ver. 2.0.15.05.29
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #4151 - πνεῦμα

Transliteration:
pneûma
Phonetics:
pnyoo'-mah  
Word Origin:
from (4154)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Neuter
TDNT:
6:332,876
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the third person of the triune God, the Holy Spirit, coequal, coeternal with the Father and the Son
    1. sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his personality and character (the Holy Spirit)
    2. sometimes referred to in a way which emphasises his work and power (the Spirit of Truth)
    3. never referred to as a depersonalised force
  2. the spirit, i.e. the vital principal by which the body is animated
    1. the rational spirit, the power by which the human being feels, thinks, decides
    2. the soul
  3. a spirit, i.e. a simple essence, devoid of all or at least all grosser matter, and possessed of the power of knowing, desiring, deciding, and acting
    1. a life giving spirit
    2. a human soul that has left the body
    3. a spirit higher than man but lower than God, i.e. an angel
      1. used of demons, or evil spirits, who were conceived as inhabiting the bodies of men
      2. the spiritual nature of Christ, higher than the highest angels and equal to God, the divine nature of Christ
  4. the disposition or influence which fills and governs the soul of any one
    1. the efficient source of any power, affection, emotion, desire, etc.
  5. a movement of air (a gentle blast)
    1. of the wind, hence the wind itself
    2. breath of nostrils or mouth
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5397 ‑ נְשָׁמָה (nesh‑aw‑maw');   6921 ‑ קָדִם (kaw‑deem', kaw‑deem');   7307 ‑ רוּחַ (roo'‑akh);   7602 ‑ שָׁאַף (shaw‑af');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πνεῦμα, ατος, τό, ( πνέω )

blast, wind, first in Anaximen. 2, ὅλον τὸν κόσμον π. καὶ ἀὴρ περιέχει: freq. in Trag., etc., ἀνέμων πνεύματα πάντων A. Pr. 1086 (anap.), cf. 1047 (anap.); θαλάσσας . . πνεύματι λάβρῳ Id. Pers. 110 (lyr.); πνευμάτων ἐπομβρίᾳ Id. Fr. 300.3; τέως δὲ κούφοις πνεύμασιν βόσκου S. Aj. 558; πνεύμασιν θαλασσίοις ἐξωσθέντες E. Cyc. 278 (but πνοή is commoner in Poets; Hom. uses πνοιή ) ; πνεύματα ἀνέμων Hdt. 7.16 . ά; τὸ π. κατῄει Th. 2.84; κατὰ πρύμναν ἵσταται τὸ π. ib. 97; τὸ π. λεῖον καὶ καθεστηκὸς λαβεῖν Ar. Ra. 1003; τὸ π. ἔλαττον γίγνεται Id. Eq. 441; εἰ φορὸν π. εἴη X. HG 6.2.27; κατὰ πνεῦμα στῆναι τοῦ ἄρρενος to leeward of him, Arist. HA 560b14; but κατὰ π. προσιόντες down wind, ib. 535a19; πνεύματος ἀνείλησις, ἐκπύρωσις, Epicur. Ephesians 2 pp.44,45 U.; as an element, air, Corp.Herm. 1.9, 16; τὸ π. τὸ περὶ τὴν ψυχήν Plot. 2.2.2, cf. Porph. Sent. 29 .

2. metaph., θαλερωτέρῳ π. with more genial breeze or influence, A. Th. 708 (lyr.); λύσσης π. μάργῳ Id. Pr. 884 (anap.); αἰδοίῳ π. χώρας with air or spirit of respect on the part of the country, Id. Supp. 29 (anap.); π. ταὐτὸν οὔποτ' . . ἐν ἀνδράσιν φίλοις βέβηκεν the wind is constantly changing even among friends, S. OC 612; π. συμφορᾶς E. IT 1317; ὅταν θεοῦ σοι π. μεταβαλὸν τύχῃ Id. HF 216 .

