ver. 2.0.14.09.02
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #5613 - ὡς

Transliteration:
hōs
Phonetics:
hoce  
Word Origin:
probably from comparative from (3739)
Parts of Speech:
Adverb
TDNT:
None
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. as, like, even as, etc.
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὡς: —

Summary:

as ADVERB of Manner. ὧς and ὥς (with accent), so, thus. ὡς (without accent) of the Relat. Pron. ὅς, as. ὡς Relat. and Interrog., how. ὡς temporal, when. ὡς Local, where, ὡς,

as CONJUNCTION. various usages. ADVERB of Manner: ὥς, Demonstr., = οὕτως, so, thus, freq. in Hom., Il. 1.33, al.; ὢς εἶπ' Sapph. Supp. 20 a. 11 (Epic style); in Ion. Prose, Hdt. 3.13, al.; rare in Att., and almost confined to certain phrases, v. infr. 2, 3; ὥς simply = οὕτως, A. Ag. 930, Th. 3.37, Pl. Prt. 338a; ἀλλ' ὣς γενέσθω E. Hec. 888, al.

2. καὶ ὧς even so, nevertheless, Il. 1.116, al.; οὐδ' ὧς not even so, 7.263, Od. 1.6, al., Hdt. 6.76; οὐδέ κεν ὧς Il. 9.386: the phrases καὶ ὧς, οὐδ' ὧς, μηδ' ὧς, are used in Trag. and Att., S. Ant. 1042, Th. 1.74, 7.74; also later, PCair.Zen. 19.10 (iii B. C., unaccented), UPZ 146.40 (ii B. C.), GDI 1832.11 (Delph., ii B. C.), IG 22.850.17 (iii B. C.); κἂν ὧς, εἴπερ μέλει σοι, ἀπόστειλόν μοί τινα POxy. 120.11 (iv A. D.); δουλεύων καθὼς καὶ ὧς GDI 2160 (Delph., ii B. C.); Thess. καὶ οὗς IG 9(2).234.1 (iii B. C.); for this phrase the accentuation ὧς is prescribed by Hdn.Gr.2.932, al., cf. A.D. Synt. 307.16, and is found in good Mss. of Homer; for the remaining uses under this head (Aa. 1, 3, 4) the accentuation ὥς is prescribed by the same grammarians.

3. in Comparisons, ὥς.., ὡς.., so.. as.., etc.; and reversely ὡς.., ὣς.., as.. so, Il. 1.512, 14.265, etc.; in Att., Pl. R. 530d; also ὥς τε.. ὣς.., as.. thus.., h.Cer. 174 - 6, E. Ba. 1066 - 8; οἷα.. ὥς Id. El. 151 - 5; ὥσπερ.., ὣς δὲ.. (in apodosi) Pl. Prt. 326d.

4. thus, for instance, Od. 5.129, h.Ven. 218; ὥς shd. be accented in Od. 5.121, 125. ὡς, Relat., as, Hom., etc.; prop. relat. to a demonstr. Adv., which is freq. omitted, κινήθη δ' ἀγορὴ ὡς κύματα μακρὰ θαλάσσης, i. e. οὕτως, ὡς.., Il. 2.144 (φὴ Zenod.): it is relat. not only to the regular demonstr. Advs. ὥς (ὧς), τώς, ὧδε, οὕτως, αὕτως, but also to ταύτῃ, Pl. R. 365d, etc. We find a collat. Dor. form (q. v.); cf. ὥτε.

Usage:

I in similes, freq. in Hom., Il. 5.161, al.; longer similes are commonly introduced by ὡς ὅτε, ὡς δ' ὅτε, ἤριπε δ', ὡς ὅτε πύργος [ἤριπε] 4.462: ἤριπε δ', ὡς ὅτε τις δρῦς ἤριπε 13.389, cf. 2.394; so later, Emp. 84.1, etc.; ὡς ὅτε θαητὸν μέγαρον, πάξομεν Pi. O. 6.2: ὡς ὅτε is rare in short similes, Od. 11.368: ὡς is folld. by indic. pres., Il. 9.4, 16.364: also by aor., 3.33 sq., 4.275, 16.823, al.; also by subj. pres. or aor., 5.161, 10.183, 485, 13.334 (sts. ὡς δ' ὅτ' ἄν, 11.269, 17.520); cf. ὥστε A: the Verb is sts. omitted with ὡς, but may be supplied from the context, ἐνδούπησε πεσοῦσ', ὡς εἰναλίη κήξ (sc. πίπτει) Od. 15.479, cf. 6.20; θεὸς δ' ὣς τίετο δήμῳ Il. 5.78; οἱ δὲ φέβοντο.., βόες ὣς ἀγελαῖαι Od. 22.299: where ὡς follows the noun to which it refers, it takes the accent; so in Com., Ἀριστόδημος ὥς Cratin. 151, cf. Eub. 75.6; v. infr. H.

