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Old Testament Hebrew

Entry for Strong's #834 - אֲשֶׁר

Transliteration:
'ăsher
Phonetics:
ash-er'  
Word Origin:
a primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number)
Parts of Speech:
N/A
TWOT:
184
Word Definition  [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs' | Strong's ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition
  1. (relative part.)
    1. which, who
    2. that which
  2. (conj)
    1. that (in obj clause)
    2. when
    3. since
    4. as
    5. conditional if
Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2526 ‑ καθό (kath‑o');   5101 ‑ τίς (tis);   5101 ‑ τίς (tis);   5158 ‑ τρόπος (trop'‑os);   2509 ‑ καθάπερ (kath‑ap'‑er);   2530 ‑ καθότι (kath‑ot'‑ee);   3778 ‑ αὗται (hoo'‑tos, hoo'‑toy, how'‑tay, how'‑tahee);   5158 ‑ τρόπος (trop'‑os);  
Frequency / Word  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (111)NAS (1337)HCS (3338)
Genesis44
Exodus15
Leviticus2
Numbers5
Deuteronomy8
Joshua5
Judges4
1 Samuel3
2 Samuel3
1 Kings2
2 Kings1
Nehemiah1
Ecclesiastes4
Isaiah5
Jeremiah1
Zephaniah1
Zechariah1
Genesis239
Exodus167
Leviticus199
Numbers194
Deuteronomy364
Joshua137
Judges109
Ruth22
1 Samuel140
2 Samuel112
1 Kings235
2 Kings176
1 Chronicles62
2 Chronicles163
Ezra16
Nehemiah52
Esther58
Job26
Psalms79
Proverbs11
Ecclesiastes50
Song of Solomon1
Isaiah112
Jeremiah279
Lamentations5
Ezekiel207
Daniel34
Hosea7
Joel8
Amos9
Obadiah1
Jonah9
Micah13
Nahum2
Habakkuk2
Zephaniah5
Haggai6
Zechariah30
Malachi10
Genesis258
Exodus216
Leviticus168
Numbers185
Deuteronomy257
Joshua155
Judges112
Ruth27
1 Samuel138
2 Samuel98
1 Kings241
2 Kings205
1 Chronicles52
2 Chronicles177
Ezra11
Nehemiah59
Esther46
Job24
Psalms75
Proverbs10
Ecclesiastes71
Song of Solomon1
Isaiah122
Jeremiah281
Lamentations9
Ezekiel202
Daniel29
Hosea11
Joel11
Amos14
Obadiah4
Jonah10
Micah14
Nahum2
Habakkuk2
Zephaniah5
Haggai4
Zechariah27
Malachi5
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1480) rs (סהר ShR) AC: Tie CO: Cord AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth representing pressure, the r is a picture of the head representing the top or beginning. Combined these mean "press the beginning". Ropes and cords were usually made of bark strips such as from the cedar or from the sinew (tendon) of an animal. The rope is made by twisting two fibers together. A single fiber is attached to a fixed point (top) , and the two ends of the fiber are brought together. One fiber is twisted in a clockwise direction and wrapped over the other fiber in counter clockwise direction. The second fiber is then twisted in clockwise direction then wrapped around the first fiber in a counter clockwise direction. The process is repeated through the length of the rope. The twisting of the fibers in opposite directions causes the fibers to lock (press) onto each other making a stronger rope. The rope is used to tightly secure or support something, such as a load to a cart or the poles of the tent.

A) rs (סהר ShR) AC: ? CO: Cord AB: ?: Sinews were used for making cords by twisting them together. The umbilical cord, and navel, as a cord that binds the infant to the mother.

Nm) rs (סהר ShR) - Cord: The navel cord. KJV (2): navel - Strongs: H8270 (שֹׁר)

Nf1) ers (סהרה ShRH) - I. Bracelet:A cord around the wrist. II. Wall:As encircling a city. KJV (2): bracelet, wall - Strongs: H8284 (שָׁרָה), H8285 (שֵׁרָה)

hf1) ersm (מסהרה MShRH) - Juice: As loosened from the fruit. KJV (1): liquor - Strongs: H4952 (מִשְׁרָה)

mm) nrs (סהרנ ShRN) - Wall: As an armor around the city. [df: anrsa]KJV (2): wall - Strongs: H846 (אֻשַּׁרְנָא)

efjm/f ) nfiris (סהיריונ ShYRYWN) - Harness: An armor made from tightly wound cords of leather. KJV (11): habergeon, coat, harness, breastplate, brigadine - Strongs: H5630 (סִרְיוֹן), H8302 (שִׁרְיֹנָה)

B) rrs (סהרר ShRR) AC: ? CO: Cord AB: ?: Sinews were used for making cords by twisting them together. The umbilical cord, and navel, as a cord that binds the infant to the mother.

V) rrs (סהרר ShRR) - Enemy: As one who is to be tied up. KJV (5): (vf: Paal) enemy - Strongs: H8324 (שׁוֹרֵר)

Nm) rrs (סהרר ShRR) - Cord: KJV (1): navel - Strongs: H8326 (שֹׁרֶר)

bm) rirs (סהריר ShRYR) - Navel: KJV (1): navel - Strongs: H8306 (שָׁרִיר)

bf3) tfrirs (סהרירות ShRYRWT) - Imagination: A twisting together of thoughts. KJV (10): imagination, lust - Strongs: H8307 (שְׁרִרוּת)

C) rsa (אסהר AShR) AC: ? CO: Straight AB: ?: A cord pulled tight is straight.