II breathed air, breath, σάλπιγξ βροτείου πνεύματος πληρουμένη A. Eu. 568; αὐλῶν, λωτοῦ π., E. Ba. 128 (lyr.), Ph. 787 (lyr., pl.); π. ἀπέρρηξεν βίου the breath of life, A. Pers. 507; π. ἀπώλεσεν Id. Th. 984 (lyr.); π. ἄθροισον collect breath, E. Ph. 851; π. ἀφεῖναι, ἀνεῖναι, μεθεῖναι, to give up the ghost, Id. Hec. 571, Or. 277, Tr. 785 (anap.); π. δειμαίνων λιπεῖν Id. Supp. 554; π. . . δυσῶδες ἠφίει Th. 2.49; πνεύματος διαρροαί the wind-pipe, E. Hec. 567; τὰς τοῦ π. διεξόδους ἀποφράττον Pl. Ti. 91c (v. πνεύμων ) ; πνεύματος ῥώμη Plu. 2.804b: prov., ἄνθρωπός ἐστι π. καὶ σκιὰ μόνον S. Fr. 13 .

2. breathing, respiration, freq. in Hp., π. πυκνόν, ἀραιόν, ἐκτεῖνον, κατεπεῖγον, Epid. 2.3.7; π. πυκνότερον Acut. 16; π. προσκόπτον checked, difficult breathing, Aph. 4.68; π. ἄσημον indistinct, feeble breathing, Epid. 6.7.8; π. βηχῶδες Coac. 622; π. μετέωρον shallow breathing, Epid. 2.3.1; τὸ π. ἔχειν ἄνω to be out of breath, Men. 23, cf. Sosicr. 1; τὸ π. ἀνήνεγκαν recovered their breath, Hp. Prorrh. 2.12 (so without τὸ π. Aph. 2.43 ); but ἀναφέρουσιν . . κλαίοντά τε καὶ ἐς τὰς ῥῖνας ἀνέλκοντα τὸ π. they sob . ., Id. Hebd. 51 . pl., of the air imagined as filling the veins, πνευμάτων ἀπολήψιες ἀνὰ φλέβας Id. Acut.(Sp.) 7,al.

3. flatulence, in pl., Eub. 107.9, Arist. Pr. 948b25, Dsc. 2.112, D.L. 6.94 .

4. breath of life, π. ζωῆς LXX Genesis 6:17, LXX Genesis 7:15, cf. Plu. Per. 13,etc.; π. ἔχειν retain life, Plb. 31.10.4; living being, ἐγὼ Νίνος πάλαι ποτ' ἐγενόμην π. Phoen. 1.16; οὐ π. πάντα βρότεια σοὶ (sc. Πλούτωνι ) νέμεται; IG 14.769 ( Naples ).

5. that which is breathed forth or exhaled, odour, ὦ θεῖον ὀδμῆς π. E. Hipp. 1391; π. βαρὺ ἀφιεῖσα, of a tree, Plu. 2.647b.

6. Gramm., breathing with which a vowel is pronounced, ib. 1009e (pl.), A.D. Adv. 147.18; π. δασύ, ψιλόν, Id. Pron. 78.6, Adv. 148.9 .

III divine inspiration, ἄγρια . . πνεύματα θευφορίης AP 6.220.4 ( Diosc. ); εἰ μή τι θεῖον . . ἐνῆν π. τῇ ψυχῇ Pl. Ax. 370c; τὸ ἱερὸν καὶ δαιμόνιον ἐν μούσαις π. Plu. 2.605a; καθαρὸν δίκαιον . . π. θεοῦ σωτῆρος BMus.Inscr. 1062 (Cyrene, ii A. D. ). the spirit of God, π. θεοῦ LXX Genesis 1:2, etc.: freq. in NT, τὸ π. τὸ ἅγιον Mark 3:29,al.

2. spirit of man, εἴτ' ἐστὶ τοῦτο π. θεῖον εἴτε νοῦς Men. 482.3: in NT, opp. ψυχή, 1 Thessalonians 5:23, cf. Ep.Romans 8:2; τῷ π., opp. τῷ σώματι, Cor. 5.3; also, opp. γράμμα, Romans 2:29 . spiritual or immaterial being, angel, Ep.Hebrews 1:14, Revelation 1:4; τὰ ἄχραντα π., τὰ κακὰ π., Iamb. Myst. 3.31; π. πονηρόν, ψευδές, LXX Jd. 9.23, 3 Ki. 22.21, cf. Acts 19:12; Revelation 19:15, Revelation 16:14, Porph. ap. Eus. PE 4.23, etc.; ἀλάλου καὶ κακοῦ π. οὖσα πλήρης (sc. ἡ Πυθία ) Plu. 2.438b. Rhet., sentence declaimed in one breath, Hermog. Inv. 3.10, 4.4,al.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 πνεῦμα, πνεύματος, τό (πνέω), Greek writings from Aeschylus and Herodotus down; Hebrew רוּחַ, Latin spiritus; i. e.:

1. a movement of air (gentle) blast;

a. of the wind: ἀνέμων πνεύματα, Herodotus 7,16, 1; Pausanias, 5,25; hence, the wind itself, John 3:8; plural Hebrews 1:7 ( 1 Kings 18:45; 1 Kings 19:11; Job 1:19; Psalm 103:4 (Psalm 104:4>), etc.; often in Greek writings).

b. breath of the nostrils or mouth, often in Greek writings from Aeschylus down: πνεῦμα τοῦ στόματος, 2 Thessalonians 2:8 ( Psalm 32:6 (Psalm 33:6>), cf. Isaiah 11:4); πνεῦμα ζωῆς, the breath of life, Revelation 11:11 ( Genesis 6:17, cf. πνοή ζωῆς, Genesis 2:7>). (πνεῦμα and πνοή seem to have been in the main coincident terms; but πνοή became the more poetic. Both retain a suggestion of their evident etymology. Even in classical Greek πνεῦμα became as frequent and as wide in its application as ἄνεμος. ( Schmidt, chapter 55,7; Trench, § lxxiii.))

2. the spirit, i. e. the vital principle by which the body is animated (( Aristotle, Polybius, Plutarch, others; see below)): Luke 8:55; Luke 23:46; John 19:30; Acts 7:59; Revelation 13:15 (here R. V. breath); ἀφιέναι τό πνεῦμα, to breathe out the spirit, to expire, Matthew 27:50 cf. Sirach 38:23; Wisdom of Solomon 16:14 (Greek writings said ἀφιέναι τήν ψυχήν, as Genesis 35:18, see ἀφίημι, 1b. and Kypke, Observations, i, p. 140; but we also find ἀφιέναι πνεῦμα θανσίμω σφαγή, Euripides, Hec. 571); σῶμα χωρίς πνεύματος νεκρόν ἐστιν, James 2:26; τό πνεῦμα ἐστι τό ζοωποιουν, σάρξ οὐκ ὠφελεῖ οὐδέν, the spirit is that which animates and gives life, the body is of no profit (for the spirit imparts life to it, not the body in turn to the spirit; cf. Chr. Frid. Fritzsche, Nova opuscc., p. 239), John 6:63. the rational spirit, the power by which a human being feels, thinks, wills, decides; the soul: τό πνεῦμα τοῦ ἀνθρώπου τό ἐν αὐτῷ, 1 Corinthians 2:11; opposed to σάρξ (which see (especially 2a.)), Matthew 26:41; Mark 14:38; 1 Corinthians 5:5; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Colossians 2:5; opposed to τό σῶμα, Romans 8:10; 1 Corinthians 6:17,20 Rec.; 1 Corinthians 7:34>; 1 Peter 4:6. Although for the most part the words πνεῦμα and ψυχή are used indiscriminately and so σῶμα and ψυχή put in contrast (but never by Paul; see ψυχή, especially 2), there is also recognized a threefold distinction, τό πνεῦμα καί ψυχή καί τό σῶμα, 1 Thessalonians 5:23, according to which τό πνεῦμα is the rational part of Prayer of Manasseh , the power of perceiving and grasping divine and eternal things, and upon which the Spirit of God exerts its influence; (πνεῦμα, says Luther, "is the highest and noblest part of Prayer of Manasseh , which qualifies him to lay bold of incomprehensible, invisible, eternal things; in short, it is the house where Faith and God's word are at home" (see references at end)): ἄχρι μερισμοῦ ψυχῆς καί πνεύματος (see μερισμός, 2), Hebrews 4:12; ἐν ἑνί πνεύματι, μία ψυχή, Philippians 1:27 (where instead of μία ψυχή Paul according to his mode of speaking elsewhere would have said more appropriately μία καρδία). τό πνεῦμα τίνος, Mark 2:8; Mark 8:12; Lukei. 47; Acts 17:16; Romans 1:9; Romans 8:16; 1 Corinthians 5:4; 1 Corinthians 16:18; 2 Corinthians 2:13; 2 Corinthians 7:13; Galatians 6:18; ( Philippians 4:23 L T Tr WH); Philemon 1:25; 2 Timothy 4:22; Θεός τῶν πνευμάτων (for which Rec. has ἁγίων) τῶν προφητῶν, who incites and directs the souls of the prophets, Revelation 22:6, where cf. Düsterdieck. the dative τῷ πνεύματι is used to denote the seat (locality) where one does or suffers something, like our in spirit: ἐπιγινώσκειν, Mark 2:8; ἀναστενάζειν, Mark 8:12; ἐμβρίμασθαι, John 11:33; ταράσσεσθαι, John 13:21; ζηιν, Acts 18:25; Romans 12:11; ἀγαλλίασθαι, Luke 10:21 (but L T Tr WH here add ἁγίῳ); the dative of respect: 1 Corinthians 5:3; Colossians 2:5; 1 Peter 4:6; κραταιουσθαι, Luke 1:80; Luke 2:40 Rec.; ἅγιον εἶναι, 1 Corinthians 7:34; ζοωποιηθεις, 1 Peter 3:18; ζῆν, 1 Peter 4:6; πτωχοί, Matthew 5:3; dative of instrument: δεδεμένος, Acts 20:22; συνέχεσθαι, Acts 18:5> Rec.; Θεῷ λατρεύειν, Philippians 3:3 R G; dative of advantage: ἄνεσιν τῷ πνεύματι μου, 2 Corinthians 2:13 (12); ἐν τῷ πνεύματι, is used of the instrument, 1 Corinthians 6:20 Rec. (it is surely better to take ἐν τῷ πνεύματι here locally, of the 'sphere' ( Winer's Grammar, 386 (362), cf. 1 Corinthians 6:19)); also ἐν πνεύματι, nearly equivalent to πνευματικῶς (but see Winer's Grammar, § 51,1e. note), John 4:23; of the seat of an action, ἐν τῷ πνεύματι μου, Romans 1:9; τιθέναι ἐν τῷ πνεύματι, to propose to oneself, purpose in spirit, followed by the infinitive (πορεύεσθαι, Acts 19:21. πνεύματα προφητῶν, according to the context the souls (spirits) of the prophets moved by the Spirit of God, 1 Corinthians 14:32; in a peculiar sense πνεῦμα is used of a soul thoroughly roused by the Holy Spirit and wholly intent on divine things, yet destitute of distinct self-consciousness and clear understanding; thus in the phrases τό πνεῦμα μου προσεύχεται, opposed to νοῦς μου, 1 Corinthians 14:14; πνεύματι λαλεῖν μυστήρια, 1 Corinthians 14:2; προσεύχεσθαι, ψάλλειν, εὐλογεῖν, τῷ πνεύματι, as opposed to τῷ νοι<, 1 Corinthians 14:15,16.

3. "a spirit, i. e. a simple essence, devoid of all or at least all grosser matter, and possessed of the power of knowing, desiring, deciding, and acting";

a. generically: Luke 24:37; Acts 23:8 (on which see μήτε, at the end); Acts 23:9; πνεῦμα σάρκα καί ὀστέα οὐκ ἔχει, Luke 24:39; πνεῦμα ζοωποιουν ( a life-giving spirit), spoken of Christ as raised from the dead, 1 Corinthians 15:45; πνεῦμα Θεός ( God is spirit essentially), John 4:24; πατήρ τῶν πνευμάτων, of God, Hebrews 12:9, where the term comprises both the spirits of men and of angels.

b. a human soul that has left the body (( Babrius 122,8)): plural (Latin manes), Hebrews 12:23; 1 Peter 3:19.

