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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #3778 - οὗτος

hoo'-tos, hoo'-toy, how'-tay, how'-tahee  
Word Origin:
from the article (3588) and (846)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. this, these, etc.
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 389 ‑ אַךְ (ak);   403 ‑ אָכֵן (aw‑kane');   403 ‑ אָכֵן (aw‑kane');   834 ‑ אֲשֶׁר (ash‑er');   2063 ‑ זֹאת (zothe');   2088 ‑ זֶה (zeh);   3541 ‑ כֹּה (ko);   3588 ‑ כִּי (kee);   3602 ‑ כָּכָה (kaw'‑kaw);   3653 ‑ כֵּן (kane);   3660 ‑ כְּנֵמָא (ken‑ay‑maw');   5794 ‑ עַז (az);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

οὗτος, αὕτη, τοῦτο,

gen. τούτου, ταύτης, τούτου, etc.: the dual fem. never in Att., v. ὁ, ἡ, τό, init.:

demonstr. Pron., this, common from Hom. downwds.

ORIGIN and FORMS: οὗτος, αὕτη, τοῦτο prob. arose from a reduplication of the demonstr. ὁ, ἡ, τό with insertion of -υ- (= Skt. Particle u), e.g. ταῦτα fr. τα-υ-τα: Dor. gen. sg. fem. τούτας Philol. 11; nom. pl. τοῦτοι, ταῦται A.D. Synt. 111.23: the former occurs Sophr. 24, GDI 3045 B 6 (Selinus), SIG 339.16 (Rhodes, iii B. C.), etc., the latter is dub. in Sophr. 97, certain in SIG 241 B 117 (Delph., iv B. C.): in Boeot. all forms begin with οὑτ-, as gen. sg. neut. οὕτω Supp.Epigr. 3.359.11 (iii B. C.); acc. sg. fem. οὕταν Corinn. Supp. 2.80; acc. pl. neut. οὗτα SIG 1185.20 (Tanagra, iii B. C.), etc.: gen. pl. fem. Att. τούτων, Cret. ταυτᾶν Leg.Gort. 5.19; neut. ταύτων Michel 1334.10 (Elis, iv B. C.). In Ion. sts. written ταότην, ταο̄τα, SIG 283.19 (Chios, iv B. C.), 46.7 (Halic., v B. C.), al. In Att. οὗτος was freq. strengthd. by the demonstr. -ί, οὑτοσί, αὑτηί, τουτί, gen. τουτουί, dat. τουτῳί, acc. τουτονί; pl. nom. οὑτοιί, neut. ταυτί, etc., this man here: sts. a Particle is inserted between the Pron. and -ί, as αὑτηγί for αὑτηί γε, Ar. Ach. 784; τουτογί for τουτί γε, Id. V. 781, Av. 894, al.; ταυταγί for ταυτί γε, Id. Eq. 492, Pax 1057, al.; τουτοδί for τουτὶ δέ, Id. Pl. 227; τουτουμενί for τουτουὶ μέν, Id. Ra. 965. In codd. the ν ἐφελκυστικόν is sts. added in the forms οὑτοσίν, οὑτωσίν, and οὑτοσίν is said to be Att. by A.D. Pron. 59.24, 82.11. [This ι is always long, and a long vowel or diphthong before it becomes short, as αὑτη ί, τουτω ί, οὑτοῐί, Ar. Nu. 201, Pl. 44, Ach. 40, etc.]

USAGE in regard to CONCOR D. οὗτος is freq. used as a Pron. Subst.:

1. hence neut. is folld. by gen., κατὰ τοῦτο τῆς ἀκροπόλιος Hdt. 1.84; εἰς τοῦθ' ὕβρεως ἐλήλυθεν D. 4.37; εἰς τοῦθ' ἥκεις μανίας Id. 36.48; ταῦτα τῶν μαθημάτων Pl. Euthd. 278b: but quite as freq. as Adj., in which case its Subst. commonly takes the Art., οὗτος ὁ ἀνήρ or ὁ ἀνὴρ οὗτος. — But the Art. is absent, 1 always in Poets (exc. Od. 18.114), οὗτος ἀνήρ Il. 14.471, Od. 1.406, etc.: sts. also in Trag., A. Pers. 122 (lyr.), 495, S. Ph. 406, OC 471, 1177: once in an Inscr., τοπεῖα: τούτων τὰ ἡμίσεα τοπείων IG 22.1622.135 (iv B. C.).

2. sts. when the Noun is so specified that the Art. is not needed, ἐς γῆν ταύτην.., ἥντινα νῦν Σκύθαι νέμονται Hdt. 4.8; ταύτας ἃς οἱ πατέρες παρέδοσαν μελέτας Th. 1.85, cf. Pl. R. 449d, etc.; πατὴρ σὸς οὗτος, ὃν θρηνεῖς ἀεί S. El. 530.

3. when οὗτος is used in local sense, here, v. infr. c. 1.5.

