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Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Vale; Valley

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val , val´i :

(1) גּיא , gay' ; either absolute: "from Bamoth to the valley that is in the field of Moab" ( Numbers 21:20 ); or with a proper name: "valley of Hinnom," also "valley of the son of Hinnom" (Joshua 15:8 ); "valley of Slaughter" (Jeremiah 7:32 ); "valley of Zeboim" (1 Samuel 13:18 ); "valley of Zephathah" (2 Chronicles 14:10 ); "valley of Hamon-gog" (Ezekiel 39:11 ); "valley of Iphtah-el " (Joshua 19:14 ); "valley of the mountains" (Zechariah 14:5 ); "Valley of Salt" (2 Samuel 8:13 ); "valley of vision" (Isaiah 22:1 ); once (in the Revised Version (British and American)) as a place-name: "until thou comest to Gai" (the King James Version "the valley") (1 Samuel 17:52 ); also (Revised Version) "Ge-harashim" (1 Chronicles 4:14 ); compare "valley of craftsmen" (margin "Ge-haharashim") (Nehemiah 11:35 ).

(2) עמק , ‛ēmeḳ , root עמק , ‛āmōḳ , "to be deep"; compare Arabic ‛amuḳ , "to be deep"; ‛umḳ , "depth"; ‛Ammı̂ḳ a village in the valley of Coele-Syria; absolute: "He could not drive out the inhabitants of the valley" ( Judges 1:19 ); often with place-names: "valley of Achor" (Joshua 7:24 ); "valley of Aijalon" (Joshua 10:12 ); "valley of Gibeon" (Isaiah 28:21 ); "vale of Hebron" (Genesis 37:14 ); "valley of Jehoshaphat" (Joel 3:2 ); "vale of Rephaim," the King James Version "valley of the giants" (Joshua 15:8 ); "vale of Shaveh" (Genesis 14:17 ); "vale of Siddim" (Genesis 14:3 ); "valley of Succoth" (Psalm 60:6 ); compare "valley of Weeping" (the King James Version "Baca") (Psalm 84:6 ); "valley of Beracah" (margin "Blessing") (2 Chronicles 20:26 ); "valley of decision" (Joel 3:14 ); "vale of Elah" (margin "terebinth") (1 Samuel 17:2 ); "the King's Vale" (Genesis 14:17 ); but "the king's dale" (2 Samuel 18:18 ); "Emekkeziz," the King James Version "valley of Keziz" (Joshua 18:21 ).

(3) בּקעה , biḳ‛āh , root בּקע , bāḳa‛ , "to cleave," hence, "valley," especially "broad valley" or "plain"; compare Arabic baḳ‛at , "wet meadow" Biḳâ‛ , Coele-Syria; absolute: "a land of hills and valleys" ( Deuteronomy 11:11 ); with place-names: "valley of Jericho" (Deuteronomy 34:3 ); "valley of Lebanon" (Joshua 11:17 ); "valley of Megiddo" (2 Chronicles 35:22 ); "valley of Mizpah" (Joshua 11:8 ).

(4) נחל , naḥal , also "river" or "stream"; absolute "Isaac's servants digged (dug) in the valley" ( Genesis 26:19 ); with place-names: "valley (the King James Version "river") of the Arnon" (Deuteronomy 2:24 ); "valley of Eshcol" (Numbers 32:9 ); "valley of Gerar" (Genesis 26:17 ); "valley of Shittim" (Joel 3:18 ); "valley of Sorek" (Judges 16:4 ); "valley of Zered" (Numbers 21:12 ).

(5) שׁפלה , shephēlāh , root שׁפל , shāphēl , "to be low"; compare Arabic safal, "to be low"; the King James Version "valley" or "vale," the Revised Version (British and American) "lowland," the coast and foothills of Western Palestine

(6) αὐλών , aulṓn , "valley" ( Judith 4:4 ; 7:3 ; 10:10 ).

(7) φάραγξ , pháragx : "Every valley shall be filled" ( Luke 3:5 ).

The valley gate (Nehemiah 2:13 , etc.) may have had about the location of the present Jaffa gate, if by "valley" is meant the valley of Hinnom. If the Tyropoeon is meant, it would have been near the southwestern corner of the ḥârām area. See JERUSALEM .

The valleys of the mountainous part of Palestine are mostly dry, rocky wadies with occasional torrents m the winter season. Those which descend to the W. widen out as they approach the plain and contain broad fields and meadows which in the winter and spring at least are fresh and green. The valley of the Jordan, the valley of Megiddo and the valley of Lebanon (i.e. Coele-Syria) contain much cultivable land: "the herds that were in the valleys" (1 Chronicles 27:29 ): "They of Beth-shemesh were reaping their wheat harvest in the valley" (1 Samuel 6:13 ); "The valleys also are covered over with grain" (Psalm 65:13 ). See BROOK ; CHAMPAIGN ; LOWLAND ; RIVER ; SHEPHELAH .

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Vale; Valley'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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