c. a spirit higher than man but lower than God, i. e. an angel: plural Hebrews 1:14; used of demons, or evil spirits, who were conceived of as inhabiting the bodies of men: ( Mark 9:20); Luke 9:39; Acts 16:18; plural, Matthew 8:16; Matthew 12:45; Luke 10:20; Luke 11:26; πνεῦμα Πύθωνος or πύθωνα, Acts 16:16; πνεύματα δαιμονίων, Revelation 16:14; πνεῦμα δαιμονίου ἀκαθάρτου, Luke 4:33 (see δαιμόνιον, 2); πνεῦμα ἀσθενείας, causing infirmity, Luke 13:11; πνεῦμα ἀκάθαρτον, Matthew 10:1; Matthew 12:43; Mark 1:23,26, 27; Mark 3:11,30; Mark 5:2,8, 13; Mark 6:7; Mark 7:25; Mark 9:25; Luke 4:36; Luke 6:18; Luke 8:29; Luke 9:42; Luke 11:24,26; Acts 5:16; Acts 8:7; Revelation 16:13; Revelation 18:2; ἄλαλον, κωφόν (for the Jews held that the same evils with which the men were afflicted affected the demons also that bad taken possession of them (cf. Wetstein, N. T. i. 279ff; Edersheim, Jesus the Messiah, Appendix xvi.; see δαιμονίζομαι etc. and references)), Mark 9:17,25; πονηρόν, Luke 7:21; Luke 8:2; Acts 19:12,13, 15,16, (cf. Judges 9:23; 1 Samuel 16:14; 1 Samuel 19:9, etc.).

d. "the spiritual nature of Christ, higher than the highest angels, close to God and most intimately united to him" (in doctrinal phraseology the divine nature of Christ): 1 Timothy 3:16; with the addition of ἁγιωσύνης (on which see ἁγιωσύνη, 1 (yet cf. 4a. below)), Romans 1:4 (but see Meyer at the passage, Ellicott on 1 Timothy , the passage cited); it is called πνεῦμα αἰώνιον, in tacit contrast with the perishable ψυχαί of sacrificial animals, in Hebrews 9:14, where cf. Delitzsch (and especially Kurtz).

4. The Scriptures also ascribe a πνεῦμα to God, i. e. God's power and agency — distinguishable in thought (or modalistice, as they say in technical speech) from God's essence in itself considered — "manifest in the course of affairs, and by its influence upon souls productive in the theocratic body (the church) of all the higher spiritual gifts and blessings"; (cf. the resemblances and differences in Philo's use of τό θεῖον πνεῦμα, e. g. de gigant. § 12 (cf. § 5f); quis rer. div. § 53; de mund. opif. § 46, etc.).