V) rsa (אסהר AShR) - Happy: One who is happy is one whose life is lived straightly. KJV (16): (vf: Paal, Pual, Piel) blessed, lead, go, guide, happy, leader, relieve - Strongs: H833 (אָשֵׁר)

Nm) rsa (אסהר AShR) - I. Happy:One who is happy is one whose life is lived straightly. II. Which:Or who, what or that. As a rope attaches two objects together, this word links the action of the sentence to the one doing the action. [The short form " s " is used as a prefix meaning "who" or "which"] KJV (156): blessed, happy, which, wherewith, because, when, soon, as, that, until much, whosoever, whom, whose - Strongs: H834 (אֲשֶׁר), H835 (אֶשֶׁר)

df ) rfsa (אסהור AShWR) - Step: A walking in straight line. KJV (9): step, going - Strongs: H838 (אשׁר)

gm) rsfa (אוסהר AWShR) - Happy: One who is happy is one whose life is lived straightly. KJV (1): happy - Strongs: H837 (אֹשֶׁר)

idf) rfsat (תאסהור TAShWR) - Teashur: An unknown tree. Possibly a type of cedar from its bark strips which can be used for making cords. KJV (2): box - Strongs: H8391 (תְּאַשּׁוּר)

D) ras (סהאר ShAR) AC: Remain CO: Relative AB: ?: When the nomadic tribe was larger than could be maintained the family divided in the sense of severing the umbilical cord.

V) ras (סהאר ShAR) - Remain: KJV (133): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Participle) leave, remain, remnant, let, rest - Strongs: H7604 (שָׁאַר)

Nm) ras (סהאר ShAR) - I. Remnant:What is left behind. II. Kin:A near relative of another tribe. KJV (54): flesh, kinswoman, food, near, nigh, kin, body, kinsman, remnant, rest, residue, other - Strongs: H7605 (שְׁאָר), H7606 (שְׁאָר), H7607 (שְׁאֵר)

Nf1) eras (סהארה ShARH) - Kin: A near female relative. KJV (1): kinswoman - Strongs: H7608 (שַׁאֲרָה)

Nf4) tiras (סהארית ShARYT) - Remnant: KJV (66): remnant, residue, rest, remainder, escaped - Strongs: H7611 (שְׁאֵרִית)

lf1) ersrs (סהרסהרה ShRShRH) - Cord: KJV (7): chain - Strongs: H8333 (שַׁרְשְׁרָה)

H) ers (סהרה ShRH) AC: Loose CO: Cord AB: ?: The tying around of something with a cord, or the loosening of it.

V) ers (סהרה ShRH) - Loose: To untie something or to let something go. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Piel) loose, dissolve, dwell, began - Strongs: H8271 (שְׁרָא), H8281 (שָׁרָה), H8293 (שֵׁרוּת)

J) rfs (סהור ShWR) AC: ? CO: Caravan AB: ?: A group that travels around an area carrying loads. The bull is used as a beast of burden to carry loads.

V) rfs (סהור ShWR) - I. Caravan:To travel as a group of merchants with loads. II. See:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (18): (vf: Paal, Participle) went, sing, behold, see, look, observe, wait, regard, perceive - Strongs: H7788 (שׁוּר), H7789 (שׁוּר)

Nm) rfs (סהור ShWR) - I. Ox:Used for pulling heavy loads. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Wall:As tied around a city. [Hebrew and Aramaic] III. Enemy:As one who is to be tied up. KJV (93): ox, bullock, cow, bull, enemy, wall - Strongs: H7790 (שׁוּר), H7791 (שׁוּרָה), H7792 (שׁוּר), H7794 (שׁוֹר), H8450 (תּוֹר)

Nf1) erfs (סהורה ShWRH) - Row: As a wall. [df: hrwV] KJV (1): principle - Strongs: H7795 (שׂוֹרָה)

if1 ) erfst (תסהורה TShWRH) - Gift: As brought by a traveler. KJV (1): present - Strongs: H8670 (תְּשׁוּרָה)

L) rsi (יסהר YShR) AC: ? CO: Cord AB: ?: A tight rope is straight. A righteous one is one who is straight and firmly holds up truth just as the cord is straight and firmly holds the wall of the tent upright.

V) rsi (יסהר YShR) - I. Straight:To be in a straight line, path or thought. II. Remnant:[df: rty] KJV (134): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Pual, Piel, Participle) please, straight, direct, right, well, fit, good, meet, upright, remain, leave, rest, remainder, remnant, reserve, residue, plenteous, behind, excel, preserve - Strongs: H3474 (יָשַׁר), H3498 (יָתַר)

Nm ) rsi (יסהר YShR) - I. Cord:The cord of the bow. [df: rty]II. Straight:A straight line, path or thought. III. Remnant:[df: rty] KJV (220): cord, string, right, upright, righteous, straight, convenient, equity, just, meet, well, rest, remnant, residue, leave, excellency, exceeding, excellent, plentifully - Strongs: H3477 (יָשָׁר), H3499 (יֶתֶר)

gm ) rsfi (יוסהר YWShR) - Straightness: KJV (14): uprightness, right, upright, meet - Strongs: H3476 (יֹשֶׁר)

km) rsim (מיסהר MYShR) - I. Cord: II. Straight:What is straight. [df: rtym] KJV (28): cord, string, equity, uprightly, uprightness, right, agreement, aright, equal, sweetly - Strongs: H4339 (מֵישָׁרִים), H4340 (מֵיתָר)

hcm ) rfsim (מיסהור MYShWR) - Plain: A level, or straight, place. KJV (23): plain, equity, straight, even, right, righteously, uprightness - Strongs: H4334 (מִישֹׁר)

M) ris (סהיר ShYR) AC: Sing CO: Music AB: ?: A stringed musical instrument uses thin cords for making music.

