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Old & New Testament Greek

Entry for Strong's #991 - βλέπω

Transliteration:
blépō
Phonetics:
blep'-o  
Word Origin:
a primary word
Parts of Speech:
Verb
TDNT:
5:315,706
Word Definition  [ Thayer's | Strong's ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to see, discern, of the bodily eye
    1. with the bodily eye: to be possessed of sight, have the power of seeing
    2. perceive by the use of the eyes: to see, look descry
    3. to turn the eyes to anything: to look at, look upon, gaze at
    4. to perceive by the senses, to feel
    5. to discover by use, to know by experience
  2. metaph. to see with the mind's eye
    1. to have (the power of) understanding
    2. to discern mentally, observe, perceive, discover, understand
    3. to turn the thoughts or direct the mind to a thing, to consider, contemplate, to look at, to weigh carefully, examine
  3. in a geographical sense of places, mountains, buildings, etc. turning towards any quarter, as it were, facing it
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1870 ‑ דֶּרֶךְ (deh'‑rek);   2372 ‑ חָזָה (khaw‑zaw);   5027 ‑ נָבַט (naw‑bat');   5048 ‑ נֶגֶד (neh'‑ghed);   5870 ‑ עַיִן (ah'‑yin);   6049 ‑ עָנַן (aw‑nan');   6437 ‑ פָּנָה (paw‑naw');   6440 ‑ פָּנֶה (paw‑neem');   6493 ‑ פִּקֵּחַ (pik‑kay'‑akh);   7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');   8259 ‑ שָׁקַף (shaw‑kaf');  
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βλέπω,

Sol. 11.8, etc.: impf. ἔβλεπον Batr. 67: fut. βλέψομαι D. 25.98, Dor. inf. βλεψεῖσθαι IG 4.951.75 (Epid.), later βλέψω LXX Isaiah 6:9, Aristid. 2.46J., etc.: aor. ἔβλεψα (v. infr.): pf. βέβλεφα (ἀπο-) Antip.Stoic. 3.254 (codd. Stob.); βέβλοφα (ἐμ-) PLond. 1.42.21 (ii A. D.): Pass., aor. ἐβλέφθην (προς-) Plu. 2.68of: pf. βέβλεμμαι to be supplied in Ath. 10.409c, cf. Eust. 1401.16:

I chiefly in pres. and aor. Act. in early writers: Med. (exc. fut.) and Pass. only late: see, have the power of sight (dist. fr. ὁρῶ perceive, be aware of, cf. Plot. 6.7.37), opp. τυφλός εἰμι, S. OT 302, cf. 348, OC 73, Ar. Pl. 15, etc.; βλέποντες ἔβλεπον μάτην A. Pr. 447; βλέποντας ἀθλιωτάτους Alex. 234; μὴ βλέπων ὁ μάντις ᾖ lest he see too clearly, S. OT 747; ὁ βλέπων the seer, Hebraism in LXX 1 Kings 9:9; ὀλίγον βλέπων short- sighted, POxy. 39.9 (i A. D.).

II

1. look, βλέφ' ὧδε S. Tr. 402; ἐπὶ ἐμοί Id. Aj. 345 (s. v.l.); εἴς τι A. Pers. 802; ἐπί τι Th. 7.71; εἰς τὰ τούτων πρόσωπα D. 18.283; πῶς βλέπων; with what face? S. Ph. 110; ὄμμασιν ποίοις β.; Id. OT 1371; β. ἅμα πρόσσω καὶ ὀπίσσω Pl. Cra. 428d: with Adv., φιλοφρόνως, ἐχθρῶς β. πρός τινας, X. Mem. 3.10.4, Smp. 4.58: freq. folld. by noun in acc., φόβον β. look terror, i. e. to look terrible, Θυιὰς ὣς φόβον βλέπων A. Th. 498; Com., ἔβλεψε νᾶπυ looked mustard, Ar. Eq. 631; ἀνδρεῖον.. καὶ βλέποντ' ὀρίγανον Id. Ra. 603; βλεπόντων κάρδαμα Id. V. 455; πυρρίχην βλέπων looking like a war-dancer, Id. Av. 1169; αἴκειαν βλέπων looking like one disgraced, ib. 1671; σκύτη β., of a slave, Eup. 282, Ar. V. 643; β. ἀπιστίαν Eup. 309: also folld. by Adj., μέγα β. dub. in Semon. 19; φθονερὰ β. Pi. N. 4.39; γλίσχρον β. Euphro 10.16, cf. Men. Epit. 479, Jul. Caes. 309c: by inf., ἁρπάζειν β. Men. Epit. 181; ὀρχεῖσθαι μόνον β. Alex. 97: by part. neut., τί πεφροντικὸς βλέπεις; E. Alc. 773.

