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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #39 - ἅγιον

Word Origin:
neuter of (40)
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. reverend, worthy of veneration
    1. of things which on account of some connection with God possess a certain distinction and claim to reverence, as places sacred to God which are not to be profaned
    2. of persons whose services God employs, for example, apostles
  2. set apart for God, to be as it were, exclusively his
  3. services and offerings
    1. prepared for God with solemn rite, pure, clean
  4. in a moral sense, pure sinless upright holy
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 433 ‑ אֱלֹהַּ (el‑o'‑ah, el‑o'‑ah);   727 ‑ אָרֹן (aw‑rone', aw‑rone');   906 ‑ בַּד (bad);   1305 ‑ בָּרַר (baw‑rar');   1419 ‑ גָּדֹל (gaw‑dole', gaw‑dole');   2073 ‑ זְבֻל (ze‑bool', zeb‑ool');   2889 ‑ טָהֹר (haw‑hore', taw‑hore');   2896 ‑ טוֹב (tobe);   3493 ‑ יַתִּיר (yat‑teer');   4720 ‑ מִקְדָּשׁ (mik‑dawsh', mik‑ked‑awsh');   4725 ‑ מְקֹמָה ((1,2) maw‑kome', (3,4) mek‑o‑mah');   5139 ‑ נָזִר (naw‑zeer', naw‑zeer');   5145 ‑ נֶזֶר (neh'‑zer, nay'‑zer);   6635 ‑ צְבָאָה (tsaw‑baw', tseb‑aw‑aw');   6697 ‑ צֻר (tsoor, tsoor);   6845 ‑ צָפַן (tsaw‑fan');   6918 ‑ קָדֹשׁ (kaw‑doshe', kaw‑doshe');   6922 ‑ קַדִּישׁ (kad‑deesh');   6942 ‑ קָדַשׁ (kaw‑dash');   6944 ‑ קֹדֶשׁ (ko'‑desh);   7682 ‑ שָׂגַב (saw‑gab');  
Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἅγιος, , (from τό ἀγός religious awe, reverence; ἄζω, ἅζομαι, to venerate, revere, especially the gods, parents ( Curtius, § 118)), rare in secular authors; very frequent in the sacred writings; in the Sept. for קָדושׁ;

1. properly reverend, worthy of veneration: τό ὄνομα τοῦ Θεοῦ, Luke 1:49; God, on account of his incomparable majesty, Revelation 4:8 ( Isaiah 6:3, etc.), equivalent to ἔνδοξος. Hence, used:

a. of things which on account of some connection with God possess a certain distinction and claim to reverence, as places sacred to God which are not to be profaned, Acts 7:33; τόπος ἅγιος the temple, Matthew 24:15 (on which passage see βδέλυγμα, c.); Acts 6:13; Acts 21:28; the holy land or Palestine, 2 Maccabees 1:29 2 Maccabees 2:18; τό ἅγιον and τά ἅγια ( Winer's Grammar, 177 (167)) the temple, Hebrews 9:1,24 (cf. Bleek on Heb. vol. ii. 2, p. 477f); specifically that part of the temple or tabernacle which is called 'the holy place' (מִקְדָּשׁ, Ezekiel 37:28; Ezekiel 45:18), Hebrews 9:2 (here reads ἅγια); ἅγια ἁγίων ( Winer's Grammar, 246 (231), cf. Exodus 29:37; Exodus 30:10, etc.) the most hallowed portion of the temple, 'the holy of holies,' ( Exodus 26:33 (cf. Josephus, Antiquities 3,6, 4)), Hebrews 9:3, in reference to which the simple τά ἅγια is also used: Hebrews 9:8,25; Hebrews 10:19; Hebrews 13:11; figuratively of heaven, Hebrews 8:2; Hebrews 9:8,12; Hebrews 10:19; ἅγια πόλις Jerusalem, on account of the temple there, Matthew 4:5; Matthew 27:53; Revelation 11:2; Revelation 21:2; Revelation 22:19 ( Isaiah 48:2; Nehemiah 11:1,18 ( Complutensian LXX), etc.); τό ὄρος τό ἅγιον, because Christ's transfiguration occurred there, 2 Peter 1:18; (Θεοῦ) ἅγια διαθήκη i. e. which is the more sacred because made by God himself, Luke 1:72; τό ἅγιον, that worshipful offspring of divine power, Luke 1:35; the blessing of the gospel, Matthew 7:6; ἁγιωτάτῃ πίστις, faith (quae creditur i. e. the object of faith) which came from God and is therefore to be heeded most sacredly, Jude 1:20; in the same sense ἅγια ἐντολή, 2 Peter 2:21; κλῆσις ἅγια, because it is the invitation of God and claims us as his, 2 Timothy 1:9; ἅγιαι γραφαί (τά βιβλία τά ἅγια, 1 Maccabees 12:9), which came from God and contain his Words, Romans 1:2.

