ver. 2.0.14.09.01
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #5485 - χάρις

Transliteration:
ch
Phonetics:
khar'-ece  
Word Origin:
from (5463)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Feminine
TDNT:
9:372,1298
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. grace
    1. that which affords joy, pleasure, delight, sweetness, charm, loveliness: grace of speech
  2. good will, loving-kindness, favour
    1. of the merciful kindness by which God, exerting his holy influence upon souls, turns them to Christ, keeps, strengthens, increases them in Christian faith, knowledge, affection, and kindles them to the exercise of the Christian virtues
  3. what is due to grace
    1. the spiritual condition of one governed by the power of divine grace
    2. the token or proof of grace, benefit
      1. a gift of grace
      2. benefit, bounty
  4. thanks, (for benefits, services, favours), recompense, reward
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1420 ‑ גְּדוּלָּה (ghed‑oo‑law' (all three forms));   2505 ‑ חָלַק (khaw‑lak');   2580 ‑ חֵן (khane);   2617 ‑ חֶסֶד (kheh'‑sed);   2896 ‑ טוֹב (tobe);   7356 ‑ רַחֲמִים (rakh'‑am);   7522 ‑ רָצֹן (raw‑tsone', raw‑tsone');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

χάρις [], ,

gen. χάρῐτος: acc. χάριν [ in arsi, Il. 5.874 ], etc.; also χάριτα Hdt. 6.41, 9.107, E. El. 61, Hel. 1378, X. HG 3.5.16, Phylarch. 24 J., PGen. 47.17 (iv A.D.), etc. (un-Attic, acc. to Moer.p.414P.): χάριταν Gloss.: pl. χάριτες; dat. χάρισι, χαρίτεσσι, Od. 6.237, Il. 17.51, Pi. O. 7.93: (χαίρω):

grace:

I in objective sense, outward grace or fauour, beauty, prop. of persons or their portraits, θεσπεσίην δ' ἄρα τῷ γε χάριν κατεχεύατ' Ἀθήνη Od. 2.12, etc.; χάριν ἀμφιχέαι κεφαλῇ Hes. Op. 65; εὐμόρφων δὲ κολοσσῶν ἔχθεται χ. ἀνδρί A. Ag. 417 (lyr.): pl., graces, κάλλεϊ καὶ χάρισι στίλβων Od. 6.237; ὄσσοις χάριτας Ἀφροδίτης ἔχων E. Ba. 236; μετὰ χαρίτων gracefully, Th. 2.41: less freq. of things, χ. δ' ἀπελάμπετο πολλή, of ear-rings, Il. 14.183; of works, ἔργοισι χάριν καὶ κῦδος ὀπάζει Od. 15.320; of words, οὔ οἱ χ. ἀμφιπεριστέφεται ἐπέεσσιν 8.175; πλείστη δὲ χ. κατὰ μέτρον ἰούσης [γλώσσης ] Hes. Op. 720; ταὶ Διωνύσου σὺν βοηλάτα χάριτες διθυράμβῳ Pi. O. 13.19; ἡ τῶν λόγων χ. D. 4.38, cf. D.H. Comp. 23; μῦθοι πληθόμενοι χαρίτων AP 9.186 (Antip.Thess.).

2. glory, Φερενίκου χ. Pi. O. 1.18, cf. 8.57, 80.

II in subjective sense, grace or favour felt, whether on the part of the doer or the receiver (both senses appear in such phrases as ὅτ'.. ἡ χάρις χάριν φέροι S. OC 779; χάρις χάριν γάρ ἐστιν ἡ τίκτουσ' ἀεί Id. Aj. 522, cf. E. Hel. 1234, Arist. Rh. 1385a16): 1 on the part of the doer, grace, kindness, goodwill, τινος for or towards one, Hes. Op. 190; τῶν Μεσσηνίων χάριτι πεισθείς Th. 3.95; οὐ χάριτι τῇ ἐμῇ not for any kind feeling towards me, Antipho 5.41: abs., εἰ δέ τις μείζων χ. A. Supp. 960; τῆς παλαιᾶς χ. ἐκβεβλημένη S. Aj. 808; ἦ μεγάλα χ. δώρῳ σύν ὀλίγῳ Theoc. 28.24; χ. εὑρεῖν ἐναντίον τοῦ θεοῦ LXX Genesis 6:8, al.; χάριν ἔχειν πρὸς τὸν δῆμον Plu. Dem. 7; partiality, favour, μήτε ἔλεον μήτε συγγνώμην μήτε χ. μηδεμίαν περὶ πλείονος ποιήσασθαι τῶν νόμων Lys. 14.40; οὐ συμφωνοῦσιν ὀργαὶ καὶ χάριτες μακαριότητι Epicur. i p.28 U., cf. Pl. Lg. 740c.

