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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
1 Corinthians 11



Other Authors
1He reproves them, because in holy assemblies,
4their men prayed with their heads covered,
6and women with their heads uncovered;
17and because generally their meetings were not for the better, but for the worse;
21as, namely, in profaning with their own feast the Lord's supper.
25Lastly, he calls them to the first institution thereof.

Verse 1
Be ye followers of me, even as I also am of Christ.
Be ye
4:16; 10:33; Philippians 3:17; 1 Thessalonians 1:6; 2 Thessalonians 3:9; Hebrews 6:12
Romans 15:2,3; Ephesians 5:1,2; Philippians 2:4,5

Verse 2
Now I praise you, brethren, that ye remember me in all things, and keep the ordinances, as I delivered them to you.
I praise
17,22; Proverbs 31:28-31
4:17; 15:2
7:17; Luke 1:6; 1 Thessalonians 4:1,2; 2 Thessalonians 2:15; 3:6
or, traditions.

Verse 3
But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God.
the head of every
Ephesians 1:22,23; 4:15; 5:23; Philippians 2:10,11; Colossians 1:18; 2:10,19
and the head of the
Genesis 3:16; Ephesians 5:22,24; Colossians 3:18; 1 Timothy 2:11,12; 1 Peter 3:1,5,6
and the head of Christ
3:23; 15:27,28; Isaiah 49:3-6; 52:13; 55:4; 61:1-4; Matthew 28:18; John 3:34-36; 5:20-30; 14:28; 17:2-5; Ephesians 1:20-22; Philippians 2:7-11

Verse 4
Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonoureth his head.
12:10,28; 14:1-25
14; 2 Samuel 15:30; 19:4

Verse 5
But every woman that prayeth or prophesieth with her head uncovered dishonoureth her head: for that is even all one as if she were shaven.
Luke 2:36; Acts 2:17; 21:9
Deuteronomy 21:12

Verse 6
For if the woman be not covered, let her also be shorn: but if it be a shame for a woman to be shorn or shaven, let her be covered.
Numbers 5:18; Deuteronomy 22:5

Verse 7
For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, forasmuch as he is the image and glory of God: but the woman is the glory of the man.
he is
Genesis 1:26,27; 5:1; 9:6; Psalms 8:6; James 3:9
3; Genesis 3:16

Verse 8
For the man is not of the woman; but the woman of the man.
Genesis 2:21,22; 1 Timothy 2:13

Verse 9
Neither was the man created for the woman; but the woman for the man.
the man
Genesis 2:18,20,23,24

Verse 10
For this cause ought the woman to have power on her head because of the angels.
That is, a covering in sign that she is under the power of her husband. [exousia (eÍcousiða)] appears here to be used for the sign or token of being under power or authority, that is, a veil, as Theophylact, (Ecumenius, and Photius) explain; and so one MS. of the Vulgate, the Sixtine edition, and some copies of the Itala, have velamen.
Genesis 20:16; 24:64,65
Ecclesiastes 5:6; Matthew 18:10; Hebrews 1:14

Verse 11
Nevertheless neither is the man without the woman, neither the woman without the man, in the Lord.
7:10-14; 12:12-22; Galatians 3:28

Verse 12
For as the woman is of the man, even so is the man also by the woman; but all things of God.
8:6; Proverbs 16:4; Romans 11:36; Hebrews 1:2,3

Verse 13
Judge in yourselves: is it comely that a woman pray unto God uncovered?
10:15; Luke 12:57; John 7:24

Verse 14
Doth not even nature itself teach you, that, if a man have long hair, it is a shame unto him?
2 Samuel 14:26
it is

Verse 15
But if a woman have long hair, it is a glory to her: for her hair is given her for a covering.
or, veil.

