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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Romans 10

Introduction
1The Scripture shows the difference between the righteousness of the law, and that of faith;
11and that all, both Jew and Gentile, that believe, shall not be confounded;
18and that the Gentiles shall receive the word and believe.
19Israel was not ignorant of these things.

Verse 1
Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved.
my heart's
9:1-3; Exodus 32:10,13; 1 Samuel 12:23; 15:11,35; 16:1; Jeremiah 17:16; 18:20; Luke 13:34; John 5:34; 1 Corinthians 9:20-22

Verse 2
For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.
I bear them
By this fine apology for the Jews, the Apostle prepares them for the harsher truths which he was about to deliver.
2 Corinthians 8:3; Galatians 4:15; Colossians 4:13
that they
2 Kings 10:16; John 16:2; Acts 21:20,28; 22:3,22; 26:9,10; Galatians 1:14; 4:17,18; Philippians 3:6
but not
3; 9:31,32; Psalms 14:4; Proverbs 19:2; Isaiah 27:1; 2 Corinthians 4:4,6; Philippians 1:9

Verse 3
For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God.
God's righteousness
"God's method of justification," says Abp. Newcome: God's method of saving sinners.
1:17; 3:22,26; 5:19; 9:30; Psalms 71:15,16,19; Isaiah 51:6,8; 56:1; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Daniel 9:24; John 16:9,10; 2 Corinthians 5:21; 2 Peter 1:1
to establish
9:31,32; Isaiah 57:12; 64:6; Luke 10:29; 16:15; 18:9-12; Galatians 5:3,4; Philippians 3:9; Revelation 3:17,18
submitted
Leviticus 26:41; Nehemiah 9:33; Job 33:27; Lamentations 3:22; Daniel 9:6-9; Luke 15:17-21

Verse 4
For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth.
Christ
3:25-31; 8:3,4; Isaiah 53:11; Matthew 3:15; 5:17,18; John 1:17; Acts 13:38,39; 1 Corinthians 1:30; Galatians 3:24; Colossians 2:10,17; Hebrews 9:7-14; 10:8-12,14
the end
[telos (te—lov)] the object, scope, or final cause; the end proposed and intended. In this sense Eisner observes that [ ()] is used by Arrian.

Verse 5
For Moses describeth the righteousness which is of the law, That the man which doeth those things shall live by them.
That the man
Leviticus 18:5; Nehemiah 9:29; Ezekiel 20:11,13,21; Luke 10:27,28; Galatians 3:12

Verse 6
But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above:)
righteousness
3:22,25; 4:13; 9:31; Philippians 3:9; Hebrews 11:7
Say not
The Apostle here takes the general sentiment, and expresses it in his own language; beautifully accommodating what Moses says of the law to his present purpose.
Deuteronomy 30:11-14; Proverbs 30:4
to bring
John 3:12,13; 6:33,38,50,51,58; Ephesians 4:8-10; Hebrews 1:3

Verse 7
Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.)
to bring up
4:25; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 3:18,22; Revelation 1:18

Verse 8
But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach;
The word
Deuteronomy 30:14
the word of faith
17; 1:16,17; Isaiah 57:19; Mark 16:15,16; Acts 10:43; 13:38,39; 16:31; Galatians 3:2,5; 1 Timothy 4:6; 1 Peter 1:23,25

Verse 9
That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.
That if
14:11; Matthew 10:32,33; Luke 12:8; John 9:22; 12:42,43; Philippians 2:11; 1 John 4:2,3; 2 John 1:7
and shalt
8:34; John 6:69-71; 20:26-29; Acts 8:37; 1 Corinthians 15:14-18; 1 Peter 1:21

Verse 10
For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.
For with
Luke 8:15; John 1:12,13; 3:19-21; Hebrews 3:12; 10:22
unto righteousness
Galatians 2:16; Philippians 3:9
and with
9; 1 John 4:15; Revelation 2:13

Verse 11
For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
Whosoever
9:33; Isaiah 28:16; 49:23; Jeremiah 17:7; 1 Peter 2:6

Verse 12
For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him.
there is no
3:22,29,30; 4:11,12; 9:24; Acts 10:34,35; 15:8,9; Galatians 3:28; Ephesians 2:18-22; Ephesians 3:6; Colossians 3:11
Lord
14:9; 15:12; Acts 10:36; 1 Corinthians 15:47; Philippians 2:11; 1 Timothy 2:5; Revelation 17:14; 19:16
river
2:4; 9:23; 2 Corinthians 8:9; Ephesians 1:7; 2:4,7; 3:8,16; Philippians 4:19; Colossians 1:27; 2:2,3
call upon him
Psalms 86:5; 145:18; Isaiah 55:6; Acts 9:14; 1 Corinthians 1:2

