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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #5491 - χεῖλος

Word Origin:
from a form of the same as (5490)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Neuter
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a lip, of the speaking mouth
  2. metaph. the sea shore
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 561 ‑ אֵמֶר (ay'‑mer);   3027 ‑ יָד (yawd);   3895 ‑ לְחִי (lekh‑ee');   6310 ‑ פֶּה (peh);   8193 ‑ שֶׂפֶת (saw‑faw', sef‑eth');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


(Dor. χῆλος Cerc. 1.5, Aeol. χέλλος Choerob. in An.Ox. 2.278), εος, τό: pl., gen. χειλῶν Arist. HA 492b26; χειλέων Herod. 3.4, LXX Proverbs 12:13, al., Plu. Cat.Ma. 12, v.l. in D.H. Comp. 14: poet. dat. χείλεσσι (v. infr.):

lip, Hom., etc.: prov., ἐγέλασσε χείλεσιν laughed with the lips only, Il. 15.102; χείλεα μέν τ' ἐδίην', ὑπερῴην δ' οὐκ ἐδίηνε wetted the lips, but not the palate, i.e. drank sparingly, 22.495; νέκταρ ἐν χείλεσσι στάξοισι Pi. P. 9.63; πειθώ τις ἐπεκάθιζεν ἐπὶ τοῖς χ., of Pericles, Eup. 94.5; χείλεσιν διδοὺς ὀδόντας E. Ba. 621 (troch.); χείλεσιν ἀμφιλάλοις, of incessant talk, Ar. Ra. 678 (lyr.); δάκνων τὰ χ., of one in a difficulty, Eub. 53.6; ἄχρις ἡ ψυχή.. ἐπὶ χειλέων λειφθῇ Herod. l.c.; ἐπὶ τοῖς χείλεσι τὰς ψυχὰς ἔχοντες 'with their hearts in their mouths', D.Chr. 32.50; ἀπὸ χειλέων, opp. ἀπὸ καρδίας, Plu. l.c.; ἀπ' ἄκρου χ. φιλοσοφεῖν on the surface only, Luc. Apol. 6; ἐπ' ἄκρου τοῦ χ. on the tip of one's tongue, Id. Ind. 26; προσαρμόσαι τὰ χ. (sc. τῇ κύλικι) Id. DDeor. 5.2; προσαρμόζειν τὰ χ., χείλη προσεγγίσαι χείλεσιν, of persons kissing, Id. DMeretr. 5.3, Am. 53; χείλεσιν διερρυηκόσιν with gaping lips, Ar. Nu. 873; ἐν τοῖς χ. τιμᾶν LXX Isaiah 29:13; ἐν χ. ἑτέρων λαλεῖν, i.e. in strange speech, 1 Corinthians 14:21; χ. ἓν πάντων LXX Genesis 11:6, cf. Proverbs 10:19.

2. of horses, X. Eq. 6.8: of birds, bill, beak, E. Ion 1199, Opp. H. 3.247, AP 9.333 (Mnasalc.).

II metaph. of things, edge, brink, rim, of a bowl, χρυσῷ δ' ἐπὶ χείλεα κεκράανται Od. 4.616, cf. 132; Ἐλπὶς.. ἔμιμνε πίθου ὑπὸ χείλεσιν Hes. Op. 97, cf. Hdt. 3.123, Ar. Ach. 459; of a ditch, Il. 12.52, Hdt. 1.179, Th. 3.23; of the ocean, Mimn. 11.7, cf. LXX Genesis 22:17; τῶν τῆς γῆς τροχῶν Pl. Criti. 115e; of rivers, lakes, Hdt. 2.70, 94, Arist. HA 570a22; of the whorls, Pl. R. 616d, 616e; αὐλαίας, τείχους, LXX Exodus 26:4, Plb. 10.44.11; of the womb, Arist. HA 583a16; of a wound, Gal. 11.127.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 χεῖλος, χείλους, τό, genitive plural in the uncontracted form χειλέων ( Hebrews 13:15; see ὄρος) (χέω equivalent to ΧΑΩ, χαίνω), from Homer down, the Sept. for שָׂפָה, a lip;

a. in the N. T. of the speaking mouth (cf. Winer's Grammar, 32): Matthew 15:8; Mark vil. 6; Romans 3:13; 1 Corinthians 14:21; Hebrews 13:15 (on which see καρπός, 2c.); 1 Peter 3:10.

b. metaphorically: χεῖλος τῆς θαλάσσης, the seashore, Hebrews 11:12 ( Genesis 22:17; Exodus 7:15; Exodus 14:30, etc.; of the shore of a lake, Josephus, b. j. 3,10, 7; of the banks of rivers, Herodotus 2 (70). 94; ( Aristotle, de mirab. aud. 46; 150; cf. hist. an. 6,16, p. 570a, 22); Polybius 3,14, 6; (cf. Winer's Grammar, pp. 18,30)).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ψυχικός, the ";natural"; as opposed to πνευματικός the ";spiritual"; man in 1Co. 2:14; cf. 1Co. 15:44; cf. 1Co. 15:46. According to Souter Lex. s.v. the reference is to ψυχή in the sense of ";the principle of life and the basis of its emotional aspect, animating the present body of flesh, in contrast to the higher life."; Cf. the opening prayer of the Liturgy of Mithras with its reference to ἀνθρωπινῆς μου ψυχικῆς δυνάμεως, ";my human natural powers,"; as cited by H. A. A. Kennedy St. Paul and the Mystery-Religions, P. 143.

For the contrast with σωματικός, see Syll 303 ( = .3 656).20 (c. B.C.166) ψυχικὴν ἅμα καὶ σω [ματικὴν ] ὑπέμειναν [κ ]α [κ ]οπαθίαν. The adj. also occurs in Kaibel 815.4 ψυχικὰ δῶρα, of gifts to Mercury on behalf of a deceased wife.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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List of Word Forms
χείλεσι χείλεσί χειλεσιν χείλεσιν χείλεσίν χειλεων χειλεών χειλέων χειλη χείλη χειλος χείλος χεῖλος χείλους cheile cheilē cheíle cheílē cheileon cheileōn cheiléon cheiléōn cheilesin cheílesin cheílesín cheilos cheîlos
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