ver. 2.0.14.09.01
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #575 - ἀπό

Transliteration:
ap
Phonetics:
apo'  
Word Origin:
a primary particle
Parts of Speech:
preposition
TDNT:
None
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. of separation
    1. of local separation, after verbs of motion from a place i.e. of departing, of fleeing, ...
    2. of separation of a part from the whole
      1. where of a whole some part is taken
    3. of any kind of separation of one thing from another by which the union or fellowship of the two is destroyed
    4. of a state of separation, that is of distance
      1. physical, of distance of place
      2. temporal, of distance of time
  2. of origin
    1. of the place whence anything is, comes, befalls, is taken
    2. of origin of a cause
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 8537 ‑ תֹּם (tome);  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀπό,

Aeol., Thess., Arc., Cypr. ἀπύ Sapph. 44, cf. 78, Alc. 33, Theoc. 28.16, IG 12(2).6.45 (Mytil.), ἀπυδόμεναι ib.9(2).594 (Larissa), 5(2).6 (Tegea), etc.: Pr usually with Gen. but v. infr. B. (Cf. Skt. ápa, Lat. ab, Umbr. ap-ehtre 'ab extra', Goth. af, O E. af, cef, of, etc.) Orig. sense, from. [ ᾰπο: where ἀπο is found in before v or liquids (as ἀπὸ ἕθεν Il. 6.62, ἀπὸ νευρῆς 11.664, Hes. Sc. 409) ἀπαί was sometimes written in later texts, cf. Eust. 625.11: — ᾱ metri gr. in compds., such as ἀπονέεσθαι.]

I OF PLACE, the earliest, and in Hom. the prevailing sense:

1 of Motion, from, away from, ἐσσεύοντο νεῶν ἄπο καὶ κλισιάων Il. 2.208; pleonastic, ἀ. Τροίηθεν ib. 24.492; ἀπ' οὐρανόθεν 8.365 (later with Advbs., ἀπὸ ἔμπροσθεν LXX Ecclesiastes 1:10, etc.); strengthd., ἐκτὸς ἀ. κλισιης Il. 10.151; also ἀπ' αἰῶνος νέος ὤλεο, implying departure from life, ib. 24.725; opp. ἐξ, of relatively superficial motion, λαμβάνομεν οὔτε ἐκ τῆς γῆς οὐδέν, οὔτ' ἀπὸ τῶν οἰκιῶν X. Mem. 2.7.2; similarly of the cause or ground, ἐξ ὧν προηγώνισθε καὶ ἀφ' ὧν εἰκάζω Th. 4.126: freq. of warriors fighting from chariots, etc., οἱ μὲν ἀφ' ἵππων, οἱ δ' ἀ. νηῶν.. μάχοντο Il. 15.386; ἀφ' ἵππων μάρνασθαι Od. 9.49; so ἡ μάχη ἦν ἀφ' ἵππων Hdt. 1.79; λαμπὰς ἔσται ἀφ' ἵππων on horse back, Pl. R. 328a; ἀφ' ἵππου θηρεύειν X. An. 1.2.7; ἀ. νεῶν πεζομαχεῖν Th. 7.62; ἐν ταῖς ναυσὶν αἰρόμενος τοὺς ἱστοὺς ἀ. τούτων ἐσκοπεῖτο X. HG 6.2.29; ὀμμάτων ἄπο.. κατέσταζον γένυν, of tears, E. Hec. 240: joined with ἐκ, ἐκ Κορίνθου ἀ. τοῦ στρατοπέδου Pl. Tht. 142a.

