ver. 2.0.14.09.02
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #4982 - σώζω

Transliteration:
sṓzō
Phonetics:
sode'-zo  
Word Origin:
from a primary sos (contraction for obsolete saoz, "safe")
Parts of Speech:
Verb
TDNT:
7:965,1132
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to save, keep safe and sound, to rescue from danger or destruction
    1. one (from injury or peril)
      1. to save a suffering one (from perishing), i.e. one suffering from disease, to make well, heal, restore to health
      2. to preserve one who is in danger of destruction, to save or rescue
    2. to save in the technical biblical sense
      1. negatively 1b
    3. to deliver from the penalties of the Messianic judgment 1b
    4. to save from the evils which obstruct the reception of the Messianic deliverance
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 247 ‑ אָזַר (aw‑zar');   1272 ‑ בָּרַח (baw‑rakh');   2421 ‑ חָיָה (khaw‑yaw');   2620 ‑ חָסָה (khaw‑saw');   3045 ‑ יָדַע (yaw‑dah');   3467 ‑ יָשַׁע (yaw‑shah');   4422 ‑ מָלַט (maw‑lat');   5337 ‑ נָצַל (naw‑tsal');   6299 ‑ פָּדָה (paw‑daw');   6403 ‑ פָּלַט (paw‑lat');   7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');   7682 ‑ שָׂגַב (saw‑gab');   7725 ‑ שׁוּב (shoob);   7804 ‑ שֵׁיזִב (shez‑ab');   7999 ‑ שָׁלֵם (shaw‑lam');   8300 ‑ שָׂרִיד (saw‑reed');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σῴζω, with ι wherever ζ follows ω, as σῴζω, EM 741.27, and so (written σωιζ-) in Inscrr. and Papyri down to iii B.C., e.g. IG 12.625.4, 22.687.35, 1611.378, Isyll. 75 (lapis), PCair.Zen. 482.17, 532.23 (iii B.C.), Test.Epict. 1.6 (iii/ii B.C.), (ἀνα-) IG 22.492.13, also in cod. Laur. of S. El. 993, al., but otherwise without it, e.g. ἔσωσε IG 9(2).257.11 (Thess., v B.C.); but Didym. (and many Hellenistic and later Inscrr. and Papyri) rejected the ι everywhere, v. EM l.c., and on the other hand Inscrr. show σῳς- (always written σωις-) from v B.C., ἔσῳσεν IG 12.1085.5, 22.1236.6, συνδιασῴσαντες GDI 1612.9 (Dyme, iii B.C.), σῴσαι (3 sg. opt.) IG 5(2).357.152 (Stymphalus, iii B.C.), διέσῳσαν OGI 56.18 (Canopus, iii B.C.), cf. PPetr. 3p.72 (iii B.C.); σοζ[, i.e. σωζ[, occurs in IG 12.590: fut. σώσω S. Ph. 1391, Th. 1.137, etc.; early Att. σωῶ IG 12.188.30: pf. σέσωκα, also σέσῳκα, v. ἀνασῴζω: — Med., fut. σώσομαι E. Ba. 793, (ἐκ-) A. Pers. 360, (δια-) X. Cyr. 4.2.28: aor. ἐσωσάμην Ar. Ec. 402: Pass., fut. σωθήσομαι Th. 5.111, Ar. Nu. 77, Hp. Prog. 1, etc.: aor. ἐσώθην Th. 1.110, al., SIG 167.37 (Mylasa, iv B.C.) (ἐσώσθην only in Hsch.): pf. σέσωσμαι A. Th. [ 821 (820)], σέσωσται E. IT 607, D. 56.33, σεσώσμεθα S. Tr. 83, etc.; but σέσωται Pl. Criti. 109d, cf. 110a, σεσωμένος PCair.Zen. 331.8 (iii B.C.); said to be Att. by Phot.; διασεσῳμένους is found in IG 22.435.11 (after 336 B.C.) and διασεσῳμένοι in PCair.Zen. 240.11 (iii B.C.); later σέσῳσται IG 12(7).386.25 (Amorgos, iii B.C.).--The foll. forms are found in Hom. and dialects,

1 pres. part. σώζων Od. 5.490; 3 sg. ind. or opt. σώζει (-οι) Hes. Op. 376 (v.l. for εἴη): pres. part. Pass. σωζόμενοι (-ομένοισι) Thgn. 68, 235 (s.v.l.).