4. when the Noun with which οὗτος agrees stands as its Predicate, αὕτη γὰρ ἦν σοι πρόφασις S. Ph. 1034; δικαστοῦ αὕτη ἀρετή [ἐστι ] Pl. Revelation 18:1-24 a: this exception extends to cases in which the Predicate is not so distinctly separated from the Subject, αἰτίαι μὲν αὗται προυγεγένηντο these were the grievances which already existed, Th. 1.66; ταύτην φήμην παρέδοσαν this was the report which.., Pl. Phlb. 16c: freq. with a Sup., κίνησις αὕτη μεγίστη δὴ.. ἐγένετο this was notably the greatest movement which.., Th. 1.1, cf. 3.113: with πρῶτος Id. 1.55, 98, 6.31, Luke 2:2.

5. when 3rd pers. is used for 2nd to express contempt, οὗτος ἀνήρ, οὑτοσὶ ἀνήρ, Pl. Grg. 467b, 489b, etc.


1. though οὗτος usu. agrees with the Noun that serves as Predicate, it is not rare to find it in the neut., μανία δὲ καὶ τοῦτ' ἐστί E. Ba. 305; τοῦτο γάρ εἰσι.. εὔθυναι D. 19.82, etc.: and in pl., οὐκ ἔστι ταῦτα ἀρχή Aeschin. 3.13; ταῦτ' ἐστὶν ὁ προδότης Id. 2.166: so with an explanatory clause added, τοῦτο γάρ ἐστιν ὁ συκοφάντης, αἰτιᾶσθαι μὲν πάντα ἐξελέγξαι δὲ μηδέν D. 57.34.

2. so also with a Noun in apposition, τούτοισιν μὲν ταῦτα μέλει, κίθαρις καὶ ἀοιδή Od. 1.159; τούτου τιμῶμαι, ἐν πρυτανείῳ σιτήσεως Pl. Ap. 36e, cf. E. Fr. 323.3, etc.

3. the neut. also may refer to a masc. or fem. Noun, καρπὸν φορέει κυάμῳ ἴσον: τοῦτο ἐπεὰν γένηται πέπον κτλ. Hdt. 4.23, cf. X. An. 1.5.10, etc.

4. the neut. is also used of classes of persons, μελιτοπῶλαι καὶ τυροπῶλαι: τοῦτο δ' εἰς ἕν ἐστι συγκεκυφός Ar. Eq. 854, cf. Pl. Lg. 711a; or of an abstract fact, οὐκ Ἰοφῶν ζῇ; — τοῦτο γάρ τοι καὶ μόνον ἔτ' ἐστὶ λοιπὸν ἀγαθόν Ar. Ra. 73.

III with Prons.,

1 personal, οὗτος σύ, in local sense, v. infr. c. 1.5.

2. interrog., τί τοῦτ' ἔλεξας; what is this that.. ? S. Ph. 1173 (lyr.), cf. Ant. 7; ποίοισι τούτοις; for ποῖά ἐστι ταῦτα οἷς [ἔχεις ἐλπίδα ]; Id. OC 388, cf. Ant. 1049; Νέστορ' ἔρειο ὅν τινα τοῦτον ἄγει whom he brings here, Il. 11.612.

3. with οἷος, Od. 20.377, Pl. Phd. 61c.

4. possess., πατὴρ σὸς οὗτος this father of thine, S. El. 530, cf. X. An. 7.3.30.

5. demonstr., οὗτος ἐκεῖνος, τὸν σὺ ζητέεις, where ἐκεῖνος is the Predicate, Hdt. 1.32; τοῦτ' ἔστ' ἐκεῖνο E. Hel. 622, cf. Or. 804; αὐτὸ τοῦτο, v. αὐτός 1.7; τοῦτον τὸν αὐτὸν ἄνδρα this same man, S. Ph. 128. exceptionally, Διφίλου οὗτος ὅδ' ἐστὶ τύπος IG 12(5).300 (Paros).

6. ἄλλος τις οὗτος ἀνέστη another man here, Od. 20.380. with Numerals, τέθνηκε ταῦτα τρία ἔτη these three years, Lys. 7.10c odd.; [ στρατείαν] ἑνδέκατον μῆνα τουτονὶ ποιεῖται for these eleven months, D. 8.2, cf. 3.4; τριακοστὴν ταύτην ἡμέραν Men. Epit. 27; ταύτας τριάκοντα μνᾶς D. 27.23, cf. Pl. Grg. 463b, etc.



1. this, to designate the nearer, opp. ἐκεῖνος, that, the more remote, ταῦτα, like τὰ ἐνταῦθα, things round and about us, earthly things, Pl. Phd. 75e (v. l.); cf. ὅδε init.: but οὗτος sts. indicates that which is not really nearest, but most important, δεῖ.. τὸ βέλτιστον ἀεί, μὴ τὸ ῥᾷστον λέγειν: ἐπὶ ἐκεῖνο μὲν γὰρ ἡ φύσις αὐτὴ βαδιεῖται, ἐπὶ τοῦτο δὲ κτλ. D. 8.72, cf. 51.3 and 18.