Verse 16
But if any man seem to be contentious, we have no such custom, neither the churches of God.
1 Timothy 6:3,4
Acts 21:21,24
the churches
7:17; 14:33,34; 16:1; 1 Thessalonians 2:14

Verse 17
Now in this that I declare unto you I praise you not, that ye come together not for the better, but for the worse.
I praise
2,22; Leviticus 19:17; Proverbs 27:5; Romans 13:3; 1 Peter 2:14
that ye
20,34; 14:23,26; Isaiah 1:13,14; 58:1-4; Jeremiah 7:9,10; Hebrews 10:25

Verse 18
For first of all, when ye come together in the church, I hear that there be divisions among you; and I partly believe it.
I hear
1:10-12; 3:3; 5:1; 6:1
or, schisms.
1:10; 3:3

Verse 19
For there must be also heresies among you, that they which are approved may be made manifest among you.
Matthew 18:7; Luke 17:1; Acts 20:30; 1 Timothy 4:1,2; 2 Peter 2:1,2
or, sects.
Acts 5:17; 15:5; 24:5,14; 26:5; 28:22; Galatians 5:20; Titus 3:10; *Gr:
Deuteronomy 13:3; Luke 2:35; 2 Corinthians 13:5-7; *Gr:; 1 John 2:19

Verse 20
When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the Lord's supper.
this is not to eat
or, ye cannot eat.

Verse 21
For in eating every one taketh before other his own supper: and one is hungry, and another is drunken.
23-25; 10:16-18
and one
2 Peter 2:13; Jude 1:12

Verse 22
What? have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or despise ye the church of God, and shame them that have not? What shall I say to you? shall I praise you in this? I praise you not.
10:32; 15:9; Acts 20:28; 1 Timothy 3:5,15
that have not
or, that are poor.
Proverbs 17:5; James 2:5,6

Verse 23
For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread:
I have
15:3; Deuteronomy 4:5; Matthew 28:20; Galatians 1:1,11,12; 1 Thessalonians 4:2
the same
Matthew 26:2,17,34
Matthew 26:26-28; Mark 14:22-24; Luke 22:19,20; Acts 20:7

Verse 24
And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me.
5:7,8; Psalms 22:26,29; Proverbs 9:5; Song of Solomon 5:1; Isaiah 25:6; 55:1-3; John 6:53-58
27,28; 10:3,4,16,17
in remembrance
or, for a remembrance.
Exodus 12:14; Joshua 4:7; Psalms 111:4; Song of Solomon 1:4; Isaiah 26:8; Matthew 26:13

Verse 25
After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.
the new
Luke 22:20; 2 Corinthians 3:6,14; Hebrews 9:15-20; 13:20

Verse 26
For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he come.
ye do shew
or, shew ye. till.
4:5; 15:23; John 14:3; 21:22; Acts 1:11; 1 Thessalonians 4:16; 2 Thessalonians 1:10; 2:2,3; Hebrews 9:28; 2 Peter 3:10; 1 John 2:28; Jude 1:14; Revelation 1:7; 20:11,12; 22:20

Verse 27
Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.
10:21; Leviticus 10:1-3; Numbers 9:10,13; 2 Chronicles 30:18-20; Matthew 22:11; John 6:51,63,64; 13:18-27
shall be

Verse 28
But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.
let a
31; Psalms 26:2-7; Lamentations 3:40; Haggai 1:5,7; Zechariah 7:5-7; 2 Corinthians 13:5; Galatians 6:4; 1 John 3:20,21
and so
Numbers 9:10-13; Matthew 5:23,24

Verse 29
For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.
or, judgment. [krima (kriðma)] judgment, or punishment, not damnation, for it was inflicted upon the disorderly and profane for their amendment.
30,32-34; Romans 13:2; *Gr:; James 3:1; 5:12; *marg:
24,27; Ecclesiastes 8:5; Hebrews 5:14

Verse 30
For this cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep.
32; Exodus 15:26; Numbers 20:12,24; 21:6-9; 2 Samuel 12:14-18; 1 Kings 13:21-24; Psalms 38:1-8; 78:30,31; 89:31-34; Amos 3:2; Hebrews 12:5-11; Revelation 3:19
15:51; Acts 13:36; 1 Thessalonians 4:14

Verse 31
For if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged.
28; Psalms 32:3-5; Jeremiah 31:18-20; Luke 15:18-20; 1 John 1:9; Revelation 2:5; 3:2,3

Verse 32
But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world.
we are
30; Deuteronomy 8:5; Job 5:17,18; 33:18-30; 34:31,32; Psalms 94:12,13; 118:18; Proverbs 3:11,12; Isaiah 1:5; Jeremiah 7:28; Zephaniah 3:2; Hebrews 12:5-11
Romans 3:19; 1 John 5:19

Verse 34
And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; that ye come not together unto condemnation. And the rest will I set in order when I come.
if any
or, judgment. will I.
7:17; Titus 1:5
4:19; 16:2,5


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 11:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, November 25th, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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