V) ris (סהיר ShYR) - Sing: [df: rws] KJV (87): (vf: Paal, Hophal, Participle) sing, singer, behold - Strongs: H7891 (שׁוּר)

Nf ) ris (סהיר ShYR) - Song: KJV (90): song, musick, singing, musical, sing, singers - Strongs: H7892 (שִׁירָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2013
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 אֲשֶׁר particle of relation (Moabite id.; origin dubious:

1 according to Tsepreghi Diss. Lugd. p. 171 Mühlau Bö. Lb. ii. 79n. Sta Morg. Forsch. 1875,188; Lb. § 167 Hom ZMG 1878,708 ff. Müll§ 153 Sayce Hebraica. ii. 51 Lag M. i. 255 & especially Krae Hebraica. vi. 298 ff, originally a substantive 'place' = footstep, mark, (do.), אֲתַר, place, Assyrian ašru, used (see Kraetz.) both as a substantive 'there, where,' and as a relative of place 'where': in Hebrew this development has advanced further, and it has become a relative sign Generally. The chief objection to this explanation is that it would isolate Hebrew from the other Semitic languages, in which pronouns are formed regularly from demonstrative roots (compare also Nö ZMG 1886,738).

2 according to Phi St. C. 73 Sperling Nota Rel. im Hebr. 1876,15-22 for אֲשֶׁל, developed from the relative שׁ (q. v.) by (1) the prefixing of either a merely prosthetic א, or, better, a pronominal א (giving rise to אש, the form of the relative in Phoenician), and (2) the addition of the demonstrative root ל [found also in אֵל, אֵלָּה, הַלָּזֶה (q. v.), he who, who (plural)]: the main objection to this explanation is the change of ל to ר, which is hardly rendered probable by the compare of Syriac by side of ᵑ7הָלְכָּא. 1 seems preferable, the primitive root having acquired different significations in the different Semitic languages, and having been weakened in Hebrew to a mere particle of relation). A

sign of relation, bringing the clause introduced by it into relation with an antecedent clause. As a rule אֲשֶׁר is a mere

connecting link, and requires to be supplemented (see the grammars) by a pronominal affix, or other word, such as שָׁם, defining the nature of the relation more precisely: e.g. Genesis 1:11 אֲשֶׁר זַרֵעוֺבֿוֺ literally as to which, its seed is in it = in which is its seed, Psalm 1:4 like the chaff אֲשֶׁרתִּֿדְּפֶנּוּ רוּחַ as to which, the wind drives it = which the wind drives, etc.; & so אֲשֶׁרשָׁ֗֗֗ם = where, אֲשֶׁרמִ֗֗֗שָּׁם = whence, Genesis 2:11; Genesis 3:23; Genesis 20:13 etc. Sometimes also (see below) the relation expressed by it is specifically temporal, local causal, etc. More particularly

1 it includes its pronominal antecedent, whether in the nominative or oblique cases, as Numbers 22:6 וַאֲשֶׁר תָּאֹר יוּאָר and he whom thou cursest is cursed, Exodus 4:12 and I will teach thee אֲשֶׁר תְּדַבֵּר that which thou shalt say; and with particles or prepositions, as אֵת אֲשֶׁר (according to the context) him who . . ., those who . . ., that which . . .; לַאֲשֶׁר to him who . . . Genesis 43:16, to those who . . . Genesis 47:24, to that which Genesis 27:8; מֵאֲשֶׁר Judges 16:30; 2 Samuel 18:18 than those whom; Leviticus 27:24 לַאֲשֶׁרקָנָהוּ מֵאִתּוֺ to him from whom he bought it, Numbers 5:7; Isaiah 24:2 כַּאֲשֶׁר נשֶׁא בוֺ like him against whom there is a creditor.

2 instances of אֲשֶׁר followed by a pronominal affix, or by שָׁם, שָֽׁמָּה, מִשָּׁם, are so common that the examples cited above will be sufficient. Very rarely there occurs the anomalous construction עִם אֲשֶׁר Genesis 31:32 for אֲשֶׁר עִמּוֺ (see Genesis 44:9), בַּאֲשֶׁר Isaiah 47:12 for אֲשֶׁר בָּהֶם, לַאֲשֶׁר for אֲשֶׁרלָ֗֗֗הֶם Ezekiel 23:40: Psalm 119:49 see under על אשׁר. It is followed by the pronoun in the nominative, in the following cases: — ( a) immediately, mostly before an adjective or participle, Genesis 9:3 all moving things אֲשֶׁר הוּאחַֿי which are living, Leviticus 11:26; Numbers 9:13; Numbers 14:8,27; Numbers 35:31; Deuteronomy 20:20; 1 Samuel 10:19 (see Dr) 2 Kings 25:19 ("" Jeremiah 52:25 היה) Jeremiah 27:9; Ezekiel 43:19; Haggai 1:9; Ruth 4:15; Nehemiah 2:18; Ecclesiastes 7:26; before a verb 2 Kings 22:13 (omitted 2 Chronicles 34:21). ( b) in a negative sentence, at the end: Genesis 7:2; Genesis 17:12; Numbers 17:5; Deuteronomy 17:15 אֲשֶׁר לֹא אָחִיךָ הוּא who is not thy brother, Deuteronomy 20:15; Judges 19:12; 1 Kings 8:41 "" 1 Kings 9:20 "". N.B. Psalm 16:3 אֲשֶׁר בָּאָרֶץ הֵ֑מָּה is an unparalleled expression for 'who are in the land'; read ׳אֲשֶׁר בָּאָ֑רֶץ הֵמָּה אַדִּירֵי וג 'the saints that are in the land, they (המה) are the nobles, in whom,' etc.

