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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #3775 - οὖς

Word Origin:
apparently a primary word
Parts of Speech:
Noun Neuter
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the ear
  2. metaph. the faculty of perceiving with the mind, the faculty of understanding and knowing
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 241 ‑ אֹזֶן (o'‑zen);   410 ‑ אֵל (ale);   5048 ‑ נֶגֶד (neh'‑ghed);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


(nom. sg. freq. in IG Il(2).161 B 126, al. (Delos, iii B. C.), v. sub fin.), τό, gen. ὠτός, dat. ὠτί: pl. nom. ὦτα, gen. ὤτων, dat. ὠσί (ὤτοις condemned by Phryn. 186): Hom. has only acc. sg. and dat. pl. (v. infr.); the other cases he forms as if from οὖας (which is found in Simon. 37.14), gen. οὔατος, pl. nom. and acc. οὔατα (also in Epich. 21, Hp. Cord. 8,al., SIG 1025.62 (Cos, iv/iii B. C.)), dat. οὔασι Il. 12.442 (ὠσίν Od. 12.200): Hellenistic nom. sg. ὦς PPetr. 3p.33 (iii B. C.), PGrenf. 1.12.29, 2.15 ii I (ii B. C.), IG 7.3498.19 (Oropus, ii B. C.), Roussel Cultes Egyptiens 217 (Delos, ii B. C.), PStrassb. 87.14 (ii B. C.): also Dor. ὦς Theoc. 11.32; pl. ὤϝαθ' cj. for ὦτά θ' in Alcm. 41:

1. ear, Ἄντιφον αὖ παρὰ οὖς ἔλασε ξίφει Il. 11.109; [ κηρὸν] ἐπ' ὠσὶν ἄλειψ' Od. l.c.; αἲ γὰρ δή μοι ἀπ' οὔατος ὧδε γένοιτο oh may I never hear of such a thing! Il. 18.272; αἲ γὰρ ἀπ' οὔατος εἴη 22.454; ἀμφὶ κτύπος οὔατα βάλλει 10.535; ὀρθὰ ἱστάναι τὰ ὦτα, of horses, Hdt. 4.129, cf. S. El. 27, etc.; ἐν τοῖσι ὠσὶ.. οἰκέει ὁ θυμός Hdt. 7.39, cf. 1.8; βοᾷ ἐν ὠσὶ κέλαδος rings in the ear, A. Pers. 605; φθόγγος βάλλει δι' ὤτων S. Ant. 1188, cf. A. Ch. 56 (lyr.); δι' ὠτὸς παῦρα ἐννέπειν πρός τινα S. El. 1437 (lyr.); ὀξὺν δι' ὤτων κέλαδον ἐνσείσας ib. 737, cf. OT 1387; δι' ὤτων ἦν λόγος E. Med. 1139, cf. Rh. 294, 566; so ἁμῖν τοῦτο δι' ὠτὸς ἔγεντο Theoc. 14.27; λόγους ψιθύρους εἰς ὦτα φέρει S. Aj. 149 (anap.); εἰς οὖς ἑκάστῳ.. ηὔδα λόγους E. Andr. 1091, cf. Hipp. 932; προσκύψας μοι μικρὸν πρὸς τὸ οὖς Pl. Euthd. 275e; ἐπ' (ἐς cj. Dawes) οὔατα λάθριος εἶπεν Call. Ap. 105; reversely, παρέχειν τὰ ὦτα to lend the ears, i. e. to attend, Pl. Cra. 396d, etc.; so ἐπισχέσθαι τὰ ὦτα Id. Smp. 216a; παραβάλλειν Id. R. 531a, cf. Call. Fr. anon. 375; τὰ ὦτα ἐξεπετάννυτο Ar. Eq. 1347; ὦτα χορηγεῖν Plu. 2.232f; ἀποκλείειν τὰ ὦτα ib.143f; οἱ ὦτα ἔχοντες those who have ears to hear, ib. 1113c: metaph., of spies in Persia, X. Cyr. 8.2.10s q., Luc. Ind. 23, cf. Arist. Pol. 1287b30; τὸ τῶν λεγομένων ὤτων καὶ προσαγωγέων γένος Plu. 2.522f; τὰ ὦτα ἐπὶ τῶν ὤμων ἔχοντες, of persons who slink away ashamed (hanging their ears like dogs), Pl. R. 613c: prov., v. λύκος; τεθλασμένος οὔατα πυγμαῖς, of a boxer, Theoc. 22.45 (cf. ὠτοκάταξις) ; ἐπ' ἀμφότερα τὰ ὦτα καθεύδειν sleep soundly, Aeschin. Socr. 54 D. II from resemblance to an ear, 1 handle, esp. of pitchers, cups, etc., οὔατα δ' αὐτοῦ τέσσαρ' ἔσαν Il. 11.633, cf. 18.378, Bion ap. Plu. 2.536a, IG 11(2).161 B 126 (Delos, iii B. C.), Hero Spir. 2.23, Dsc. 5.87; [ ποτήριον] ὦτα συντεθλασμένον Alex. 270.3.

2. in Archit., = παρωτίς 4, IG 12.372.201, cf. 319.6.