a. This πνεῦμα is called in the O. T. אֱלֹהִים רוּחַ, יְהוָה רוּחַ; in the N. T. πνεῦμα ἅγιον, τό ἅγιον πνεῦμα, τό πνεῦμα τό ἅγιον (first so in Wisdom of Solomon 1:5 Wisdom of Solomon 9:17; for קֹדֶשׁ רוּחַ, in Psalm 50:13 (Psalm 51:13>), Isaiah 63:10,11, the Sept. renders by πνεῦμα ἁγιωσύνης), i. e. the Holy Spirit (august, full of majesty, adorable, utterly opposed to all impurity): Matthew 1:18,20; Matthew 3:11; Matthew 12:32; Matthew 28:19; Mark 1:8; Mark 3:29; Mark 12:36; Mark 13:11; Luke 1:15,35; Luke 2:25,26; Luke 3:16,22; Luke 4:1; Luke 11:13; Luke 12:10,12; John 1:33; John 7:39 ( L T WH omit; Tr brackets ἅγιον); John 14:26; John 20:22; Acts 1:2,5, 8,16; Acts 2:33,38; Acts 4:25 L T Tr WH; Acts 5:3,32; 8:18> ( L T WH omit; Tr brackets τό ἅγιον), Acts 8:19>; Acts 9:31; 10:38,44,45,47; 11:15,16,24; 13:2,4,9,52; 15:8,28; 16:6; 19:6; 20:28>; Romans 9:1; Romans 14:17; Romans 15:13,16, 19 ( L Tr WH in brackets); 1 Corinthians 6:19; 1 Corinthians 12:3; 2 Corinthians 6:6; 2 Corinthians 13:13 (14); Ephesians 1:13; 1 Thessalonians 1:5,6; 2 Timothy 1:14; Titus 3:5; Hebrews 2:4; Hebrews 6:4; Hebrews 9:8; 1 John 5:7 Rec.; Jude 1:20; other examples will be given below in the phrases; (on the use and the omission of the article, see Fritzsche, Ep. ad Romans , ii., p. 105 (in opposition to Harless (on Ephesians 2:22), et al.; cf. also Meyer on Galatians 5:16; Ellicott on Galatians 5:5; Winer s Grammar, 122 (116); Buttmann, 89 (78))); τό πνεῦμα τό ἅγιον τοῦ Θεοῦ, Ephesians 4:30; 1 Thessalonians 4:8; πνεῦμα Θεοῦ, Romans 8:9,14; τό τοῦ Θεοῦ πνεῦμα, 1 Peter 4:14; (τό) πνεῦμα (τοῦ) Θεοῦ, Matthew 3:16; Matthew 12:18,28; 1 Corinthians 2:14; 1 Corinthians 3:16; Ephesians 3:16; 1 John 4:2; τό πνεῦμα τοῦ Θεοῦ ἡμῶν, 1 Corinthians 6:11; τό πνεῦμα τοῦ πατρός, Matthew 10:20; πνεῦμα Θεοῦ ζῶντος, 2 Corinthians 3:3; τό πνεῦμα τοῦ ἐγείραντος Ἰησοῦν, Romans 8:11; τό πνεῦμα τό ἐκ Θεοῦ (emanating from God and imparted unto men), 1 Corinthians 2:12; πνεῦμα and τό πνεῦμα τοῦ κυρίου, i. e. of God, Luke 4:18; Acts 5:9 (cf. Acts 5:4); Acts 8:39>; κυρίου, i. e. of Christ, 2 Corinthians 3:17,18 (cf. Buttmann, 343 (295)); τό πνεῦμα Ἰησοῦ, since the same Spirit in a peculiar manner dwelt in Jesus, Acts 16:7 (where Rec. omits Ἰησοῦ); Χριστοῦ, Romans 8:9; Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, Philippians 1:19; τό ἐν τίνι (in one's soul (not WH marginal reading)) πνεῦμα Χριστοῦ, 1 Peter 1:11; τό πνεῦμα τοῦ υἱοῦ (τοῦ Θεοῦ), Galatians 4:6; simply τό πνεῦμα or πνεῦμα: Matthew 4:1; Matthew 12:31,32; Matthew 22:43; Mark 1:10,12; Luke 2:1,14; John 1:32,33; John 3:6,8, 34; John 7:39; Acts 2:4; Acts 8:29; Acts 10:19; Acts 11:12,28; Acts 21:4; Romans 8:6,16, 23,26, 27; Romans 15:30; 1 Corinthians 2:4,10, 13 (where Rec. adds ἁγίου); 1 Corinthians 12:4,7,8>; 2 Corinthians 1:22; 2 Corinthians 3:6,8; 2 Corinthians 5:5; Galatians 3:3,5, 14; Galatians 4:29; Galatians 5:5,17, 22,25; Ephesians 4:3; Ephesians 5:9 Rec.; Ephesians 6:17>; Philippians 2:1; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; 1 Timothy 4:1; James 4:5; 1 Peter 1:22 Rec.; 1 John 3:24; 1 John 5:6,8; Revelation 22:17. Among the beneficent and very varied operations and effects ascribed to this Spirit in the N. T., the following are prominent: by it the man Jesus was begotten in the womb of the virgin Mary ( Matthew 1:18,20; Luke 1:35), and at his baptism by John it is said to have descended upon Jesus ( Matthew 3:16; Mark 1:10; Luke 3:22), so that he was perpetually (μένον ἐπ' αὐτόν) filled with it ( John 1:32,33, cf. 3:34; Matthew 12:28; Acts 10:38); hence, to its prompting and aid the acts and words of Christ are traced, Matthew 4:1; Matthew 12:28; Mark 1:12; Luke 4:1,14. After Christ's resurrection it was imparted also to the apostles, John 20:22; Acts 2. Subsequently other followers of Christ are related to have received it through faith ( Galatians 3:2), or by the instrumentality of baptism ( Acts 2:38; 1 Corinthians 12:13) and the laying on of hands ( Acts 19:5,6), although its reception was in no wise connected with baptism by any magical bond, Acts 8:12,15; Acts 10:44 ff. To its agency are referred all the blessings of the Christian religion, such as regeneration wrought in baptism ( John 3:5,6, 8; Titus 3:5 (but see the commentators on the passages, and references under the word βάπτισμα, 3)); all sanctification ( 1 Corinthians 6:11; hence, ἁγιασμός πνεύματος, 2 Thessalonians 2:13; 1 Peter 1:2); the power of suppressing evil desires and practising holiness ( Romans 8:2 ff; Galatians 5:16 ff,22; 1 Peter 1:22 ( Rec.), etc.); fortitude to undergo with patience all persecutions, losses, trials, for Christ's sake ( Matthew 10:20; Luke 12:11,12; Romans 8:26); the knowledge of evangelical truth ( John 14:17,26; John 15:26; John 16:12,13; 1 Corinthians 2:6-16; Ephesians 3:5) — hence, it is called πνεῦμα τῆς ἀληθείας (John the passages cited; 1 John 4:6), πνεῦμα σοφίας καί ἀποκαλύψεως ( Ephesians 1:17); the sure and joyful hope of a future resurrection, and of eternal blessedness ( Romans 5:5; Romans 8:11; 2 Corinthians 1:22; 2 Corinthians 5:5; Ephesians 1:13 f); for the Holy Spirit is the seal and pledge of citizenship in the kingdom of God, 2 Corinthians 1:22; Ephesians 1:13. He is present to teach, guide, prompt, restrain, those Christians whose agency God employs in carrying out his counsels: Acts 8:29,39; Acts 10:19; Acts 11:12; Acts 13:2,4; Acts 15:28; Acts 16:6,7; Acts 20:28. He is the author of charisms or special gifts ( 1 Corinthians 12:7 ff; see χάρισμα), prominent among which is the power of prophesying: τά ἐρχόμενα ἀναγγελεῖ, John 16:13; hence, τό πνεῦμα τῆς προφητείας ( Revelation 19:10); and his efficiency in the prophets is called τό πνεῦμα simply ( 1 Thessalonians 5:19), and their utterances are introduced with these formulas: τάδε λέγει τό πνεῦμα τό ἅγιον, Acts 21:11; τό πνεῦμα λέγει, 1 Timothy 4:1; Revelation 14:13; with ταῖς ἐκκλησίαις added, Revelation 2:7,11, 17,29; Revelation 3:6,13, 22. Since the Holy Spirit by his inspiration was the author also of the O. T. Scriptures ( 2 Peter 1:21; 2 Timothy 3:16), his utterances are cited in the following terms: λέγει or μαρτυρεῖ τό πνεῦμα τό ἅγιον, Hebrews 3:7; Hebrews 10:15; τό πνεῦμα τό ἅγιον ἐλάλησε διά Ἠσαΐου, Acts 28:25, cf. Acts 1:16. From among the great number of other phrases referring to the Holy Spirit the following seem to be noteworthy here: God is said διδόναι τίνι τό πνεῦμα τό ἅγιον, Luke 11:13; Acts 15:8; passive, Romans 5:5; more precisely, ἐκ τοῦ πνεύματος αὐτοῦ, i. e. a portion from his Spirit's fullness ( Buttmann, § 132,7; Winer's Grammar, 366 (343)), 1 John 4:13; or έ᾿κχειν ἀπό τοῦ πνεύματος αὐτοῦ, Acts 2:17,18 (for its entire fullness Christ alone receives, John 3:34); men are said, λαμβάνειν πνεῦμα ἅγιον, John 20:22; Acts 8:15,17, 19; Acts 19:2; or τό πνεῦμα ἅγιον, Acts 10:47; or τό πνεῦμα τό ἐκ Θεοῦ, 1 Corinthians 2:12; or τό πνεῦμα, Galatians 3:2, cf. Romans 8:15; πνεῦμα Θεοῦ ἔχειν, 1 Corinthians 7:40; πνεῦμα μή ἔχειν, Jude 1:19; πληροῦσθαι πνεύματος ἁγίου, Acts 13:52; ἐν πνεύματι, Ephesians 5:18; πλησθῆναι, πλησθήσεσθαι, πνεύματος ἁγίου, Luke 1:15,41, 67; Acts 2:4; Acts 4:8,31; Acts 9:17; Acts 13:9; πνεύματος ἁγίου πλήρης, Acts 6:5; Acts 7:55; Acts 11:24; πλήρεις πνεύματος ( Rec. adds ἁγίου) καί σοφίας, Acts 6:3; πνεύματι and πνεύματι Θεοῦ ἄγεσθαι, to be led by the Holy Spirit, Romans 8:14; Galatians 5:18; φέρεσθαι ὑπό πνεύματος ἁγίου 2 Peter 1:21; the Spirit is said to dwell in the minds of Christians, Romans 8:9,11; 1 Corinthians 3:16; 1 Corinthians 6:19; 2 Timothy 1:14; James 4:5 (other expressions may be found under βαπτίζω, II.