2. of Position, away from, far from, μένων ἀ. ἧς ἀλόχοιο Il. 2.292 (cf. ἀπ' ἀνδρὸς εἶναι to live apart from a man or husband, Plu. CG 4); κεκρυμμένος ἀπ' ἄλλων Od. 23.110; μοῦνος ἀπ' ἄλλων h.Merc. 193; ἀπ' ὀφθαλμῶν, ἀπ' οὔατος, far from sight or hearing, Il. 23.53, 18.272, cf. 22.454; ἀ. θαλάσσης ᾠκίσθησαν Th. 1.7, cf. 46; αὐλίζεσθαι ἀ. τῶν ὅπλων Id. 6.64; ἀπ' οἴκου εἶναι Id. 1.99; σπεύδειν ἀ. ῥυτῆρος far from, i.e. without using the rein, S. OC 900; in Hom. freq. strengthd., τῆλε ἀ..., νόσφιν ἀ..., Il. 23.880, 5.322; in measurement of distances, ὅσον ιέ στάδια ἀ. Φυλῆς X. HG 2.4.4, etc.; but later the numeral follows ., πηγὰς ἔχων ἀ. μ σταδίων τῆς θαλάσσης D.S. 4.56; ἀ. σταδίων κ τῆς πόλεως Plu. Ph 4; κατεστρατοπέδευσεν ἀ. ν σταδίων fifty stades away, Id. Oth. 11, cf. D.Chr. 17.17.

3. of the mind, ἀ. θυμοῦ away from, i. e. alien from, my heart, Il. 1.562; ἀ. δόξης 10.324; οὐ.. ἀ. σκοποῦ οὐδ' ἀ. δόξης Od. 11.344; ἀ. τοῦ ἀνθρωπείου τρόπου Th. 1.76; οὐδὲν ἀ. τρόπου not without reason, Pl. R. 470b; οὐκ ἀ. σκοποῦ, καιροῦ, Id. Tht. 179c, 187e; οὐκ ἀ. γνώμης S. Tr. 389; οὐκ ἀ. τοῦ πράγματος D. 24.6; μάλα πολλὸν ἀπ' ἐλπίδος ἔπλετο A.R. 2.863.

4. in pregnant sense, with Verbs of rest, previous motion being implied (cf. ἐκ), ἀνὰ δ' ἐβόασεν.. ἀ. πέτρας σταθείς E. Tr. 523; .τῆς ἐμῆς κεφαλῆς τὴν [ἐκείνου] κεφαλὴν ἀναδήσω, i. e. taking the chaplet off my head, and placing it on his, Pl. Smp. 212e: with Verbs of hanging, where ἐκ is more common, ἁψαμένη βρόχον ἀ. μελάθρου Od. 11.278.

5. with the Article, where the sense of motion often disappears, οἱ ἀ. τῶν οἰκιῶν φεύγουσιν, i.e. οἱ ἐν ταῖς οἰκίαις φεύγουσιν ἀπ' αὐτῶν, X. Cyr. 7.5.23; οἱ ἀ. τῶν πύργων.. ἐπαρήξουσι ib. 6.4.18; αἴρειν τὰ ἀ. τῆς γῆς Pl. Cra. 410b; αἱ ἵπποι αἱ ἀ. τοῦ ἅρματος v.l. in Hdt. 4.8; ὁ Ἀθηναῖος ὁ ἀ. τοῦ στρατεύματος X. An. 7.2.19; τὸν ἀ. γραμμᾶς κινεῖ λίθον Theoc. 6.18.

6. partitive, λαχὼν ἀ. ληΐδος αἶσαν part taken from the booty, a share of it, Od. 5.40; αἴρεσθαι ἀ. τῶν καλπίδων Ar. Lys. 539; ἀ. ἑκατὸν καὶ εἴκοσι παίδων εἷς μοῦνος Hdt. 6.27; ὀλίγοι ἀ. πολλῶν Th. 7.87, cf. A. Pers. 1023.

7. Math., of figures described upon a base, κῶνον ἀναγράφειν ἀ. κύκλου Archim. Sph.Cyl. 1.19, etc.; τὸ ἀ. τῆς AB τετράγωνον the square on AB, Euc. 1.47, cf. 48; εἴδεα ἀ... Archim. Spir. 10, 11.

8. ἀ. ἀνθρώπου ἕως γυναικός man and woman, LXX 1 Esdras 9:40; ἀ. ἀρσενικοῦ ἕως θηλυκοῦ ib. Numbers 5:3.

