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Bible Commentaries

Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary
3 John

Chapter 1

Book Overview - 3 John

The Preacher's Complete Homiletic

COMMENTARY

ON THE GENERAL EPISTLES

I-II Peter, I-II-III John, Jude

AND THE

Revelation

OF ST. JOHN THE DIVINE

By the REV. ROBERT TUCK, B.A.

Author of the Commentaries on Hebrews and James

New York

FUNK & WAGNALLS COMPANY

LONDON AND TORONTO

1892

THE PREACHER'S

COMPLETE HOMILETIC

COMMENTARY

ON THE BOOKS OF THE BIBLE

WITH CRITICAL AND EXPLANATORY NOTES,

INDEXES, ETC., BY VARIOUS AUTHORS

THE

PREACHER'S HOMILETICAL COMMENTARY

HOMILIES FOR SPECIAL OCCASIONS

Church Seasons: Advent, 1Pe ; 2Pe 3:1-7; Rev 1:9; Rev 22:20-21. St. Thomas's Day, 1Pe 1:8. Christmas, 1Jn 4:9; 1Jn 5:20. Lent, 1Jn 3:3; Rev 2:7. Good Friday, 1Pe 3:18; 1Pe 4:1; 1Jn 2:2; 1Jn 4:10; Rev 1:5; Rev 5:12. Easter, Rev 1:17-18. Ascension Day, 1Pe 1:3. Whit Sunday, 1Jn 2:20. All Saints' Day, Rev 7:9-10.

Holy Communion: 2Pe ; 2Pe 3:18; 1Jn 1:3; 1Jn 3:1; 1Jn 3:13-17; 1Jn 3:24; Jude 1:21.

Missions to Heathen: Rev ; Rev 14:6-7; Rev 22:17. Bible Society, 2Pe 1:16-21; Rev 1:1-3; Rev 14:6-7.

Special: Ordination, 1Pe . Workers, 1Pe 2:12; 1Pe 4:1-2. Baptism, 1Pe 3:21. Confirmation, Rev 2:4. Marriage, 1Pe 3:1-6. Women, 1Pe 3:1-6. Harvest, Rev 14:13-16; Revelation 15; Revelation 17 -

20. Death, 2Pe ; 2Pe 1:14-15; Rev 14:13; Rev 21:7. Close of year, Rev 21:5.

THE THIRD EPISTLE OF JOHN

INTRODUCTION

THERE is little to be added to what has been said concerning the second epistle. There can be no doubt that both were written by the same person; and every argument for the Johannine authorship drawn from the contents of the second epistle can be fully supported by the contents of the third. But no positive knowledge of the person addressed can be obtained.

The contents may be thus summarised: "The writer recounts how some missionaries had been badly received by Diotrephes, who had ambitiously obtained for himself the chief influence in a certain Church, but, notwithstanding, Gaius had been courageous and kind enough to entertain them hospitably. Gaius is exhorted to help them still further. The letter gives us an idea of the high importance of hospitality at the time as a Christian virtue, and brings out the fact that St. John's authority was no less disputed in certain cases than St. Paul's. It is probable that the Church of Diotrephes had not been founded by St. John."

Gaius was an exceedingly common name. A person named Gaius is referred to in Rom ; 1Co 1:14; Act 19:29; Act 20:4. A Gaius is also mentioned in the Apos. Constit., vii. 40, as bishop of Pergamos.

What can be assured is that, whether St. John was the writer of the epistle or not, the writer occupied a position of authority in the Church of which Gaius was a member; but at the time of writing he was away from the Church, and had received reports which had filled him with anxiety. The letter contains three things, affixed to three names, which may be regarded as types.

I. Encouragement.—Offered to Gaius. The writer recognises soul-prosperity, and wishes it matched with worldly success and bodily health. And there is a natural and necessary connection between soul and bodily prosperity, which would be much more constantly realised and recognised but for the disturbing influences of what is called "civilisation." The soul-prosperity of Gaius is seen—

1. In his piety—"walkest in the truth."

2. In his hospitality—practical goodness.

II. Censure.—Of Diotrephes. Human nature has the same weaknesses in every age. In this man—

1. Self-assertion.

2. Masterfulness.

3. Inconsiderateness. Shown in dealing with strangers visiting the Church.

III. Commendation.—Of Demetrius. He was possibly the man rejected and unworthily treated by Diotrephes. The man who has won a good name may properly expect to use his good name.

The one thing impressed in this brief epistle is the importance of Christian character, and the sadness of falling from its high standard of excellence. It is intimated that Christian character always materially helps in securing kind and gracious relations.

CHAPTER 1

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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