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Old Testament Hebrew

Entry for Strong's #2181 - זָנָה

Word Origin:
a primitive root [highly-fed and therefore wanton]
Parts of Speech:
Word Definition  [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to commit fornication, be a harlot, play the harlot

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to be a harlot, act as a harlot, commit fornication

1a2) to commit adultery

1a3) to be a cult prostitute

1a4) to be unfaithful (to God) (figuratively)

1b) (Pual) to play the harlot

1c) (Hiphil)

1c1) to cause to commit adultery

1c2) to force into prostitution

1c3) to commit fornication

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1712 ‑ ἐμπόριον (em‑por'‑ee‑on);   4204 ‑ πόρνη (por'‑nay);   4203 ‑ πορνεύω (porn‑yoo'‑o);   1608 ‑ ἐκπορνεύω (ek‑porn‑yoo'‑o);  
Frequency / Word  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (93)NAS (69)HCS (57)
1 Kings1
1 Chronicles1
2 Chronicles2
1 Kings2
1 Chronicles1
2 Chronicles2
1 Chronicles1
2 Chronicles3
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1152) nz (זנ ZN) AC: Harvest CO: Mattock AB: ?: The pictograph z is a picture of an agricultural cutting implement such as the mattock or hoe. The n is a picture of a seed. Combined these mean "mattock of the seed". One of the many agricultural tools was a hoe or mattock. This implement had a wide blade for cutting a plant stalks at the roots. The crops were harvested for a supply of foods, which were stored in jars.

A) nz (זנ ZN) AC: ? CO: Harvest AB: ?

Nm ) nz (זנ ZN) - Kind: A species of plant or animal. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (7): kind, diverse kinds, all manners of store - Strongs: H2177 (זַן), H2178 (זַן)

B) nnz (זננ ZNN) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Whoredom: In the sense of being spread broad.

dm) nfnz (זנונ ZNWN) - Whoredom: KJV (12): whoredom - Strongs: H2183 (זְנוּנִים)

C) nza (אזנ AZN) AC: Hear CO: Ear AB: Balance: The broad ear for picking up sounds.

V) nza (אזנ AZN) - H (vf: Hiphil, Piel) |kjv: give ear, hearken, hear, gave good heed - Strongs: H238 (אָזַן), H239 (אָזַן)

Nm ) nza (אזנ AZN) - Weapon: A broad sharp blade like a mattock. KJV (1): weapon - Strongs: H240 (אָזֵן)

gf) nzfa (אוזנ AWZN) - KJV (187): ear, audience, hearing - Strongs: H241 (אֹזֶן)

agm ) nzafm (מואזנ MWAZN) - Balance: A pair of scales used for weighing. From the ear as the place where balance is determined. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (16): balances - Strongs: H3976 (מֹאזְנַיִם), H3977 (מֹאזְנֵא)

H) enz (זנה ZNH) AC: ? CO: Whore AB: Whoredom: In the sense of being spread broad.

V) enz (זנה ZNH) - Whore: KJV (93): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Pual) harlot, go whoring, whoredom, whore, commit fornication, whorish - Strongs: H2181 (זָנָה)

Nf3) tfnz (זנות ZNWT) - Whoredom: KJV (9): whoredom - Strongs: H2184 (זְנוּת)

if3) tfnzt (תזנות TZNWT) - Whoredom: KJV (20): whoredom, fornication - Strongs: H8457 (תַּזְנֻת)

J) nfz (זונ ZWN) AC: Feed CO: Food AB: ?: Food harvested from the crops or flock.

V) nfz (זונ ZWN) - Feed: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (2): (vf: Hophal) fed - Strongs: H2109 (זוּן), H2110 (זוּן)

Nf) nfz (זונ ZWN) - Flesh: KJV (1): armour - Strongs: H2185 (זֹנָה)

am) nfzm (מזונ MZWN) - Meat: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (4): meat, victuals - Strongs: H4202 (מָזוֹן), H4203 (מָזוֹן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
[ זָנָה verb commit fornication, be a harlot (Arabic commit fornication, Aramaic , זנא; compare Ethiopic effusio seminis virilis, seman effusum, Di1055; on this and (compare by Ges and others) see Prät BAS i. 32, Anm.) —