Verse 13
For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.
whosoever
Joel 2:32; Acts 2:21

Verse 14
How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher?
shall they
1 Kings 8:41-43; Jonah 1:5,9-11,16; 3:5-9; Hebrews 11:6; James 5:15
and how shall
1:5; 16:25,26; Mark 16:15,16; Luke 24:46,47; John 20:31; Acts 19:2; Acts 26:17,18; 2 Timothy 4:17; Titus 1:3

Verse 15
And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things!
And how
Jeremiah 23:32; Matthew 9:38; 10:1-6; 28:18-20; Luke 10:1; John 20:21; Acts 9:15; Acts 13:2-4; 22:21; 1 Corinthians 12:28,29; 2 Corinthians 5:18-20; Ephesians 3:8; 4:11,12; 1 Peter 1:12
How beautiful
Isaiah 52:7; Nahum 1:15
the gospel
Isaiah 57:19; Luke 2:14; Acts 10:36; Ephesians 2:17; 6:15
and bring
Isaiah 40:9; 61:1; Luke 2:10; 8:1; Acts 13:26

Verse 16
But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?
But they
3:3; 11:17; John 10:26; Acts 28:24; Hebrews 4:2; 1 Peter 2:8
obeyed
1:5; 2:8; 6:17; 16:26; Isaiah 50:10; Galatians 3:1; 5:7; 2 Thessalonians 1:8; Hebrews 5:9; 11:8; 1 Peter 1:22; 3:1
Lord
Isaiah 53:1; John 12:38-40
our report
Gr. the hearing of us, or, our preaching.

Verse 17
So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.
faith
14; 1:16; Luke 16:29-31; 1 Corinthians 1:18-24; Colossians 1:4-6; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; 2 Thessalonians 2:13,14; James 1:18-21; 1 Peter 1:23-25; 2:1,2
and hearing
Jeremiah 23:28,29; Mark 4:24; Luke 8:11,21; 11:28; 2 Corinthians 2:17; Hebrews 4:12,13; Revelation 1:9

Verse 18
But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world.
Have they
Acts 2:5-11; 26:20; 28:23
their sound
Similar to this elegant accommodation of these words, is the application of them in a passage of Zohar, Genes. f. 9. "These words are the servants of the Messiah, and measure out both the things above, and the things beneath."
1:8; 15:19; Psalms 19:4; Matthew 24:14; 26:13; 28:19; Mark 16:15,20; Colossians 1:6,23
unto the ends
1 Kings 18:10; Psalms 22:27; 98:3; Isaiah 24:16; 49:6; 52:10; Jeremiah 16:19; Matthew 4:8

Verse 19
But I say, Did not Israel know? First Moses saith, I will provoke you to jealousy by them that are no people, and by a foolish nation I will anger you.
I say
18; 3:26; 1 Corinthians 1:12; 7:29; 10:19; 11:22; 15:50
First
11:11; Deuteronomy 32:21; Hosea 2:23; 1 Peter 2:10
foolish
1:21,22; Psalms 115:5-8; Isaiah 44:18-20; Jeremiah 10:8,14; 1 Corinthians 12:2; Titus 3:3

Verse 20
But Esaias is very bold, and saith, I was found of them that sought me not; I was made manifest unto them that asked not after me.
very bold
Proverbs 28:1; Isaiah 58:1; Ephesians 6:19,20
I was found
9:30; Isaiah 65:1,2
I was made
Isaiah 49:6; 52:15; 55:4,5; Matthew 20:16; 22:9,10; Luke 14:23; 1 John 4:19

Verse 21
But to Israel he saith, All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.
All day long
Proverbs 1:24; Isaiah 65:2-5; Jeremiah 25:4; 35:15; Matthew 20:1-15; 21:33-43; 22:3-7; Matthew 23:34-37; Luke 24:47; Acts 13:46,47
a disobedient
Deuteronomy 9:13; 31:27; 1 Samuel 8:7,8; Nehemiah 9:26; Jeremiah 44:4-6; Acts 7:51,52; 1 Thessalonians 2:16; 1 Peter 2:8

Copyright Statement
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Romans 10:8". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". "http://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/view.cgi?book=ro&chapter=10&verse=8".

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