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Bible Encyclopedias

Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature


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Fig. 92—Egyptian forge or furnace

This word only occurs in Jeremiah 6:29, and is there used with reference to the casting of metal. As fires in the East are always of wood or charcoal, a sufficient heat for ordinary purposes is soon raised by the help of fans, and the use of bellows is confined to the workers in metal. Such was the case anciently; and in the mural paintings of Egypt we observe no bellows but such as are used for the forge or furnace. They thus occur as early as the time of Moses, being represented in a tomb at Thebes which bears the name of Thothmes III. They consisted of a leathern bag, secured and fitted into a frame, from which a long pipe extended for carrying the wind to the fire. They were worked by the feet, the operator standing upon them with one under each foot and pressing them alternately, while he pulled up each exhausted skin with a string he held in his hand. In one instance it is observed from the painting, that when the man left the bellows they were raised as if filled with air, and this would imply a knowledge of the valve.





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Bibliography Information
Kitto, John, ed. Entry for 'Bellows'. "Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature".

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Sunday, October 13th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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