ver. 2.0.14.09.23
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #5620 - ὥστε

Transliteration:
hṓste
Phonetics:
hoce'-teh  
Word Origin:
from (5613) and (5037)
Parts of Speech:
particle
TDNT:
None
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. so that, insomuch that
  2. so then, therefore, wherefore
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὥστε, as Adv., bearing the same relation to ὡς as ὅστε to ὅς, and used by Hom. more freq. than ὡς in similes, when it is commonly written divisim, and is relat. to a demonstr. ὥς: sts. c. pres. Indic., Il. 2.459 sq., 12.421, 13.703: sts. c. aor., ὥς τε λέων ἐχάρη 3.23: sts. c. subj. pres. or aor., 2.474 sq., 11.67, 16.428, Od. 22.302: all three usages combined in one simile, with varied construction, Il. 5.136 - 9: the verb is sts. omitted, λάμφ' ὥς τε στεροπή 10.154: this usage of ὥστε is chiefly (Pi. uses ὧτε, q. v.), but it occurs in Alc. (?) 27 (prob.), B. 12.124 and sts. in Trag., κατώρυχες δ' ἔναιον ὥστ' ἀήσυροι μύρμηκες A. Pr. 452, cf. Th. 62, Pers. 424, Ch. 421 (lyr.), S. OC 343, Ant. 1033, Tr. 112 (lyr.).

II to mark the power or virtue by which one does a thing, as being, inasmuch as, like ἅτε, τὸν δ' ἐξήρπαξ' Ἀφροδίτη ῥεῖα μάλ', ὥ. θεός Il. 3.381, cf. 18.518; ὥ. περὶ ψυχῆς since it was for life, Od. 9.423; ὥ. ταῦτα νομίζων Hdt. 1.8, cf. 5.83, 101, 6.94. as Conj. to express the actual or intended result of the action in the principal clause:

I mostly c. inf., so as or for to do a thing, twice in Hom., εἰ δέ σοι θυμὸς ἐπέσσυται, ὥ. νέεσθαι if thy heart is eager to return, Il. 9.42; οὐ τηλίκος.., ὥ. σημάντορι πάντα πιθέσθαι not of such age as to obey a master in all things, Od. 17.21; ῥηϊδίως κεν ἐργάσσαιο, ὥ. σε κεἰς ἐνιαυτὸν ἔχειν Hes. Op. 44; ὥ. ἀποπλησθῆναι (ἀποπλῆσαι codd.) τὸν χρησμόν Hdt. 8.96: freq. in Pi., O. 9.74, N. 5.1, 35, al.; also in Trag. and Att. after demonstratives, οὔπω τοσοῦτον ἠπατημένος κυρῶ ὥστ' ἄλλα χρῄζειν S. OT 595, etc.; this constr. is found in cases where (as in Il. 9.42 supr. cit.) ὥστε seems superfluous; so after ἐθέλειν, Κύπρις.. ἤθελ' ὥ. γίγνεσθαι τόδε E. Hipp. 1327; after ἔστι, for ἔξεστι, S. Ph. 656; after ψηφίζεσθαι, Th. 5.17; after ἐπαίρειν, E. Supp. 581; ἐπαγγελλόμενοι ὥ. βοηθεῖν Th. 8.86; after words implying request, δεηθέντες.. ὥ. ψηφίσασθαι Id. 1.119; πεῖσαι ὥ. συγχωρῆσαι Id. 8.45.

2. after Comparatives with , when the possibility of the consequence is denied (cf. ὡς B. 111.2), μέζω κακὰ ἢ ὥστε ἀνακλαίειν woes too great for tears, Hdt. 3.14; μεῖζον ἢ ὥστε φέρειν δύνασθαι κακόν X. Mem. 3.5.17: but in Poetry ὥστε is sts. left out, νόσημα μεῖζον ἢ φέρειν S. OT 1293; κρείσσον' ἢ φέρειν κακά E. Hec. 1107 (rarely in Prose, Pl. Tht. 149c); similarly with the Posit., ψυχρὸν ὥ. λούσασθαι too cold to bathe in, X. Mem. 3.13.3; ἡμεῖς ἔτι νέοι ὥ. διελέσθαι too young to.., Pl. Prt. 314b; γέρων ἐκεῖνος ὥ. δ' ὠφελεῖν παρών E. Andr. 80: this ὥστε is sts. omitted after words implying comparison, ὀλίγους εἶναι στρατιῇ τῇ Μήδων συμβαλέειν too few.. Hdt. 6.109; ταπεινὴ ἡ διάνοια ἐγκαρτερεῖν Th. 2.61, etc.

3. ὥστε.. ἄν is used with inf., of contingencies more or less improbable, οὕτως ἐκάετο ὥστε μήτε.. ἄλλο τι ἢ γυμνοὶ ἀνέχεσθαι, ἥδιστά τε ἂν ἐς ὕσωρ ψυχρὸν σφᾶς αὐτοὺς ῥίπτειν Th. 2.49, cf. S. OT 374, El. 1316, D. 8.35.

