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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Ezekiel 18

 

 

Introduction
1God defends his justice;
31and exhorts to repentance.

Verse 2
What mean ye, that ye use this proverb concerning the land of Israel, saying, The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge?
mean
17:12; Isaiah 3:15; Romans 9:20
the land
6:2,3; 7:2; 25:3; 36:1-6; 37:11,19,25
The fathers
Jeremiah 15:4; 31:29,30; Lamentations 5:7; Matthew 23:36

Verse 3
As I live, saith the Lord GOD, ye shall not have occasion any more to use this proverb in Israel.
19,20,30; 33:11-20; 36:31,32; Romans 3:19

Verse 4
Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sinneth, it shall die.
all souls
Numbers 16:22; 27:16; Zechariah 12:1; Hebrews 12:9
the soul that
20; Romans 6:23; Galatians 3:10-13,22

Verse 5
But if a man be just, and do that which is lawful and right,
if
Psalms 15:2-5; 24:4-6; Matthew 7:21-27; Romans 2:7-10; James 1:22-25; 2:14-26; 1 John 2:3,29; 3:7; 5:2-5; Revelation 22:14
that, etc
Heb. judgment and justice.
33:14; Genesis 18:19; Proverbs 21:3; Jeremiah 22:15

Verse 6
And hath not eaten upon the mountains, neither hath lifted up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, neither hath defiled his neighbour's wife, neither hath come near to a menstruous woman,
not
11,15; 6:13; 20:28; 22:9; Exodus 34:15; Numbers 25:2; 1 Corinthians 10:20
neither hath lifted
12,15; 20:7,24; 33:25,26; Deuteronomy 4:19; Psalms 121:1; 123:1,2
neither hath defiled
22:10,11; Leviticus 18:19,20; 20:10,18; Deuteronomy 22:22-30; Jeremiah 5:8,9; Matthew 5:28; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; Galatians 5:19-21; Hebrews 13:4

Verse 7
And hath not oppressed any, but hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath spoiled none by violence, hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment;
hath not
12,16,18; 22:12,13,27-29; Exodus 22:21-24; 23:9; Leviticus 19:15; 25:14; 1 Samuel 12:3,4; Job 31:13-22; Proverbs 3:31; 14:31; 22:22,23; Isaiah 1:17; Isaiah 5:7; 33:15; 58:6; Jeremiah 7:6,7; Amos 2:6; 8:4-6; Micah 2:1; 3:2; Zechariah 7:9-11; Malachi 3:5; James 5:1-6
hath restored
33:15; Exodus 22:26; Deuteronomy 24:12,13,17; Job 22:6; 24:3,9; Amos 2:8
hath spoiled
7:23; Genesis 6:11,12; Isaiah 59:6,7; Jeremiah 22:3,16,17; Amos 3:10; 5:11,12; 6:3; Zephaniah 1:9
hath given
16; Deuteronomy 15:7-11; Job 31:16-20; Psalms 41:1; 112:4,9; Proverbs 11:24,25; Proverbs 28:8,27; Isaiah 58:7-11; Matthew 25:34-46; Luke 3:11; 2 Corinthians 8:7-9; 9:6-14; James 2:13-17; 1 John 3:16-19

Verse 8
He that hath not given forth upon usury, neither hath taken any increase, that hath withdrawn his hand from iniquity, hath executed true judgment between man and man,
hath not
13,17; 22:12; Exodus 22:25; Leviticus 25:35-37; Deuteronomy 23:19,20; Nehemiah 5:1-11; Psalms 15:5; Proverbs 28:8; Jeremiah 15:10
hath withdrawn
2 Samuel 22:24; Nehemiah 5:15; Isaiah 33:15
hath executed
Leviticus 19:15,35; Deuteronomy 1:16,17; 16:18-20; Job 29:7-17; Proverbs 31:8,9; Isaiah 1:17; Jeremiah 22:15,16; Zechariah 7:9,10; 8:16

Verse 9
Hath walked in my statutes, and hath kept my judgments, to deal truly; he is just, he shall surely live, saith the Lord GOD.
walked
17; 20:13; 33:15; 36:27; 37:24; Deuteronomy 4:1; 5:1; 6:1,2; 10:12,13; 11:1; Nehemiah 9:13,14; Psalms 19:7-11; 105:44,45; 119:1-6; Luke 1:6; John 14:21; Acts 24:16; James 1:22-25
is just
Psalms 24:4-6; Habakkuk 2:4; Romans 1:17; James 2:18-26; 1 John 2:29; 3:7
he shall
20:11; Amos 5:4,14,24; Luke 10:27-29

Verse 10
If he beget a son that is a robber, a shedder of blood, and that doeth the like to any one of these things,
that is
Leviticus 19:13; Malachi 3:8,9; John 18:40
a robber
or, a breaker up of an house.
Exodus 22:2
a shedder
Genesis 9:5,6; Exodus 21:12; Numbers 35:31; 1 John 3:12
the like to any one of these things
or, to his brother besides any of these.

