ver. 2.0.15.06.29
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #3752 - ὅταν

Transliteration:
hótan
Phonetics:
hot'-an  
Word Origin:
from (3753) and (302)
Parts of Speech:
particle
TDNT:
None
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. when, whenever, as long as, as soon as
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὅταν,

for ὅτ' ἄν (ὅτε ἄν) as sts. in codd.:

I Adv.

1. of Time, whenever, with a conditional force, so as nearly to = ἐάν (v. εἰ B. II), referring to an indef. future (cf. ὅτε A. I. IC), Il. 1.519, etc.; also of events like ly to recur, 2.397, IG 12.97.9, etc.: also in ὅτε κεν Il. 1.567, 6.225: strengthd., ὅ. περ S. OC 301, Pl. R. 565a, 565d: repeated for rhet. effect, ὅ. ὡς ὑβρίζων, ὅ. ὡς ἐχθρὸς ὑπάρχων, ὅ. κονδύλοις, ὅ. ἐπὶ κόρρης D. 21.72. later causal, since, ὅταν.. since it is, Arist. Mu. 395a19, cf. D.Chr. 7.105, Porph. Gaur. 11.2; in earlier examples the application to the particular case is less directly expressed, καὶ τοῦτο τυφλὸν ὅταν ἐγὼ βλέπω βραχύ this too (viz. my staff) is blind when I am (= when its owner is) short-sighted, E. Ion 744, cf. S. Aj. 137 (anap.), Pl. Sph. 241a, Din. 3.9.

2. never with ind. in early authors, exc. in Od. 10.410, ὡς δ' ὅταν.. σκαίρουσι (s. v. l.); in 24.88, ὅτε κεν.. ζώννυνταί τε νέοι καὶ ἐπεντύνονται ἄεθλα; and in Il. 12.41, ὡς δ' ὅτ' ἂν ἔν τε κύνεσσι καὶ ἀνδράσι.. στοέφεται (ἔναντα κύνεσσι cj. Monro): but freq. in LXX with impf. ind., as ὅταν εἰσήρχετο Genesis 38:9, cf. Plb. 4.32.5, Mark 3:11 : also with aor. ind., LXX Exodus 16:3, Revelation 8:1 : with fut. ind., ὅταν ἕξουσι Apollod. Poliorc. 187.12; ὅταν ὄψεσθε (v.l. ὄψησθε) Luke 13:28 : with pres. ind., ὅταν δείκνυται Str. 12.3.27 (s. v.l.): generally, ὅταν supersedes ὅτε in Hellenistic Greek.

3. never with opt. in early authors, exc. in orat. obliq., where in orat. recta the subj. with ὅταν would have stood, as perh. A. Pers. 450 may be expld. (ὅτ' ἐκνεῶν Elmsl.); ὅτε κεν folld. by ἵκοι, Il. 9.525.

II Special usages:

1. to introduce a simile, 10.5, Od. 5.394.

2. πρίν γ' ὅ., = πρίν γε ἢ ὅ. (v. ὅτε A. 11.2), 2.374.

3. εἰς ὅτε κεν until such time as.., ib.99, 19.144.

4. ὅ. τάχιστα, Lat. cum primum, Ar. Th. 1205, X. Cyr. 4.5.33; ὅ. πρῶτον Pl. Ly. 211b. [ ὅτᾱν only in later Poetry, Lyr.Alex. Adesp. 37.17.]

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ὅταν, a particle of time, compound of ὅτε and ἄν, at the time that, whenever (German dann wann; wann irgend); used of things which one assumes will really occur, but the time of whose occurrence he does not definitely fix (in secular authors often also of things which one assumes can occur, but whether they really will or not he does not know; hence, like our in case that, as in Plato, Prot., p. 360b.; Phaedr., p. 256e.; Phaedo, p. 68d.); (cf. Winer s Grammar, § 42,5; Buttmann, § 139,33);

a. with the subjunctive present: Matthew 6:2,5; Matthew 10:23; Mark 13:11 (here Rec. aorist); Mark 14:7>; Luke 11:36; Luke 12:11; Luke 14:12; Luke 21:7; John 7:27; John 16:21; Acts 23:35; 1 Corinthians 3:4; 2 Corinthians 13:9; 1 John 5:2; Revelation 10:7; Revelation 18:9; preceded by a specification of time: ἕως τῆς ἡμέρας ἐκείνης, ὅταν etc., Matthew 26:29; Mark 14:25; followed by τότε, 1 Thessalonians 5:3; 1 Corinthians 15:28; equivalent to as often as, of customary action, Matthew 15:2; John 8:44; Romans 2:14; at the time when equivalent to as long as, Luke 11:34; John 9:5.