9. from being, instead of, ἀθανάταν ἀ. θνατᾶς.. ἐποίησας Βερενίκαν Theoc. 15.106.

10. privative, free from, without, ἀ. πάσης ἀκαθαρσίας PLips. 16.19 (ii A. D.); ἀ. ζημίας PTeb 420.4 (iii A. D.).

II OF TIME, from, after, Hom. only in Il. 8.54 ἀ. δείπνου θωρήσσοντο rising up from, i.e. after, cf. Hdt. 1.133; ἀ. δείπνου εἶναι or γενέσθαι, Id. 1.126, 2.78, 5.18, al.; ἀ. τοῦ σιτίου πίνειν Hp. Salubr. 5; ἀ. τῶν σίτων διαπονεῖσθαι X. Lac. 5.8; in narrative, τὸ ἀ. τούτου or το̄δε, from this point onwards, Hdt. 1.4, 2.99; ἀ. τούτου τοῦ χρόνου Id. 1.82, X. An. 7.5.8; τὸ ἀπ' ἐκείνου Luc. Tox. 25; ἡμέρῃ δεκάτῃ ἀφ' ἧς.. Hdt. 3.14, etc.; δευτέρῃ ἡμέρῃ ἀ. τῆς ἐμπρήσιος Id. 8.55, cf. X. An. 1.7.18, etc.; ἀφ' οὗ χρόνου Id. Cyr. 1.2.13; more often ἀπ' or ἀφ' οὗ, Hdt. 2.44, Th. 1.18, etc.; ἀφ' οὗπερ A. Pers. 177; ἀφ' ἧς Plu. Pel. 15; εὐθὺς ἀ. παλαιοῦ, ἀ. τοῦ πάνυ ἀρχαίου, of olden time, Th. 1.2, 2.15; ἀπ' ἀρχᾶς Pi. P. 8.25, etc.; ἀ. γενεᾶς X. Cyr. 1.2.8; ἀφ' ἑσπέρας from the beginning of evening, i.e. at eventide, Th. 7.29; ἀ. πρώτου ὕπνου ib. 43; ἀ. μέσων νυκτῶν Ar. V. 218; ἀπ' ἀγροῦ fresh from field-work, Mark 15:21; cf. Mark 7:4; ἀ. νουμηνίας X. An. 5.6.23; χρονίζειν ἀ. τοῦ καιροῦ tarry beyond the time, LXX 2 Samuel 20:5; ἀ. τέλους ἐννέα μηνῶν at the end of.., ib. 24.8; γενόμενος ἀ. τῆς ἀρχῆς Plu. Caes. 5: hence ἀ. ἀγωνοθετῶν an εχ-ἀγωνοθέτης, IG 3.398; ἀ. λογιστῶν POxy. 1103.3 (iv A. D.); οἱ ἀ. ὑπατείας, = consulares, Hdn. 7.1.9, etc.; but ἀ. τινος the freedman of.., IG 5(2).50.59(Tegea, ii A. D.), cf.ib.5(1).1391 (Andania), 1473.

III OF ORIGIN, CAUSE, etc.:

