ver. 2.0.14.12.21
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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #746 - ἀρχή

Transliteration:
archḗ
Phonetics:
ar-khay'  
Word Origin:
from (756)
Parts of Speech:
Noun Feminine
TDNT:
1:479,81
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. beginning, origin
  2. the person or thing that commences, the first person or thing in a series, the leader
  3. that by which anything begins to be, the origin, the active cause
  4. the extremity of a thing
    1. of the corners of a sail
  5. the first place, principality, rule, magistracy
    1. of angels and demons
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1061 ‑ בִּכּוּרִים (bik‑koor');   2426 ‑ חֵל (khale, khale);   3117 ‑ יוֹם (yome);   3423 ‑ יָרֵשׁ (yaw‑rash', yaw‑raysh');   3474 ‑ יָשַׁר (yaw‑shar');   3653 ‑ כֵּן (kane);   3712 ‑ כִּפָּה (kip‑paw');   3871 ‑ לֻחַ (loo'‑akh, loo'‑akh);   4467 ‑ מַמְלָכָה (mam‑law‑kaw');   4475 ‑ מֶמְשָׁלָה (mem‑shaw‑law');   4941 ‑ מִשְׁפָּט (mish‑pawt');   4945 ‑ מַשְׁקֶה (mash‑keh');   4951 ‑ מִשְׂרָה (mis‑raw');   5769 ‑ עֹלָם (o‑lawm', o‑lawm');   5794 ‑ עַז (az);   6440 ‑ פָּנֶה (paw‑neem');   6788 ‑ צַמֶּרֶת (tsam‑meh'‑reth);   6924 ‑ קֵדְמָה (keh'‑dem, kayd'‑maw);   7093 ‑ קֵץ (kates);   7218 ‑ רֹאשׁ (roshe);   7350 ‑ רָחֹק (raw‑khoke', raw‑khoke');   7985 ‑ שָׁלְטָן (shol‑tawn');   8462 ‑ תְּחִלָּה (tekh‑il‑law');   8641 ‑ תְּרֻמָה (ter‑oo‑maw', ter‑oo‑maw');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀρχή, ἡ, (v. ἄρχω)

I

1. beginning, origin, νείκεος ἀ. Il. 22.116; πήματος Od. 8.81; φόνου 21.4, etc.; opp. τέλος, Hdt. 7.51, etc.; opp. τελευτή, Thgn. 607, cf. Pl. Lg. 715e, Hp. Morb. 1.1; ἀ. γενέσθαι κακῶν Hdt. 5.97; ἀ. ποιήσασθαί τινος Th. 1.128, And. 2.37, Isoc. 12.120, etc.; ἀ. λαβεῖν τινός Aeschin. 1.11; τὰς ἀρχὰς εἰληφέναι Plb. 4.28.3; ἀρχὴν ὑποθέσθαι lay a foundation, D. 3.2, etc.; βαλέσθαι Pl. 326e (and Pass., ἀρχαὶ βέβληνται Pi. N. 1.8); ἀρχὴν ἄρχεσθαί τινος Pl. Ti. 36e; source of action, [ ὁ ἄνθρωπος] ἔχει ἀρχὴν ἐλευθέραν Plot. 3.3.4. with Preps. in adverbial usages, ἐξ ἀρχῆς from the beginning, from the first, from of old, Od. 1.188, Xenoph. 10, etc.; οὑξ ἀ. φίλος S. OT 385; ἡ ἐξ ἀ. ἔχθρα D. 54.3; τὸ ἐξ ἀ. X. Cyn. 12.6; but πλουτεῖν ἐξ ἀ. πάλιν anew, afresh, Ar. Pl. 221; λόγον πάλιν ὥσπερ ἐξ ἀ. κινεῖν Pl. R. 450a; ὁ ἐξ ἀ. λόγος the original argument, Id. Tht. 177c, etc.; τὰ ἐξ ἀ. the principal sum, Arist. Pol. 1280a30: also ἀπ' ἀ. Hes. Th. 425, Hdt. 2.104, Pi. P. 8.25, A. Supp. 344, Pl. Tht. 206d; κατ' ἀρχάς in the beginning, at first, Hdt. 3.153, 7.5; αὐτίκα κατ' ἀ. Id. 8.94; τὸ κατ' ἀ. Pl. Lg. 798a, al. acc. ἀρχήν, abs., to begin with, at first, Hdt. 1.9, 2.28, 8.132; τὴν ἀρχήν And. 3.20: pl., τὰς ἀρχάς Plb. 16.22.8: freq. followed by a neg., not at all, ἀρχὴν μηδὲ λαβών Hdt. 3.39, cf. 1.193, al.; ἀ. δὲ θηρᾶν οὐ πρέπει τἀμήχανα S. Ant. 92; ἀ. κλύειν ἂν οὐκ.. ἐβουλόμην Id. Ph. 1239, cf. El. 439, Philol. 3, Antipho 5.73, Pl. Grg. 478c; sts. c. Art., τοῦτο οὐκ ἐνδέκομαι τὴν ἀ. Hdt. 4.25; τὴν ἀ. γὰρ ἐξῆν αὐτῷ μὴ γράφειν D. 23.93.