2. from σᾰόω, 3 sg. σαοῖ Thgn. 868, Call. Del. 22, etc.; 3 pl. σαοῦσι Tyrt. 11.13; 2 sg. imper. σάου h.Hom. 13.3, Call. Epigr. 35 (as v.l.), etc.: fut. σαώσω Il. 10.44: aor. ἐσάωσα 21.611, Pi. Fr. 231: aor. inf. Pass. σαωθῆναι Il. 15.503, Od. 10.473; imper. σαωθήτω Il. 17.228; Ephesians 3:1-21 pl. ἐσάωθεν Od. 3.185: fut. Med. σαώσομαι 21.309.

3. from σάωμι, Aeol. 2 sg. σάως Alc. 73 (fort. σάῳς); 2 sg. imper. σάω Od. 13.230, 17.595, Call. l.c., etc.: σάω as 3 sg. impf., Il. 16.363, 21.238.

4. from σώω, part. σώοντες Od. 9.430; Ion. impf. σώεσκον Il. 8.363; σώετε, σώεσθαι, A.R. 4.197, 2.610.

5. from σόω, subj. σόῃς, -, -ωσι, Il. 9.681, 424, 393 vulg., where Tyrannio ap.Hdn.Gr. 2.66 reads σοῷς, σοῷ, σοῶσι; in 9.681 Aristarch. read both σαῷς and σοῷς; the forms σοῷς, σοῷ perh. arise from σαόω, by contraction and 'distraction': but σόωσι from σώωσι acc. to Hdn.Gr.l.c.; Hsch. cites also σόεις, σοῦται as = σώζεις, σώζεται.

6. Lacon. σωάδδει· παρατηρεῖ, Hsch.: but also σχολι-σοΐδδω, aor. ἀπέσοιξεν· ἀπέσωσεν, Λάκωνες, Id.

7. σωννύω, Dinol. 5:

save, keep,

1 of persons, save from death, keep alive, σώοντες ἑταίρους Od. 9.430; ζωοὺς σάω Il. 21.238; ὄτ' ἄσφ' ἀπολλυμένοις σάως Alc. 73, cf. Th. 1.91, X. An. 3.1.38; πόδες καὶ γοῦνα ς. τινά Il. 21.611; νὺξ στρατὸν ς. 9.78; spare, Od. 22.357: Pass., to be saved, kept alive, preserved, opp. ἀπολέσθαι, Il. 15.503, Od. 3.185, etc.; ἀγαπητῶς σεσωσμένους Lys. 16.16; keep a whole skin, escape destruction, οἱ σωθησόμενοι Pl. Tht. 176d; so in pres. σωζόμενος, Thgn. 68, 235 (s.v.l.); to be healed, recover from sickness, Hp. Coac. 136, Isaiah 1:10 (dub. l.); ὑγιαίνοντες καὶ σωζόμενοι IG 22.1028.89 (i B.C.); σώζεο, as a wish, God bless you, farewell, Call. Del. 150, AP 5.240 (Paul. Sil.), 9.372; σώζοισθε ib.171 (Pall.); also, save oneself, escape, σώθητι Pl. Cri. 44b; μόγις or μόλις σῴζεσθαι escape with difficulty, Id. 332c, D.S. 2.48, etc.; χαλεπῶς ς. Thgn. 675. esp. in NT, of God or Christ, 1 Corinthians 1:21, etc.; ς. τὸ ἀπολωλός Luke 19:10; ς. τὸν κόσμον John 12:47 : freq. in Pass., to be saved or in a state of salvation, Matthew 19:25, etc.; οἱ σῳζόμενοι Luke 13:23, Acts 2:47.