1 of that from which one is born, οὐ γὰρ ἀ. δρυός ἐσσι οὐδ' ἀ. πέτρης not sprung from oak or rock, Od. 19.163; γίγνονται δ' ἄρα ταί γ' ἔκ τε κρηνέων ἀ. τ' ἀλσέων 10.350, cf. S. OT 415, OC 571, etc.: sts. ἀπό denotes remote, and ἐκ immediate, descent, τοὺς μὲν ἀ. θεῶν, τοὺς δ' ἐξ αὐτῶν τῶν θεῶν γεγονότας Isoc. 12.81, cf. Hdt. 7.150; πέμπτη ἀπ' αὐτοῦ γέννα A. Pr. 853; τρίτος ἀ. Διός third in descent from Zeus, Pl. R. 391c; οἱ ἀ. γένους τινός his descendants, Plu. Them. 32; Περσέως ἀφ' αἵματος E. Alc. 509: of the place one springs from, ἵπποι.. ποταμοῦ ἄπο Σελλήεντος Il. 2.839. cf. 849; Ἡρακλεῖδαι οἱ ἀ. Σπάρτης Hdt. 8.114, cf. Th. 1.89, etc.; τοὺς ἀ. Φρυγίας X. Cyr. 2.1.5, etc.:hence, metaph. of things, Χαρίτων ἄπο κάλλος ἔχουσαι Od. 6.18; θεῶν ἄπο μήδεα εἰδώς ib. 12; γάλα ἀ. βοός A. Pers. 611; μῆνις ἀφ' ἡμῶν Id. Eu. 314; ἡ ἀφ' ὑμῶν τιμωρία Th. 1.69; ὁ ἀ. τῶν πολεμίων φόβος fear inspired by the enemy, X. Cyr. 3.3.53. of persons, οἱ ἀ. τῆς χώρας, τῆς πόλεως, country folk, towns folk, Plb. 2.6.8, 5.70.8; and so of connexion with the founder or leader of a sect, οἱ ἀ. Πυθαγόρου Luc. Herm. 14; οἱ ἀ. Πλάτωνος Plu. Brut. 2; οἱ ἀ. τοῦ περιπάτου, ἀ. τῆς Στοᾶς, etc., Luc. Cont. 6; generally οἱ ἀ. φιλοσοφίας καὶ λόγων philosophers and learned men, ibid.; οἱ ἀ. σκηνῆς καὶ θεάτρου stage players, Plu. Sull. 2; οἱ ἀ. τῆς βουλῆς Id. Caes. 10, etc.; ὁ ἀφ' ἑστίας παῖς, v. ἑστία; ἀπ' ἐξωμίδος with only an ἐξωμίς, S.E. P. 1.153.

2. of the material from or of which a thing is made, εἵματα ἀ. ξύλου πεποιημένα Hdt. 7.65; ἀπ' ὄμφακος τεύχειν οἶνον A. Ag. 970, cf. S. Tr. 704; ὅσσα ἀ. γλυκερῶ μέλιτος Theoc. 15.117; ἔνδυμα ἀ. τριχῶν καμήλου Matthew 3:4 : hence στέφανος ἀ. ταλάντων ἑξήκοντα of or weighing 60 talents, Decr. ap. D. 18.92, cf. Plb. 24.1.7, IG 2.555.10, al.: hence of value, θύεν αἶγα ἀ. δραχμᾶν εἴκοσι GDI 3707 (Cos); κρᾶσις ἀ. τε τῆς ἡδονῆς συγκεκραμένη καὶ ἀ. τῆς λύπης Pl. Phd. 59a; so, by an extension of this use, εἰδεχθής τις ἀ. τοῦ προσώπου ugly of countenance, Thphr. Char. 28.4; θῆλυν ἀ. χροιῆς Theoc. 16.49; σεμνὸς ἀ. τοῦ σχήματος Luc. DMort. 10.8.

3. of the instrument from or by which a thing is done, τοὺς.. πέφνεν ἀπ' ἀργυρέοιο βιοῖο by arrow shot from silver bow, Il. 24.605; τόξου ἄπο κρατεροῦ ὀλέκοντα φάλαγγας 8.279; ἐμῆς ἀπὸ χειρός 10.371, 11.675; so ἀ. χειρὸς ἐργάζεσθαι μεγάλα Luc. Hist.Conscr. 29; γυμνάζεσθαι ἀ. σκελῶν, χειρῶν, τραχήλου, X. Lac. 5.9; μάχεσθαι ἀ. ἄκοντος Str. 17.3.7; ἡ ἀ. τοῦ ξίφους μάχη D.S. 5.29; βάπτειν τὸν δάκτυλον ἀ. τοῦ αἵματος LXX Leviticus 4:7.

