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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #4202 - πορνεία

Word Origin:
from (4203)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Feminine
Word Definition  [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. illicit sexual intercourse
    1. adultery, fornication, homosexuality, lesbianism, intercourse with animals etc.
    2. sexual intercourse with close relatives; Lev. 18
    3. sexual intercourse with a divorced man or woman; Mk. 10:11,
  2. metaph. the worship of idols
    1. of the defilement of idolatry, as incurred by eating the sacrifices offered to idols
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2183 ‑ זְנוּנִים (zaw‑noon');   8457 ‑ תַּזְנֻת (taz‑nooth', taz‑nooth');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. πορν-είη, ἡ,

prostitution, Hp. Epid. 7.122, etc.; of a man, D. 19.200; fornication, unchastity, Matthew 19:9 : pl., 1 Corinthians 7:2 .

II metaph., idolatry, LXX Hosea 4:11,al.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 πορνεία, πορνείας, (πορνεύω), the Sept. for תַּזְנוּת, זְנוּת, זְנוּנִים, fornication ( Vulg. fornicatio (and ( Revelation 19:2) prostitutio)); used a. properly, of illicit sexual intercourse in general ( Demosthenes, 403,27; 433,25): Acts 15:20,29; Acts 21:25 (that this meaning must be adopted in these passages will surprise no one who has learned from 1 Corinthians 6:12 ff how leniently converts from among the heathen regarded this vice and how lightly they indulged in it; accordingly, all other interpretations of the term, such as of marriages within the prohibited degrees and the like, are to be rejected); Romans 1:29 Rec.; 1 Corinthians 5:1; 1 Corinthians 6:13,18; 1 Corinthians 7:2; 2 Corinthians 12:21; Ephesians 5:3; Colossians 3:5; 1 Thessalonians 4:3; Revelation 9:21; it is distinguished from μοιχεία in Matthew 15:19; Mark 7:21; and Galatians 5:19 Rec.; used of adultery ((cf. Hosea 2:2 (4), etc.)), Matthew 5:32; Matthew 19:9.

b. In accordance with a form of speech common in the O. T. and among the Jews which represents the close relationship existing between Jehovah and his people under the figure of a marriage (cf. Gesenius, Thesaurus, i., p. 422{a} following), πορνεία is used metaphorically of the worship of idols: Revelation 14:8; Revelation 17:2,4; Revelation 18:3; Revelation 19:2; ἡμεῖς ἐκ πορνείας οὐ γεγεννήμεθα (we are not of a people given to idolatry), ἕνα πατέρα ἔχομεν τόν Θεόν, John 8:41 (ἄθεος μέν ἄγονος, πολύθεος δέ ἐκ πόρνης, τυφλωττων περί τόν ἀληθῆ πατέρα καί διά τοῦτο πολλούς ἀνθ' ἑνός γονεῖς αἰνιττόμενος, Philo de mig. Abr. § 12; τέκνα πορνείας, of idolaters, Hosea 1:2; (but in John , the passage cited others understand physical descent to be spoken of (cf. Meyer))); of the defilement of idolatry, as incurred by eating the sacrifices offered to idols, Revelation 2:21.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πορνεία , -ας ,

(<πορνεύω ),

[in LXX for H8457 and cogn. forms;]

fornication: ; ; , ; ; , , , , , (Lft., Notes, 53), ; pl. (v. WM, 220; Bl., § 32, 6), ; disting. from μοιχεία , , ; = μοιχεία (Amos 8:17 , al.), ; . Metaph. (of idolatry: , ): (Westc., in l), and so perh. (Thayer-Grimm, s.v.; but v. Swete, in 11.), ; ; ; ; ; .





Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The force of προ – in composition is raised again by this word, as e.g. in the marriage contract BGU IV. 1050.27 (time of Augustus) : the contract is to be deposited ἐν ἡμέραις χρηματιζούσαις πέντε ἀφ᾽ ἧς ἂν ἀλλήλοις προείπωσιν ̣, ";within the five days named from the day on which they settle it with one another."; Here the προ – simply implies that the terms of the contract have been discussed beforehand, and then embodied in the legal document For this ordinary time sense in the NT, cf. 2 Corinthians 13:2, Galatians 5:21, and 1 Thessalonians 3:4 (with Milligan’s note). In Kaibel 621.4 (ii/iii A.D.) ὃς προλέγει θνατοῖς εὐφροσύνης μετέχειν, the editor renders προλέγει by ";hortatur"; (see Index s.v.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (26)NAS (25)HCS (25)
1 Corinthians4
2 Corinthians1
1 Thessalonians1
1 Corinthians4
2 Corinthians1
1 Thessalonians1
1 Corinthians5
2 Corinthians1
1 Thessalonians1
List of Word Forms
πορνεια πορνεία πορνείᾳ πορνειαι πορνείαι πορνεῖαι πορνείαις πορνειαν πορνείαν πορνειας πορνείας πορνείόν porneia porneía porneiai porneíāi porneîai porneian porneían porneias porneías

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