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Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary


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or MESRAIM, son of Ham, and father of Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, Pathrusim, and Casluhim, Genesis 10:6 . Meser or Misor was father of the Mizraim, the Egyptians; and he himself is commonly called Mizraim, although there is very strong probability that Mizraim, being of the plural number, signifies rather the Egyptians themselves, than the father of that people. Mizraim is also put for the country of Egypt: thus it has three significations, which are perpetually confounded and used promiscuously, sometimes denoting the land of Egypt, sometimes him who first peopled Egypt, and sometimes the inhabitants themselves. Cairo, the capital of Egypt, and even Egypt itself, are to this day called Mezer by the Arabians. But the natives call Egypt Chemi, that is, the land of Cham, or Ham, as it is also sometimes called in Scripture, Psalms 78:12 ; Psalms 105:23 ; Psalms 106:22 . The prophet Micah, Micah 7:15 , gives to Egypt the name of Mezor, or Matzor; and rabbi Kimchi, followed in this by several learned commentators, explains by Egypt what is said of the rivers of Mezor, 2 Kings 19:24 ; Isaiah 19:6 ; Isaiah 37:25 .

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Bibliography Information
Watson, Richard. Entry for 'Mizraim'. Richard Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary. 1831-2.

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