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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #4144 - πλόος

Word Origin:
from (4126)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Masculine
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a voyage
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πλόος, ὁ,

Att. contr. πλοῦς; pl. πλοῖ S. Ph. 304, X. An. 5.7.7; gen. πλῶν OGI 132.9 (Egypt, ii B.C. ); dat. πλοῖς Antipho 5.83; acc. πλοῦς Arist. Mete. 362b24; later, a gen. sg. πλοός, as if of third declens. (cf. χοῦς A), Peripl.M.Rubr. 62, OGI 572.21 (Myra, ii/iii A.D. ), X. Ephesians 1:14; dat. πλοΐ D.S. 21.2: pl. πλόες Phot.; acc. πλόας IGRom. 4.841 ( Hierapolis ): ( πλέω ): sailing, voyage, Od. 3.169, Hdt. (who always has the disyll. form) 2.29, etc.; ἔσσεται Ἀγεάνακτι καλὸς π. ἐς Μιτυλάναν Theoc. 7.52; ναῶν π. Pi. O. 7.32; πλόον ὁρμαίνειν Od. l.c.; πλοῦν στεῖλαι, ποιεῖσθαι, S. Aj. 1045, Ph. 552; ἔξω πλόου out of one's course, Pi. P. 11.39; ἐπ' ἡμέρας τέσσερας πλόος Hdt. 2.29; μῆκός ἐστι πλόος ἡμέραι τέσσερες its length is four days' sail, ib. 158; ἐκ τῶν πλόων when the voyage is done, Id. 1.185: metaph., διὰ τοῦ πλοῦ . . τῆς ζωῆς Pl. Lg. 803b .

2. time or tide for sailing, ὡραῖος π., εἰαρινὸς π., Hes. Op. 630, 678; καιρὸς καὶ π. S. Ph. 1450 (anap.); π. ἡμῖν ἐγίγνετο, i.e. the wind was fair, Antipho 5.24, cf. Th. 1.137; π. ἐστί τινι E. Hec. 899, IA 92; παραπεσόντος π. τισί Plb. 4.57.6; πλῷ χρήσασθαι to have a fair wind, Th. 3.3; πλόον δοκάζων Sophr. 52: pl., καλλίστοις ἐχρήσαντο πλοῖς Antipho 5.83 .

3. prov., δεύτερος π. 'the next best way', of those who try another scheme if the first fails (from those who use oars when the wind fails, ὁ δ. π. ἐστι δήπου λεγόμενος, ἂν ἀποτύχῃ τις οὐρίου (cj.), κώπαισι πλεῖν Men. 241 ), Pl. Phd. 99d, Phlb. 19c, Plt. 300c; δεύτερος δὲ π. . ., πειρᾶσθαι . . the next best thing is to try . ., Arist. Pol. 1284b19; κατὰ τὸν δ. πλοῦν Id. EN 1109a35; δ. ἂν εἴη π. τὸ . . Plb. 8.36.6: prov., οὐ παντὸς ἀνδρὸς ἐπὶ τράπεζάν ἐσθ' ὁ π. Nicol.Com. 1.26, cf. Κόρινθος; ἡμέτερος ὁ π. 'our innings', Com.Adesp. 274.

4. later, = ὁδός, βαιὸν π. αἰὲν ὀκέλλει, of the crawling of a serpent, Nic. Th. 295, cf. Sch. ad loc. highway, ὑλήεντα διὰ πλόον ἐρχομένοισι Antim. 62; ἔχοντα παρὰ πλόον οἰκίον Call. Hec. 1.4.13 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 πλοος πλοῦς, genitive πλόου πλοῦ, and in later writings πλοός ( Acts 27:9; Arrian peripl. erythr., p. 176 § 61; see νοῦς (and cf. Lob. Paralip., p. 173 f)) (πλέω), from Homer, Odyssey 3,169 down; voyage: Acts 21:7; Acts 27:9,10 ( Wisdom of Solomon 14:1).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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