b. of persons whose services God employs; as for example, apostles, Ephesians 3:5; angels, 1 Thessalonians 3:13; Matthew 25:31 ( Rec.); Revelation 14:10; Jude 1:14; prophets, Acts 3:21; Luke 1:70 ( Wisdom of Solomon 11:1); (οἱ) ἅγιοι (τοῦ) Θεοῦ ἄνθρωποι, 2 Peter 1:21 ( R G L Tr text); worthies of the O. T. accepted by God for their piety, Matthew 27:52; 1 Peter 3:5.

2. set apart for God, to be, as it were, exclusively his; followed by a genitive or a dative: τῷ κυρίῳ, Luke 2:23; τοῦ Θεοῦ (equivalent to ἐκλεκτός τοῦ Θεοῦ) of Christ, Mark 1:24; Luke 4:34, and according to the true reading in John 6:69, cf. John 10:36; he is called also ἅγιος παῖς τοῦ Θεοῦ, Acts 4:30, and simply ἅγιος, 1 John 2:20. Just as the Israelites claimed for themselves the title οἱ ἅγιοι, because God selected them from the other nations to lead a life acceptable to him and rejoice in his favor and protection ( Daniel 7:18,22; 2Esdr. 8:28), so this appellation is very often in the N. T. transferred to Christians, as those whom God has selected ἐκ τοῦ κόσμου ( John 17:14,16), that under the influence of the Holy Spirit they may be rendered, through holiness, partakers of salvation in the kingdom of God: 1 Peter 2:9 ( Exodus 19:6), cf. Exodus 19:5; Acts 9:13,32, 41; Acts 26:10; Romans 1:7; Romans 8:27; Romans 12:13; Romans 16:15; 1 Corinthians 6:1,2; Philippians 4:21; Colossians 1:12; Hebrews 6:10; Jude 1:3; Revelation 5:8, etc.; (cf. B. D. American edition under the word ).

3. of sacrifices and offerings; prepared for God with solemn rite, pure, clean (opposed to ἀκάθαρτος): 1 Corinthians 7:14 (cf. Ephesians 5:3); connected with ἄμωμος, Ephesians 1:4; Ephesians 5:27; Colossians 1:22; ἀπαρχή, Romans 11:16; θυσία, Romans 12:1. Hence,

4. in a moral sense, pure, sinless, upright, holy: 1 Peter 1:16 ( Leviticus 19:2; Leviticus 11:44); 1 Corinthians 7:34; δίκαιος καί ἅγιος, of John the Baptist, Mark 6:20; ἅγιος καί δίκαιος, of Christ, Acts 3:14; distinctively of him, Revelation 3:7; Revelation 6:10; of God pre-eminently, 1 Peter 1:15; John 17:11; ἅγιαι ἀναστροφαί, 2 Peter 3:11; νόμος and ἐντολή, i. e. containing nothing exceptionable, Romans 7:12; φίλημα, such a kiss as is a sign of the purest love, 1 Thessalonians 5:26; 1 Corinthians 16:20; 2 Corinthians 13:12; Romans 16:16. On the phrase τό ἅγιον πνεῦμα and τό πνεῦμα τό ἅγιον, see πνεῦμα, 4a. Cf. Diestel, Die Heiligkeit Gottes, in Jahrbb. f. deutsch. Theol. iv., p. 1ff; (Baudissin, Stud. z. Semitisch. Religionsgesch. Heft ii., p. 3ff; Delitzsch in Herzog edition 2, see 714ff; especially) Cremer, Wörterbuch, 4te Aufl., p. 32ff (translation of 2nd edition, p. 84ff; Oehler in Herzog 19:618 ff; Zezschwitz, Profangräcität as above with, p. 15ff; Trench, § lxxxviii; Campbell, Dissertations, diss. vi., part iv.; especially Schmidt, chapter 181).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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