4. of the person from whom an act comes, i.e. by whom it is done, οὐδὲν μέγα ἔργον ἀπ' αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο Hdt. 1.14; ζήτησιν ἀ. σφέων γενέσθαι Id. 2.54; ἐπράχθη οὐδὲν ἀπ' αὐτῶν ἔργον ἀξιόλογον Th. 1.17, cf. 6.61; ἀ. τινος ὄνασθαι Pl. R. 528a, etc.; so τἀπ' ἐμοῦ, τἀπὸ σοῦ, E. Tr. 74, S. OC 1628; τὰ ἀ. τῶν Ἀθηναίων Th. 1.127; in later Greek freq. of the direct agent, Plb. 1.34.8, Str. 5.4.12, D.H. 9.12, Luke 9:22, J. AJ 20.8.10, etc.; in codd. this may sts. be due to confusion with ὑπό, but cf. PMag.Par. 1.256, BGU 1185.26 (Aug.), SIG 820.8(Ephesus, i A. D.), etc.

5. of the source from which life, power, etc., are sustained, ζῆν ἀπ' ὕλης ἀγρίης Hdt. 1.203; ἀ. κτήνεων καὶ ἰχθύων ib. 216; ἀ. πολέμου Id. 5.6; ἀπ' ἐλαχίστων χρημάτων X. Mem. 1.2.14; ἀ. τῆς ἀγορᾶς Id. An. 6.1.1; τρέφειν τὸ ναυτικὸν ἀ. τῶν νήσων Id. HG 4.8.9, cf. Th. 1.99; ἀ. τῶν κοινῶν πλουτεῖν Ar. Pl. 569, cf. D. 24.124; ἀ. μικρῶν εὔνους.. γεγένησαι Ar. Eq. 788, cf. D. 18.102; ἀφ' ὥρας ἐργάζεσθαι quaestum corpore facere, Plu. Tim. 14.

6. of the cause, means, or occasion from, by, or because of which a thing is done, ἀ. τούτου κριοπρόσωπον τὤγαλμα τοῦ Διὸς ποιεῦσι Hdt. 2.42; ἀ. τινος ἐπαινεῖσθαι, θαυμάζεσθαι, ὠφελεῖσθαι, Th. 2.25, 6.12, X. Cyr. 1.1.2; ἀ. τῶν ξυμφορῶν διαβάλλεσθαι Th. 5.17; τὴν ἐπωνυμίαν ἔχειν ἀ. τινος Id. 1.46; ἀ. λῃστείας τὸν βίον ἔχειν X. An. 7.7.9; ἀπ' αὐτῶν τῶν ἔργων κρίνειν D. 2.27; ἀ. τοῦ πάθους in consequence of.., Th. 4.30; βλάπτειν τινὰ ἀ. τινος Id. 7.29; κατασκευάσαντα τὸ πλοῖον ἀφ' ὧν ὑπελάμβανε σωθήσεσθαι D. 18.194; τρόπαιον ἀ. τινος εἱστήκει on occasion of his defeat, Id. 19.320; τλήμων οὖσ' ἀπ' εὐτόλμου φρενός A. Ag. 1302, cf. 1643; ἀ. δικαιοσύνης by reason of it (v. l. for ὑπό), Hdt. 7.164; ἀ. τῶν αὐτῶν λημμάτων on the same scale of profits, D. 3.34, etc.; for ὅσον ἀ. βοῆς ἕνεκα, v. ἕνεκα: hence in half adverbial usages, ἀ. σπουδῆς in earnest, eagerly, Il. 7.359; ἀ. τοῦἴσου, ἀ. τῆς ἴσης, or ἀπ' ἴσης, equally, Th. 1.99, 15, D. 14.6, etc.; ἀπ' ὀρθῆς καὶ δικαίας τῆς ψυχῆς Id. 18.298; ἀ. ἀντιπάλου παρασκευῆς Th. 1.91; ἀ. τοῦ προφανοῦς openly, ib. 35; ἀ. τοῦ εὐθέος straightforwardly, Id. 3.43; ἀ. τοῦ αὐτομάτου of free-will, Pl. Prt. 323c; ἀ. γλώσσης by word of mouth, Hdt. 1.123 (but also, from hearsay, A. Ag. 813); ἀ. στόματος Pl. Tht. 142d; ἀπ' ὄψεως at sight, Lys. 16.19; ἀ. χειρὸς λογίζεσθαι on your fingers, Ar. V. 656; πεύθομαι δ' ἀπ' ὀμμάτων νόστον A. Ag. 988; ὀμμάτων ἄπο in the public gaze, E. Med. 216; ἀ. τοῦ κυάμου ἄρχοντας καθίστασθαι X. Mem. 1.2.9; ἡ βουλὴ ἡ ἀ. τοῦ κυάμου Th. 8.66, cf. IG 1.9; τοὺς ἀ. τοῦ κυάμου δισχιλίους ἄνδρας Arist. Ath. 24.3; τριηράρχους αἱρεῖσθαι ἀ. τῆς οὐσίας Decr. ap. D. 18.106; ἀφ' ἑαυτοῦ from oneself, on one's own account, Th. 8.6, etc.; ἀφ' ἑαυτοῦ γνώμης Id. 4.68; ἀ. συνθήματος, ἀ. παραγγέλματος, by agreement, by word of command, Hdt. 5.74, Th. 8.99; ἀ. σάλπιγγος by sound of trumpet, X. Eq.Mag. 3.12 (s.v.l.); ἐπίτροπος ἀ. τῶν λόγων, = Lat. procurator a rationibus, Ann.Epigr.. 1913.143a (Ephesus, ii A. D.).