4. sts. implying on condition that.., like ἐφ' ᾧτε, παραδοῦναι σφᾶς αὐτοὺς Ἀθηναίοις, ὥστε βουλεῦσαι ὅ τι ἂν ἐκείνοις δοκῇ Th. 4.37, cf. X. An. 5.6.26.

II c. Indic., to express the actual or possible result with emphasis, οὐκ οὕτω φρενοβλαβὴς ὁ Πρίαμος οὐδὲ οἱ ἄλλοι.., ὥ. κινδυνεύειν ἐβούλοντο Hdt. 2.120 (fort. delendum ἐβούλοντο) ; ἀσθενέες οὕτω, ὥ... διατετρανέεις Id. 3.12; οὕτως ἀγνωμόνως ἔχετε, ὥ. ἐλπίζετε..; are you so foolish that you expect.. ? D. 2.26, βέβηκεν, ὥ. πᾶν ἐν ἡσύχῳ ἔξεστι φωνεῖν S. OC 82, cf. OT 533: freq. in X., Mem. 2.2.3, al.; with ἄν and the impf. or aor. implying a supposed case, ὥστ', εἰ φρονῶν ἔπρασσον, οὐδ' ἂν ὧδ' ἐγιγνόμην κακός S. OC 271; ὥστε οὐκ ἂν ἔλαθεν αὐτόθεν ὁρμώμενος Th. 5.6: ὥστε τὴν πόλιν ἂν ἡγήσω πολέμου ἐργαστήριον εἶναι X. Ages. 1.26.

2. at the beginning of a sentence, to mark a strong conclusion, and so, therefore, ὥστ'.. ὄλωλα καί σε προσδιαφθερῶ S. Ph. 75; ὥστ' οὐχ ὕπνῳ γ' εὕδοντά μ' ἐξεγείρετε Id. OT 65; ὥ. καὶ ταῦτα λεχθήσεται Arist. Metaph. 1004a22: c. imper., θνητὸς δ' Ὀρέστης, ὥ. μὴ λίαν στένε S. El. 1172; ὥ. θάρρει X. Cyr. 1.3.18, cf. Pl. Prt. 311a; ὥ. ἂν βούλησθε χειροτονήσατε D. 9.70 cod.A (-ήσετε cett.); before a question, ὥ. τίς ἂν ἀπετόλμησε..; Lys. 7.28.

3. c. opt., with ἄν, Hdt. 2.16; βρέφος γὰρ ἦν τότ'.., ὥστ' οὐκ ἂν αὐτὸν γνωρίσαιμ' E. Or. 379, cf. S. OT 857, Ar. Ach. 943 (lyr.). b. c. opt. in orat. obliq., X. HG 3.5.23; after opt. in principal clause, Id. Oec. 1.13.

4. with subj., in order that, in Thessalian dialect, τὸς ταμίας φροντίσαι οὕστε.. γενειθεῖ τᾶ πόλι ἁ δόσις BCH 59.38 (Crannon); ἀντιλλαβέσθαι τᾶς πόλλιος (sic) οὕστε.. ἐς πάντουν ἐγλυθεῖ τοῦν δανείουν ib.p.37.

III with part., instead of inf., after a part. in the principal clause, τοσοῦτον ἁπάντων διενεγκόντες, ὥσθ' ὑπὲρ Ἀργείων δυστυχησάντων Θηβαίοις.. ἐπιτάττοντες κτλ. Isoc. 4.64 (s. v.l.); οὕτω σφόδρα μισοῦντα τοῦτον, ὥστε πολὺ δὴ (ἂν Dobree) θᾶττον διαθέμενον κτλ. Isaiah 9:16; ὥστε.. δέον D. 3.1. πόλεμος σκληρὸς ὥστε λίαν extremely, LXX 2 Kings 2:17. in later Greek, folld. by Preps., Παρμένοντι κλειδὸς ὥ. ἐπὶ τὸ Διοσκούριον Inscr.Délos 316.83 (iii B. C.); ξύλον ὥ. ἐπὶ τὴν ἅμαξαν IG 11(2) 287 A 52 (iii B. C.); μόλυβδος ὥ. εἰς τὸ Κύνθιον ib.203 A 52 (iii B. C.); κριθῶν ὥ. εἰς τὰ κτήνη barley for the animals, PCair.Zen. 251.5 (iii B. C.); ὥ. εἰς ξένια φοίνικας PHal. 1.7.4 (iii B. C.). c. dat., for, χρεία αὐτοῦ ἐστὶν ὥ. Πισικλεῖ it is needed for P., PCair.Zen. 241 (iii B. C.); ὥ. τοῖς χησίν IG 11(2).287 A 45 (iii B. C.).

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Matthew15
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Luke3
John1
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2 Corinthians7
Galatians5
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1 Peter2
Matthew11
Mark11
Luke3
Acts6
Romans5
1 Corinthians13
2 Corinthians7
Galatians5
Philippians3
1 Thessalonians3
2 Thessalonians2
Hebrews1
1 Peter2
Matthew15
Mark12
Luke2
Acts8
Romans5
1 Corinthians13
2 Corinthians6
Galatians5
Philippians3
1 Thessalonians3
2 Thessalonians2
Hebrews1
1 Peter2
List of Word Forms
ωστε ώστε ὥστε hoste hōste hṓste oste ōste
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