2. of things, keep safe, preserve, rare in Hom., σάω μὲν ταῦτα, σάω δ' ἐμέ Od. 13.230; σπέρμα πυρὸς σώζων 5.490; πόλιν καὶ ἄστυ ς. Il. 17.144; σαώσει Ἀργείους καὶ νῆας 10.44, cf. 9.230: freq. in Trag. and Att., ς. φάρμακον S. Tr. 686; τὰ τόξα Id. Ph. 766; τὰ σκεύη, παῖδας οἶκον χρήματα, καρπούς, Ar. Pax 730 (anap.), Av. 380 (troch.), 1062 (lyr.); τὰ πατρῷα, τὰ ὑπάρχοντα, Id. Th. 820 (lyr.), Th. 1.70; ς. πόλιν preserve the city or the state, Hdt. 8.34, A. Th. 749 (lyr.), S. Ant. 1058, Pl. R. 417a, cf. Grg. 512b, etc.; τὰ πράγματα Th. 1.74; τὴν Ἑλλάδα Ar. Lys. 525 (lyr.); τὰς πολιτείας, τὴν δημοκρατίαν, etc., Arist. Pol. 1309b15, 36; τόνδε γὰρ [λόγον] σῴζων keeping it secret, A. Pr. 524, cf. S. OC 1530; ς. καιρόν save or recover an opportunity, D. 19.6, cf. 23.4: Med., keep or preserve for oneself, τὴν εὐλάβειαν S. El. 993, cf. E. Alc. 146, etc.; αὐτὸς αὑτῷ ς. τι Ar. Ec. 402, cf. Eq. 1017 (hex.): Pass., τὸ ἄπραγμον οὐ σῴζεται is not secure, Th. 2.63; .. πόλις οὐκ ἂν ἐσῴζετο; Ar. Ec. 219; to be preserved or extant, of books, Longin. ap. Porph. Plot. 20, Gal. 15.705, D.C. 70.2.

3. keep, observe, maintain laws, etc., ς. ἐφετμάς A. Eu. 241; τὸν παρόντα νοῦν Id. Pr. 394; τοὺς καθεστῶτας νόμους S. Ant. 1114, cf. Arist. VV 1250b17; τοὺς σοὺς λόγους E. Hel. 1552; τὸ μόρσιμον ib. 613; τὰ πρὸς τοὺς κατοίκους δίκαια BGU 562.19 (ii A.D.); confirm, τὸ τοῦ ποιήσαντος Arist. Mu. 400b24, cf. Antig. Mir. 45 (Pass.); πρὸς τὸ τὰ φαινόμενα σῴζειν to retain the observed facts, Procl. Hyp. 5.10; κατὰ ποσὸν σῴζει τὴν πρὸς τὸ μῶλυ ἐμφέρειαν retains, i.e. does not lack, a certain resemblance to.., Dsc. 3.46, cf. 98, Sor. Fasc. 8: Pass., to be maintained, τοῦ μήκους σῳζομένου Arist. Mete. 386a2; ἐφ' ᾧ τοῖς θεοῖς τὰ ἱερὰ σωθήσεσθαι PHib. 1.77.7 (iii B.C.).

4. keep in mind, remember, E. Hel. 266, Pl. R. 486c: more freq. in Med., παρῆκα θεσμῶν οὐδέν, ἀλλ' ἐσῳζόμην.. ὅπως δύσνιπτον ἐκ δέλτου γραφήν S. Tr. 682, cf. El. 1257; μηδ' ἂ ἔμαθε σῴζοιτο Pl. R. 455b; in full, μνήμην σῴζομαι στρατεύματος E. IA 302 (lyr.), cf. Pl. Grg. 501a, Tht. 163d.