2. when, of two things, one precedes and the other follows, ὅδε prop. refers to what follows, οὗτος to what precedes, οὐκ ἔστι σοι ταῦτ', ἀλλά σοι τάδ' ἔστι S. OC 787, cf. ὅδε III. 2: freq., however, where there are not two things, οὗτος refers to what follows, Il. 13.377, Od. 2.306, etc.; οὔκουν.. τοῦτο γιγνώσκεις, ὅτι..; A. Pr. 379, etc.

3. οὗτος is used emphat., generally in contempt, while ἐκεῖνος denotes praise, ὁ πάντ' ἄναλκις οὗτος, i.e. Aegisthus, S. El. 301; τούτους τοὺς συκοφάντας Pl. Cri. 45a; so D. de Coron. uses οὗτος of Aeschines, ἐκεῖνος of Philip; but οὗτος is used of Philip, D. 2.15, 4.3. of what is familiar, τούτους τοὺς πολυτελεῖς χιτῶνας, of the Persians, X. An. 1.5.8; οἱ τὰς τελετὰς.. οὗτοι καταστήσαντες Pl. Phd. 69c, cf. Men. 80a; τὸ θυλακῶδες τοῦτο the familiar bag-like thing, Thphr. HP 3.7.3, cf. 3.18.11, 4.7.1; οἱ τὰς κόρας ταύτας ὠνούμενοι τοῖς παισίν D.Chr. 31.153.

4. in Att. law-language, οὗτος is commonly applied to the opponent, whether plaintiff (as in Aeschin. 2.130) or defendant (as in Id. 1.1); so, in the political speeches of D., οὗτοι are the opposite party, 4.1, 8.7, etc.; but in the forensic speeches, οὗτοι freq. means the judges, the court, 21.134, 36.47.

5. much like an Adv., in local sense (cf. ὅδε init.), τίς δ' οὗτος κατὰ νῆας.. ἔρχεαι; who art thou here that comest.. ? Il. 10.82; freq. in Att., τίς οὑτοσί; who's this here? Ar. Ach. 1048; πολλὰ ὁρῶ ταῦτα πρόβατα I see many sheep here, X. An. 3.5.9 (as v.l.): with Pron. of 2 pers., οὗτος σύ ho you! you there! S. OT 532, 1121, E. Hec. 1280, etc.: and then οὗτος alone like a voc., οὗτος, τί ποιεῖς; A. Supp. 911,cf. S. Aj. 71, E. Alc. 773, Ar. Eq. 240, Nu. 220, al.: with a pr. n., ὦ οὗτος, Αἴας S. Aj. 89; ὦ οὗτος οὗτος, Οἰδίπους Id. OC 1627, cf. Ar. V. 1364: with voc., βέντισθ' οὗτος Theoc. 5.76: the fem. is rarer, αὕτη E. Med. 922; αὕτη σύ Ar. Th. 610. This phrase mostly implies anger, impatience, or scorn.

II simply as antec. to ὅς, Od. 2.40, S. OT 1180, etc.: freq. following relat. clause, ἅ γ' ἔλαβες,.. μεθεῖναι ταῦτα Id. Ph. 1247, cf. 1319, Ant. 183, 203, Pl. Grg. 469c.

III = τοιοῦτος, οὗτος ἐγὼ ταχυτᾶτι Pi. O. 4.26; σὺ τοίνυν οὗτος εὑρέθης D. 18.282, cf. 173. after a parenthesis, the Subject, though already named, is freq. emphat. repeated by οὗτος, οὐδὲ γὰρ οὐδὲ Ἀριστέης.., οὐδὲ οὗτος προσωτέρω.. ἔφησε ἀπικέσθαι Hdt. 4.16, cf. 81 (s. v. l.), 1.146, Pl. Phd. 107d, etc. καὶ οὗτος is added to heighten the force of a previous word, ξυνεστῶτες.. ναυτικῷ ἀγῶνι, καὶ τούτῳ πρὸς Ἀθηναίους Th. 4.55, cf. Hdt. 1.147, 6.11, etc.; so οὐδὲ τούτου Aeschin. 2.100; v. infr. VIII.2. repeated, where for the second we should merely say he or it, τοῖσιν τούτου τοῦτον μέλεσιν.. κελαδοῦντες Ar. Ra. 1526, cf. Pl. La. 200d.

ταῦτα is used in some special phrases,

1 ταῦτ', ὦ δέσποτα yes Sir (i. e. ἔστι ταῦτα, ταῦτα δράσω, etc.), Ar. V. 142, Pax 275, cf. Eq. III; so ταῦτα δή Id. Ach. 815; ταῦτά νυν Id. V. 1008; so also ἦν ταῦτα even so, true, E. Ph. 417.

2. ταῦτα μὲν δὴ ὑπάρξει so it shall be, Pl. Phd. 78a.

3. καὶ ταῦτα μὲν δὴ ταῦτα so much for that, freq. in Att., as Pl. Smp. 220c.