2. more freq. on the part of the receiver, sense of favour received, thankfulness, gratitude, χάριν καὶ κῦδος ἄροιο Il. 4.95; ἀρέομαι πὰρ Σαλαμῖνος Ἀθαναίων χ. Pi. P. 1.76; τινος for a thing, οὐδέ τίς ἐστι χάρις μετόπισθ' εὐεργέων Od. 4.695, cf. 22.319; ἀντὶ πόνων χ. Th. 4.86: less freq. c. inf., οὐκ ἄρα τις χάρις ἦεν μάρνασθαι one has, it seems, no thanks for fighting, Il. 9.316, 17.147; οἵ οἱ ἀπεμνήσαντο χ. εὐεργεσιάων Hes. Th. 503, cf. Th. 1.137; χάριν φέρειν τινί Pi. O. 10(11).17; χ. τροφεῦσιν ἀμείβων A. Ag. 728 (lyr.); φιλότητος ἀμειβόμεναι χ. S. El. 134 (lyr.); χάριν εἰδέναι τινί to acknowledge a sense of favour, feel grateful, once in Hom., ἐγὼ δέ κέ τοι ἰδέω χ. ἤματα πάντα Il. 14.235; freq. in Prose, Hdt. 3.21, Lys. 2.23, Isoc. 4.175, etc.; τούτων for a thing, X. Cyr. 1.6.11, etc.; τοῖς διαπεπραγμένοις Plu. Alex. 62; μοι χ. οἶδεν ἐπὶ τούτοις Luc. Bis Acc. 17; χ. προσειδέναι Pl. Revelation 20:1-15 a; ἀποδιδόναι Id. R. 338a; τινὰ ἀποστερῆσαι χάριτος Id. Hp.Mi. 372c; later χ. γνῶναι Philostr. VA 2.17; πολλὴν γνοῦσα χ. X.Ephesians 3:5; χ. ἐπίσταμαι πᾶσι Charito 3.4, cf. 8.5, Poll. 5.142, Jul. Or. 8.246c; also τῶν παροιχομένων ἔχειν σφι μεγάλην χ. Hdt. 7.120, cf. 1.71, E. Heracl. 767 (lyr.), IT 847 (lyr.), Lys. 16.1, Hyp. Ath. 5: c. part., χ. ἔχειν σωθέντες X. An. 2.5.14; also χάριτας ἔχων πατρός owing him a debt of gratitude, E. Or. 244: but ἀσπασμάτων χάριν τίν' ἕξει; what thanks will she have for.. ? Id. Hec. 830; χ. ἂν ἐν τούτῳ μείζω ἔτι ἔσχεν Th. 8.87; χ. ὀφείλειν to owe gratitude, be beholden, τοῖς θεοῖς S. Ant. 331, cf. X. Cyr. 3.2.30; προσοφείλειν D. 3.31; χ. οὐδεμία ἐφαίνετο πρὸς Ἀθηναίων Hdt. 5.90; χάριν ἀθάνατον καταθέσθαι to lay up a store of undying gratitude, Id. 7.178, cf. 6.41; τῇ πόλει χ. καταθέσθαι Antipho 5.61, cf. Th. 1.33; χάριν λαβεῖν τινος receive thanks from one, S. OT 1004, etc.; ἀπολαβεῖν παρά τινων Lys. 20.31; τινος for a thing, X. Mem. 2.2.5, Aeschin. 2.4; διπλῆν ἐξ ἐμοῦ κτήσει χάριν S. Ph. 1370; κἀπ' ἐμοῦ κτήσει χ. Id. Tr. 471; κομίσασθαι χ. Th. 3.58; χάριτος τυχεῖν Lycurg. 135; ἀπέχειν χάριτας Call. Epigr. 51.4, etc.; τοῖς θεοῖς χάρις (sc. ἐστί) ὅτι.., thank the gods that.., X. An. 3.3.14, Cyr. 7.5.72; χ. τινί τινος Luc. Tim. 36; τινὶ ὑπέρ τινος Plu. 2.1122a.