Qal Perfect ׳ז Deuteronomy 31:16, זָָֽנְתָה Genesis 38:34 3t., etc.; Imperfect יִזְנֶ֯ה (Kt) Ezekiel 23:43; תִּזְנֶה Leviticus 19:29 4t.; וַתִּ֫זֶן Jeremiah 3:8; Ezekiel 23:5; תִּזְנִי Hosea 3:3; וַתִּזְנִי Jeremiah 3:6 (but read probably וַתִּזְנִי ׃וַתִּזֶן is not Aramaic form of 3 feminine singular, see Kö i. 540 Kau§ 47 g b) Ezekiel 16:15 4t.; וַתִּזְנִים Ezekiel 16:28; יִזְנוּ (Qr) Ezekiel 23:43; וַיִּזְנוּ Judges 8:27 4t.; תִּזְנֶינָה Hosea 4:13,14; וַתִּזְנֶינָה Ezekiel 23:3; Infinitive absolute זָנֹה Hosea 1:2; construct לִזְנוֺת Leviticus 20:5 3t.; לִזְנֹת Leviticus 20:6; suffix בִּזְנוֺתֵךְ Ezekiel 23:30; Participle זוֺנֶה Psalm 73:27; Ezekiel 6:9; זֹנֶה Hosea 4:15; plural זֹנִים Leviticus 17:7 3t.; זוֺנָה Deuteronomy 23:19 25t.; זֹנָה Leviticus 21:7 2t.; זוֺנוֺת Proverbs 29:3; זֹנוֺת Hosea 4:14 4t. —

1 be or act as a harlot, absolute Genesis 38:24 (J), Deuteronomy 22:21 (D), Leviticus 21:9 (H), Hosea 4:13,14; Amos 7:17; זונה + (ה)אשׁה Joshua 2:1; Joshua 6:22 (J), Leviticus 21:7 (H), Judges 11:1; Judges 16:1; Proverbs 6:26; Jeremiah 3:3; Ezekiel 16:30; Ezekiel 23:44; זוֺנָה Genesis 34:31; Genesis 38:15; Joshua 6:17,25 (all J), Deuteronomy 23:19; Leviticus 21:14 (H), Proverbs 7:10; Proverbs 23:27; Isaiah 23:15,16; Joel 4:3; Micah 1:7 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 16:31; נָשִׁים זֹנוֺת 1 Kings 3:16; ז(ו)נות 1 Kings 22:38; Proverbs 29:3; Hosea 3:3; Hosea 4:14; Ezekiel 16:33; בית זונה Jeremiah 5:7; commit fornication, man's act אל׳ז Numbers 25:1 (J); of woman's act Judges 19:2; of land given to harlotry Leviticus 19:29.

2 figurative of improper intercourse with foreign nations (religious reference sometimes involved) את׳ז Isaiah 23:17; אחרי Ezekiel 23:30; אל Ezekiel 16:26,28 (twice in verse); תַזְנוּתיה׳ז Ezekiel 23:43; Nahum 3:4; וַתִּזֶן אָהֳלָה תַחְתָּ֑י and Ohola committed fornication (whilst) under me Ezekiel 23:5 (compare Numbers 5:19).

3 of intercourse with other deities, considered as harlotry, sometimes involving actual prostitution, אחרי׳ז Exodus 34:15,16; Deuteronomy 31:16 (all J), Leviticus 17:7; Leviticus 20:5 (twice in verse) (all H), Judges 2:17; Judges 8:27,33; 1 Chronicles 5:25; Ezekiel 6:9; Ezekiel 20:30; after אֹבֹת, etc. Leviticus 20:6 (H), one's own heart & eyes Numbers 15:39 (H); especially of Israel, Judah, and Jerusalem under figure of lewd woman Ezekiel 16:15 (absolute) Ezekiel 16:16 (על במית), Ezekiel 16:17 (בְ׳ז), Ezekiel 23:3 (twice in verse); Ezekiel 23:19 (absolute), Jeremiah 3:1 (with accusative); Jeremiah 3:6; Jeremiah 3:8 (absolute); absolute elsewhere Hosea 2:7; Hosea 4:15; Isaiah 57:3; Psalm 106:39; as leaving ׳י, followed by מֵעַל Hosea 9:1; מאחרי Hosea 1:2 (twice in verse); מתחת Hosea 4:12; followed by מן alone Psalm 73:27; ז(ו)נה Jeremiah 2:20; Ezekiel 16:35,41; בית זונה Jeremiah 5:7; לִבָּם הַזּוֺנֶה their whorish heart Ezekiel 6:9.

4זונה of moral defection Isaiah 1:21.

Pu`al Perfect 3 masculine singular אַהֲרַיִךְ לֹא זוּנָּה fornication was not done (in going) after thee Ezekiel 16:34 (but strike out Co).

Hiph`il Perfect 2 masculine singular הִזְנֵיתָ Hosea 5:3; 3 plural חִזְנוּ Hosea 4:10,18; Exodus 34:16; Imperfect וַיֶּ֫זֶן 2 Chronicles 21:11; וַתַּזְנֶה 2 Chronicles 21:13; Infinitive absolute הַזְנֵה Hosea 4:18; construct הַזְנוֺת 2 Chronicles 21:13; suffix לְהַזְנוֺתָהּ Leviticus 19:29.