b. bb.; γεννάω, 1at the end and 2d.; ἐκχέω b.; χρίω, a.); γίνεσθαι ἐν πνεύματι, to come to be in the Spirit, under the power of the Spirit, i. e. in a state of inspiration or ecstasy, Revelation 1:10; Revelation 4:2. Dative πνεύματι, by the power and aid of the Spirit, the Spirit prompting, Romans 8:13; Galatians 5:5; τῷ πνεύματι τῷ ἁγίῳ, Luke 10:21 L Tr WH; πνεύματι ἁγίῳ, 1 Peter 1:12 (where R G T have ἐν πνεύματι ἁγίῳ); πνεύματι Θεοῦ, Philippians 3:3 L T Tr WH; also ἐν πνεύματι, Ephesians 2:22; Ephesians 3:5 (where ἐν πνεύματι must be joined to ἀπεκαλύφθη); ἐν πνεύματι, in the power of the Spirit, possessed and moved by the Spirit, Matthew 22:43; Revelation 17:3; Revelation 21:10; also ἐν τῷ πνεύματι, Luke 2:27; Luke 4:1; ἐν τῷ πνεύματι ἁγίῳ, Luke 10:21 Tdf.; ἐν τῇ δυνάμει τοῦ πνευματου, Luke 4:14; ἐν τῷ πνεύματι τῷ ἁγίῳ εἰπεῖν, Mark 12:36; ἐν πνεύματι (ἁγίῳ) προσεύχεσθαι, Ephesians 6:18; Jude 1:20; ἐν πνεύματι Θεοῦ λαλεῖν, 1 Corinthians 12:3; ἀγάπη ἐν πνεύματι, love which the Spirit begets, Colossians 1:8; περιτομή ἐν πνεύματι, effected by the Holy Spirit, opposed to γράμματι, the prescription of the