3 sometimes (though rarely) the defining adjunct is a pronoun of 1or 2person as well as of 3person. In such cases it is strictly to be rendered I who . . ., thou who, etc.; Hosea 14:4 אֲשֶׁרבְּֿךָ יְרֻחַם יָתוֺם thou by whom the fatherless is compassionated ! Jeremiah 31:32 I, whose covenant they brake, Jeremiah 32:19; Isaiah 49:23; Job 37:17f. thou whose garments are warm . . ., canst thou ? etc., Psalm 71:19; Psalm 71:20; Psalm 144:12 we whose sons, etc., Psalm 139:15 my frame was not hidden from thee, אֲ֯שֶׁרעֻֿשֵּׂיתִי בַסֵּתֶר I who was wrought in secret (= though I was wrought in secret), Exodus 14:13 for ye who have seen the Egyptians to-day, — ye shall not see them again for ever! (compare Psalm 41:9).

4 the defining pron. adjunct is dispensed with

a. when אֲשֶׁר represents the simple subject of a sentence, or the direct object of a verb: so constantly, as Genesis 2:1 the work אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה which he made, Genesis 3:3 the tree אֲשֶׁר בְּתוֺךְ הַגָּן which is in the midst of the garden, etc.

b. after words denoting time, place, or manner, so that אֲשֶׁר then becomes equivalent to when, where, why: ( a) Genesis 6:4 אַחֲרֵי כֵן אֲשֶׁר afterwards, when, etc. (compare 2 Chronicles 35:20) Genesis 45:6 there are still 5 years אֲשֶׁר אֵין חָרִישׁ when there shall be no plowing, Joshua 14:10; 1 Kings 22:25; after יוֺם or הַיּוֺם Deuteronomy 4:10; Judges 4:14; 1 Samuel 24:5 (see Dr) 2 Samuel 19:25; Jeremiah 20:14 and elsewhere; similarly Genesis 40:13. (β) Genesis 35:13 בַּמָּקוֺם אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר אִתּוֺ in the place where he spake with him, Genesis 35:14; Genesis 39:20; Numbers 13:27; Numbers 22:26; Deuteronomy 1:31 in the desert which thou sawest, where (accents Ke Di), Deuteronomy 8:15; 1 Kings 8:9 (unless לוּחוֺת הַבְּרִית has here fallen out: see ᵐ5 & Deuteronomy 9:9) Isaiah 55:11; Isaiah 64:10; Psalm 84:4. So (γ) in אֶל אֲשֶׁר to (the place) which (or whither) Exodus 32:34; Ruth 1:16; אֶלכָּֿלאֲֿשֶׁר to every (place) whither Joshua 1:16; Proverbs 17:8; בַּאֲשֶׁר in (the place) where Judges 5:27; Judges 17:8,9; 1 Samuel 23:13; 2 Kings 8:1; Ruth 1:16,17; Job 39:30, once only with שָׁם Genesis 21:17; בְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר wheresoever Joshua 1:7,9; Judges 2:15; 1 Samuel 14:47; 1 Samuel 18:5; 2 Samuel 7:7; 2 Kings 18:7; מֵאֲשֶׁר from (the place) where = whencesoever Exodus 5:11; Ruth 2:9; עַלאֲֿשֶׁר to (the place) whither (or which) 2 Samuel 15:20; 1 Kings 18:12; עַלכָּֿלאֲֿשֶׁר Jeremiah 1:7. (δ) זֶה הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר ֗֗֗ this is the reason that or why . . . Joshua 5:4; 1 Kings 11:27.

c. more extreme instances Leviticus 14:22,30,31; Numbers 6:21; Deuteronomy 7:19 (wherewith), Deuteronomy 28:20; 1 Samuel 2:32 (wherein), 1 Kings 2:26; Judges 8:15 (about whom), Isaiah 8:12 (where יאמר would be followed normally by לוֺ), Isaiah 31:6 turn ye to (him as to) whom they have deeply rebelled, Isaiah 47:15; Zephaniah 3:11; Ecclesiastes 3:9; 1 Kings 14:19 (= how).

d. it is dispensed with only in appearance after ׅ׳אֲשֶׁר אָמַר (אָמַרְתִּי וג followed by the words used, its place being really taken by a pronoun in the speech which follows, as Genesis 3:17 the tree as to which I commanded thee saying, Thou shalt not eat from it, Exodus 22:8; Deuteronomy 28:68; Judges 7:4 (זֶה) Judges 8:15 (where the noun repeated takes the place of the pronoun, compare Deuteronomy 9:2) 1 Samuel 9:17 (זֶה):23 +; compare 2 Samuel 11:16; 2 Kings 17:12; 2 Kings 21:4.

