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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible


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CANANÆAN or CANAANITE occurs in Matthew 10:4 and Mark 3:18 as a designation of Simon, one of the disciples of Jesus. The first is the correct reading, the Gr. Kananaios being the transliteration of kan’ânayyâ (a late Heb. derivative from kannâ ’ = ‘jealous’). It is rendered in Luke 6:15 and Acts 1:13 by Zçlôtçs (zealot). The Cananæans or Zealots were a sect founded by Judas of Gamala, who headed the opposition to the census of Quirinius (a.d. 6 or 7). They bitterly resented the domination of Rome, and would fain have hastened by the sword the fulfilment of the Messianic hope. During the great rebellion and the siege of Jerusalem, which ended in its destruction (a.d. 70), their fanaticism made them terrible opponents, not only to the Romans, but to other factions amongst their own countrymen.

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Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'Cananaean'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. 1909.

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