7.

1. of the object spoken of, τὰ ἀ. τῆς νήσου οἰκότα ἐστί the things told from or of the island.., Hdt. 4.195, cf. 54, 7.195; νόμος κείμενος ἀ. τῶν τεχνῶν Ar. Ra. 762. in Arc., Cypr., ἀπύ takes dat., ἀπὺ τᾷ [ἁμέρᾳ ] IG 5(2).6 (Tegea); ἀπὺ τᾷ ζᾷ Inscr.Cypr. 135.8 H. (Idalion).

2. in later Greek ἀπό is found c. acc., PLond. 1.124.30 (iv/v A. D.). in Hom. frequent with Verbs in tmesi, as Il. 5.214, etc., and sts. in Prose, as Hdt. 8.89.

IN COMPO S.: 1 asunder, as ἀποκόπτω, ἀπολύω, ἀποτέμνω: and hence, away, off,

Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (671)NAS (34)HCS (582)
Matthew106
Mark48
Luke113
John39
Acts104
Romans26
1 Corinthians10
2 Corinthians18
Galatians9
Ephesians5
Philippians5
Colossians9
1 Thessalonians11
2 Thessalonians9
1 Timothy5
2 Timothy8
Titus3
Philemon2
Hebrews23
James6
1 Peter4
2 Peter1
1 John16
2 John2
3 John1
Jude2
Revelation31
Matthew4
Mark2
Luke13
John4
Acts9
Romans1
2 Corinthians1
Galatians1
Colossians2
2 Thessalonians1
2 Timothy1
Hebrews2
2 Peter1
1 John2
Revelation3
Matthew107
Mark36
Luke112
John41
Acts96
Romans23
1 Corinthians7
2 Corinthians16
Galatians8
Ephesians4
Philippians3
Colossians7
1 Thessalonians9
2 Thessalonians8
1 Timothy3
2 Timothy6
Titus2
Philemon1
Hebrews22
James6
1 Peter5
2 Peter3
1 John18
2 John2
3 John1
Jude2
Revelation34
List of Word Forms
ΑΠ ΑΠ' ἀπ' απ΄ ΑΠΟ από ἀπό ἀπὸ αφ αφ' ἀφ' εκ εξ επ' εφ' ἐφ' και ὑπὸ AP AP' aph aph' APO apó apò eph eph' hypo hypò upo
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