b. with the subjunctive aorist: equivalent to the Latin quando acciderit, ut with subjunctive present, Matthew 5:11; Matthew 12:43; Matthew 13:32; Matthew 23:15; Matthew 24:32; Mark 4:15f, 29 ( R G), 31 f; 13:28; Luke 6:22,26; Luke 8:13; Luke 11:24; Luke 12:54; Luke 21:30; John 2:10; John 10:4; John 16:21; 1 Timothy 5:11 (here L marginal reading future); Revelation 9:5. equivalent to quando with future perfect, Matthew 19:28; Matthew 21:40; Mark 8:38; Mark 9:9; Mark 12:23 ( G Tr WH omit; L brackets the clause), 25; Luke 9:26; Luke 16:4,9; Luke 17:10; John 4:25; John 7:31; John 13:19; John 14:29; John 15:26; John 16:4,13, 21; John 21:18; Acts 23:35; Acts 24:22; Romans 11:27; 1 Corinthians 15:24 (here L T Tr WH present), 1 Corinthians 15:27> (where the meaning Isaiah , 'when he shall have said that the ὑποταξις predicted in the Psalm is now accomplished'; cf. Meyer ad loc.); 1 Corinthians 16:2,5,12>; 2 Corinthians 10:6; Colossians 4:16; 1 John 2:28 ( L T Tr WH ἐάν); 2 Thessalonians 1:10; Hebrews 1:6 (on which see εἰσάγω, 1); Revelation 11:7; Revelation 12:4; Revelation 17:10; Revelation 20:7. followed by τότε, Matthew 9:15; Matthew 24:15; Matthew 25:31; Mark 2:20; Mark 13:14; Luke 5:35; Luke 21:20; John 8:28; 1 Corinthians 13:10 ( G L T Tr WH omit τότε); 1 Corinthians 15:28,54>; Colossians 3:4.

c. According to the usage of later authors, a usage, however, not altogether unknown to the more elegant writers ( Winer s Grammar, 309 (289f); Buttmann, 222 f (192 f); ( Tdf. Proleg., p. 124 f; WH s Appendix, p. 171; for examples additional to these given by Winer s Grammar, and Buttmann, as above see Sophocles' Lexicon, under the word; cf. Jebb in Vincent and Dickson's Handbook to Modern Greek, Appendix, § 78)), with the indicative; α. future: when ( Matthew 5:11 Tdf.); Luke 13:28 T Tr text WH marginal reading; ( 1 Timothy 5:11 L marginal reading); as often as, Revelation 4:9 (cf. Bleek ad loc.). β. present: Mark 11:25 L T Tr WH; Mark 13:7 Tr text; ( Luke 11:2 Tr marginal reading). γ. very rarely indeed, with the imperfect: as often as, (whensoever), ὅταν ἐθεώρουν, Mark 3:11 ( Genesis 38:9; Exodus 17:11; 1 Samuel 17:34; see ἄν, II:1). δ. As in Byzantine authors equivalent to ὅτε, when, with the indicative aorist: ὅταν ἤνοιξεν, Revelation 8:1 L T Tr WH; (add ὅταν ὀψέ ἐγένετο, Mark 11:19 T Tr text WH, cf. Buttmann, 223 (193); but others take this of customary action, whenever evening came (i. e. every evening, R. V.)). ὅταν, does not occur in the Epistles of Peter and Jude.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (123)NAS (122)HCS (123)
Matthew19
Mark20
Luke27
John16
Acts2
Romans2
1 Corinthians11
2 Corinthians3
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians1
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy1
Titus1
Hebrews1
James1
1 John2
Revelation8
Matthew19
Mark21
Luke27
John16
Acts2
Romans2
1 Corinthians11
2 Corinthians3
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians1
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy1
Titus1
Hebrews1
James1
1 John1
Revelation9
Matthew19
Mark21
Luke29
John17
Acts2
Romans2
1 Corinthians12
2 Corinthians3
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians1
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy1
Titus1
Hebrews1
James1
1 John1
Revelation9
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οταν όταν ὅταν hotan hótan otan
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