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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #652 - ἀπόστολος

Transliteration:
apóstolos
Phonetics:
ap-os'-tol-os  
Word Origin:
from (649)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Masculine
TDNT:
1:407,67
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a delegate, messenger, one sent forth with orders
    1. specifically applied to the twelve apostles of Christ
    2. in a broader sense applied to other eminent Christian teachers
      1. of Barnabas
      2. of Timothy and Silvanus
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7971 ‑ שָׁלַח (shaw‑lakh');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀπόστολ-ος, ὁ,

I

1.messenger, ambassador, envoy, ὁ μὲν δὴ ἀ. ἐς τὴν Μίλητον ἦν Hdt. 1.21; ἐς Λακεδαίμονα τριήρεϊ ἀ. ἐγίνετο he went off on a mission to Laced., Id. 5.38. commander of a naval force, Hsch.

2. messenger from God, LXX 1 Kings 14:6; esp. of the Apostles, Matthew 10:2, al.

II = στόλος,

1. naval squadron or expedition, Lys. 19.21; ἀπόστολον ἀφιέναι, ἀποστέλλειν, ποιεῖσθαι, D. 3.5, 18.80,107, IG 2.809b190.

2. colony, D.H. 9.59.

3. = ἀποστολή, of envoys, J. AJ 17.11.1.

4. ἀπόστολον, τό, with or without πλοῖον, packet, Pl. 346a, Ps.- Hdt. Vit.Hom. 19.

5. ἀπόστολος, ὁ, order for dispatch, of a vessel, CPHerm. 6.11 (iii A.D., pl.), PAmh. 2.138.10 (iv A.D.), cf. Dig. 49.6.1.

6. export-licence, PGnom. 162 (ii A.D.).

7. gen. dub., cargo dispatched by order, POxy. 522.1,al. (ii A.D.), PTeb. 486 (ii/iii A.D.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἀπόστολος, ἀποστόλου, ;

1. a delegate, messenger, one sent forth with orders ( Herodotus 1,21; 5,38; for שָׁלוּחַ in 1 Kings 14:6 ( Alex.); rabbinical שְׁלִיחַ): John 13:16 (where ἀπόστολος and πέμψας αὐτόν are contrasted); followed by a genitive, as τῶν ἐκκλησιῶν, 2 Corinthians 8:23; Philippians 2:25; ἀπόστολον ... τῆς ὁμολογίας ἡμῶν the apostle whom we confess, of Christ, God's chief messenger, who has brought the κλῆσις ἀπουρανιος, as compared with Moses, whom the Jews confess, Hebrews 3:1.

2. Specially applied to the twelve disciples whom Christ selected, out of the multitude of his adherents, to be his constant companions and the heralds to proclaim to men the kingdom of God: Matthew 10:1-4; Luke 6:13; Acts 1:26; Revelation 21:14, and often, but nowhere in the Gospel and Epistles of John; ("the word ἀπόστολος occurs 79 times in the N. T., and of these 68 instances are in St. Luke and St. Paul." Lightfoot). With these apostles Paul claimed equality, because through a heavenly intervention he had been appointed by the ascended Christ himself to preach the gospel among the Gentiles, and owed his knowledge of the way of salvation not to man's instruction but to direct revelation from Christ himself, and moreover had evinced his apostolic qualifications by many signal proofs: Galatians 1:1,11; Galatians 2:8; 1 Corinthians 1:17; 1 Corinthians 9:1; 1 Corinthians 15:8-10; 2 Corinthians 3:2 ff; 12:12; 1 Timothy 2:7; 2 Timothy 1:11, cf. Acts 26:12-20. According to Paul, apostles surpassed as well the various other orders of Christian teachers (cf. διδάσκαλος, εὐαγγελιστής, προφήτης), as also the rest of those on whom the special gifts (cf. χάρισμα) of the Holy Spirit had been bestowed, by receiving a richer and more copious conferment of the Spirit: 1 Corinthians 12:28; Ephesians 4:11. Certain false teachers are rated sharply for arrogating to themselves the name and authority of apostles of Christ: 2 Corinthians 11:5,13; Revelation 2:2.

3. In a broader sense the name is transferred to other eminent Christian teachers; as Barnabas, Acts 14:14, and perhaps also Timothy and Silvanus, 1 Thessalonians 2:7 (6), cf. too Romans 16:7 (?). But in Luke 11:49; Ephesians 3:5; Revelation 18:20, 'apostles' is to be taken in the narrower sense. (On the application of the term see especially Lightfoot on Galatians , pp. 92-101; Harnack, on ' Teaching etc. 11,3 [ET]; cf. BB. DD. under the word)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (81)NAS (79)HCS (80)
Matthew1
Mark1
Luke6
John1
Acts30
Romans3
1 Corinthians9
2 Corinthians6
Galatians3
Ephesians4
Philippians1
Colossians1
1 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy2
2 Timothy2
Titus1
Hebrews1
1 Peter1
2 Peter2
Jude1
Revelation3
Matthew1
Mark1
Luke6
John1
Acts28
Romans3
1 Corinthians9
2 Corinthians6
Galatians3
Ephesians4
Philippians1
Colossians1
1 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy2
2 Timothy2
Titus1
Hebrews1
1 Peter1
2 Peter2
Jude1
Revelation3
Matthew1
Mark2
Luke6
John1
Acts28
Romans3
1 Corinthians10
2 Corinthians6
Galatians3
Ephesians4
Philippians1
Colossians1
1 Thessalonians1
1 Timothy2
2 Timothy2
Titus1
Hebrews1
1 Peter1
2 Peter2
Jude1
Revelation3
List of Word Forms
αποστολοι αποστολοί αποστόλοι απόστολοι ἀπόστολοι αποστολοις αποστόλοις ἀποστόλοις αποστολον απόστολον ἀπόστολον αποστολος αποστόλος απόστολος ἀπόστολος αποστολου αποστόλου ἀποστόλου αποστολους αποστόλους ἀποστόλους αποστολων αποστόλων ἀποστόλων apostoloi apóstoloi apostolois apostólois apostolon apostolōn apostólon apostólōn apóstolon apostolos apóstolos apostolou apostólou apostolous apostólous
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