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Bible Commentaries

Vincent's Word Studies
Jude

Chapter 1


Book Overview - Jude

by Marvin Vincent

The Epistle of Jude

This brief letter is assigned to the Judas of Matthew 13:55, one of the brethren of Jesus, and of James, the author of the catholic epistle. It is a hotly debated question whether Peter's second letter or Jude's epistle is the earlier, and, consequently, which writer drew upon the other. It is quite evident, either that the one used the other's epistle or that both drew from a common source. A satisfactory decision is impossible in the present state of the evidence. The matter which is common to the two epistles, besides various scattered resemblances, is principally in 2Peter href="/desk/?q=2pe+1:1-5&sr=1">2 Peter 1:1-5; 2:1-18 (see Ezra Abbot, Expositor, 2d series, iii., 139).

Besides the resemblance to Second Peter, the epistle is marked by its apocryphal references, especially to the Book of Enoch (see notes on Judges 1:9, Judges 1:14). In style it is terse and picturesque. “It is Greek as learned by a foreigner, and partly from books, and it is mixed up with Hebrew phrases.” It contains at least fifteen words not found elsewhere in the New Testament. Dean Alford says: “It is an impassioned invective, in which the writer heaps epithet on epithet, and image on image, and returns again and again to the licentious apostates against whom he warns the church, as though all language were insufficient to give an adequate idea of their profligacy, and of his own abhorrence of their perversion of the grace and doctrines of the Gospel.”

List of Greek Words Used by Jude Only

d
ἀποδιορίζω to separate Judges 1:19

d

d ἄπταιστος without falling Judges 1:24

d

d γογγυστής murmurer Judges 1:16

d

d δεῖγμα example Judges 1:7

d

d ἐκπορνεύω to give over to fornication Judges 1:7

d

d ἐνυπνιάζω to dream Judges 1:8

d

d ἐπαγωνίζομαι earnestly contend Judges 1:3

d

d ἐπαφρίζω to foam out Judges 1:13

d

d μεμψίμοιρος complainer Judges 1:16

d

d παρεισδύω to creep in unawares Judges 1:4

d

d πλανήτης a wanderer Judges 1:13

d

d σπιλάς rock Judges 1:12

d

d ὑπέχω to suffer, undergo Judges 1:7

d

d φθινοπωρινός autumnal Judges 1:12

d

d φυσικῶς naturally Judges 1:10

d

d

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, November 24th, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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