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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible


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PARBAR. A term identified with parvârîm (AV [Note: Authorized Version.] ‘ suburbs ,’ RV [Note: Revised Version.] ‘precincts’) of 2 Kings 23:11 and applied to part of the Temple buildings lying on the W., where two Levites were stationed ( 1 Chronicles 26:18 ). The word is supposed to be of Persian origin and to have been taken over into Hebrew to indicate a colonnade or portico open to the light. The pl. form parvârîm ( 2 Kings 23:11 ) describes the situation of the ‘chamber of Nathanmelech,’ and might be translated ‘in the colonnades,’ but it is difficult to understand how a Persian word could occur so early. Either the word is a late explanatory addition to the text, or perhaps we have a different word altogether, describing the office of Nathanmelech. If we read bappĕrâdîm instead of bapparvârîm , we get the meaning ‘who was over the mules.’

W. F. Boyd.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'Parbar'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. 1909.

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