4. ταῦτα at end of a formula in epitaphs, etc., prob. short for ταῦτα οὕτως ἔχει or ὁ βίος ταῦτά ἐστιν, e.g. οὐδὶς (= -εὶς) ἀθάνατος: ταῦτα IG 14.420; Προκόπι ταῦτα ib.1824; χαίρεται (= -τε) ταῦτα ib.1479, etc.: similarly perh. in a letter, ἂμ μὴ πέμψῃς, οὐ μὴ φάγω, οὐ μὴ πείνω. ταῦτα POxy. 119.15 (ii/iii A. D.).

Adverbial usages:

1 ταῦτα abs., therefore, that is why.., Il. 11.694; ταῦτ' ἄρα Ar. Ach. 90, Nu. 319, 335, 394, al., X. Smp. 4.55; ταῦτα δή A. Pers. 159, Pl. Smp. 174a; ταῦτ' οὖν S. Tr. 550, Ar. V. 1358, etc.; αὐτὰ ταῦτα ἥκω, ἵνα.. Pl. Prt. 310e: τοῦτο is rare in this sense, τοῦτ' ἀφικόμην, ὅπως.. εὖ πράξαιμί τι S. OT 1005; αὐτὸ γὰρ τοῦτο just because of this, Pl. Smp. 204a. πρὸς ταῦτα so then, therefore, prop. used in indignant defiance, A. Pr. 992, 1043, S. Aj. 971, 1115, 1313, OT 426, OC 455, etc.

2. καὶ ταῦτα, adding a circumstance heightening the force of what has been said, and that, ἄνδρα γενναῖον θανεῖν, καὶ ταῦτα πρὸς γυναικός A. Eu. 627: but mostly with a part., ὅς γ' ἐξέλυσας ἄστυ.., καὶ ταῦθ' ὑφ' ἡμῶν οὐδὲν ἐξειδὼς πλέον S. OT 37, cf. Ar. Ra. 704, Pl. Phdr. 241e, etc.; or with a part. omitted, ἥτις.. τὴν τεκοῦσαν ὕβρισεν, καὶ ταῦτα τηλικοῦτος (sc. οὖσα) S. El. 614; so καὶ ταῦτα μέντοι Pl. Erx. 400b. καὶ ταῦτα anyhow, no matter what happens (or happened), ἐπεχείρησας, οὐδὲν ὢν καὶ ταῦτα you tried, but were no good anyhow, i.e. try as you might, Id. R. 341c, cf. Diod.Com. 3.5.

3. τοῦτο μέν.., τοῦτο δέ.. on the one hand.., on the other.., partly.., partly.., very freq. in Hdt., as 1.161, al.; τοῦτο μέν is sts. answered by δέ only, 4.76, S. Aj. 670, OC 440; by δὲ αὖ, Hdt. 7.176; by ἔπειτα δέ, S. Ant. 61; by ἀλλά, D. 22.13; by εἶτα, S. Ph. 1345; by τοῦτ' αὖθις, Id. Ant. 165.

4. dat. fem. ταύτῃ, on this spot, here, ταύτῃ μὲν.., τῇδε δ' αὖ.. Id. Ph. 1331; ἀλλ' ἐὰν ταύτῃ γε νικᾷ, ταυτῃὶ πεπλήξεται Ar. Eq. 271, cf. Th. 1221. in this point, herein, μηδὲν ταύτῃ γε κομήσῃς Id. Pl. 572, cf. X. Hier. 7.12, etc. in this way, thus, A. Pr. 191, S. OC 1300, etc.; οὐ.. ταῦτ' ἐστί πω ταύτῃ Ar. Eq. 843; ἀλλ' οὔτι ταύτῃ ταῦτα E. Med. 365, cf. A. Pr. 511: antec. to ὥσπερ, Pl. R. 330c; to ὅπῃ, X. Cyr. 8.3.2; οὕτω τε καὶ ταύτῃ γίγνοιτο Pl. Lg. 681d; καὶ οὕτω καὶ ταύτῃ ἂν ἔχοι ib. 714d; ταύτῃ καλεῖσθαι, etc., like οὕτω κ., Sch. Pl. Smp. 215b.

5. ἐκ τούτου or τούτων thereupon, X. HG 3.1.6, Oec. 2.1; therefore, Id. An. 3.3.5.

6. ἐν τούτῳ in that case, Pl. R. 440c. in the meantime, Hdt. 1.126, Th. 3.72, X. Mem. 2.


or οὔ τοι, Adv. indeed not, Il. 1.298, 515, 3.65, 4.29, Hes. Op. 759, etc.: in Att. freq. before protestations, οὔτοι μὰ τὴν Δήμητρα Ar. Pl. 64; οὔτοι.. μὰ τὸν Ἀπόλλω Id. V. 1366; οὔτοι μὰ τὴν Γῆν Id. Pax 188; μὰ τὸν Δί' οὔτοι γε Id. Th. 34; μὰ τὸν Δί' οὐ τοίνυν Id. V. 1141 (cf. τοίνυν) ; ἀλλ' οὔτοι.. γε S. El. 137 (lyr.), etc.; οὔτοι δή Pl. Cri. 43d; οὔτοι δὴ.. γε Id. Euthphr. 2a, etc.; οὔτοι μὲν οὖν Id. Phdr. 271b; οὔτοι πότε never indeed, S. Ant. 522, etc.; οὔτοι ποτέ.. γε Id. OT 852; cf. οὔ τἄν, οὔ τἄρα. (οὔτοι is freq. confounded with οὔτι.)