3. favour, influence, opp. force, χάριτι τὸ πλέον ἢ φόβῳ Th. 1.9; χ. καὶ δεήσει, opp. ἀπειλῇ, Plu. Sull. 38.

4. love-charm, philtre, Luc. Alex. 5, Merc.Cond. 40.

III in concrete sense, a favour done or returned, boon, χάριν φέρειν τινί confer a favour on one, do a thing to oblige him, Il. 5.211, 874, 9.613, Od. 5.307, E. IT 14, Or. 239, And. 2.24 (so in Med., of the recipient, ib. 9); ἄλλοις χ. φέροντες Th. 3.54; χάριν θέσθαι or τίθεσθαί τινι, Hdt. 9.60, 107, A. Pr. 782, E. Hec. 1211, etc.; προσθέσθαι S. OC 767; χ. ὑπουργῆσαί τινι A. Pr. 635; παρασχεῖν S. OC 1183; πράσσειν E. Ion 36, 896 (lyr.); δράσας Th. 2.40; ἀνύσαι prob. in S. Tr. 995 (anap.); νέμειν Id. Aj. 1371; χ. δοῦναί τινι A. Pr. 821, S. OC 1489 (but χ. δοῦναι, = χαρίζεσθαι (1.2), indulge, humour, ὀργῇ ib. 855; γαστρί Cratin. 317); χ. χαρίζεσθαι, v. χαρίζομαι 1.1: χ. ἀνθυπουργεῖν return a favour, S. Fr. 339; τίνειν A. Pr. 985, Ag. 821; χάριτας πατρῴας ἐκτίνων E. Or. 453, cf. Pl. Mx. 242c, etc.; χ. ἀποδιδόναι τινί Lys. 12.60, 28.17; ἀντί τινος X. Ages. 2.29; ὑπέρ τινος Isoc. 4.56; τῶν ἔργων τὰς χάριτας ἀποδ. τινί Lys. 31.24; χάριτας ἀντιδιδόναι Th. 3.63; opp. χάριν ἀπαιτεῖν to ask the repayment of a boon, E. Hec. 276, cf. Lys. 18.23, D. 20.156; χάριτας ἀπ. Lycurg. 139; χάριν ἐξαιτεῖσθαι S. OC 586; χ. ἀποστερεῖν withhold a return for what one has received, Pl. Grg. 520c; τὰς αὑτοῦ εἰς τοὺς φίλους χ. the favours one has done them, Id. Lg. 729d; χ. ἄχαρις α thankless favour, one which receives, or deserves, no thanks, A. Pr. 545 (lyr.); χ. ἀχάριτος Id. Ch. 42 (lyr.), E. Ph. 1757 (lyr.). grant made in legal form, POxy. 273.14 (i A.D.), PGrenf. 2.70.5 (iii A.D.), etc.; αἱ τῶν Σεβαστῶν χ. imperial grants, OGI 669.44 (Egypt, i A.D.).