3. οὖς Ἀφροδίτης, a kind of shell-fish, Antig.Car. ap. Ath. 3.88a; οὖς θαλάττιον, = ἀγρία λεπάς, Arist. HA 529b16.

4. τὰ ὦτα (οὔατα Hp.) τῆς καρδίας the auricles of the heart, Hp. Cord. 8, Gal. UP 6.15, cf. 2.615K.

5. name of part of a bandage, Heraclas ap. Orib. 48.15 tit. [Written ὀ̄ς in IG 12.] (Cogn. with Lat. auris, Lith. ausìs, O E. éar, etc.; details obscure; nom. sg. οὖς perh. from Ο(ϝ) ος (contained in ἀμφώης).)

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 οὖς, genitive ὠτός, plural ὦτα, dative ὦσιν, τό (cf. Latin auris, ausculto, audio, etc.; akin to ἀΐω, αἰσθάνομαι; cf. Curtius, § 619; Vanicek, p. 67); from Homer down; Hebrew אֹזֶן; the ear;

1. properly: Matthew 13:16; Mark 7:33; Luke 22:50; 1 Corinthians 2:9; 1 Corinthians 12:16; ὦτα τίνος εἰς δέησιν, to hear supplication, 1 Peter 3:12; γραφή πληροῦται ἐν τοῖς ὠσί τίνος, while present and hearing, Luke 4:21 ( Baruch 1:3 f); those unwilling to hear a thing are said συνέχειν (which see 2a.) τά ὦτα, to stop their ears, Acts 7:57; ἠκούσθη τί εἰς τά ὦτα τίνος, something was heard by, came to the knowledge of ( A. V. came to the ears of) one, Acts 11:22; likewise ἐισέρχεσθαι, James 5:4; γίνεσθαι, to come unto the ears of one, Luke 1:44; ἀκούειν εἰς τό οὖς, to hear ( A. V. in the ear i. e.) in familiar converse, privately, Matthew 10:27 (εἰς οὖς often so in classical Greek; cf. Passow (Liddell and Scott), under the word, 1); also πρός τό οὖς λαλεῖν, Luke 12:3.

2. metaphorically equivalent to: the faculty of perceiving with the mind, the faculty of understanding and knowing: Matthew 13:16; ἔχων (or εἰ τίς ἔχει) ὦτα (or οὖς, in Rev.) (sometimes (especially in Mark and Luke) with ἀκούειν added; cf. Buttmann, § 140,3) ἀκουέτω, whoever has the faculty of attending and understanding, let him use it, Matthew 11:15; Matthew 13:9,43; Mark 4:9,23; Mark 7:16 ( T WH omit; Tr brackets the verse); Luke 8:8; Luke 14:35 (34); Revelation 2:7,11, 17,29; Revelation 3:6,13, 22; Revelation 13:9; τοῖς ὠσί βαρέως ἀκούειν, to be slow to understand or obey ( A. V. their ears are dull of hearing), Matthew 13:15; Acts 28:27 (from Isaiah 6:10); ὦτα ἔχοντες οὐκ ἀκούετε, Mark 8:18; ὦτα τοῦ μή ἀκούειν, ( ears that they should not hear; cf. Buttmann, 267 (230)), Romans 11:8; θέσθε τούς λόγους τούτους εἰς τά ὦτα ( A. V. let these words sink into your ears i. e.) take them into your memory and hold them there, Luke 9:44; ἀπερίτμητος τοῖς ὦσιν (see ἀπερίτμητος), Acts 7:51.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Vocabulary of the Greek NT

orig. ";one called in"; to support, hence ";advocate,"; ";pleader,"; ";a friend of the accused person, called to speak to his character, or otherwise enlist the sympathy of the judges"; (Field Notes, p. 102). For the history of the word, which in the NT is confined to the Johannine writings, though the idea is present in Paul (Romans 8:26-34), see the excellent summary by Hastings in D.B. iii. p. 665 ff. : cf. Lightfoot On a Fresh Revision.3 p. 56 ff., Zahn Introd. i. p. 64 f., and Bauer Joh. p. 137ff. (in HZNT). Useful reff. to the work of the ";advocate"; in the Hellenistic world will be found in Deissmann LAE, p. 340, where stress is rightly laid on the borrowing of the word in Heb. and Aramaic as evidence of its popular use.

The word is found in a very illiterate letter of ii/A.D., BGU II. 601.12 εὖ οὖν ποιήσῃς γράψον μοι περὶ τῆς οἰκίας, ὅτι τι ἔπραξας, καὶ τὸν ἀραβῶνα τοῦ Σαραπίωνος πάρακλος (l. παράκλητος) δέδωκα αὐτῷ, καὶ γράψον μοι περὶ τῆς ἀπα (= ο)γραφῆς. In the previous sentence the writer says she has deposited in Demeter’s temple καλαμεσιτὰ ἀσπ (= φ)αλίσματα (";bonds written with a pen"; ?). Does she mean παρακληθεῖσα by her παράκλ (ητ)ος, i.e. ";on being summoned"; ?

The negative of the verbal occurs in OGIS 248.25 (B.C. 175–161) ";that the Demos (of Athens) may . . . show that it honours those who benefit itself and its friends ἀπαρακλήτους,"; i.e. ";uninvited.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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