[ ], , (αὔω B) cry, shout, esp. battle-shout, war-cry, ἀϋτὴ δ' οὐρανὸν ἷκεν Il. 2.153; ἀϋτή τε πτόλεμός τε 6.328; κίνδυνος ὀξείας ἀϋτᾶς Pi. N. 9.35: generally, γλώσσης ἀϋτὴν Φωκίδος A. Ch. 564; of the blast of the trumpet, Id. Pers. 395; of the creaking of the axle, Parm. 1.6. (ἀϝῡτά IG 9(1).868 (Corc.).)

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 οὗτος, αὕτη, τοῦτο, demonstrative pronoun (cf. Curtius, p. 543), Hebrew זֶה, זֹאת, this; used:

I. absolutely.


a. this one, visibly present here: Matthew 3:17; Matthew 17:5; Mark 9:7; Luke 7:44; Luke 9:35; 2 Peter 1:17. Matthew 9:3; Matthew 21:38; Mark 14:69; Luke 2:34; Luke 23:2; John 1:15,30; John 7:25; John 9:8f, 19; John 18:21,30; John 21:21; Acts 2:15; Acts 4:10; Acts 9:21; according to the nature and character of the person or thing mentioned, it is used with a suggestion — either of contempt, as Matthew 13:55; Mark 6:2; Luke 5:21; Luke 7:39,49; John 6:42,52; John 7:15; or of admiration, Matthew 21:11; Acts 9:21; cf. Wahl, Clavis apocryphor. V. T., p. 370.

b. it refers to a subject immediately preceding, the one just named: Luke 1:32; Luke 2:37 ( R G L); John 1:2; John 6:71; 2 Timothy 3:6,8, etc.; at the beginning of a narrative about one already mentioned, Matthew 3:3; Luke 16:1; John 1:41 (John 1:42>); John 3:2; 12:21; 21:21>; Acts 7:19; Acts 21:24. this one just mentioned and no other: John 9:9; Acts 4:10 (ἐν τούτῳ); Acts 9:20>; 1 John 5:6; such as I have just described, 2 Timothy 3:5; 2 Peter 2:17. καί οὗτος, this one just mentioned also, i. e. as well as the rest, Luke 20:30 R G L; Hebrews 8:3. καί τοῦτον, and him too, and him indeed, 1 Corinthians 2:2.

c. it refers to the leading subject of a sentence although in position more remote ( Winer s Grammar, § 23,1; (Buttmann, § 127,3)): Acts 4:11; Acts 7:19; Acts 8:26 (on which see Γάζα under the end); 1 John 5:20 (where οὗτος is referred by (many) orthodox interpreters incorrectly ((see Alford at the passage; Winer s Grammar, and Buttmann s Grammar, the passages cited)) to the immediately preceding subject, Christ); 2 John 1:7.

d. it refers to what follows; οὗτος, αὕτη ἐστι, in this appears ... that etc.; on this depends ... that etc.: followed by ὅτι, as αὕτη ἐστιν ἐπαγγελία, ὅτι, 1 John 1:5; add, 1 John 5:11,14>; — by ἵνα, John 15:12; 1 John 3:11,23; 1 John 5:3; 2 John 1:6; τοῦτο ἐστι τό ἔργον, τό θέλημα τοῦ Θεοῦ, ἵνα, John 6:29,39f.

e. it serves to repeat the subject with emphasis: οὐ πάντες οἱ ἐξ Ἰσραήλ, οὗτοι Ἰσραήλ, Romans 9:6; add, Romans 9:8>; Romans 2:14> ( L marginal reading οἱ τοιοῦτοι); Romans 7:10; Galatians 3:7; it refers, not without special force, to a description given by a participle or by the relative ὅς, ὅστις; which description either follows, as Mark 4:16,18; Luke 8:15,21; Luke 9:9; John 11:37; followed by a relative sentence, John 1:15; 1 Peter 5:12; — or precedes: in the form of a participle, Matthew 10:22; Matthew 13:20,22; Matthew 24:13; Matthew 26:23; Mark 12:40; Luke 9:48 ( ... ὑπάρχων, οὗτος); John 6:46; John 7:18; John 15:5; 2 John 1:9; Acts 17:7; (and R G in Revelation 3:5); or of the relative ὅς, Matthew 5:19; Mark 3:35; Luke 9:24,26; John 1:33 (here L marginal reading αὐτός); John 3:26; 5:38>; Romans 8:30; 1 Corinthians 7:20; Hebrews 13:11; 1 John 2:5; 2 Peter 2:19; in the neuter, John 8:26; Romans 7:16; 1 Corinthians 7:24; Philippians 4:9; 2 Timothy 2:2; or of a preceding ὅστις, Matthew 18:4; in the neuter Philippians 3:7. ὅσοι ... οὗτοι, Romans 8:14; Galatians 6:12; also preceded by εἰ τίς, 1 Corinthians 3:17 (here Lachmann αὐτός); 1 Corinthians 8:3>; James 1:23; James 3:2; by ἐάν τίς, John 9:31; cf. Winer s Grammar, § 23,4.