5אֲשֶׁר sometimes in poetry = one who, a man who ( men who), ὅστις, οἵτινες, Psalm 24:4; Psalm 55:20; Psalm 95:4; Psalm 95:5; Job 4:19; Job 5:5; Job 9:5 (Hi) Job 15:17.

6 אֲשֶׁר occasionally receives its closer definition by a substantive following it, in other words, its logical antecedent is inserted in the relative clause: ( a) in the phrase peculiar to Jeremiah , ׳אֶל יר׳אֲשֶׁר הָיָה דְבַר י that which came (of) the word of ׳י to Jeremiah Jeremiah 14:1; Jeremiah 46:1; Jeremiah 47:1; Jeremiah 49:34 (compare Ew§ 334); ( b) Exodus 25:9; Numbers 33:4; 1 Samuel 25:30; 2 Kings 8:12; 2 Kings 12:6 לְכֹלאֲשֶׁריִֿמָּצֵא שָׁם בָּֽדֶק׃ Ezekiel 12:25; compare the Ethiopic usage Di§ 201; ( c) (antecedant repeated) Genesis 49:30 = Genesis 50:13,1Samuel 25:30 (׳י repeated), Isaiah 54:9 (probably) as to which I sware that, etc., Amos 5:1 which I take up over you (as) a dirge.

7׳אֲשֶׁר ל that (belongs, belong, belonged) to, is used

a. either alone or preceded by כָּלֿ to express (all) that (belongs) to, as Genesis 14:23 מִכָּלאֲֿשֶׁרלְֿךָ of all that is thine, Genesis 31:1 מֵאֲשֶׁרלְאָבִינוּ of that which was our father's, Genesis 32:24 & sent over אֶתאֲֿשֶׁרלֿוֺ that which he had, + often

b. as a circumlocution of the Genitive, as Genesis 29:9 עִםהַֿצּאֹן אֲשֶׁר לְאָבִיהָ with the sheep that were her father's, Genesis 40:5; Genesis 47:4; Leviticus 9:8; Judges 6:11; 1 Samuel 25:7 הָרֹעִיםאֲשֶׁרלְֿךָ, 2 Samuel 14:31 אֶתהַֿחֶלְקָה אֲשֶׁרלִֿי, 2 Samuel 23:8; 1 Kings 1:8,33 עַל הַמִּרְדָּה אֲשֶׁרלִֿי upon mine own mule, 1 Kings 1:49; 1 Kings 4:2; 2 Kings 11:10; 2 Kings 16:13; Ruth 2:21; and especially in the case of a compound expression depending on a single Genitive, as Genesis 23:9; Genesis 40:5; Genesis 41:43 מִרְכֶּבֶת הַמִּשְׁנֶה אֲשֶׁרלֿוֺ the chariot of the second rank which he had, Exodus 38:30; Judges 3:20; Judges 6:25; 1 Samuel 17:40; 1 Samuel 21:8 אֲבִיר הָרֹעִים אֲשֶׁרלְשָׁאוּל the mightiest of Saul's herdmen, 1 Samuel 24:5 אֶתכְּֿנַףהַֿמְּעִיל אֲשֶׁרלְֿשָׁאוּל, 2 Samuel 2:8 Saul's captain of the host, 1 Kings 10:28; 1 Kings 15:20; 1 Kings 22:31; Jeremiah 52:17; Ruth 4:3.

c. with names of places (especially such as do not readily admit the stative construct) Judges 18:28; Judges 19:14 הַגִּבְעָה אֲשֶׁר לְבִנְיָמִין Gibeah (the hill) of Benjamin, Judges 20:4; 1 Samuel 17:1; 1 Kings 15:27; 1 Kings 16:15; 1 Kings 17:9; 1 Kings 19:3; 2 Kings 14:11. compare שֶׁל (q. v.) which in Rabb, like the Aramaic -דִּיל, , is in habitual use as a mark of the Genitive. — N.B. In Aramaic also דּי, , without ל, expresses the Genitive relation, as מִלְּתָא דִימַֿלְכָּא, literally the word, that of the king = the word of the king. The few apparent cases of a similar use of אשׁר are, however, too foreign to the General usage of the language to be regarded otherwise than as due to textual error: 1 Samuel 13:8 read אֲשֶׁר אָמַר (or שָׂם Exodus 19:5) שְׁמוּאֵל (ᵐ5 εἶπε); 1 Kings 11:25 supply עָשָׂה (ᵐ5 ἣν ἐποίησεν); 2 Kings 25:10 supply אֵת with (as "" Jeremiah 52:14); 2 Chronicles 34:22 read וַאֲשֶׁר אָמַר הַמֶּלֶךְ (compare ᵐ5) and those whom the king appointed (abbreviated from 2 Kings 22:14); compare Ew§ 292a, b with note.

