Old & New Testament Greek
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
‑ מַסָּה (mas‑saw')
‑ עִנְיָן (in‑yawn')
trial, LXX De. 4.34, al., 1 Peter 4:12; οἱ ἐπὶ τῶν παθῶν π. Dsc. 1 Praef. 5; πειρασμοὶ ἐν τῇ γῇ καὶ θαλάσσῃ Cyran. 40.
2. worry, LXX Ecclesiastes 5:2.
II temptation, ib. Si. 44.20, Mark 14:38, etc.
Thayer's Expanded Definition
, , (, which see), the Sept.
, an experiment, attempt, trial, proving
; ( Vulg. tentatio
a. universally, trial, proving: Sirach 27:5,7; , the trial made of you by my bodily condition, since this condition served to test the love of the Galatians toward Paul, Galatians 4:14 L T Tr WH (cf.
b. below, and Lightfoot at the passage).
b. specifically, the trial of man's fidelity, integrity, virtue, constancy, etc.: 1 Peter 4:12; also an enticement to sin, temptation, whether arising from the desires or from outward circumstances, Luke 8:13; 1 Corinthians 10:13; , James 1:12; an internal temptation to sin, 1 Timothy 6:9; of the temptation by which the devil sought to divert Jesus the Messiah from his divine errand, Luke 4:13; of a condition of things, or a mental state, by which we are enticed to sin, or to a lapse from faith and holiness: in the phrases , Matthew 6:13; Luke 11:4; , Matthew 26:41; Mark 14:38 (here T WH ); Luke 22:40,46; adversity, affliction, trouble (cf. our trial), sent by God and serving to test or prove one's faith, holiness, character: plural, Luke 22:28; Acts 20:19; James 1:2; 1 Peter 1:6; , my temptation arising from my bodily infirmity, Galatians 4:14 Rec. (but see a. above); , Revelation 3:10; , 2 Peter 2:9 ( Deuteronomy 7:19; Deuteronomy 29:3; Sirach 2:1 Sirach 6:7 Sirach 36:1 ( Sirach 33:1); 1 Maccabees 2:52).
c. 'temptation' (i. e. trial) of God by men, i. e. rebellion against God, by which his power and justice are, as It were, put to the proof and challenged to show themselves: Hebrews 3:8 ( Deuteronomy 6:16; Deuteronomy 9:22; Psalm 94:8<10> (Psalm 95:8>)). Cf. Fried. B. Koester, Die Biblical Lehre yon der Versuchung. Gotha, 1859. (The word has not yet been found in secular authors except Dioscorides (<100 a.d.="">?) praef. i. experiments made on diseases.)<1> 1>100>10>
Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament
† πειρααμός , -οῦ , ὁ
(< πειράζω ),
[in LXX for H4531, H6045;]
1. = πεῖρα , an experiment Diosc.).
2. a trial, of ethical purpose and effect, whether good or evil (v. Hort on );
(a) in good or neutral sense: , , ; esp. of afflictions sent by God (, , al.): , ; pl., , , , ;
(b) of trial regarded as leading to sin, temptation: , , ; of the temptation of Jesus by the devil, ; εἰσφέρειν (ἔρχεσθαι , εἰσέρχ -) εἰς Papyri, ; , , ; ; ;
(c) of the testing or challenge of God by man (see πειράζω , 3, c.) : (LXX: , where κατα τ . ἡμέραν πειρασμοῦ = H4531 the day of Massah).†
SYN.: δοκίμιον G1383.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT
";Persuasive speech"; in a somewhat depreciatory sense is evidently the meaning of this word in Colossians 2:4, its only occurrence in the Greek Bible : cf. the legal process, P Lips I. 40iii. 7 (iv/v A.D.), where one of the parties declares with reference to certain things that had been seized—διὰ πειθανολογίας τὰ ἁρπαγέντα ζητοῦσι κατέχειν. The adj. π (ε)ιθανός, which has often a similar connotation, occurs in CP Herm I. 7.20. See also Epict. i 8. 7 ἡ πιθανολογική, ";the art of persuasion.";
The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
List of Word Forms
πειρασμοις πειρασμοίς πειρασμοῖς πειρασμον πειρασμόν πειρασμὸν πειρασμος πειρασμός πειρασμὸς πειρασμου πειρασμού πειρασμοῦ πειρασμόυ πειρασμούς πειρασμω πειρασμώ πειρασμῷ πειρασμων πειρασμών πειρασμῶν πειραταίς πειρατεύσει πειρατήρια πειρατήριον πειρατήριόν πειρατηρίου πειράτου πειρατών peirasmo peirasmō peirasmôi peirasmō̂i peirasmois peirasmoîs peirasmon peirasmón peirasmòn peirasmôn peirasmōn peirasmō̂n peirasmos peirasmòs peirasmou peirasmoû
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