f. with αὐτός annexed, this man himself, Acts 25:25; plural these themselves, Acts 24:15,20; on the neuter see below, 2a. b. etc.

g. As the relative and interrogative pronoun so also the demonstrative, when it is the subject, conforms in gender and number to the noun in the predicate: οὗτοι εἰσιν οἱ υἱοί τῆς βασιλείας, Matthew 13:38; add, Mark 4:15f, 18; αὕτη ἐστιν μεγάλη ἐντολή, Matthew 22:38; οὗτος ἐστιν πλάνος (German diese sind), 2 John 1:7.

2. The neuter τοῦτο a. refers to what precedes: Luke 5:6; John 6:61; Acts 19:17; τοῦτο εἰπών, and the like, Luke 24:40 ( T omits; Tr brackets WH reject the verse); John 4:18; John 8:6; John 12:33; John 18:38; διά τοῦτο, see διά, B. II:2a.; εἰς τοῦτο, see εἰς, B. II:3c. β.; αὐτό τοῦτο, for this very cause, 2 Peter 1:5 (Lachmann αὐτοί); cf. Matthiae, § 470,7; Passow, under the word, C. 1a. at the end (Liddell and Scott, under the word, C. IX:1 at the end; Winer's Grammar, § 21,3note 2; Kühner, § 410 Anm. 6); μετά τοῦτο, see μετά, II:2b. ἐκ τούτου, for this reason (see ἐκ, II:8), John 6:66; John 19:12; from this, i. e. hereby, by this note, 1 John 4:6 (cf. Westcott at the passage). ἐν τούτῳ, for this cause, John 16:30; Acts 24:16; hereby, by this token, 1 John 3:19. ἐπί τούτῳ, in the meanwhile, while this was going on (but see ἐπί, B. 2e., at the end, p. 234 a), John 4:27. τούτου χάριν, Ephesians 3:14. plural ταῦτα, John 7:4 ( these so great, so wonderful, things); μετά ταῦτα, see μετά, II:2b. κατά ταῦτα, in this same manner, Rec. in Luke 6:23, and Luke 17:30> (others, τά αὐτά or ταῦτα). it refers to the substance of the preceding discourse: Luke 8:8; Luke 11:27; Luke 24:26; John 5:34; John 15:11; John 21:24, and very often. καθώς ... ταῦτα, John 8:28.

b. it prepares the reader or hearer and renders him attentive to what follows, which tires gets special weight ( Winer's Grammar, § 23,5): 1 John 4:2; αὐτό τοῦτο ὅτι, Philippians 1:6; τοῦτο λέγω followed by direct discourse, Galatians 3:17 (see λέγω, II:2d.). it is prefixed to sentences introduced by the particles ὅτι, ἵνα, etc.: τοῦτο λέγω or φημί followed by ὅτι, 1 Corinthians 1:12 ((see λέγω as above); 1 Corinthians 7:29); 1 Corinthians 15:50>; γινώσκεις τοῦτο followed by ὅτι, Romans 6:6; 2 Timothy 3:1; 2 Peter 1:20; 2 Peter 3:3; λογίζεσθαι τοῦτο ὅτι, Romans 2:3; after ὁμολογεῖν, Acts 24:14; after εἰδώς, 1 Timothy 1:9; ἐν τούτῳ ὅτι, 1 John 3:16,24; 1 John 4:9f; τοῦτο, ἵνα, Luke 1:43; εἰς τοῦτο, ἵνα, Acts 9:21; Romans 14:9; 2 Corinthians 2:9; 1 Peter 3:9; 1 Peter 4:6; 1 John 3:8; διά τοῦτο, ἵνα, 2 Corinthians 13:10; 1 Timothy 1:16; Philemon 1:15; τούτων (on this neuter plural referring to a single object see Winer s Grammar, 162 (153); (cf. Riddell, Platonic Idioms, § 41)), ἵνα, 3 John 1:4; ἐν τούτῳ, ἐάν, 1 John 2:3; ὅταν, 1 John 5:2; τοῦτο αὐτό, ἵνα, on this very account, that (see a. above (but others take it here as the accusative of object; see Meyer at the passage (for instances of αὐτό τοῦτο see Buttmann, § 127,12))), 2 Corinthians 2:3; εἰς αὐτό τοῦτο, ἵνα, Ephesians 6:22; Colossians 4:8; ὅπως, Romans 9:17. In the same manner τοῦτο is put before an infinitive with τό for the sake of emphasis ( Winer s Grammar, § 23,5; Buttmann, § 140,7, 9, etc.): 2 Corinthians 2:1; before a simple infinitive, 1 Corinthians 7:37 (here R G prefix τοῦ to the infinitive); before an accusative and infinitive Ephesians 4:17; before nouns, as τοῦτο εὔχομαι, τήν ὑμῶν κατάρτισιν, 2 Corinthians 13:9, cf. 1 John 3:24; 1 John 5:4.