2. like as, just as, ὡς οὗτος κατὰ τέκν' ἔφαγε.., ὣς ἡμεῖς κτλ. Il. 2.326, v. supr. Aa. 3.

3. sts. in the sense as much as or according as, ἑλὼν κρέας ὥς (i. e. ὅσον) οἱ χεῖρες ἐχάνδανον Od. 17.344; ὦκα δὲ μητρὶ ἔννεπον ὡς (i. e. ὅσα) εἶδόν τε καὶ ἔκλυον h.Cer. 172; τῶν πάντων οὐ τόσσον ὀδύρομαι.. ὡς ἑνός Od. 4.105; τόσον.. ὡς Il. 4.130; so in Trag., σοὶ θεοὶ πόροιεν ὡς ἐγὼ θέλω S. OC 1124; ὡς ἐγὼ οὐκ ἔστιν ὑμῶν ὅστις ἐξ ἴσου νοσεῖ Id. OT 60; in Prose, ὡς δύναται as much as he can, Democr. 278; τὸ ῥῆμα μέμνημαι ὡς εἶπε Aeschin. 3.72; ὡς μή = ὅσον μή, νέμεν ὅτι ἃν (= ἂν) βόλητοι ὡς μὴ ἰν τοῖ περιχώροι IG 5(2).3.9 (Tegea, iv B. C.); cf. Ab. 11.2 infr.

4. sts. after Comp., compared with, hence than, μᾶλλον πρέπει οὕτως ὡς.. Pl. Ap. 36d; ἅ γε μείζω πόνον παρέχει.. οὐκ ἂν ῥᾳδίως οὐδὲ πολλὰ ἂν εὕροις ὡς τοῦτο Id. R. 526c; οὐδενὸς μᾶλλον φροντίζειν ὡς.. Plb. 3.12.5, cf. 7.4.5, 11.2.9, Plu. Cor. 36: μᾶσσον ὡς is dub. in A. Pr. 629, and [] shd. perh. be inserted in Lys. 7.12,31; cf. ὥσπερ IV.

II with Adverbial clauses:

1 parenthetically, in qualifying clauses, ὡς ἔοικε, etc., Pl. Smp. 176c, etc.: in these cases γε or γοῦν is freq. added, ὡς γοῦν ὁ λόγος σημαίνει as at any rate the argument shows, Id. R. 334a; in some phrases c. inf., v. infr. B. 11.3. An anacoluthon sts. occurs by the Verb of the principal clause being made dependent on the parenthetic Verb, ὡς δὲ Σκύθαι λέγουσι, νεώτατον ἁπάντων ἐθνέων εἶναι (for ἦν) τὸ σφέτερον Hdt. 4.5, cf. 1.65; ὡς ἐγὼ ἤκουσα, εἶναι αὐτόν Id. 4.76; ὡς γὰρ.. ἤκουσά τινος, ὅτι.. X. An. 6.4.18 codd.; ἁνὴρ ὅδ' ὡς ἔοικεν οὐ νεμεῖν (for οὐ νεμεῖ, ὡς ἔοικε), S. Tr. 1238.