2. first principle, element, first so used by Anaximander, acc. to Simp. in Ph. 150.23, cf. Arist. Metaph. 983b11, etc.; Ἡράκλειτος τὴν ἀ. εἶναί φησι ψυχήν Id. de An. 405a25; of ὕλη and θεός, opp. στοιχεῖα, Placit. 1.3.25; practical principle of conduct, τῶν πράξεων τὰς ἀρχὰς καὶ τὰς ὑποθέσεις D. 2.10; principles of knowledge, Arist. Metaph. 995b8, al.

3. end, corner, of a bandage, rope, sheet, etc., Hdt. 4.60, Hp. Off. 9, E. Hipp. 762, Aen.Tact. 18.14, Acts 10:11; of a compound pulley, Hero Bel. 84.14.

4. Math., origin of a curve, τῆς ἕλικος Archim. Spir. 11 Def. 2, etc.; ξυνὸν ἀ. καὶ πέρας ἐπὶ κύκλου περιφερείας Heraclit. 103.

5. branch of a river, LXX Genesis 2:10 (pl.).

6. sum, total, ib. Numbers 1:2.

7. vital organs of the body, Gal. 1.318, al.

II

1. first place or power, sovereignty (not in Hom.), Διὸς ἀρχά Pi. O. 2.64, cf. Hdt. 1.6, etc.; γενέσθαι ἐπ' ἀρχῆς Arist. Pol. 1284b2: metaph., μεγάλην μεντἂν ἀ. εἴης εὑρηκώς, of a stroke of fortune, D. 21.196: pl., ἀρχαὶ πολισσονόμοι A. Ch. 864 (lyr.); τὰς ἐμὰς ἀρχὰς σέβων S. Ant. 744, etc.: c. gen. rei, τῆσδ' ἔχων ἀρχὴν χθονός S. OT 737; ἀ. τῶν νεῶν, τῆς θαλάσσης, power over them, Th. 3.90, X. Ath. 2.7, etc.: prov., ἀ. ἄνδρα δείξει Biasap. Arist. EN 1130a1, cf. D. Prooem. 48; method of government, οὐδὲ τὴν ἄλλην ἀ. ἐπαχθής Th. 6.54.

2. empire, realm, Κύρου, Περδίκκου ἀ., Hdt. 1.91, Th. 4.128, etc.

3. magistracy, office, ἀρχὴν ἄρχειν, παραλαμβάνειν, Hdt. 3.80, 4.147; καταστήσας τὰς ἀ. καὶ ἄρχοντας ἐπιστήσας Id. 3.89; εἰς ἀ. καθ[]στασθαι Th. 8.70; εἰς τὴν α[]. εἰσιέναι D. 59.72, etc.; ἀ. λαχεῖν to obtain an office, Id. 57.25; Ἑλληνοταμίαι τότε πρῶτον κατέστη ἀ. Th. 1.96; ἐνιαύσιος ἀ. Id. 6.54; ἀ. χειροτονητή, κληρωτή, Lex ap. Aeschin. 1.21; withsg. Noun, Κυθηροδίκης ἀ. ἐκ τῆς Σπάρτης διέβαινεν αὐτόσε Th. 4.53; term of office, ἀρχῆς λοιποὶ αὐτῷ δύο μῆνες Antipho 6.42; ἀρχαὶ καὶ λειτουργίαι POxy. 119.16 (iii A.D.).

4. in pl., αἱ ἀρχαί the authorities, the magistrates, Th. 5.47, cf. Decr. ap. And. 1.83; ἐν ταῖς ἀ. ε[]ναι Th. 6.54; ἡ ἀρχή collectively, 'the board', D. 47.22, cf. IG 1.229, etc.; παραδιδόναι τινὰ τῇ ἀ. Antipho 5.48; but ἡ ἀ., of a single magistrate, PHal. 1.226 (iii B.C.); κατ' ἀρχῆς γὰρ φιλαίτιος λεώς against authority, A. Supp. 485; πομποὺς ἀρχάς Id. Ag. 124 (anap.).

5. command, i.e. body of troops, LXX 1 Samuel 13:17, al.

6. pl., heavenly powers, Romans 8:38, al., cf. Dam. Pr. 96; powers of evil, Ephesians 6:12, al.

III = εἶδος μελίσσης ἀκέντρου, Hsch.

Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (58)NAS (55)HCS (55)
Matthew4
Mark4
Luke3
John8
Acts4
Romans1
1 Corinthians1
Ephesians3
Philippians1
Colossians4
2 Thessalonians1
Titus1
Hebrews6
2 Peter1
1 John7
2 John2
Jude1
Revelation4
Matthew4
Mark4
Luke3
John8
Acts4
Romans1
1 Corinthians1
Ephesians3
Philippians1
Colossians4
2 Thessalonians1
Titus1
Hebrews6
2 Peter1
1 John7
2 John2
Jude1
Revelation3
Matthew4
Mark4
Luke3
John8
Acts4
Romans1
1 Corinthians1
Ephesians3
Philippians1
Colossians4
Titus1
Hebrews6
2 Peter1
1 John8
2 John2
Jude1
Revelation3
List of Word Forms
αρχαι αρχαί ἀρχαὶ αρχαις αρχαίς ἀρχαῖς αρχας αρχάς ἀρχάς ἀρχὰς ΑΡΧΗ αρχή άρχη ἀρχή ἀρχὴ ἀρχῇ αρχην αρχήν ἀρχὴν ΑΡΧΗΣ αρχής ἀρχῆς archai archaì archais archaîs archas archás archàs ARCHe ARCHĒ archḗ archḕ archêi archē̂i archen archēn archḕn ARCHeS archês ARCHĒS archē̂s
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