2. esp. in erotic sense, of favours granted (v. χαρίζομαι 1.3), ἀλόχου χάριν ἰδεῖν Il. 11.243, cf. A. Ag. 1206: more freq. in pl., X. Hier. 1.34, 7.6, etc.; βίᾳ δ' ἔπραξας χάριτας ἢ πείσας κόρην; Trag.Adesp. 402; in full, χάριτες ἀφροδισίων ἐρώτων Pi. Fr. 128, cf. Pl. Phdr. 254a, al. gratification, delight, τινος in or from a thing, συμποσίου Pi. O. 7.5; ϝίκας Id. O. 10(11).78; ὕπνου χ. E. Or. 159 (lyr.); even χ. γόων Id. Supp. 79 (lyr.); also concrete, of things, a delight, Pi. I. 2.19 (pl.); τὰν βοτρυώδη Διονύσου χ. οἴνας E. Ba. 535 (lyr.), cf. Ar. Nu. 311 (lyr.), Jul. Or. 3.125b; ἔνοπτρα, παρθένων χάριτας E. Tr. 1108 (lyr.): abs., Ἔρως.. εἰσάγων γλυκεῖαν χ. Id. Hipp. 527 (lyr.); opp. λύπη, S. El. 821, E. Hel. 655 (lyr.); opp. πόνος, S. OC 232 (lyr.); θανεῖν πολλὴ χάρις A. Ag. 550, cf. 1304; βίου χ. μεθεῖσα E. Med. 227; οὐδεμίαν ἔχω τῷ βίῳ χάριν Ar. Lys. 865; τοῖς δὲ σιτίοις χ. οὐδεμίαν οἶδ' ἐσθίων ib. 869; less freq. in Prose, χ. καὶ ἡδονή Pl. Grg. 462c, cf. D. 20.26; τοσαύτην ἔχει χ. Isoc. 9.10.

δαιμόνων χάρις homage due to them, their worship, majesty, A. Ag. 182 (lyr.); ἀθίκτων χ. ib. 371 (lyr.); ὅρκων E. Med. 439 (lyr.).

2. thank-offering, εὐκταία χ. τινός, opp. a common gift, A. Ag. 1387, cf. X. Hier. 8.4; ἔπεμψε χαίτην κουρίμην χ. πατρός A. Ch. 180, cf. 517; τιμὴ καὶ γέρα καὶ χ. Pl. Euthphr. 15a, cf. La. 187a.

Special usages:

1 acc. sg. as Adv., χ. τινός in any one's favour, for his pleasure, for his sake, χ. Ἕκτορος Il. 15.744; ψεύδεσθαι γλώσσης χ. for one's tongue's pleasure, i.e. for talking's sake, Hes. Op. 709, cf. A. Ch. 266; rarely with Art., τὴν Ἀθηναίων χάριν ἐστρατεύοντο Hdt. 5.99. as Pr, sts. before its case (once in Pi., P. 2.70; χάριν πλησμονῆς Pl. Phdr. 241c; χ. φιλίας Epicur. Sent.Vat. 28; χ. τίνος; LXX 2 Chronicles 7:21, cf. POxy. 743.29 (i B. C.), etc.), but mostly after, for the sake of, on behalf of, on account of, κακά νιν ἕλοιτο μοῖρα δυσπότμου χάριν χλιδᾶς S. OT 888 (lyr.); τοῦ χάριν; for what reason? Ar. Pl. 53; συγχωρῶ τοῦ λόγου χ. Pl. R. 475a; so ἐμὴν χάριν, χάριν σήν, for my, thy pleasure or sake, A. Pers. 1046 (lyr.), E. HF 1238, etc.; κείνου τε καὶ σὴν ἐξ ἴσου κοινὴν χ. S. Tr. 485: less freq. with the Art., τὴν σὴν δ' ἥκω χ. Id. Ph. 1413 (anap.); σοῦ τε τήν τ' ἐμὴν χ. E. Ph. 762: pleon., τίνος χάριν ἕνεκα; Pl. Lg. 701d; also χάριν τινός as far as regards.., as to.., ἔπους σμικροῦ χ. S. OC 443; δακρύων χάριν if tears would serve, Id. Fr. 557.6; χ. θανάτου πόλιν ἀτείχιστον οἰκοῦμεν Epicur. Sent.Vat. 31; also, about, ἔπεμφεν ἐπὶ τὴν πενθεράν σου χ. τοῦ κτήματος about the farm, PFay. 126.5 (ii/iii A. D.). Orig. an acc. in apposition with the sentence, as in Il. 15.744, etc., being a favour, since it is (was) a favour, as is evident in κακῆς γυναικὸς χάριν ἄχαριν ἀπώλετο E. IT 566; τινὸς νίκας ἀκάρπωτον χ. S. Aj. 176 (lyr.).