2. in elliptical phrases, so far as.. (cf. supr. Ab. 1.3) ὡς ἐμοί Id. Aj. 395 (lyr.); so ὥς γε ἐμοὶ κριτῇ Ael. VH 2.41 and ὥς γ' ἐμοὶ χρῆσθαι κριτῇ E. Alc. 801; ὡς ἐμῇ δόξῃ X. Vect. 5.2; ὡς ἀπ' ὀμμάτων (sc. εἰκάσαι) to judge by eyesight, S. OC 15: esp. in such phrases as οὐκέτι πολλὸν χωρίον, ὡς εἶναι Αἰγύπτου Hdt. 2.8; οὐδὲ ἀδύνατος, ὡς Αακεδαιμόνιος for a Lacedaemonian, Th. 4.84, cf. D.H. 10.31; ὡς ἀνθρώποις Alcmaeon 1; φρονεῖ.. ὡς γυνὴ μέγα for a woman, S. OT 1078; πιστός, ὡς νομεύς, ἀνήρ ib. 1118; μακρὰν ὡς γέροντι.. ὁδόν Id. OC 20, cf. 385, Ant. 62, etc.; ὡπλισμένοι ὡς ἐν τοῖς ὄρεσιν ἱκανῶς X. An. 4.3.31; also with ἄν, μεγάλα ἐκτήσατο χρήματα, ὡς ἂν εἶναι Ῥοδῶπιν Hdt. 2.135 codd. (ἂν secl. Krüger, Ῥοδώπιος cj. Valck.): for ὡς εἰπεῖν and the like, v. infr. B. 11.3.

3. ὡς attached to the object of the Verb, as, ἑωυτὸν ὡς ἐχθρὸν λυπέει Democr. 88; ἔλαβεν ἀμφοτέρους ὡς φίλους ἤδη X. Cyr. 3.2.25; ἐν οἰκήματι ᾧ ὡς ταμιείῳ ἐχρῆτο Pl. Prt. 315d. For the similar usage of ὡς with Participles and Prepositions, v. infr. c.

III with Adverbs: with the Posit., ὡς ἀληθῶς truly, Pl. Phdr. 234e (cf. ἀληθής 111.1b: as if Adv. of τὸ ἀληθές) ; ὡς ἑτέρως in the other way, ib. 276c, D. 18.212 (Adv. of ὁ ἕτερος; v. ἕτερος v. 2) (v. infr. D. 1.1); ὡς ἠπίως, ὡς ἐτητύμως, S. El. 1438 (lyr.), 1452; ὡς ὁμοίως SIG 708.34 (Istropolis, ii B. C.), LXX 4 Maccabees 5:21; 4 Maccabees 5:1 Enoch 5.3, IG 7.2725.16 (Acraeph., ii A. D.); ὡς ἐναλλάξ Vett.Val. 215.9, 340.2; ὡς παντελῶς Id. 184.26; ὡς ἄλλως Isa 7.27, D. 6.32; ὡς ἐνδεχομένως PPetr. 2p.53 (iii B. C.); in ὣς αὔτως (v. ὡσαύτως) we have the Adv. of ὁ αὐτός, but the ὥς retains its demonstr. force, as does in Homer; ὡς ἀληθῶς, ὡς ὁμοίως, and ὡς παντελῶς may be modelled on ὣς αὔτως, with which they are nearly synonymous; so also ὡς ἑτέρως and ὡς ἐναλλάξ, which are contrasted with it. with Advbs. expressing anything extraordinary, θαυμαστῶς or θαυμασίως ὡς, ὑπερφυῶς ὡς, v. sub vocc.; ὡς is sts. separated by several words from its Adv., as θαυμαστῶς μοι εἶπες ὡς παρα' δόξαν Pl. Phd. 95a; ὑπερφυῶς δὴ τὸ χρῆμα ὡς δύσγνωστον φαίνεται Id. Alc. 2.147c, cf. Phd. 99d. with the Sup., as much as can be, ὡς μάλιστα Th. 1.141, etc.: ὡς ῥᾷστα as easily as possible, A. Pr. 104; ὡς πλεῖστα Democr. 189; ὠς τάχιστα as quickly as possible, Alc. Supp. 4.15, etc.; more fully expressed, ὡς δυνατὸν ἄριστα Isoc. 12.153; ὡς ἐδύναντο ἀδηλότατα Th. 7.50; μαχομένους ὡς ἂν δυνώμεθα κράτιστα X. An. 3.2.6; ὡς οἷόν τε βελτιστον Pl. R. 403d; ὡς ἀνυστὸν κάλλιστα Diog. Apollon. 3: ὡς and ὅτι are sts. found together, where one is superfluous, ὡς ὅτι μάλιστα Pl. Lg. 908a; βοῦν ὡς ὅτι κάλλιστον IG 22.1028.17 (ii/i B. C.); v. infr. G. with Comp., ὡς θᾶσσον Plb. 1.66.1, 3.82.1. in the phrases ὡς τὸ πολύ, ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ πολύ, Pl. R. 330c, 377b; ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ πλεῖον for the more part, commonly, ὡς ἐπὶ πλεῖστον Th. 2.34; ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ πλῆθος, ὡς πλήθει, Pl. R. 364a, 389d; ὡς τὸ ἐπίπαν Hdt. 7.50, etc.; ὡς τὰ πολλά Ael. NA 12.17.