8אֲשֶׁר becomes, like Aramaic דּי, , a

conjunction approximating in usage toכִּי: thus

a. = quod, ὅτι, that, subordinating an entire sentence to a verb of knowing, remembering, etc. ( a) with אֵת Deuteronomy 9:7 forget not אֵת אֲשֶׁר הִקְצַפְתָּ the fact that (= how) thou provokedst, etc., Deuteronomy 29:15; Joshua 2:10; 1 Samuel 24:11; 1 Samuel 24:19; 2 Samuel 11:20 know ye not אֵת אֲשֶׁריֹֿרוּ how they shoot from off the wall ? 2 Kings 8:12; Isaiah 38:3 #NAME? 1 Kings 14:19; 2 Kings 14:15; 2 Kings 20:20. Of time (peculiarly) 2 Samuel 14:15 עַתָּה אֲשֶׁר now (is it) that . . . Zechariah 8:20 (probably) yet (shall it be) that . . . Zechariah 8:23; compare כִּמְעַט שֶׁ Song of Solomon 3:4. (β) without אֵת (not very common, כִּי being usually employed): after יָדַע Exodus 11:7; Ezekiel 20:26 (very strange in Ezekiel: see Hi) Job 9:5 (Ew De Di) Ecclesiastes 8:12, רָאָה Deuteronomy 1:31 (RV) 1 Samuel 18:15, הִתְוַדָּה to confess Leviticus 5:5; Leviticus 26:40b, הִשְׁבִּיעַ 1 Kings 22:16 (caused to swear that . . .); after a noun Isaiah 38:7 הָאוֺת אֲשֶׁר the sign that . . . ("" 2 Kings 20:9 כִּי): with growing frequency in late Hebrew, 2 Chronicles 2:7, and especially Nehemiah , Esther: Nehemiah 2:5,10; Nehemiah 7:65 (= Ezra 2:63) Nehemiah 8:14,15; Nehemiah 10:31; Nehemiah 13:1,19,22; Esther 1:19; Esther 2:10; Esther 3:4; Esther 4:11; Esther 6:2; Esther 8:11; Ecclesiastes 3:22 (מֵאֲשֶׁר) Ecclesiastes 5:4; Ecclesiastes 7:18 (with טוֺב: contrast Ruth 2:22) Ruth 2:22; Ruth 2:29; Ruth 8:12; Ruth 8:14; Ruth 9:1; Daniel 1:8 (twice in verse). (γ) prefixed to a direct citation, like כִּי q. v. (= ὅτι recitativum) (rare) 1 Samuel 15:20; 2 Samuel 1:4; 2 Samuel 2:4 (see Dr) Psalm 10:6 (probably), Nehemiah 4:6.

b. it is resolvable into so that: Genesis 11:7 אֲשֶׁר לֹא יִשְׁמְעוּ so that they understand not, etc., Genesis 13:16; Genesis 22:14 אֲשֶׁר יֵאָמֵר so that it is said, Exodus 20:26; Deuteronomy 4:10,40 אֲשֶׁר יִיטַב לְךָ Deuteronomy 6:3; Deuteronomy 28:27,51; 1 Kings 3:12,13; 2 Kings 9:37; Malachi 3:19.

c. it has a causal force, forasmuch as, in that, since: Genesis 30:18; Genesis 31:49 and Mizpah, אֲשֶׁר אָמַר for that he said, Genesis 34:13,27; Genesis 42:21 we are guilty, אֲשֶׁר רָאִינוּ we who saw (or, in that we saw), Numbers 20:13 Meribah, because they strove there, Deuteronomy 3:24; Joshua 4:7,23; Joshua 22:31; Judges 9:17; 1 Samuel 2:23; 1 Samuel 15:15; 1 Samuel 20:42 go in peace, אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁבַּעְנוּ forasmuch as we have sworn, 1 Samuel 25:26 thou whom (= or, seeing that) ׳י hath withholden, 2 Samuel 2:5 blessed are ye of ׳י, אֲשֶׁר עֲשִׂיתֶם, who (οἵτινες) have done (or in that ye have done), 1 Kings 3:19; 1 Kings 15:5; 2 Kings 12:3; 2 Kings 17:4; 2 Kings 23:26; Jeremiah 16:13; Ecclesiastes 8:11,12 (Hi De Now). Here also belongs its use in אֲשֶׁר לָמָּה since why . . . ? (= lest) Daniel 1:10: see below לָמָּה. On אֲשֶׁר עַל כֵּן forasmuch as Job 34:27 see below כִּי עַל כֵּן.

d. it expresses a condition (rare & peculiar): Leviticus 4:22 אֲשֶׁר נָשִׂיא יֶחֱטָא in (case) that = when (or if) a ruler sinneth ( Leviticus 4:3; Leviticus 4:13; Leviticus 4:37 אִם), Numbers 5:29 (explained differently by Ew§ 334 a), Deuteronomy 11:27 and the blessing אֲשֶׁר תִּשְׁמְעוּ if ye hearken ( Deuteronomy 11:28 אִם), Deuteronomy 18:22 Ges, Joshua 4:21 אֲשֶׁר יִשְׁאָלוּן ֗֗֗ when they ask . . ., then . . . ( Joshua 4:6 כִּי), Isaiah 31:4. In 1 Kings 8:33 ("" 2 Chronicles 6:24 כִּי, compare Kings 2 Chronicles 6:35; 2 Chronicles 6:37) אֲשֶׁר may be rendered indifferently because or when. Once, similarly, אֵת אֲשֶׁר 1 Kings 8:31 ("" אִם).

e. perhaps (exceptionally) = כַּאֲשֶׁר, as, Jeremiah 33:22; Isaiah 54:9 (followed by כֵּן; but כֵּן q. v. sometimes stands without כאשׁר, & אשׁר may in these passages connect with what precedes); according to some also Jeremiah 48:8; Psalm 106:34 (in a connection where כַּאֲשֶׁר would be more usual: אֲשֶׁר may however be the object of אָמַר). In 1 Samuel 16:7 אֲשֶׁר יִרְאֶההָאָדָם read כַּאֲשֶׁר, see Dr.

f. combined with prepositions, אֲשֶׁר converts them into conjunctions: see below, בַּאֲשֶׁר, כַּאֲשֶׁר, מֵאֲשֶׁר. On its use similarly with (אַחֲרֵי) אַחַר, מִבְּלִי, בַּעֲבוּר, עַל דְּבַר, יַעַן, לְמַעַן, כְּפִי, עַד, עַל, עֵקֶב, מִמְּנֵי, תַּחַת, see these words. — הַאֲשֶׁר, with ה interrogative, occurs once, 2 Kings 6:22. In Deuteronomy 15:14 also read כַּאֲשֶׁר: note ברכך before.