c. καί τοῦτο, and this, and that too, and indeed, especially: Romans 13:11; 1 Corinthians 6:6, L T Tr WH also in 8; Ephesians 2:8; καί ταῦτα, and that too, 1 Corinthians 6:8 Rec.; Hebrews 11:12; (so καί ταῦτα also in classical Greek; cf. Devar. edition Klotz i., p. 108; Viger. edition Herm., p. 176f; Matthiae, § 470,6).

d. ταῦτα, of this sort, such, spoken contemptuously of men, 1 Corinthians 6:11 (cf. Sophocles O. R 1329; Thucydides 6,77; Livy 30,30; cf. Bernhardy (1829), p. 281; ( Winer s Grammar, 162 (153))).

e. τοῦτο μέν ... τοῦτο δέ, partly ... partly, Hebrews 10:33 (for examples from Greek anth. see Winer s Grammar, 142 (135); Matthiae, ii., § 288 Anm. 2; (Kühner, § 527 Anm. 2)).

f. τουτ' ἐστιν, see εἰμί, II:3, p. 176{b}.

II. Joined to nouns it is used like an adjective;

a. so that the article stands between the demonstrative and the noun, οὗτος , αὕτη , τοῦτο τό (cf. Winer s Grammar, § 23at the end; Buttmann, § 127,29): Matthew 12:32; Matthew 16:18; Matthew 17:21 ( T WH omits; Tr brackets the verse); Matthew 20:12; 26:29>; Mark 9:29; Luke 7:44; Luke 10:36; Luke 14:30; Luke 15:24; John 4:15; John 7:46 ( L WH omit; Tr brackets the clause); John 8:20; 10:6; 11:47; 12:5>; Acts 1:11; Romans 11:24; 1 Timothy 1:18; Hebrews 7:1; Hebrews 8:10; ( 1 John 4:21); Revelation 19:9; Revelation 20:14; Revelation 21:5; Revelation 22:6. etc.; τοῦτο τό παιδίον, such a little child as ye see here, Luke 9:48; cf. Bornemann at the passage (who takes τοῦτο thus as representing the class, 'this and the like;' but cf. Meyer (edited by Weiss) at the passage).

b. so that the noun stands between the article and the demonstrative (cf. Winer's Grammar, 548 (510)); as, οἱ λίθοι οὗτοι, the stones which ye see lying near, Matthew 3:9; Matthew 4:3; add, Matthew 5:19; Matthew 7:24 ( L Tr WH brackets τούτους), Matthew 7:26,28; 9:26> ( Tr marginal reading WH marginal reading αὐτῆς); Matthew 10:23, etc.; Mark 12:16; Mark 13:30; Luke 11:31; Luke 23:47; John 4:13,21; John 7:49; John 11:9; John 18:29; Acts 6:13; Acts 19:26; Romans 15:28; 1 Corinthians 1:20; 1 Corinthians 2:6; 1 Corinthians 11:26; 2 Corinthians 4:1,7; 2 Corinthians 8:6; 2 Corinthians 11:10; 2 Corinthians 12:13; Ephesians 3:8; Ephesians 5:32; 2 Timothy 2:19; Revelation 2:24, and very often — (which construction is far more frequent with Paul than the other (see Winer's Grammar, as above)); it is added to a noun which has another adjective, χήρα πτωχή αὕτη, Luke 21:3; πάντα τά ῤήματα ταῦτα, Luke 2:19,51 (( T WH L marginal reading omit; L text Tr marginal reading brackets ταῦτα); ἀπό τῆς γενεάς τῆς σκολιᾶς ταύτης, Acts 2:40).

c. Passages in which the reading varies between οὗτος and ... οὗτος: viz. οὗτος , Mark 14:30 L text T Tr WH; John 4:20 R L marginal reading; John 6:60 R G; John 7:36 R G; John 9:24 L WH Tr marginal reading; John 21:23 L T Tr WH. ... οὗτος, Mark 14:30 R G L marginal reading; John 4:20 G L text T Tr WH; John 6:60 L T Tr WH; John vii 36 L T Tr WH; John 9:24 G T Tr text; John 21:23 R G; etc.

d. with anarthrous nouns, especially numerical specifications ( Winer's Grammar, § 37,5 N. 1): τρίτον τοῦτο, this third time, 2 Corinthians 13:1; τοῦτο τρίτον, John 21:14 ( Judges 16:15; δεύτερον τοῦτο, Genesis 27:36; τοῦτο δέκατον, Numbers 14:22; τέταρτον τοῦτο, Herodotus 5,76). (The passages which follow, although introduced here by Prof. Grimm, are (with the exception of Acts 1:5) clearly instances of the predicative use of οὗτος; cf. Winer s Grammar, 110 (105) note; Buttmann, § 127,31; Rost § 98,3 A.

