr. 317; φαίνειν Id. Ch. 326 (lyr.), al.

2. Adverbial usages, ὀργῇ in anger. in a passion, Hdt. 1.61, 114, S. OT 405, etc.; ὀργᾷ περιόργῳ A. Ag. 216 (lyr.); δι' ὀργῆς S. OT 807, Th. 2.11; δι' ὀργάν A. Eu. 981 (lyr.); ἐξ ὀργῆς S. Ant. 766; κατ' ὀργήν Id. Tr. 933, etc.; μετ' ὀργῆς Isoc. 2.23, Pl. Ap. 34d; μετὰ τῆς ὀ. D. 21.76; πρὸς ὀργήν S. El. 369, Ar. Ra. 844, Th. 2.65; ὀργῆς χάριν, ὀ. ὕπο, E. Andr. 688, IA 335.

3. c. gen., Πανὸς ὀργαί visitations of Pan's wrath, Id. Med. 1172; but c. gen. objecti, ὀργή τινος anger at or because of a thing, S. Ph. 1309 (cj.), Lys. 12.20; ὀ. τῆς προδοσίας εἶχε τοὺς Ἀθηναίους Plu. Them. 9; ἀπύρων ἱερῶν ὀργάς A. Ag. 71 (anap.).

4. v. cross ὀργάς 2. Not in Hom., who uses θυμός instead; once in Hes.; freq. in Eleg. and Lyr. and in Ion. and Att. Prose.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ὀργή, ὀργῆς, (from ὀργάω to teem, denoting an internal motion, especially that of plants and fruits swelling with juice ( Curtius, § 152); cf. Latin turgere alicui for irasci alicui in Plautus Cas. 2,5, 17; Most. 3,2, 10; cf. German arg, Aerger), in Greek writings from Hesiod down "the natural disposition, temper, character; movement or agitation of soul, impulse, desire, any violent emotion," but especially (and chiefly in Attic) anger. In Biblical Greek anger, wrath, indignation (on the distinction between it and θυμός, see θυμός, 1): Ephesians 4:31; Colossians 3:8; James 1:19f; μετ' ὀργῆς, indignant ( A. V. with anger), Mark 3:5; χωρίς ὀργῆς, 1 Timothy 2:8; anger exhibited in punishing, hence, used for the punishment itself ( Demosthenes or. in middle § 43): of the punishments inflicted by magistrates, Romans 13:4; διά τήν ὀργήν, i. e. because disobedience is visited with punishment, Romans 13:5. The ὀργή attributed to God in the N. T. is that in God which stands opposed to man's disobedience, obduracy (especially in resisting the gospel) and sin, and manifests itself in punishing the same: John 3:36; Romans 1:18; Romans 4:15; Romans 9:22 a; Hebrews 3:11; Hebrews 4:3; Revelation 14:10; Revelation 16:19; Revelation 19:15; absolutely, ὀργή, Romans 12:19 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 594 (553)); σκεύη ὀργῆς, vessels into which wrath will be poured (at the last day), explained by the addition κατηρτισμένα εἰς ἀπώλειαν, Romans 9:22 b; μελλουσα ὀργή, which at the last day will be exhibited in penalties, Matthew 3:7; Luke 3:7 (others understand in these two passages the (national) judgments immediately impending to be referred to — at least primarily); also ὀργή ἐρχομένη, 1 Thessalonians 1:10; ἡμέρα ὀργῆς, the day on which the wrath of God will be made manifest in the punishment of the wicked (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 30,2a.), Romans 2:5; and ἡμέρα μεγάλη τῆς ὀργῆς αὐτοῦ ( Revelation 6:17; see ἡμέρα, 3at the end); ἔρχεται ὀργή τοῦ Θεοῦ ἐπί τινα, the wrath of God cometh upon one in the infliction of penalty (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 40,2a.), Ephesians 5:6; Colossians 3:6 ( T Tr WH omit; L brackets ἐπί etc.); ἔφθασε (ἔφθακεν L text WH marginal reading) ἐπ' αὐτούς ὀργή, 1 Thessalonians 2:16; so ὀργή passes over into the notion of retribution and punishment, Luke 21:23; Rom. ( Romans 2:8); Romans 3:5; 5:9>; Revelation 11:18; τέκνα ὀργῆς, men exposed to divine punishment, Ephesians 2:3; εἰς ὀργήν, unto wrath, i. e. to undergo punishment in misery, 1 Thessalonians 5:9. ὀργή is attributed to Christ also when he comes as Messianic Judges , Revelation 6:16. (The Sept. for עֶבְרָה, wrath, outburst of anger, זַעַם, חֵמָה, חָרון, קֶצֶף, etc.; but chiefly for אַף.) Cf. Ferd. Weber, Vom Zorne Gottes. Erlang. 1862; Ritschl, Die christl. Lehre v. d. Rechtfertigung u. Versöhnung, ii., p. 118ff.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The idea of ";discipline"; is uppermost in the NT occurrences of this word (Ephesians 6:4, 2 Timothy 3:16, Hebrews 12:5; Hebrews 12:7-8; Hebrews 12:11), but also for the more general sense of ";training,"; ";education,"; both on the intellectual and moral sides, exx. can be freely quoted from the papyri, as BGU IV. 1140.6 (B.C. 4) τῷ πατρὶ [τῆ ]ς ἀρε ̣σ ̣κ ̣ούσης παιδείας, P Oxy II. 265.24 (A.D. 81–95) τὴν πρέ ]πουσαν ἐλευθέροις παισὶ παιδείαν, and from the inscrr., as Syll 523 (=.3 578).61 (ii/B.C.) τὸ ἀργύριον τὸ ἐπιδοθὲν. . . εἰς τὴν παιδείαν τῶν ἐλευθέρων παίδων, and ib..3 836.5 (A.D. 125–7) ἀνὴρ ἤθει καὶ παιδείᾳ διαφέρων. A Laconian inscr. in Ann. Br. Sch. at Athens xii. p. 460 honours a boy κ [οσμι ]ότατος καὶ παιδείας ἕνεκα (sedulitatis causa. (Ed.)) : cf. CIG I. 1376.2 ἤθει τε φιλοσόφῳ καὶ παιδ [ε ]ία ̣ καὶ τοῖς λόγοις διαφέροντα τῶν ἡλίκων, and ib. 1375 where παιδεία is joined with σωφροσύνη. See also Kaibel 152.9 f. (ii/B.C.) ὥς τε μάλιστα παιδείᾳ πινυτῇ καὶ σοφίῃ μελόμην.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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Revelation6
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Romans10
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Ephesians3
Colossians2
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James2
Revelation6
List of Word Forms
οργαί οργάς οργη οργή ὀργή ὀργὴ ὀργῇ οργην οργήν ὀργήν ὀργὴν οργης οργής ὀργῆς orge orgē orgḗ orgḕ orgêi orgē̂i orgen orgēn orgḗn orgḕn orges orgês orgēs orgē̂s
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