ver. 2.0.14.08.29
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #4151 - πνεῦμα

Transliteration:
pne
Phonetics:
pnyoo'-mah  
Word Origin:
from (4154)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Neuter
TDNT:
6:332,876
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the third person of the triune God, the Holy Spirit, coequal, coeternal with the Father and the Son
    1. sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his personality and character (the Holy Spirit)
    2. sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his work and power (the Spirit of Truth)
    3. never referred to as a depersonalised force
  2. the spirit, i.e. the vital principal by which the body is animated
    1. the rational spirit, the power by which the human being feels, thinks, decides
    2. the soul
  3. a spirit, i.e. a simple essence, devoid of all or at least all grosser matter, and possessed of the power of knowing, desiring, deciding, and acting
    1. a life giving spirit
    2. a human soul that has left the body
    3. a spirit higher than man but lower than God, i.e. an angel
      1. used of demons, or evil spirits, who were conceived as inhabiting the bodies of men
      2. the spiritual nature of Christ, higher than the highest angels and equal to God, the divine nature of Christ
  4. the disposition or influence which fills and governs the soul of any one
    1. the efficient source of any power, affection, emotion, desire, etc.
  5. a movement of air (a gentle blast)
    1. of the wind, hence the wind itself
    2. breath of nostrils or mouth
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5397 ‑ נְשָׁמָה (nesh‑aw‑maw');   6921 ‑ קָדִם (kaw‑deem', kaw‑deem');   7307 ‑ רוּחַ (roo'‑akh);   7602 ‑ שָׁאַף (shaw‑af');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πνεῦμα, ατος, τό, ( πνέω )

blast, wind, first in Anaximen. 2, ὅλον τὸν κόσμον π. καὶ ἀὴρ περιέχει: freq. in Trag., etc., ἀνέμων πνεύματα πάντων A. Pr. 1086 (anap.), cf. 1047 (anap.); θαλάσσας . . πνεύματι λάβρῳ Id. Pers. 110 (lyr.); πνευμάτων ἐπομβρίᾳ Id. Fr. 300.3; τέως δὲ κούφοις πνεύμασιν βόσκου S. Aj. 558; πνεύμασιν θαλασσίοις ἐξωσθέντες E. Cyc. 278 (but πνοή is commoner in Poets; Hom. uses πνοιή ) ; πνεύματα ἀνέμων Hdt. 7.16 . ά; τὸ π. κατῄει Th. 2.84; κατὰ πρύμναν ἵσταται τὸ π. ib. 97; τὸ π. λεῖον καὶ καθεστηκὸς λαβεῖν Ar. Ra. 1003; τὸ π. ἔλαττον γίγνεται Id. Eq. 441; εἰ φορὸν π. εἴη X. HG 6.2.27; κατὰ πνεῦμα στῆναι τοῦ ἄρρενος to leeward of him, Arist. HA 560b14; but κατὰ π. προσιόντες down wind, ib. 535a19; πνεύματος ἀνείλησις, ἐκπύρωσις, Epicur. Ephesians 2 pp.44,45 U.; as an element, air, Corp.Herm. 1.9, 16; τὸ π. τὸ περὶ τὴν ψυχήν Plot. 2.2.2, cf. Porph. Sent. 29 .

2. metaph., θαλερωτέρῳ π. with more genial breeze or influence, A. Th. 708 (lyr.); λύσσης π. μάργῳ Id. Pr. 884 (anap.); αἰδοίῳ π. χώρας with air or spirit of respect on the part of the country, Id. Supp. 29 (anap.); π. ταὐτὸν οὔποτ' . . ἐν ἀνδράσιν φίλοις βέβηκεν the wind is constantly changing even among friends, S. OC 612; π. συμφορᾶς E. IT 1317; ὅταν θεοῦ σοι π. μεταβαλὸν τύχῃ Id. HF 216 .

II breathed air, breath, σάλπιγξ βροτείου πνεύματος πληρουμένη A. Eu. 568; αὐλῶν, λωτοῦ π., E. Ba. 128 (lyr.), Ph. 787 (lyr., pl.); π. ἀπέρρηξεν βίου the breath of life, A. Pers. 507; π. ἀπώλεσεν Id. Th. 984 (lyr.); π. ἄθροισον collect breath, E. Ph. 851; π. ἀφεῖναι, ἀνεῖναι, μεθεῖναι, to give up the ghost, Id. Hec. 571, Or. 277, Tr. 785 (anap.); π. δειμαίνων λιπεῖν Id. Supp. 554; π. . . δυσῶδες ἠφίει Th. 2.49; πνεύματος διαρροαί the wind-pipe, E. Hec. 567; τὰς τοῦ π. διεξόδους ἀποφράττον Pl. Ti. 91c (v. πνεύμων ) ; πνεύματος ῥώμη Plu. 2.804b: prov., ἄνθρωπός ἐστι π. καὶ σκιὰ μόνον S. Fr. 13 .