2. β. ἐς look to, rely on, εἰς ἔργον οὐδὲν γιγνόμενον βλέπετε Sol. 11.8; ἐς θεούς S. Ant. 923; οὐκέτ' ἐστὶν εἰς ὅ τι βλέπω Id. Aj. 514; ἔς σε δὴ βλέπω, ὅπως.. in the hope that.., Id. El. 954: metaph. also, have regard to, ἡ πολιτεία β. εἰς πλοῦτον Arist. Pol. 1293b14; of aspects, οἰκίαι πρὸς μεσημβρίαν βλέπουσαι.., X. Mem. 3.8.9; πέτρα βλέπουσα πρὸς νότον Str. 4.1.4; κάτω γὰρ οἱ ὀδόντες βλέπουσι Arist. HA 502a1; ὅταν τὸ οὖθαρ βλέπῃ κάτω ib. 523a2.

3. look longingly, expect, propose, c. inf., Ar. Ach. 376, V. 847.

4. look to a thing, beware, ἀπό τινος Mark 8:15; τι Philippians 3:2 : c. acc. pers., β. ἑαυτούς Mark 13:9; βλέπε σα(υ)τὸν ἀπὸ τῶν Ἰουδαίων BGU 1079.24 (i A. D.); β. ἵνα.. 1 Corinthians 16:10; β. ἑαυτοὺς ἵνα μὴ.. 2 John 8:1-59; βλέπετε τί ἀκούετε Mark 4:24.

III trans.,

1. see, behold, c. acc., S. Aj. 1042, etc.; ἐξ αὑτοῦ βλεπόμενον self- evident, S.E. M. 1.184; τὰ βλεπόμενα the visible universe, LXX Wi. 13.7.

2. ζῇ τε καὶ β. φάος sees the light of day, A. Pers. 299, cf. E. Hel. 60; νόστιμον β. φάος A. Pers. 261; βλέποντα νῦν μὲν ὄρθ' ἔπειτα δὲ σκότον (i. e. being blind) S. OT 419: hence, without φάος, to be alive, ζῶντα καὶ βλέποντα A. Ag. 677; βλέποντα κἀμπνέοντα S. Ph. 883, cf. 1349, Aj. 962; of things, ἀληθῆ καὶ βλέποντα actually existing, A. Ch. 844.

3. look for, μεῖζόν τι β. Pl. Chrm. 172c.

4. Astrol. of signs equidistant from the tropical points, to be in aspect, β. ἄλληλα Ptol. Tetr. 36, Heph.Astr. 1.9. (βλέφαρα occurs in Hom., but not βλέπω exc. in Batr. l.c.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 βλέπω; (imperfect ἔβλεπον); future βλεψω; 1aorist ἔβλεψα; (present passive βλέπομαι); the Sept. for רָאָה, פָּנָה, חָזָה, הִבִּיט; in Greek writings from Aeschylus down; to see, discern:

1. With the bodily eye;

a. to be possessed of sight, have the power of seeing, opposed to τυφλός: Matthew 12:22; Matthew 13:16; Matthew 15:31; John 9:7,15, 19,25; Acts 9:9; Romans 11:8,10; Revelation 3:18, etc. ( Sophocles Oed. Colossians 73; Aristophanes Plutarch, 15; Xenophon, mem. 1,3, 4; Aelian v. h. 6,12, etc. Exodus 4:11; Exodus 23:8, etc. Tobit 11:15). τό βλέπειν sight, the power of seeing, Luke 7:21 ( G L T Tr WH omit τό).