1 cause to commit fornication:

a. sexual Leviticus 19:29 (H).

b. religious Exodus 34:16 (J), 2 Chronicles 21:11,13 (twice in verse).

2 commit fornication:

a. sexual Hosea 4:10.

b. religious Hosea 4:18 (twice in verse); Hosea 5:3.


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius Definition

זָנָה fut. יִזְנֶח apoc. וַיִּזֶן

(1)  to commit fornication. (Arab. زنى coivit, to commit fornication; Syr. ܙܢܳܐ id.; Eth. ዘመወ፡, although Nun is retained in ዝኔት፡ semen coitus.) Attributed properly and chiefly to a woman; whether married (when it may be rendered, to commit adultery) or unmarried, Genesis 38:24; Leviticus 19:29; Hosea 3:3 and it is construed with an accusative following of the fornicator or adulterer, Jeremiah 3:1; Ezekiel 16:28; Isaiah 23:17 (unless אֶת in this place is with); also followed by בְּ (to commit fornication with), Ezekiel 16:17 אֶל Ezekiel 16:26, 28 Ezekiel 16:28 very often followed by אַחֲרֵי, prop. to go a whoring after, to follow a paramour, Ezekiel 16:34 Levit. 17:7 20:5, Leviticus 20:6; Deuteronomy 31:16, etc. On the other hand, מִן is put before the husband from whom the adulteress departs in committing whoredom, against whom she transgresses, Psalms 73:27 מֵאַחֲרֵי Hosea 1:2 מִתַּחַת Hosea 4:12, and תַּחַת Ezekiel 23:5 (comp. Numbers 5:19, 29 ); מֵעַל Hosea 9:1, and עַל Judges 19:2 (where, however, the reading is doubtful); Ezekiel 16:15 (she committed adultery with a husband; i.e. whilst she had a husband, she thus transgressed against him). Part. זוֹנָה a harlot, whore, prostitute, Genesis 38:15; Deuteronomy 23:19, and more fully אִשָּׁה זוֹנָה Leviticus 21:7; Joshua 2:1; Judges 11:1 nor are those to be listened to, who, in some passages, for instance in that cited from Joshua, understand a hostess, a keeper of a house of entertainment, from זוּן to feed. This word is rarely used of a male paramour, as Numbers 25:1, followed by אֶל (comp. Arab. زَان for زَانىُ a whoremonger).

(2) It is very often used figuratively

(a) of idolatry, [to go a whoring after strange gods, ] (the prophets shadowing forth the relation in which God stood to the people of Israel by the marriage union, see Hosea 1:2; Ezekiel 16:23 so that the people worshipping strange gods is compared to an adulterous woman). For the prepositions which follow, see above, No. 1. A very common expression is זָנָה אַחֲרֵי אֱלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים to go a whoring after strange gods, Leviticus 17:7, 20:5, Leviticus 20:6; Deuteronomy 31:16; Judges 2:17 also, זָנָה מִתַּחַת אֱלֹהָיו to go a whoring, departing from one’s own God, see above. The expression also is used זָנָה אַחֲרֵי הַגּוֹיִם to go a whoring after (i.e. imitating) the gentiles, Ezekiel 23:30.

(b) of superstitions connected with idolatry: זָנָה אַחֲרֵי הָאֹבוֹת to go a whoring after (following) necromancers, Levit. 20:6.

(c) of the commerce of gentile nations amongst themselves. Spoken of Tyre, Isaiah 23:17, “she committed fornication with all the peoples of the earth;” compare Nahum 3:4 and אֶתְנָן.

Pual זוּנָּה pass. Ezekiel 16:34.

Hiphil הִזְנָה fut. apoc. יֶזֶן

(1) to seduce to fornication, Exodus 34:16 to cause to commit fornication, Leviticus 19:29.

(2) intrans. like Kal, properly to commit fornication, Hosea 4:10, 18 5:3.

Derivatives, זְנוּנִים, זְנוּת, תַּזְנוּת.