Verse 11
And that doeth not any of those duties, but even hath eaten upon the mountains, and defiled his neighbour's wife,
that
7; Matthew 7:21-27; Luke 11:28; John 13:17; 15:14; Philippians 4:9; James 2:17; 1 John 3:22; Revelation 22:14
eaten
6,15; 1 Kings 13:8,22

Verse 12
Hath oppressed the poor and needy, hath spoiled by violence, hath not restored the pledge, and hath lifted up his eyes to the idols, hath committed abomination,
oppressed
7,16; Hosea 12:7; Amos 4:1; Zechariah 7:10; James 2:6
hath committed
6; 8:6,17; Leviticus 18:22,26-30; 2 Kings 21:11; 23:13

Verse 13
Hath given forth upon usury, and hath taken increase: shall he then live? he shall not live: he hath done all these abominations; he shall surely die; his blood shall be upon him.
given
8,17
shall he
24,28,32
blood
Heb. bloods.
3:18; 33:4; Leviticus 20:9,11-13,27; Acts 18:6

Verse 14
Now, lo, if he beget a son, that seeth all his father's sins which he hath done, and considereth, and doeth not such like,
if he
10; Proverbs 17:21; 23:24
that seeth
20:18; 2 Chronicles 29:3-11; 34:21; Jeremiah 9:14; 44:17; Matthew 23:32; 1 Peter 1:18
considereth
28; Psalms 119:59,60; Isaiah 44:19; Jeremiah 8:6; Hosea 7:2; Haggai 1:5,7; 2:18; Luke 15:17-19

Verse 15
That hath not eaten upon the mountains, neither hath lifted up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, hath not defiled his neighbour's wife,
6,7,11-13

Verse 16
Neither hath oppressed any, hath not withholden the pledge, neither hath spoiled by violence, but hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment,
withholden the pledge
Heb. pledged the pledge, or taken to pledge.
but hath
Job 22:7; 31:19; Proverbs 22:9; 25:21; 31:20; Ecclesiastes 11:1,2; Isaiah 58:7-10; Luke 11:41; 14:13

Verse 17
That hath taken off his hand from the poor, that hath not received usury nor increase, hath executed my judgments, hath walked in my statutes; he shall not die for the iniquity of his father, he shall surely live.
hath taken
8; Job 29:16; Proverbs 14:31; 29:7,14; Jeremiah 22:16; Daniel 4:27; Matthew 18:27-35; Luke 19:8
that hath not
8,9,13; Leviticus 18:4,26,30
he shall not
19,20; 20:18,30; Jeremiah 16:11-13,19; Malachi 3:7; Matthew 23:29-33
he shall surely
9,19,21,28; 3:21; 33:13,15,16

Verse 18
As for his father, because he cruelly oppressed, spoiled his brother by violence, and did that which is not good among his people, lo, even he shall die in his iniquity.
even
4,20,24,26; 3:18; Isaiah 3:11; John 8:21,24

Verse 19
Yet say ye, Why? doth not the son bear the iniquity of the father? When the son hath done that which is lawful and right, and hath kept all my statutes, and hath done them, he shall surely live.
Why
Exodus 20:5; Deuteronomy 5:9; 2 Kings 23:26; 24:3,4; Jeremiah 15:4; Lamentations 5:7
When
20:18-20,24,30; Zechariah 1:3-6

Verse 20
The soul that sinneth, it shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity of the father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity of the son: the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him.
soul that
4,13; Deuteronomy 24:16; 1 Kings 14:13; 2 Kings 14:6; 22:18-20; 2 Chronicles 25:4; Jeremiah 31:29,30
bear
4:4; Leviticus 5:1,17; 10:17; 16:22; 19:8; Numbers 18:1; Isaiah 53:11; Hebrews 9:28; 1 Peter 2:24
righteousness
30; 33:10; 1 Kings 8:32; 2 Chronicles 6:23,30; Isaiah 3:10,11; Matthew 16:27; Romans 2:6-9; Revelation 2:23; 20:12; 22:12-15

Verse 21
But if the wicked will turn from all his sins that he hath committed, and keep all my statutes, and do that which is lawful and right, he shall surely live, he shall not die.
if the
27,28,30; 33:11-16,19; 2 Chronicles 33:12,13; Proverbs 28:13; Isaiah 1:16-20; 55:6,7; Luke 24:47; Acts 3:19; 26:18-20; 1 Timothy 1:13-16; James 4:8-10
and keep
9; 36:27; Genesis 26:5; Psalms 119:80,112; Luke 1:6; James 2:14,26
and do
5,19,27; Psalms 119:1; Galatians 5:22-24; Titus 2:11-14
he shall surely
17,28; 3:21; Romans 8:13

Verse 22
All his transgressions that he hath committed, they shall not be mentioned unto him: in his righteousness that he hath done he shall live.
his transgressions
24; 33:16; 1 Kings 17:18; Psalms 25:7; 32:1,2; 51:1; 103:12; Isaiah 43:25; Jeremiah 31:34; 50:20; Micah 7:19; Romans 8:1; Hebrews 8:12; 10:3,4
in his
2 Chronicles 6:23; Psalms 18:20-24; 19:11; Romans 2:6,7; Galatians 6:7,8; James 2:21-26; 2 Peter 1:5-11; 1 John 3:7