b. to perceive by the use of the eyes, to see, look, descry; α. absolutely: βλεπόντων αὐτῶν while they were looking, Acts 1:9; (Acts 22:11> Tr marginal reading WH marginal reading); ἔρχου καί βλέπε, Rec. in Revelation 6:1,3, 5,7. β. with the accusative of person or thing: Matthew 7:3; Matthew 11:4; Matthew 24:2; Mark 5:31; Mark 8:23; Mark 13:2; Luke 6:41; Luke 24:12 ( T omits; L Tr brackets WH reject the verse); John 1:29; Acts 4:14, etc.; ( Revelation 18:18 Rec. ὁρῶντες); τήν φωνήν, him who uttered the voice, Revelation 1:12; ὅραμα, Acts 12:9; he who has free access to one, as princes, ministers, and personal friends have to a king, is said βλέπειν τό πρόσωπον τίνος (הַמֶּלֶך פְּנֵי רֹאֵי 2 Kings 25:19; Jeremiah 52:25; Esther 1:14); hence, in Matthew 18:10 angels of closest access or of highest rank are referred to (see ἀρχάγγελος). Passive τά βλεπόμενα the things that are seen: 2 Corinthians 4:18; Hebrews 11:3 ( L T Tr WH τό βλεπόμενον the sum-total or complex of things seen); ἐλπίς βλεπομένη hope of things that are seen, i. e. that are present, Romans 8:24.

c. to turn the eyes to anything, to look at, look upon, gaze at: γυναῖκα, Matthew 5:28; εἰς τί or τινα ( Winer's Grammar, § 33g.), Luke 9:62; John 13:22; Acts 3:4; εἰς τόν οὐρανόν, Acts 1:11 T Tr WH; in the sense of looking into (i. e. in order to read), βιβλίον, Revelation 5:3f.

d. universally, to perceive by the senses, to feel: τόν ἄνεμον ἰσχυρόν ( T WH omit ἰσχυρόν), Matthew 14:30 (κτυπον δέδορκα, Aeschylus sept. 104).

e. to discover by use, to know by experience: τί, Romans 7:23; followed by ὅτι, 2 Corinthians 7:8; by attract. τό θηρίον, ὅτι κτλ., Revelation 17:8; ὑπέρ βλέπει με for ὑπέρ τοῦτο, βλέπει με ὄντα, lest he think me greater than on personal knowledge he finds me to be, 2 Corinthians 12:6.

2. metaphorically, to see with the mind's eye;

a. to have (the power of) understanding: βλέποντες οὐ βλέπουσι, though endued with understanding they do not understand, Matthew 13:13; Luke 8:10.

b. to discern mentally, observe, perceive, discover, understand; absolutely: δἰ ἐσόπτρου, 1 Corinthians 13:12; of the omniscient God βλέπων ἐν τῷ κρύπτω seeing in secret, where man sees nothing, Matthew 6:4,6, 18 (here L T Tr WH βλέπων ἐν τῷ κρυφαίῳ); ἐγγίζουσαν τήν ἡμέραν, Hebrews 10:25 (from certain external signs); Ἰησοῦν ... ἐστεφανωμένον, we see (from his resurrection and from the effects and witness of the Holy Spirit) Jesus crowned, Hebrews 2:9; followed by ὅτι, Hebrews 3:19; James 2:22.

c. to turn the thoughts or direct the mind to a thing, to consider, contemplate, look to; absolutely βλέπετε take heed: Mark 13:23,33; with an accusative of the thing or person, 1 Corinthians 1:26; 1 Corinthians 10:18; 2 Corinthians 10:7; Philippians 3:2; Colossians 2:5; followed by πῶς with indicative ( Winer s Grammar, 300 (282); Buttmann, 255 (219)), Luke 8:18; 1 Corinthians 3:10; Ephesians 5:15; to weigh carefully, examine, followed by the interrogative τί with indicative Mark 4:24; εἰς πρόσωπον τίνος, to look at i. e. have regard to one's external condition — used of those who are influenced by partiality: Matthew 22:16; Mark 12:14. By a use not found in Greek authors ἑαυτόν βλέπειν to look to oneself (equivalent to sibi cavere): Mark 13:9; followed by ἵνα μή (cf. Buttmann, 242 (209)), 2 John 1:8; βλέπειν ἀπό τίνος (equivalent to sibi cavere ab aliquo) to beware of one ( Winer s Grammar, 223 (209), cf. 39 (38); Buttmann, 242 (209), cf. 323 (278)), Mark 8:15; Mark 12:38; look to in the sense of providing, taking care: followed by ἵνα, 1 Corinthians 16:10; followed by μή with subjunctive aorist, Matthew 24:4; Mark 13:5; Luke 21:8; Acts 13:40; 1 Corinthians 8:9 (μήπως); 1 Corinthians 10:12; Galatians 5:15; Hebrews 12:25; followed by μή with future indicative, Colossians 2:8; Hebrews 3:12. The Greeks say ὁρᾶν μή (cf. Winer s Grammar, 503 (468f); Buttmann, 242 f (209)).