Note1אֲשֶׁר being a connecting link, without any perfectly corresponding equivalent in English, its force is not unfrequently capable of being represented in more than one way. See e.g. 2 Samuel 2:5 (above

8c), Isaiah 28:12 unto whom he said, or for that he said to them.

Note 2. The opinion that אֲשֶׁר has an asseverative force (like כִּי, q. v.), or introduces the apodosis, is not probably, being both alien to its General usage & not required by the passages alleged. Render Isaiah 8:20 either 'Surely according to this word will those speak who have no dawn,' or '. . . will they speak when (compare above

8d Deuteronomy 11:27; Joshua 4:21) they have no dawn.'

בַּאֲשֶׁר 19 a. in (that) which . . . Isaiah 56:4; Isaiah 65:12; Isaiah 66:4 (above

1); Ecclesiastes 3:9 in (that, in) which ( 4 c); Isaiah 47:12 (see

2).

b. adverb in (the place) where: above 4 b (γ).

c. conjunction in that, inasmuch as, Genesis 39:9,23; Ecclesiastes 7:2; Ecclesiastes 8:4; compare .

d. Jonah 1:8 בַּאֲשֶׁרלְמִי on account of whom ? (בַּאֲשֶׁר לְ on account of, framed on model of Aramaic בְּדִיל: see below שֶׁל).

כַּאֲשֶׁר see below כְּ.

מֵאֲשֶׁר17 a. from (or than) that which ( him, them, etc., that . . .) Genesis 3:11; Exodus 29:27 (twice in verse); Numbers 6:11 (see Leviticus 4:26; Joshua 10:11; Judges 16:30; Isaiah 47:13 +; than that . . . Ecclesiastes 3:22; לְבַד מֵאֲשֶׁר Esther 4:11.

b. adverb from (the place) where: above 4 a (β).

c. conjunction from (the fact) that . . ., since Isaiah 43:4.

כַּאֲשֶׁר conjunction according as, as, when (compare for the combined Aramaic כְּדִי, כַּד) —

1 according to that which, according as, as:

a. Genesis 34:12 I will give כאשׁר תאמרו אלי according as ye shall ( or may) say unto me, Genesis 44:1; Exodus 8:23; Numbers 22:8; 1 Samuel 2:16; Genesis 34:22 if we are circumcised כאשׁר הם נמולים; Genesis 41:21 כאשׁר בתחלה as at the beginning, so ׳כבראשׁונה Joshua 8:5,6; 2 Samuel 7:10; Exodus 5:13 ׃כאשׁר בהיות התבן Genesis 7:9 they came in two by two כאשׁר צוה אלהִים, as God commanded Noah; Song of Solomon , or similarly, very often, especially in P, Genesis 7:16; Genesis 8:21; Genesis 12:4; Genesis 17:23; Genesis 21:1 (twice in verse); Exodus 16:24; Exodus 39:1,5,7; Numbers 3:16,42etc.; ׳כאשׁר דבר י Deuteronomy 1:21; Deuteronomy 2:1; Deuteronomy 6:3,19 #NAME? Deuteronomy.

b. answered, for increased emphasis, by כֵּן (compare כְּ 2 d), Genesis 50:12 ויעשׂו כן כאשׁר צִוָּם, Exodus 7:10,20; Genesis 18:5 (J) כן חעשׂח כאשׁר דברת, Exodus 10:10 (iron.), Amos 5:14 (do.); in opposed to order, Judges 1:7 כאשׁר עשׂיתי, כן שׁלם לי, Exodus 7:6 כן עשׂו׳כאשׁר צוה י, compare Exodus 12:28,50; Exodus 39:43; Numbers 5:4; Numbers 17:26; Numbers 36:10 (all P); with imperfect (frequently) Numbers 2:17 (P) כאשׁר יחנו כן יסעו; of degree = the more. . . the more, Exodus 1:12 וכאשׁר יענּו אתו כן ירבהוכן יפרץ, compare Exodus 17:11 (JE) ׳והיה כאשׁר יריםו֗֗֗גבר ישׁר according as he held up, etc., Israel prevailed; in an oath or solemn promise, Numbers 14:28 אם לאכאשׁר דברתם כן אעשׂה, Deuteronomy 28:63 ( Jeremiah 31:28), 1 Kings 1:30; Isaiah 10:11; Isaiah 14:24; Isaiah 52:14f. (see כֵּן 2 b).

c. answered byוַ (Dr§ 127 γ) Exodus 16:34; Numbers 1:19.

d. often in similes (followed by imperfect of habit) Exodus 33:11 כאשׁר ידבר אישׁ אלרעהו, Numbers 11:12; Deuteronomy 1:44; Isaiah 9:2; Isaiah 66:20 +, answered by כֵּן Isaiah 31:4; Isaiah 55:10; Isaiah 66:22; Amos 3:12 +; a second verb Isaiah , in such cases, in the perfect with וְ consecutive (Dr§ 115) Deuteronomy 22:26; Isaiah 29:8 כאשׁר יחלםו֗֗֗הקיץ,