Verse 23
Have I any pleasure at all that the wicked should die? saith the Lord GOD: and not that he should return from his ways, and live?
I any
32; 33:11; Lamentations 3:33; Hosea 11:8; 1 Timothy 2:4; 2 Peter 3:9
not that
Exodus 34:6,7; Job 33:27,28; Psalms 147:11; Jeremiah 31:20; Micah 7:18; Luke 15:4-7,10,22-24,32; James 2:13

Verse 24
But when the righteous turneth away from his righteousness, and committeth iniquity, and doeth according to all the abominations that the wicked man doeth, shall he live? All his righteousness that he hath done shall not be mentioned: in his trespass that he hath trespassed, and in his sin that he hath sinned, in them shall he die.
when
26; 3:20,21; 33:12,13,18; 1 Samuel 15:11; 2 Chronicles 24:2,17-22; Psalms 36:3,4; Psalms 125:5; Zephaniah 1:6; Matthew 13:20,21; John 6:66-70; Galatians 5:7; Hebrews 10:38,39; 2 Peter 2:18-22; 1 John 2:19; 5:16-18; Jude 1:12
and doeth
10-13; Matthew 12:43-45; Romans 1:28-31; 2 Corinthians 12:20,21; 2 Timothy 3:1-5
All his
22; Mark 13:13; Galatians 3:4; Hebrews 6:4-6; 10:26-31; 2 John 1:8; Revelation 2:10; 3:11
in his
18; Proverbs 14:32; 21:16; Matthew 7:22,23; John 8:21,24

Verse 25
Yet ye say, The way of the Lord is not equal. Hear now, O house of Israel; Is not my way equal? are not your ways unequal?
way
29; 33:17,20; Job 32:2; 34:5-10; 35:2; 40:8; 42:4-6; Malachi 2:17; Malachi 3:13-15; Matthew 20:11-15; Romans 3:5,20; 9:20; 10:3
my
Genesis 18:25; Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalms 50:6; 145:17; Jeremiah 12:1; Zephaniah 3:5; Romans 2:5,6
are
Psalms 50:21; Jeremiah 2:17-23,29-37; 16:10-13

Verse 27
Again, when the wicked man turneth away from his wickedness that he hath committed, and doeth that which is lawful and right, he shall save his soul alive.
when
21; Isaiah 1:18; 55:7; Matthew 9:13; 21:28-32; Acts 3:19; 20:21; 26:20
he shall
33:5; Acts 2:40; 1 Timothy 4:16

Verse 28
Because he considereth, and turneth away from all his transgressions that he hath committed, he shall surely live, he shall not die.
he considereth
14; 12:3; Deuteronomy 32:29; Psalms 119:1,6,59; Jeremiah 31:18-20; Luke 15:17,18
turneth
21,31; 33:12; 1 Samuel 7:3,4; Colossians 3:5-9; Titus 2:14; James 2:10-12

Verse 29
Yet saith the house of Israel, The way of the Lord is not equal. O house of Israel, are not my ways equal? are not your ways unequal?
2,25; Proverbs 19:3

Verse 30
Therefore I will judge you, O house of Israel, every one according to his ways, saith the Lord GOD. Repent, and turn yourselves from all your transgressions; so iniquity shall not be your ruin.
I will
7:3,8,9,27; 33:20; 34:20; Ecclesiastes 3:17; 12:14; 1 Peter 1:17; Revelation 20:12
every
Malachi 3:18; Matthew 16:27; 25:32; 2 Corinthians 5:10,11; Galatians 6:4,5; Revelation 22:12
Repent
21; 14:6; 33:9,11; Daniel 9:13; Hosea 12:6; Joel 2:12,13; Matthew 3:2,8; Acts 26:20; Revelation 2:5,16
yourselves
or, others.
so
21; Luke 13:3,5; Romans 2:5; James 1:15; Revelation 2:21-23

Verse 31
Cast away from you all your transgressions, whereby ye have transgressed; and make you a new heart and a new spirit: for why will ye die, O house of Israel?
Cast
20:7; Psalms 34:14; Isaiah 1:16,17; 30:22; 55:7; Romans 8:13; Ephesians 4:22-32; Colossians 3:5-9; James 1:21; 1 Peter 1:14; 2:1; 4:2-4
make
11:19; 36:26; Psalms 51:10; Jeremiah 32:39; Matthew 12:33; 23:26; Acts 3:19; Romans 8:13; Romans 12:2; James 4:8; 1 Peter 1:22
for why
33:11; Deuteronomy 30:15,19; Proverbs 8:36; Jeremiah 21:8; 27:15; Acts 13:46

Verse 32
For I have no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, saith the Lord GOD: wherefore turn yourselves, and live ye.
I have
23; Lamentations 3:33; 2 Peter 3:9
yourselves
or, others.

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezekiel 18:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ezekiel-18.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, November 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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