3. in a geographical sense, like Latin specto (English look), of places, mountains, buildings, etc., turned toward any quarter, as it were facing it: followed by κατά with the accusative, Acts 27:12 (cf. Buttmann, D. American edition under the word ) (the Sept. ( Numbers 21:20); Ezekiel 11:1; (Ezekiel 44:1; 47:1>); πρός, Xenophon, Hell. 7,1, 17; mem. 3,8, 9; Herodian, 6,5, 2; ( Diogenes Laërtius 1,2, 48; the Sept. Ezekiel 9:2; Ezekiel 40:24; (Ezekiel 46:1>); εἰς, Ezekiel 8:3>, etc. (for other examples see Sophocles Lexicon, under the word)). (Synonym: see under the word ὁράω. Compare: ἀναβλέπω, ἀποβλέπω, διαβλέπω, ἐμβλέπω, ἐπιβλέπω, περιβλέπω, προβλέπω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Frequency / Word / Parsing Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (135)NAS (129)HCS (132)
Matthew17
Mark14
Luke14
John15
Acts12
Romans5
1 Corinthians7
2 Corinthians4
Galatians1
Ephesians1
Philippians1
Colossians3
Hebrews8
James1
2 John1
Revelation15
Matthew16
Mark14
Luke14
John15
Acts13
Romans5
1 Corinthians7
2 Corinthians4
Galatians1
Ephesians1
Philippians1
Colossians3
Hebrews8
James1
2 John1
Revelation12
Matthew20
Mark15
Luke16
John17
Acts13
Romans6
1 Corinthians7
2 Corinthians7
Galatians1
Ephesians1
Philippians3
Colossians3
Hebrews8
James1
2 John1
Revelation13
List of Word Forms
Βλεπε Βλέπε βλεπει βλέπει βλεπειν βλέπειν βλεπεις βλέπεις βλεπετε βλέπετε βλεπετω βλεπέτω βλεπέτωσαν βλεπη βλέπη βλέπῃ βλεπης βλέπης βλέπῃς Βλεπομεν Βλέπομεν βλεπομενα βλεπόμενα βλεπομενη βλεπομένη βλεπομενον βλεπόμενον βλεπομενων βλεπομένων βλέπον βλεποντα βλέποντα βλεποντας βλέποντας βλεποντες βλέποντες βλέποντος βλεποντων βλεπόντων βλέποντων βλεπουσα βλεπουσά βλέπουσα βλέπουσαι βλέπουσαν βλεπούσης βλεπουσι βλέπουσι βλεπουσιν βλέπουσιν βλεπουσών Βλεπω Βλέπω βλεπων βλέπων βλεπωσι βλέπωσι βλέπωσιν βλέφαρα βλέφαρά βλεφάροις βλεφάρων βλεψετε βλέψετε βλέψη βλέψητε Βλεψον Βλέψον έβλεπε εβλεπεν ἔβλεπεν εβλεπον έβλεπον ἔβλεπον εβλέποντο εβλεψα έβλεψα ἔβλεψα ἐμβλέποντες Blepe blepē Blépe blepei blépei blépēi blepein blépein blepeis blépeis blépēis blepes blepēs blepete blépete blepeto blepetō blepéto blepétō Blepo Blepō Blépo Blépō Blepomen Blépomen blepomena blepómena blepomene blepomenē blepoméne blepoménē blepomenon blepomenōn blepoménon blepoménōn blepómenon blepon blepōn blépon blépōn bleponta bléponta blepontas blépontas blepontes blépontes bleponton blepontōn blepónton blepóntōn bleposin blepōsin bléposin blépōsin blepousi blépousi blepousin blépousin blepsete blépsete Blepson Blépson eblepen éblepen eblepon éblepon eblepsa éblepsa emblepontes emblépontes estekate estēkate
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