2. with Adjs., Posit., ὑπερφυεῖ τινι.. ὡς μεγάλῃ βλάβῃ Pl. Grg. 477d. with Sup., ὡς ἄριστοι τὰς φύσεις Id. Ti. 18d; ὅπως ὡς βέλτισται ἔσονται Id. Grg. 503a; ὡς ὅτι βέλτιστον Id. Smp. 218d. separated from the Adj. by a Pr, ὡς ἐς ἐλάχιστον Th. 1.63, cf. D. 18.246; ὡς ἐν βραχυτάτοις Antipho 1.18; ὡς ἐν ἐχυρωτάτῳ ποιεῖσθαι X. Cyr. 1.6.26, etc. Relat. and Interrog., how, μερμήριζε.. ὡς Ἀχιλῆα τιμήσειε Il. 2.3, cf. Pl. R. 365a; ἐβουλεύοντο ὡς.. στήσονται Hdt. 3.84, etc.; οἷα δεῖ λέγειν καὶ ὥς Arist. EN 1128a1; ὡς πέπραται how, i. e. at what price the goods have been sold, PCair.Zen. 149 (iii B. C.); so οὐκ ἔσθ' ὡς.. (for the more usu. ὅπως) nowise can it be that.., S. Ant. 750; οὐκ ἔσθ' ὡς οὐ.., Id. Ph. 196 (anap., Porson for οὐκ ἔστιν ὅπως ου) ; οἶσθ' ὡς πόησον; by a mixture of constructions for ὡς χρὴ ποιῆσαι or ὡς ποιήσεις, Id. OT 543, cf. Hermipp. 43, Men. 916; οἶσθ' ὡς μετεύξει is f.l. in E. Med. 600 (μέτευξαι Elmsley); similarly, οἶσθα.. ὡς νῦν μὴ σφαλῇς S. OC 75.

2. ὡς ἂν ποήσῃς however (in whatever way) thou mayest act, Id. Aj. 1369, cf. Pl. Smp. 181a; αὐτῷ ὥς κεν ἅδῃ, τὼς ἔσσεται A.R. 3.350. Temporal, when, with past tenses of the indic., ἐνῶρτο γέλως.., ὡς ἴδον Il. 1.600: with opt., to express a repeated action, whenever, ὡς.. ἐς τὴν Μιλησίην ἀπίκοιτο Hdt. 1.17: rarely c. subj., to denote what happens under certain conditions, τῶν δὲ ὡς ἕκαστός οἱ μειχθῇ, διδοῖ δῶρον Id. 4.172, cf. 1.132; later, ὡς ἄν c. subj., when, PCair.Zen. 251 (iii B. C.), 1 Corinthians 11:34, etc.; ὥς κα Berl.Sitzb. 1927.170 (Cyrene); ὡς ἂν τάχιστα λάβῃς τὴν ἐπιστολήν as soon as.. PCair.Zen. 241.1 (iii B. C.), cf. LXX 1 Kings 9:13, John 3:8 : in orat. obliq. c. inf., Hdt. 1.86, 96, al.: expressed more forcibly by ὡς.. τάχιστα, some word or words being interposed, ὡς γὰρ ἐπετρόπευσε τάχιστα as soon as ever.., Id. 1.65; ὡς δὲ ἀφίκετο τάχιστα X. Cyr. 1.3.2: less freq. ὡς τάχιστα stand together, Aeschin. 2.22: but this usage must be distd. from signf. Ab.111.1c: folld. by demonstr., ὡς εἶδ', ὣς ἀνεπᾶλτο Il. 20.424; ὡς ἴδεν, ὥς μιν ἔρως πυκινὰς φρένας ἀμφεκάλυψεν 14.294; also ὡς.., ἔπειτα 3.396; Κρονίδης ὥς μιν φράσαθ' ὣς ἐόλητο θυμὸν ἀνωΐστοισιν ὑποδμηθεὶς βελέεσσι Κύπριδος Mosch. 2.74; the second ὣς is repeated, ἁ δ' Ἀταλάντα ὡς ἴδεν, ὣς ἐμάνη, ὣς ἐς βαθὺν ἅλατ' ἔρωτα Theoc. 3.41 (ὣς = εὐθέως, Sch.vet.), cf. 2.82; in Bion 1.40 the clauses with ὡς all belong to the protasIsa