c. α. following): τοῦτο πάλιν δεύτερον σημεῖον ἐποίησεν, John 4:54; τρίτην ταύτην ἡμέραν ἄγει, this is the third day that Israel is passing (but see ἄγω, 3), Luke 24:21 (κεῖμαι τριακοστην ταύτην ἡμέραν, this is now the thirtieth day that I lie (unburied), Lucian, dial. mort. 13,3); οὐ μετά πολλάς ταύτας ἡμέρας (see μετά, II:2b. ( Winer s Grammar, 161 (152); Buttmann, § 127,4)), Acts 1:5; οὗτος μήν ἕκτος ἐστιν αὐτῇ, this is the sixth month with her etc. Luke 1:36; αὕτη ἀπογραφή πρώτη ἐγένετο, Luke 2:2 L ( T) Tr WH; ταύτην ἐποίησεν ἀρχήν τῶν σημείων, John 2:11 L T Tr WH.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For παρακούω, ";hear without heeding,"; ";ignore,"; as in LXX, Matthew 18:17, Mark 5:36, cf. the end of a letter P Hib I. 170 (B.C. 247) (= Witkowski.2, p. 27) φρόντισον δέ, ὅπως μηκέτι ἀπὸ τούτων παρακούσει ἡμῶν, ἵνα μὴ ἀντὶ φιλίας ἔχθραν [ποιώ ]μεθα, P Par 63.130 (B.C. 164) (= P Petr III. p. 28) πείραν λαμβάνειν τῶν ἐξακολουθού (= )των ἐπιτ ̣ι ̣μ ̣ων ̣ τοῖς παρακούουσί τινος τῶν μετὰ σπουδῆς [ ]νθυμουμένων, where the verb means simply ";ignore,"; as against Mahaffy’s ";wilfully misinterpret,"; and P Flor II. 148.8 (A.D. 266–7) ἐὰν δέ τις τούτων μου τῶν γραμμάτων παρακούσῃ, οὐ συνοίσει αὐτῷ, ";if any one of them pays no heed to these my letters, it will not go well with him.";

See also for a stronger sense, as in LXX Isaiah 65:12, Pap. Magique de Paris 3037 διὰ τὸ παρακούειν αὐτόν, ";because of his (Pharaoh’s) refusal to hear,"; and Syll 256 (= .3 557).24 (c. B.C. 207–6) ὡς δὲ ἐπιβ [α ]λόμενοι παρη [κο ]ύσθησα [ν, ";were refused"; : similarly Test. xii. patr. Dan. ii. 3, and for the meaning ";disobey"; see Musonius p. 82.3. The verb is discussed by Field Notes, p. 28.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (356)NAS (506)HCS (307)
1 Corinthians4
2 Corinthians3
1 Timothy1
2 Timothy1
1 Peter1
2 Peter3
1 John13
2 John3
1 Corinthians47
2 Corinthians39
1 Thessalonians9
2 Thessalonians4
1 Timothy17
2 Timothy10
1 Peter10
2 Peter20
1 John35
2 John3
3 John3
1 Corinthians6
2 Corinthians1
1 Timothy1
2 Timothy1
1 Peter1
2 Peter3
1 John12
2 John4
List of Word Forms
αυται αύται αύταί αὗται αὗταί αυτη αυτή αύτη αὕτη αυτοίς αυτός αὐτὸς ἐγὼ Ηού ο ος ου ουτοι ουτοί ούτοι ούτοί οὗτοι οὗτοί όυτοι ΟΥΤΟΣ ούτος ούτός οὑτὸς Οὗτος Οὗτός όυτος ούτως πόλιν ΤΑΥΤΑ ταύτα ταύτά Ταῦτα Ταῦτά τάυτα ΤΑΥΤΑΙΣ ταύταις ταυτας ταύτας ταυτη ταύτη ταύτῃ ταυτην ταύτην ταυτης ταύτης τουτ τοῦτ' τούτα ΤΟΥΤΟ τούτο τούτό Τοῦτο τοῦτό τουτοις τούτοις τουτον τούτον τούτόν τοῦτον τουτου τούτου τουτους τούτους τουτω τούτω τούτῳ τουτων τούτων τούτών autai aute autē autos autòs ego egō egṑ hautai haûtai haûtaí haute hautē haúte haútē houtoi hoûtoi hoûtoí houtos houtòs Hoûtos Hoûtós outoi OUTOS TAUTA Taûta Taûtá TAUTAIS taútais tautas taútas taute tautē taúte taútē taútei taútēi tauten tautēn taúten taútēn tautes tautēs taútes taútēs tout tout' toût' TOUTO toutō Toûto toûtó toútoi toútōi toutois toútois touton toutōn toúton toútōn toûton toutou toútou toutous toútous
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