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List of Word Forms
אֲ֝שֶׁ֗ר אֲ֠שֶׁר אֲ‍ֽשֶׁר־ אֲשֶֽׁר־ אֲשֶׁ֕ר אֲשֶׁ֖ר אֲשֶׁ֖רׅ אֲשֶׁ֗ר אֲשֶׁ֛ר אֲשֶׁ֞ר אֲשֶׁ֡ר אֲשֶׁ֣ר אֲשֶׁ֣ר ׀ אֲשֶׁ֤֣ר אֲשֶׁ֤ר אֲשֶׁ֤ר ׀ אֲשֶׁ֥֣ר אֲשֶׁ֥ר אֲשֶׁ֧ר אֲשֶׁ֨ר אֲשֶׁ֪ר אֲשֶׁר אֲשֶׁר֙ אֲשֶׁר֩ אֲשֶׁר֮ אֲשֶׁר־ אֲשֶׁ֥ר אִ֣ישׁ איש אשר א‍שר־ בַּאֲשֶׁ֕ר בַּאֲשֶׁ֖ר בַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר בַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר בַּאֲשֶׁ֤ר בַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר באשר הַאֲשֶׁ֥ר האשר וְכַֽאֲשֶׁר֙ וְכַאֲשֶׁ֛ר וְכַאֲשֶׁ֣ר וְכַאֲשֶׁ֤ר וְכַאֲשֶׁ֥ר וְכַאֲשֶׁ֨ר וְכַאֲשֶׁר֙ וְלַֽאֲשֶׁ֖ר וְלַֽאֲשֶׁר֙ וְלַאֲשֶׁ֖ר וְלַאֲשֶׁ֣ר וְלַאֲשֶׁ֥ר וְלַאֲשֶׁ֧ר וַֽאֲשֶׁ֥ר וַֽאֲשֶׁ֥ר֩ וַֽאֲשֶׁר֙ וַֽאֲשֶׁר־ וַאֲשֶֽׁר־ וַאֲשֶׁ֖ר וַאֲשֶׁ֛ר וַאֲשֶׁ֣ר וַאֲשֶׁ֣ר ׀ וַאֲשֶׁ֤ר וַאֲשֶׁ֥֣ר וַאֲשֶׁ֥ר וַאֲשֶׁ֥ר֩ וַאֲשֶׁ֧ר וַאֲשֶׁ֨ר וַאֲשֶׁ֪ר וַאֲשֶׁר֙ וַאֲשֶׁר֩ וַאֲשֶׁר־ וָֽאֵשֵׁ֔ב וּבַאֲשֶׁ֤ר וּבַאֲשֶׁ֥ר וּמֵאֲשֶׁ֣ר וּמֵאֲשֶׁ֥ר ואשב ואשר ואשר־ ובאשר וכאשר ולאשר ומאשר כַּ֝אֲשֶׁ֗ר כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֖ר כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֛ר כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֣ר כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֤ר כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֥ר כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֨ר כַּֽאֲשֶׁר֙ כַּֽאֲשֶׁר־ כַּאֲשֶׁ֖ר כַּאֲשֶׁ֛ר כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר כַּאֲשֶׁ֣ר ׀ כַּאֲשֶׁ֤ר כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר כַּאֲשֶׁ֧ר כַּאֲשֶׁ֨ר כַּאֲשֶׁר֙ כַּאֲשֶׁר֩ כַּאֲשֶׁר־ כַאֲשֶׁ֣ר כַאֲשֶׁר־ כאשר כאשר־ לַ֠אֲשֶׁר לַֽאֲשֶׁ֣ר לַֽאֲשֶׁ֤ר לַֽאֲשֶׁר֙ לַאֲשֶׁ֖ר לַאֲשֶׁ֛ר לַאֲשֶׁ֣ר לַאֲשֶׁ֤ר לַאֲשֶׁ֥ר לַאֲשֶׁ֧ר לַאֲשֶׁ֨ר לַאֲשֶׁר־ לאשר לאשר־ מֵאֲשֶׁ֖ר מֵאֲשֶׁ֥ר מֵאֲשֶׁ֨ר מאשר ’ă·šer ’ă·šer- ’ăšer ’ăšer- ’îš aSher asheroSha asheroShi asherSa ba’ăšer ba·’ă·šer baaSher chaaSher ha’ăšer ha·’ă·šer haaSher Ish ka’ăšer ḵa’ăšer ka’ăšer- ḵa’ăšer- ka·’ă·šer ḵa·’ă·šer ka·’ă·šer- ḵa·’ă·šer- kaaSher la’ăšer la’ăšer- la·’ă·šer la·’ă·šer- laaSher mê’ăšer mê·’ă·šer meaSher ū·ḇa·’ă·šer ū·mê·’ă·šer ūḇa’ăšer ūmê’ăšer umeaSher uvaaSher vaaSher vaeShev vechaaSher velaaSher wa’ăšer wa’ăšer- wā’êšêḇ wa·’ă·šer wa·’ă·šer- wā·’ê·šêḇ wə·ḵa·’ă·šer wə·la·’ă·šer wəḵa’ăšer wəla’ăšer
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