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (385)NAS (380)HCS (379)
Matthew19
Mark22
Luke37
John18
Acts68
Romans28
1 Corinthians33
2 Corinthians15
Galatians15
Ephesians15
Philippians4
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians5
2 Thessalonians3
1 Timothy3
2 Timothy3
Titus1
Philemon1
Hebrews12
James2
1 Peter9
2 Peter1
1 John9
Jude2
Revelation23
Matthew19
Mark22
Luke36
John18
Acts68
Romans27
1 Corinthians32
2 Corinthians15
Galatians15
Ephesians14
Philippians5
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians5
2 Thessalonians3
1 Timothy2
2 Timothy3
Titus1
Philemon1
Hebrews12
James2
1 Peter8
2 Peter1
1 John8
Jude2
Revelation24
Matthew19
Mark23
Luke36
John24
Acts70
Romans34
1 Corinthians40
2 Corinthians17
Galatians18
Ephesians14
Philippians5
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians5
2 Thessalonians3
1 Timothy3
2 Timothy3
Titus1
Philemon1
Hebrews12
James2
1 Peter8
2 Peter1
1 John12
Jude2
Revelation24
List of Word Forms
πνευμα πνεύμα πνεύμά πνεῦμα πνεῦμά πνευμασι πνεύμασι πνευμασιν πνεύμασιν πνευματα πνεύματα πνευματι πνεύματι πνεύματί πνευματος πνεύματος πνεύματός πνευματων πνευμάτων pneuma pneûma pneûmá pneumasi pneúmasi pneumasin pneúmasin pneumata pneúmata pneumati pneúmati pneúmatí pneumaton pneumatōn pneumáton pneumátōn pneumatos pneúmatos pneúmatós
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