2. with Preps.: εἰς χάριν to do a pleasure, οὐδὲν ἐς χ. πράσσων Id. OT 1353 (lyr.); ἐς χ. τίθεσθαί τι Plu. Mar. 46; μηδὲ κρίσιν εἰς χ. ἕλκε Ps.-Phoc. 9 (but ἐς τὴν τῶν ξυμμάχων χ. in such a way as to earn thanks.. Th. 3.37); also κατὰ χάριν Pl. Lg. 740c; χάριτος ἕνεκα ib. 771d. πράσσειν τί τινι πρὸς χάριν S. OC 1776 (anap.); δρᾶσαι E. Hel. 1281; τοῖσι πολλοῖς πρὸς χάριν λέγειν τι Id. Hec. 257, cf. X. Mem. 4.4.4, HG 6.3.7, Isoc. 2.18, D. 8.1 (but πρὸς χ. βορᾶς for the sake of it, S. Ant. 30); πρὸς χ., opp. κλαίων, Id. OT 1152: but πρὸς χ. εὐσεβίας, just like χάριν, Pi. O. 8.8; τίνος νόμου ταῦτα πρὸς χ. λέγω; S. Ant. 908; πρὸς ἰσχύος χ. E. Med. 538; πρὸς χ. alone, as a favour, freely, πρὸς χ. τε κοὐ βίᾳ S. Fr. 28; but κορέσαι στόμα πρὸς χ. to their heart's content, Id. Ph. 1156 (lyr.). ἐν χάριτι κρίνειν τινά to decide from partiality to one, Theoc. 5.69; but also, for one's gratification, pleasure, ἐν χάριτι διδόναι or ποιεῖν τινί τι, X. Oec. 8.10, Pl. Phd. 115b: παραλαμβάνειν ἐν χάρισιν gratefully, Id. Lg. 796b. διὰ χαρίτων εἶναι or γίγνεσθαί [τινι ] to be pleasing to one, X. Hier. 9.1, 2. ἐθελοντὶ καὶ μετὰ χάριτος of pure good will, Plb. 2.22.5, etc.; ἐθελούσιοι καὶ χάριτος ἕνεκα ἐξιόντες X. Cyr. 4.2.11. metaph. of the cypress, Gp. 11.4.1; of some kind of myrtle, Sch. Il. 17.51; of salt, ὅτι τὸ ἀναγκαῖον ἡδὺ ποιοῦσιν (sc. ἅλες) Plu. 2.685a. Χάρις, ἡ, as a mythological pr. n. declined like χάρις, save that the acc. is generally Χάριτα (exc. AP 5.148 (Mel.), Luc. DDeor. 15.1, Paus. 9.35.4): poet. dat. pl. Χαρίτεσσι Il. 17.51, Pi. N. 9.54; Χάρισσιν ib. 5.54: Charis, wife of Hephaestus, Il.

Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (156)NAS (156)HCS (155)
Luke8
John3
Acts16
Romans21
1 Corinthians8
2 Corinthians18
Galatians7
Ephesians12
Philippians3
Colossians5
1 Thessalonians2
2 Thessalonians4
1 Timothy4
2 Timothy5
Titus4
Philemon3
Hebrews7
James1
1 Peter10
2 Peter2
2 John1
Jude1
Revelation2
Luke8
John3
Acts17
Romans22
1 Corinthians8
2 Corinthians18
Galatians7
Ephesians12
Philippians3
Colossians5
1 Thessalonians2
2 Thessalonians4
1 Timothy4
2 Timothy5
Titus4
Philemon2
Hebrews7
James1
1 Peter10
2 Peter2
2 John1
Jude1
Revelation2
Luke8
John4
Acts17
Romans24
1 Corinthians10
2 Corinthians18
Galatians7
Ephesians12
Philippians3
Colossians5
1 Thessalonians2
2 Thessalonians4
1 Timothy4
2 Timothy5
Titus4
Philemon2
Hebrews8
James2
1 Peter10
2 Peter2
2 John1
Jude1
Revelation2
List of Word Forms
χαράν χαριν χάριν χαρις χάρις χαριτα χάριτα χαριτι χάριτι χάριτί χαριτος χάριτος charan charán charin chárin charis cháris charita chárita chariti cháriti chárití charitos cháritos
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