2. breathing, respiration, freq. in Hp., π. πυκνόν, ἀραιόν, ἐκτεῖνον, κατεπεῖγον, Epid. 2.3.7; π. πυκνότερον Acut. 16; π. προσκόπτον checked, difficult breathing, Aph. 4.68; π. ἄσημον indistinct, feeble breathing, Epid. 6.7.8; π. βηχῶδες Coac. 622; π. μετέωρον shallow breathing, Epid. 2.3.1; τὸ π. ἔχειν ἄνω to be out of breath, Men. 23, cf. Sosicr. 1; τὸ π. ἀνήνεγκαν recovered their breath, Hp. Prorrh. 2.12 (so without τὸ π. Aph. 2.43 ); but ἀναφέρουσιν . . κλαίοντά τε καὶ ἐς τὰς ῥῖνας ἀνέλκοντα τὸ π. they sob . ., Id. Hebd. 51 . pl., of the air imagined as filling the veins, πνευμάτων ἀπολήψιες ἀνὰ φλέβας Id. Acut.(Sp.) 7,al.

3. flatulence, in pl., Eub. 107.9, Arist. Pr. 948b25, Dsc. 2.112, D.L. 6.94 .

4. breath of life, π. ζωῆς LXX Genesis 6:17, LXX Genesis 7:15, cf. Plu. Per. 13,etc.; π. ἔχειν retain life, Plb. 31.10.4; living being, ἐγὼ Νίνος πάλαι ποτ' ἐγενόμην π. Phoen. 1.16; οὐ π. πάντα βρότεια σοὶ (sc. Πλούτωνι ) νέμεται; IG 14.769 ( Naples ).

5. that which is breathed forth or exhaled, odour, ὦ θεῖον ὀδμῆς π. E. Hipp. 1391; π. βαρὺ ἀφιεῖσα, of a tree, Plu. 2.647b.

6. Gramm., breathing with which a vowel is pronounced, ib. 1009e (pl.), A.D. Adv. 147.18; π. δασύ, ψιλόν, Id. Pron. 78.6, Adv. 148.9 .

III divine inspiration, ἄγρια . . πνεύματα θευφορίης AP 6.220.4 ( Diosc. ); εἰ μή τι θεῖον . . ἐνῆν π. τῇ ψυχῇ Pl. Ax. 370c; τὸ ἱερὸν καὶ δαιμόνιον ἐν μούσαις π. Plu. 2.605a; καθαρὸν δίκαιον . . π. θεοῦ σωτῆρος BMus.Inscr. 1062 (Cyrene, ii A. D. ). the spirit of God, π. θεοῦ LXX Genesis 1:2, etc.: freq. in NT, τὸ π. τὸ ἅγιον Mark 3:29,al.

2. spirit of man, εἴτ' ἐστὶ τοῦτο π. θεῖον εἴτε νοῦς Men. 482.3: in NT, opp. ψυχή, 1 Thessalonians 5:23, cf. Ep.Romans 8:2; τῷ π., opp. τῷ σώματι, Cor. 5.3; also, opp. γράμμα, Romans 2:29 . spiritual or immaterial being, angel, Ep.Hebrews 1:14, Revelation 1:4; τὰ ἄχραντα π., τὰ κακὰ π., Iamb. Myst. 3.31; π. πονηρόν, ψευδές, LXX Jd. 9.23, 3 Ki. 22.21, cf. Acts 19:12; Revelation 19:15, Revelation 16:14, Porph. ap. Eus. PE 4.23, etc.; ἀλάλου καὶ κακοῦ π. οὖσα πλήρης (sc. ἡ Πυθία ) Plu. 2.438b. Rhet., sentence declaimed in one breath, Hermog. Inv. 3.10, 4.4,al.

Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (385)NAS (380)HCS (379)
Matthew19
Mark22
Luke37
John18
Acts68
Romans28
1 Corinthians33
2 Corinthians15
Galatians15
Ephesians15
Philippians4
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians5
2 Thessalonians3
1 Timothy3
2 Timothy3
Titus1
Philemon1
Hebrews12
James2
1 Peter9
2 Peter1
1 John9
Jude2
Revelation23
Matthew19
Mark22
Luke36
John18
Acts68
Romans27
1 Corinthians32
2 Corinthians15
Galatians15
Ephesians14
Philippians5
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians5
2 Thessalonians3
1 Timothy2
2 Timothy3
Titus1
Philemon1
Hebrews12
James2
1 Peter8
2 Peter1
1 John8
Jude2
Revelation24
Matthew19
Mark23
Luke36
John24
Acts70
Romans34
1 Corinthians40
2 Corinthians17
Galatians18
Ephesians14
Philippians5
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians5
2 Thessalonians3
1 Timothy3
2 Timothy3
Titus1
Philemon1
Hebrews12
James2
1 Peter8
2 Peter1
1 John12
Jude2
Revelation24
List of Word Forms
πνευμα πνεύμα πνεύμά πνεῦμα πνεῦμά πνευμασι πνεύμασι πνευμασιν πνεύμασιν πνευματα πνεύματα πνευματι πνεύματι πνεύματί πνευματος πνεύματος πνεύματός πνευματων πνευμάτων pneuma pneûma pneûmá pneumasi pneúmasi pneumasin pneúmasin pneumata pneúmata pneumati pneúmati pneúmatí pneumaton pneumatōn pneumáton pneumátōn pneumatos pneúmatos pneúmatós
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