II Constr.:

1 simply c. acc., v. supr.

2. with a sense of motion to a place, bring one safe to, τὸν δ' ἐσάωσεν ἐς ποταμοῦ προχοάς Od. 5.452; ἐς ὅμιλον Il. 19.401; πόλινδε 5.224, etc.; ἐς οἴκους S. Ph. 311; εἰς τὴν βασιλείαν τὴν ἐπουράνιον 2 Timothy 4:18 : Pass., come safe to a place, σωθέντος ἐμεῦ ὀπίσω ἐς οἶκον Hdt. 4.97, cf. 9.104; πρὸς ἤπειρον σεσῶσθαι A. Pers. 737; δεῦρο E. Ph. 725; οἴκαδε X. HG 1.6.7; σῴζεσθαι ἐπὶ τὴν ὑμετέρην [χώρην ] Hdt. 5.98; ἐς δόμους σωθέντ' S. Tr. 611; σωθῶμεν ἐπὶ θάλατταν X. An. 6.5.20: c. dat. pers., μόλις ὔμμιν ἐσώθην Theoc. 15.4.

3. ς. τινὰ ἐκ φλοίσβοιο, ἐκ πολέμου, carry off safe, rescue from.., Il. 5.469, 11.752; ἐκ ποταμοῖο 21.274; ἐκ θανάτοιο Od. 4.753; ἐκ πολλῶν πόνων S. El. 1356; ἀπὸ στρατείας A. Ag. 603; διὰ δεινῶν πραγμάτων σεσωσμένοι X. An. 5.5.8: c. gen., σώσας ἐχθρῶν χθόνα having rescued it from them, S. Ant. 1162; σῶσαί τινα κακοῦ Id. Ph. 919; σεαυτὸν νούσου Ath.Mitt. 56.124 (Smyrna); σωθῆναι κακῶν E. Or. 779.--Both constructions may be combined, ς. τινὰ ἐκ πολέμοιο νῆας ἔπι Il. 17.452; ἐκ π. μετὰ νῆας 12.123; ἐξ Αἰγίνης δεῦρο Pl. Grg. 511d.

4. c. acc. et dat. pers., save for another, υἷά τινι Od. 4.765; ἡμῖν τὸν βίον Pl. Prt. 356e, etc.: Pass., σῴζεταί τί τινι Ar. Pax 1022, X. An. 7.7.56.

5. c. inf., [ σπονδαὶ] αἵ σε σῴζουσιν θανεῖν which save thee from dying, E. Ph. 600 (troch.).

6. c. part., σῴζεσθαι φεύγοντες by flight, X. Cyr. 3.3.51.

7. abs., τὰ σώσοντα what is likely to save, D. 6.5; ἡ σῴζουσα [ψῆφος ] Luc. Harm. 3. σώζων, ὁ, Saviour, of a god, JRS 14.28 (Iconium); epith. of Apollo, CR 19.368 (Sizma). σῴζουσα, ἡ, = ἀρτεμισία, Ps.- Dsc. 3.113.

Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (110)NAS (108)HCS (106)
Matthew14
Mark13
Luke17
John6
Acts13
Romans8
1 Corinthians8
2 Corinthians1
Ephesians2
1 Thessalonians1
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy4
2 Timothy2
Titus1
Hebrews2
James5
1 Peter2
Jude2
Revelation1
Matthew14
Mark13
Luke16
John6
Acts13
Romans8
1 Corinthians8
2 Corinthians1
Ephesians2
1 Thessalonians1
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy4
2 Timothy2
Titus1
Hebrews2
James5
1 Peter2
Jude2
Matthew15
Mark15
Luke17
John6
Acts13
Romans8
1 Corinthians9
2 Corinthians1
Ephesians2
1 Thessalonians1
2 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy4
2 Timothy2
Titus1
Hebrews2
James5
1 Peter2
Jude2
List of Word Forms
εσώζετο εσωζοντο εσώζοντο ἐσώζοντο ἐσῴζοντο εσωθη εσώθη ἐσώθη εσωθημεν εσώθημεν ἐσώθημεν εσώθην εσώθησαν έσωσα έσωσας έσωσάς εσώσατέ έσωσε έσωσέ εσωσεν έσωσεν ἔσωσεν σέσωκας σέσωκέ σεσωκεν σέσωκέν σεσωσμενοι σεσωσμένοι σεσῳσμένοι σεσωσμένον σεσωσμένος σεσωσμένους σεσωσται σέσωσται σέσωται σώζε σωζει σώζει σῴζει σωζειν σωζείν σώζειν σῴζειν σώζεις σωζεσθαι σώζεσθαι σώζεσθαί σῴζεσθαι σωζεσθε σώζεσθε σῴζεσθε σωζεται σώζεται σῴζεται σωζετε σώζετε σῴζετε σώζη σωζομενοι σωζόμενοι σῳζόμενοι σωζομενοις σωζομένοις σῳζομένοις σωζόμενον σωζόμενος σωζομενους σωζομένους σῳζομένους σώζον σώζοντά σώζοντος σώζου σώζουσιν σώζω σώζων σωθείς σωθέντες σωθη σωθή σωθῇ σωθηναι σωθήναι σωθῆναι σωθής σωθήσεσθε σωθήσετα σωθησεται σωθήσεται σωθηση σωθήση σωθήσῃ σωθησομαι σωθήσομαι σωθησομεθα σωθησόμεθα σωθήσονται σωθητε σωθήτε σωθῆτε Σώθητε σωθήτω σωθω σωθώ σωθῶ σωθώσι σωθωσιν σωθώσιν σωθῶσιν σωσαι σώσαι σώσαί σῶσαι σωσαντος σώσαντος σωσας σώσας σώσατε σωσατω σωσάτω σωσάτωσαν σωσάτωσάν σωσει σώσει σωσεις σώσεις σώσετε σώση σώσης σωσον σωσόν σώσον σώσόν σῶσον σῶσόν σώσουσί σώσουσιν σωσω σώσω σωσων σώσων esosen esōsen ésosen ésōsen esothe esōthē esṓthe esṓthē esothemen esōthēmen esṓthemen esṓthēmen esozonto esōzonto esṓzonto sesoken sesōken sésokén sésōkén sesosmenoi sesosménoi sesōsmenoi sesōsménoi sesotai sesōtai sésotai sésōtai sosai sôsai sōsai sō̂sai sosantos sōsantos sṓsantos sosas sōsas sṓsas sosato sosáto sōsatō sōsátō sosei sōsei sṓsei soseis sōseis sṓseis soso sōsō sṓso sṓsō soson sôson sôsón sōson sōsōn sṓson sṓsōn sō̂son sō̂són sothe sōthē sothêi sōthē̂i sothenai sothênai sōthēnai sōthē̂nai sothese sōthēsē sothḗsei sōthḗsēi sothesetai sothḗsetai sōthēsetai sōthḗsetai sothesomai sothḗsomai sōthēsomai sōthḗsomai sothesometha sothesómetha sōthēsometha sōthēsómetha sothete sothête sōthēte sōthē̂te Sṓthete Sṓthēte sotho sothô sōthō sōthō̂ sothosin sothôsin sōthōsin sōthō̂sin sozei sōzei sṓzei sozein sōzein sṓzein sozesthai sōzesthai sṓzesthai sozesthe sōzesthe sṓzesthe sozetai sōzetai sṓzetai sozete sōzete sṓzete sozomenoi sozómenoi sōzomenoi sōzómenoi sozomenois sozoménois sōzomenois sōzoménois sozomenous sozoménous sōzomenous sōzoménous
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