List of Word Forms
בִּזְנוֹתֵךְ֙ בַּזּוֹנָ֔ה בזונה בזנותך הִזְנ֔וּ הִזְנ֖וּ הִזְנֵ֣יתָ הַ֠זּוֹנָה הַזְנֵ֣ה הַזֹּנ֕וֹת הַזֹּנ֣וֹת הַזֹּנִ֣ים הַזּוֹנֶ֗ה הַזּוֹנָ֑ה הַזּוֹנָ֜ה הַזּוֹנָֽה׃ הַכְזוֹנָ֕ה הזונה הזונה׃ הזנה הזנו הזנות הזנים הזנית הכזונה וְהִזְנוּ֙ וְזָֽנְתָ֛ה וְזָנ֣וּ וְזָנ֣וּ ׀ וְזָנָ֣ה ׀ וַ֝יִּזְ֗נוּ וַיִּזְנ֖וּ וַיִּזְנ֗וּ וַיִּזְנ֧וּ וַיֶּ֙זֶן֙ וַתִּ֥זֶן וַתִּזְנִ֕ים וַתִּזְנִ֖י וַתִּזְנִ֧י וַתִּזְנִי֙ וַתִּזְנִי־ וַתִּזְנֶ֣ינָה וַתִּזְנֶ֤ה וַתִּזְנֶֽה׃ וַתַּזְנֶ֤ה והזנו וזנה וזנו וזנתה ויזן ויזנו ותזן ותזנה ותזנה׃ ותזני ותזני־ ותזנים ותזנינה ז֝וֹנ֗וֹת ז֝וֹנָ֗ה זְנוּנֵ֣י זָֽנְתָה֙ זָנ֑וּ זָנ֗וּ זָנְתָ֖ה זָנִ֖יתָ זָנִית֙ זָנֹ֤ה זֹנ֖וֹת זֹנִ֖ים זֹנִֽים׃ זֹנֶ֤ה זֹנָ֔ה זֹנָ֤ה זֹנָֽה׃ זוֹנֶ֥ה זוֹנָ֑ה זוֹנָ֔ה זוֹנָ֖ה זוֹנָ֗ה זוֹנָ֛ה זוֹנָ֜ה זוֹנָ֣ה זוֹנָה֙ זוּנָּ֑ה זונה זונות זנה זנה׃ זנו זנוני זנות זנים זנים׃ זנית זנתה יִזְנ֥וּ יזנו כְּהַזְנ֖וֹת כַּזּוֹנָ֖ה כהזנות כזונה לְהַזְנוֹתָ֑הּ לְזוֹנָ֑ה לְזוֹנָ֔ה לִזְנ֑וֹת לִזְנ֖וֹת לִזְנ֛וֹת להזנותה לזונה לזנות מִזּוֹנָ֔ה מזונה תִּזְנֶ֙ינָה֙ תִּזְנֶה֙ תִזְנִ֔י תִזְנֶ֗ינָה תִזְנֶ֣ה תִזְנֶה֙ תזנה תזני תזנינה baz·zō·w·nāh bazzoNah bazzōwnāh biz·nō·w·ṯêḵ biznoteCh biznōwṯêḵ hachzoNah haḵ·zō·w·nāh haḵzōwnāh haz·nêh haz·zō·nîm haz·zō·nō·wṯ haz·zō·w·nāh haz·zō·w·neh hazNeh haznêh hazzoNah hazzoNeh hazzoNim hazzōnîm hazzoNot hazzōnōwṯ hazzōwnāh hazzōwneh hiz·nê·ṯā hiz·nū hizNeita hiznêṯā hizNu hiznū kaz·zō·w·nāh kazzoNah kazzōwnāh kə·haz·nō·wṯ kehazNot kəhaznōwṯ lə·haz·nō·w·ṯāh lə·zō·w·nāh lehaznoTah ləhaznōwṯāh lezoNah ləzōwnāh liz·nō·wṯ lizNot liznōwṯ miz·zō·w·nāh mizzoNah mizzōwnāh tiz·ne·nāh ṯiz·ne·nāh tiz·neh ṯiz·neh ṯiz·nî tizneh ṯizneh tizNeinah tiznenāh ṯiznenāh tizNi ṯiznî vaiYezen vaiyizNu vattazNeh vatTizen vattizNeh vattizNeinah vattizni vattizNim vehizNu vezaNah vezaneTah vezaNu wat·taz·neh wat·ti·zen wat·tiz·ne·nāh wat·tiz·neh wat·tiz·nî wat·tiz·nî- wat·tiz·nîm wattazneh wattizen wattizneh wattiznenāh wattiznî wattiznî- wattiznîm way·ye·zen way·yiz·nū wayyezen wayyiznū wə·hiz·nū wə·zā·nāh wə·zā·nə·ṯāh wə·zā·nū wəhiznū wəzānāh wəzānəṯāh wəzānū yiz·nū yizNu yiznū zā·nə·ṯāh zā·nî·ṯā zā·nîṯ zā·nōh zā·nū zaneTah zānəṯāh zaNit zānîṯ zaNita zānîṯā zaNoh zānōh zaNu zānū zə·nū·nê zənūnê zenuNei zō·nāh zō·neh zō·nîm zō·nō·wṯ zō·w·nāh zō·w·neh zō·w·nō·wṯ zoNah zōnāh zoNeh zōneh zoNim zōnîm zoNot zōnōwṯ zōwnāh zōwneh zōwnōwṯ zūn·nāh zunNah zūnnāh
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