2. ὡς appears to be f.l. for ἕως in ὡς ἂν αὑτὸς ἥλιος.. αἴρῃ S. Ph. 1330, ὡς ἂν ᾖς οἷόσπερ εἶ Id. Aj. 1117; cf. ὥσπερ 111.1: but in later Gr. = ἕως, while, ὡς τὸ φῶς ἔχετε John 12:35-36; ὡς καιρὸν ἔχομεν Galatians 6:10, cf. Epigr.Gr. 646a5 (p.529); also until, τίθεται ἐπὶ ἀνθράκων ὡς ἀναξηρανθῇ PLeid.X. 89 B.; ἔα ἀφρίζειν τὴν πίσσαν ὡς οὗ ἐκλείπῃ ib.37B.; cf. EM 824.43 (conversely ἕως for ὡς final, v. ἕως (B) A. 1.4). Local, where, in dialects, Theoc. 1.13, 5.101, 103, IG 9(2).205.4 (Melitea, iii B. C.), SIG 685.63, al. (Cretan, ii B. C.), IG 12(1).736.5 (Camirus), GDI 5597.8 (Ephesus, iii B. C.).

ὡς as CONJUNCTION:

I with Substantive clauses, to express a fact, = ὅτι, that.

II with Final clauses, to express an end or purpose, = ἵνα, ὅπως, so that, in order that. III Consecutive, = ὥστε, so that. Causal, since, because. I with Substantive Clauses, with verbs of learning, saying, etc., that, expressing a fact, γνωτὸν.., ὡς ἤδη Τρώεσσιν ὀλέθρου πείρατ' ἐφῆπται Il. 7.402, cf. Od. 3.194, etc.: in commands, προεῖπεν ὡς μηδεὶς κινήσοιτο X. HG 2.1.22: with Verbs of fear or anxiety, c. fut. indic., μηκέτ' ἐκφοβοῦ, μητρῷον ὥς σε λῆμ' ἀτιμάσει ποτέ S. El. 1427, cf. X. Cyr. 6.2.30; μὴ φοβοῦ ὡς ἀπορήσεις ib. 5.2.12, cf. D. 10.36; a sentence beginning with ὡς is sts., when interrupted, resumed by ὅτι, and vice versa, X. Cyr. 5.3.30, Pl. R. 470d, Hp.Ma. 281c; so ὡς with a finite Verb passes into the acc. and inf., Hdt. 1.70, 8.118: both constructions mixed in the same clause, ἐλογίζετο ὡς.. ἧττον ἂν αὐτοὺς ἐθέλειν.. X. Cyr. 8.1.25, cf. HG 3.4.27: after primary tenses (incl. historic pres.) ὡς is folld. by indic., after historic tenses by opt. (sts. by indic., both constructions in ὑπίσχοντο.. ἀμυνέειν, φράζοντες ὡς οὔ σφι περιοπτέη ἐστὶ ἡ Ἑλλὰς ἀπολλυμένη

Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (492)NAS (157)HCS (463)
Matthew30
Mark23
Luke52
John24
Acts60
Romans20
1 Corinthians31
2 Corinthians23
Galatians6
Ephesians12
Philippians7
Colossians7
1 Thessalonians8
2 Thessalonians3
1 Timothy2
2 Timothy5
Titus2
Philemon4
Hebrews19
James6
1 Peter23
2 Peter8
1 John2
2 John1
Jude2
Revelation53
Matthew11
Mark15
Luke36
John26
Acts48
Romans11
1 Corinthians11
2 Corinthians9
Galatians1
Philippians2
Colossians2
1 Thessalonians4
2 Thessalonians1
2 Timothy1
Hebrews6
James2
1 Peter8
2 Peter5
Jude2
Revelation39
Matthew39
Mark19
Luke48
John30
Acts60
Romans20
1 Corinthians36
2 Corinthians24
Galatians8
Ephesians15
Philippians6
Colossians6
1 Thessalonians7
2 Thessalonians3
1 Timothy4
2 Timothy5
Titus2
Philemon3
Hebrews19
James5
1 Peter22
2 Peter8
1 John1
2 John1
Jude2
Revelation70
List of Word Forms
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